Open main menu

List of Leonese monarchs

  (Redirected from King of León)

In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 910, an independent Kingdom of León was founded when the king of Asturias divided his territory amongst his three sons.

Carte historique des Royaumes d'Espagne et Portugal.jpg
Monarchs of
the Iberian
Peninsula
al-Andalus
Almohads
Almoravids
Aragon
Family tree
Asturias
Family tree
Castile
Family tree
Catalonia
Córdoba
Emirate · Caliphate
Family tree
Galicia
Granada
León
Family tree
Majorca
Navarre
Family tree
Portugal
Family tree
Spain
Medieval · Modern
Family tree
Suebi
Taifas
Valencia
Viguera
Visigoths
Family tree
Coat of arms of León with the Royal Crest.

Below follows a list of Leonese monarchs. It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs.

Kings of LeónEdit

Astur-Leonese dynastyEdit

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
  Ordoño I 831 850 – 27 May 866 27 May 866
  Alfonso III the Great c. 848 866 – 10 December 910 10 December 910
  García I c. 871 910 – 914 914
  Ordoño II c. 873 914 – 924 924 also the king of Galicia from 910
  Fruela II c. 875 924 – 925 924 also the king of Galicia from 924 and of Asturias from 910
  Alfonso IV the Monk c. 890 924 – 931 933 abdicated
  Ramiro II c. 900 931 – 950 950
  Ordoño III c. 926 951 – 956 956
  Sancho I the Fat ? 956 – 958 966
  Ordoño IV the Wicked c. 926 958 – 960 962
  Sancho I the Fat ? 960 – 966 966
  Ramiro III 961 966 – 984 985
  Bermudo II the Gouty 956 982 – 999 999
  Alfonso V 994 999 – 1028 1028
  Bermudo III 1010 1028 – 4 September 1037 4 September 1037

Jiménez DynastyEdit

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
  Ferdinand I the Great 1017 1037–24 December 1065 24 December 1065
  Alfonso VI before June 1040 24 December 1065 – January 1072 29 June/1 July 1109 deposed by brother
(restored later the same year)
  Sancho II 1036/1038 January 1072 – 6 October 1072 6 October 1072 also king of Castile (1065–1072)
  Alfonso VI
(again)
before June 1040 6 October 1072 – 29 June/1 July 1109 29 June/1 July 1109 also king of Castile (1072–1109)
  Urraca 1082 1109 – 8 March 1126 8 March 1126 also queen of Castile (1109–1126)

House of BurgundyEdit

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Alfonso VII the Emperor 1 March 1105 1135 – 21 August 1157 21 August 1157 also king of Galicia (1111–1157) and king of Castile (1126–1157)
  Ferdinand II 1 March 1137 21 August 1157 – 22 January 1188 22 January 1188
  Alfonso IX 15 August 1171 22 January 1188 – 23/24 September 1230 23/24 September 1230
Sancha 1191/1192 23/24 September 1230 – 11 December 1230 before 1243 de jure
All kings hereafter were also kings of Castile
  Ferdinand III the Saint 30 July or 5 August 1199 11 December 1230 – 30 May 1252 30 May 1252 also king of Castile from 1217, canonised in 1671
  Alfonso X the Learned 23 November 1221 30 May 1252 – 4 April 1284 4 April 1284
  Sancho IV the Brave 1257 or 1258 4 April 1284 – 25 April 1295 25 April 1295
  Ferdinand IV the Summoned 6 December 1285 25 April 1295 – 7 September 1312 7 September 1312
  Alfonso XI the Just 13 August 1311 7 September 1312 – 26/27 March 1350 26/27 March 1350
  Peter the Cruel 30 August 1334 26/27 March 1350 – 23 March 1369 23 March 1369

House of TrastámaraEdit

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
  Henry II 13 January 1334 1369–1379 29 May 1379
  John I 24 August 1358 1379–1390 9 October 1390
  Henry III the Infirm 4 October 1379 1390–1406 1406
  John II 6 March 1405 1406–1454 20 July 1454
  Henry IV the Impotent 5 January 1425 1454–1474 11 December 1474
  Isabella I the Catholic 22 April 1451 1474–1504 28 November 1504
  Joanna the Mad 6 November 1479 1504–1555 12 April 1555 She went insane in 1506. Her regents were all family members taking advantage of her illness.
Regents
  Philip I the Handsome July 22, 1478 1504–1506 September 25, 1506 Joanna's husband
  Ferdinand V the Catholic March 10, 1452 1506–1516 January 23, 1516 Joanna's father
At this time (1516), the union of the Spanish kingdoms is generally called Spain and Charles I is the first King of Spain.
  Charles I the Emperor 24 February 1500 1516–1556 21 September 1558 Joanna's son, also king in his own right

Family treeEdit

The colors denotes the monarchs from the:

     - Astur-Leonese Dynasty;      - Jiménez dynasty;      -House of Burgundy

—— The solid lines denotes the legitimate descents

– – – - The dashed lines denotes a marriage

· · · · The dotted lines denotes the liaisons and illegitimate descents

Suggested readingEdit

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235–302.

See alsoEdit