William Hague

William Jefferson Hague, Baron Hague of Richmond, PC, FRSL (born 26 March 1961) is a British Conservative Party politician and life peer who served as Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from 1997 to 2001. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond (Yorks) in North Yorkshire from 1989 to 2015. He served in the Cameron government as First Secretary of State from 2010 to 2015, Foreign Secretary from 2010 to 2014, and Leader of the House of Commons from 2014 to 2015.

The Lord Hague of Richmond
William Hague (2010).jpg
Official portrait, 2010
First Secretary of State
In office
12 May 2010 – 8 May 2015
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byThe Lord Mandelson
Succeeded byGeorge Osborne
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
14 July 2014 – 8 May 2015
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byAndrew Lansley
Succeeded byChris Grayling
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
12 May 2010 – 14 July 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byDavid Miliband
Succeeded byPhilip Hammond
Leader of the Opposition
In office
19 June 1997 – 13 September 2001
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Deputy
Preceded byJohn Major
Succeeded byIain Duncan Smith
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
19 June 1997 – 13 September 2001
Deputy
Chairman
Preceded byJohn Major
Succeeded byIain Duncan Smith
Secretary of State for Wales
In office
5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byJohn Redwood
Succeeded byRon Davies
Minister of State for Social Security
In office
20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byNicholas Scott
Succeeded byAlistair Burt
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Social Security
In office
27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byAnn Widdecombe
Succeeded byRoger Evans
Senior Member of the Shadow Cabinet
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 May 2010
LeaderDavid Cameron
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJack Straw (Acting Shadow Deputy Prime Minister)
Shadow Foreign Secretary
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 May 2010
LeaderDavid Cameron
Preceded byLiam Fox
Succeeded byDavid Miliband
Shadow Secretary of State for Wales
In office
2 May 1997 – 11 June 1997
LeaderJohn Major
Preceded byRon Davies
Succeeded byMichael Ancram
Shadow Constitutional Affairs Spokesperson
In office
2 May 1997 – 11 June 1997
Serving with Michael Howard
LeaderJohn Major
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byMichael Ancram
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
9 October 2015
Life Peerage
Member of Parliament
for Richmond (Yorks)
In office
23 February 1989 – 30 March 2015
Preceded byLeon Brittan
Succeeded byRishi Sunak
Personal details
Born
William Jefferson Hague

(1961-03-26) 26 March 1961 (age 61)
Rotherham, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse
(m. 1997)
Alma mater
Signature
Website

Hague was educated at Wath Comprehensive School, the University of Oxford and INSEAD, subsequently being elected to the House of Commons at a by-election in 1989. Hague quickly rose through the ranks of the government of John Major and was appointed to Cabinet in 1995 as Secretary of State for Wales. Following the Conservatives' defeat at the 1997 general election by the Labour Party, he was elected Leader of the Conservative Party at the age of 36.

Hague resigned as Conservative leader after the 2001 general election following his party's second defeat, at which the Conservatives made a net gain of just one seat. He returned to the backbenches, pursuing a career as an author, writing biographies of William Pitt the Younger and William Wilberforce. He also held several directorships, and worked as a consultant and public speaker.

After David Cameron was elected Leader of the Conservative Party in 2005, Hague was reappointed to the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Foreign Secretary. He also assumed the role of Senior Member of the Shadow Cabinet, serving as Cameron's deputy. Following the formation of the coalition government in 2010, Hague was appointed First Secretary of State and Foreign Secretary. Cameron described him as his "de facto political deputy". On 14 July 2014, Hague stood down as Foreign Secretary and became Leader of the House of Commons. He did not stand for re-election at the 2015 general election and was succeeded by Rishi Sunak. He was awarded a life peerage in the 2015 Dissolution Honours List on 9 October 2015.

Early lifeEdit

 
Magdalen College, Oxford

Hague was born on 26 March 1961 in Rotherham, Yorkshire, England.[1] He initially boarded at Ripon Grammar School and then attended Wath Comprehensive School,[2] a state secondary school near Rotherham. His parents, Nigel and Stella Hague, ran a soft drinks manufacturing business where he worked during school holidays.[3]

He first made the national news at the age of 16 by addressing the Conservatives at their 1977 Annual National Conference. In his speech he told the delegates: "half of you won't be here in 30 or 40 years' time..., but that others would have to live with consequences of a Labour Government if it stayed in power".[4] Writing in his diary at the time Kenneth Rose noted that Peter Carrington told him that "he and several other frontbench Tories were nauseated by the much-heralded speech of a sixteen-year-old schoolboy called William Hague. Peter said to Norman St John-Stevas: 'If he is as priggish and self-assured as that at sixteen, what will he be like in thirty years' time? Norman replied: 'Like Michael Heseltine'".[5]

Hague read Philosophy, politics and economics at Magdalen College, Oxford, graduating with first-class honours. He was President of the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA), but was "convicted of electoral malpractice" in the election process of his successor.[6] OUCA's official historian, David Blair, notes that Hague was actually elected on a platform pledging to clean up OUCA, but that this was "tarnished by accusations that he misused his position as Returning Officer to help the Magdalen candidate for the presidency, Peter Havey. Hague was playing the classic game of using his powers as President to keep his faction in power, and Havey was duly elected.... There were accusations of blatant ballot box stuffing".[7]

He also served as President of the Oxford Union, an established route into politics. After Oxford, Hague went on to study for a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree at INSEAD. He then worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company, where Archie Norman was his mentor.[8]

Public lifeEdit

Early political careerEdit

Hague contested Wentworth unsuccessfully in 1987, before being elected to Parliament at a by-election in 1989 as Member for the safe Conservative seat[9][10] of Richmond, North Yorkshire, where he succeeded former Home Secretary Leon Brittan. Following his election he became the then-youngest Conservative MP and despite having only recently become an MP, Hague was invited to join the Government in 1990, serving as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Norman Lamont.[11] After Lamont was sacked in 1993, Hague moved to the Department of Social Security (DSS) where he was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State. The following year he was promoted as Minister of State in the DSS with responsibility for Social Security and Disabled People.[11] His fast rise up through Government ranks was attributed to his intelligence and debating skills.[12]

Hague was appointed a Cabinet Minister in 1995 as Secretary of State for Wales;[11] succeeding John Redwood, who had been castigated for being seen on TV apparently miming the Welsh national anthem at a conference; thus, Hague sought a Welsh Office civil servant, Ffion Jenkins, to teach him the words; they later married.[13] He continued serving in Cabinet until the Conservatives were replaced by Labour at the 1997 general election.

Leadership of the Conservative PartyEdit

Following the 1997 general election defeat, Hague was elected Leader of the Conservative Party in succession to John Major, defeating more experienced figures such as Kenneth Clarke and Michael Howard.

At the age of 36, Hague was tasked with rebuilding the Conservative Party (fresh from their worst general election result of the 20th century)[14] by attempting to build a more modern image. £250,000 was spent on the "Listening to Britain" campaign to try to put the Conservatives back in touch with the public after losing power; he welcomed ideas about "compassionate conservatism" including from the then-Governor of Texas, later President George W. Bush.[15]

When he visited a theme park with his Chief of Staff and former local MP, Sebastian (now Lord) Coe, Hague took a ride on a log flume wearing a baseball cap emblazoned 'HAGUE';[16] Cecil Parkinson described the exercise as "juvenile".

Hague steered the Conservatives to a successful result at the European parliamentary elections in June 1999, where the Conservatives gained 36 MEPs ahead of Labour's 29.[17] Hague considered his opposition to the single European currency (the Euro) to be later vindicated by Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown's adoption and subsequent approval of the policy.[18]

Hague's authority was challenged by the appointment of Michael Portillo as Shadow Chancellor in 2000. Portillo had been widely tipped to be the next Conservative Party Leader before dramatically losing his seat at the 1997 general election; he was elected as MP for Kensington and Chelsea at a by-election two years later.[19] Soon after Portillo's return to Parliament, Conservative policy on two of Labour's flagship policies was reversed: the minimum wage and independence of the Bank of England. From then and until the 2001 general election Hague's supporters waged an increasingly bitter battle with Portillo's faction; such internecine war significantly contributed to the Conservatives' two subsequent election defeats.

Hague was widely ridiculed for claiming he used to drink "14 pints of beer a day" as a teenager.[20][21] His reputation suffered further damage when a 2001 poll for The Daily Telegraph found that 66% of voters considered him to be "a bit of a wally", and 70% of voters believed he would "say almost anything to win votes".[22]

"Foreign Land" speechEdit

At a Party Conference speech in March 2001, Hague said:

We have a Government that has contempt for the views of the people it governs.

There is nothing that the British people can talk about that this Labour Government doesn't deride.

Talk about Europe and they call you extreme. Talk about tax and they call you greedy. Talk about crime and they call you reactionary. Talk about immigration and they call you racist; talk about your nation and they call you Little Englanders.... This Government thinks Britain would be all right if we had a different people. I think Britain would be all right, if only we had a different government.

A Conservative government that speaks with the voice of the British people.

A Conservative government never embarrassed or ashamed of the British people.

A Conservative government that trusts the people [....] This country must always offer sanctuary to those fleeing from injustice. Conservative Governments always have, and always will. But it's precisely those genuine refugees who are finding themselves elbowed aside.[23]

Former Conservative Deputy Prime Minister Michael Heseltine, a prominent One Nation Conservatism, was critical of Hague's Eurosceptic view that Britain was becoming a "foreign land", betraying in newspaper interviews that he was uncertain as to whether he could support a Hague-led Conservative Party.[24]

Skill in debateEdit

Hague's critics assiduously monitored his performance at Prime Minister's Questions each Wednesday in Parliament, having difficulty to find fault.[25][26] During one particular exchange, while responding to the Queen's Speech of 2000, Hague attacked the Prime Minister's record:

In more than 20 years in politics, he has betrayed every cause he believed in, contradicted every statement he has made, broken every promise he has given and breached every agreement that he has entered into.... There is a lifetime of U-turns, errors and sell-outs. All those Honourable Members who sit behind the Prime Minister and wonder whether they stand for anything any longer, or whether they defend any point of principle, know who has led them to that sorry state.[27]

Blair responded by criticising what he saw as Hague's "bandwagon politics":

... he started the fuel protest bandwagon, then the floods bandwagon; on defence it became armour-plated, then on air traffic control it became airborne.... Yes, the Right Honourable gentleman made a very witty, funny speech, but it summed up his leadership: good jokes, lousy judgment. I am afraid that in the end, if the Right Honourable gentleman really aspires to stand at this despatch box, he will have to get his policies sorted out and his party sorted out, and offer a vision for the country's future, not a vision that would take us backwards.[28]

ResignationEdit

On the morning of Labour's second consecutive landslide victory at the 2001 general election, Hague stated: "we have not been able to persuade a majority, or anything approaching a majority, that we are yet the alternative government that they need."[29] At that election the Conservative Party gained just one parliamentary seat more than at the 1997 general election; following this defeat, Hague resigned as party leader. Hague thus became the second twentieth century Conservative party leader not to become Prime Minister (after Austen Chamberlain) and the first ever to spend his entire tenure in Opposition.[30]

BackbenchesEdit

On the backbenches he occasionally spoke in the House of Commons on issues of the day. Between 1997 and 2002, he was the Chairman of the International Democrat Union. Hague's profile and personal popularity rose thereafter among both Conservative Party members and the wider public following his spell as Party Leader. He has written a biography of 18th-century Prime Minister Pitt the Younger (published in 2004), taught himself how to play the piano, and hosted the 25th anniversary programme for Radio 4 on the political television satire Yes Minister in 2005. In June 2007 he published his second book, a biography of the anti-slave trade campaigner William Wilberforce, shortlisted for the 2008 Orwell Prize for political writing.[31]

Hague's annual income was the highest in Parliament, with earnings of about £400,000 a year from directorships, consultancy, speeches and his parliamentary salary. His income was previously estimated at £1 million annually, but he dropped several commitments and in effect took a salary cut of some £600,000 on becoming Shadow Foreign Secretary in 2005.[32][33]

Together with former Prime Minister John Major, former Chancellor Kenneth Clarke, and Hague's successor Iain Duncan Smith, Hague served for a time on the Conservative Leadership Council, which was set up by Michael Howard upon his election unopposed as Leader of the Conservative Party in 2003.

At the 2005 Conservative leadership election he supported the eventual winner David Cameron. He is a member of Conservative Friends of Israel, a group which he joined when he was 15.[34]

Return to the Shadow CabinetEdit

Following the 2005 general election, the Conservative Party Leader Michael Howard apparently offered Hague the post of Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, which he turned down citing that his business commitments would make it difficult for him to take on such a high-profile job.[35]

On 6 December 2005, David Cameron was elected Leader of the Conservative Party. Hague was offered and accepted the role of Shadow Foreign Secretary and Senior Member of the Shadow cabinet, effectively serving as Cameron's deputy (though not formally, unlike previous Deputy Conservative Leaders Willie Whitelaw, Peter Lilley and Michael Ancram). He had been widely tipped to return to the frontbench under either Cameron or leadership contest runner-up David Davis.

On 30 January 2006, by Cameron's instructions, Hague travelled to Brussels for talks to pull Conservative Party MEPs out of the European People's Party–European Democrats Group (EPP-ED) in the European Parliament. (The Daily Telegraph, 30 January 2006). Further, on 15 February 2006, Hague deputed, during David Cameron's paternity leave, at Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs). This appearance gave rise to jokes at the expense of Blair, that all three parties that day were being led by 'stand-ins', with the Liberal Democrats represented by Acting Leader Sir Menzies Campbell, the Labour Party by the departing Blair, and the Conservatives by Hague. Hague again deputised for Cameron for several sessions in 2006.

Foreign SecretaryEdit

 
Hague met US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton after his appointment as Foreign Secretary.
 
Hague stands with members of The Elders organisation: Martti Ahtisaari, former President of Finland and Nobel Peace Laureate, and Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland and former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in London, 2010.
 
Hague met Clinton's successor, Secretary of State John Kerry, in 2013.

Prime Minister Cameron's first appointment was Hague as Foreign Secretary. He was also accorded the honorary title of First Secretary of State.[36] In his first overseas visit as British Foreign Secretary, Hague met US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, at Washington[37]

In August 2010, Hague set out a values-based foreign policy, stating that: "We cannot have a foreign policy without a conscience. Foreign policy is domestic policy written large. The values we live by at home do not stop at our shores. Human rights are not the only issue that informs the making of foreign policy, but they are indivisible from it, not least because the consequences of foreign policy failure are human".[38]

Hague further said that: "There will be no downgrading of human rights under this Government and no resiling from our commitments to aid and development". He continued saying that "Indeed I intend to improve and strengthen our human rights work. It is not in our character as a nation to have a foreign policy without a conscience, and neither is it in our interests".[39] However, in March 2011, Hague was criticised by Cardinal Keith O'Brien for increasing financial aid to Pakistan despite persecution of its Christian minority: "To increase aid to the Pakistan Government when religious freedom is not upheld and those who speak up for religious freedom are gunned down is tantamount to an anti-Christian foreign policy".[40]

In September 2011, Hague told BBC Radio 4's File on 4 investigation Cyber Spies into the legality of domestic cyber surveillance and the export of this technology from the UK to countries with questionable human rights records that the UK had a strong export licence system. The programme also obtained confirmation from the UK's Department for Business Innovation and Skills that cyber surveillance products that break, as opposed to create, encryption do not require export licences.[41]

In June 2012, he continued to stand in for David Cameron at PMQs when both the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg were out of the country.

In January 2013, Hague visited New Zealand in his capacity as Foreign Secretary, holding talks with New Zealand government ministers, Murray McCully and David Shearer.[42] In March 2013, Hague established the International Leaders Programme, designed to identify and develop partnerships among future global leaders.[43]

Media reaction to FCO appointmentEdit

In early September 2010, newspapers including The Daily Telegraph, The Independent and Daily Mail released stories about allegations surrounding Hague's friendship with 25-year-old Christopher Myers,[44] a history graduate from Durham University, whom he employed as a parliamentary special adviser. A spokesperson stated that "Any suggestion that the Foreign Secretary's relationship with Chris Myers is anything other than a purely professional one is wholly inaccurate and unfounded."[45]

On 1 September 2010, Myers resigned from his appointment in light of that press speculation,[46] which prompted Hague to issue a public statement, wherein he confirmed that he had "occasionally" shared a hotel room with Myers [for reasons of frugality by upbringing], but refuting the "utterly false" suggestions that he had ever been involved in a relationship with any man.[47] A spokesperson for Prime Minister David Cameron reported that he gave his "full support" over the media rumours.[48] Figures from both within and without the Conservative Party criticised Hague for his personal response to the stories, with former Conservative leadership candidate, John Redwood, commenting that Hague had shown "poor judgement",[49] and the Speaker's wife, Labour-supporting Sally Bercow, speculating that Hague had been given "duff PR advice",[50] whilst a parliamentary and ministerial colleague, the Conservative MP, Alan Duncan, described the media coverage as "contemptible".[51]

Israel–Palestinian conflictEdit

Hague was criticised by Israeli leaders after meeting with Palestinians who demonstrated against Israel's barrier in the West Bank. He expressed solidarity with the idea of non-violence and listened to the accounts of left-wing and Palestinian activists. Israeli Opposition Leader Tzipi Livni condemned the statements and said:

The security barrier has saved lives, and its construction was necessary. The barrier has separated Israel from Palestinian cities and completely changed the reality in Israel, where citizens were exposed to terror every day.[52]

2011 Middle East protestsEdit

 
Hague meeting Saudi Defence Minister Salman of Saudi Arabia in London, 4 April 2012

In February 2011 security forces in the Bahrain dispersed thousands of anti-government protesters at Pearl Square in the centre of the capital, Manama. Hague informed the House of Commons that he had stressed the need for peaceful action in dealing with the protesters: "At least three people died in the operation, with hundreds more injured. We are greatly concerned about the deaths that have occurred. I have this morning spoken to the Foreign Minister of Bahrain and HM Ambassador spoke last night to the Bahraini Minister of the Interior. In both cases we stressed the need for peaceful action to address the concerns of protesters, the importance of respect for the right to peaceful protest and for freedom of expression".[53]

Hague told Sky News that the use of force by the Libyan authorities during the 2011 Libyan Civil War was "dreadful and horrifying" and called on the leader to respect people's human rights. A vicious crackdown led by special forces, foreign mercenaries and Muammar Gaddafi loyalists was launched in the country's second city Benghazi, which has been the focus of anti-regime protests. Hague stated to Dermot Murnaghan on Sky: "I think we have to increase the international pressure and condemnation. The United Kingdom condemns what the Libyan Government has been doing and how they have responded to these protests, and we look to other countries to do the same".[54]

 
Foreign Secretary William Hague meeting Tunisian Foreign Affairs Minister Rafik Abdessalem, 2012.

Following delays in extracting British citizens from Libya, a disastrous helicopter attempt to contact the protesters ending with eight British diplomats/SAS arrested and no aircraft carriers or Harriers to enforce a no-fly zone he was accused, by the Labour Opposition, of "losing his mojo" in March 2011.[55]

In March 2011, Hague said in a speech to business leaders that the examples being set in north Africa and the Middle East will ultimately transform the relationship between governments and their populations in the region. However following the row over whether Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was being targeted by coalition forces, the Foreign Secretary stated that the Libyan people must be free to determine their own future. Hague said: "It is not for us to choose the government of Libya—that is for the Libyan people themselves. But they have a far greater chance of making that choice now than they did on Saturday, when the opposition forces were on the verge of defeat."[56]

Hague has warned that autocratic leaders including Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe, could be shaken and even toppled by a wave of popular uprisings rippling out from north Africa. said that recent revolts against authoritarian leaders in countries including Libya and Egypt will have a greater historic significance than the 9/11 attacks on the US or the recent financial crisis. He stopped short of threatening military intervention against other dictators, but warned that they will inevitably face "judgement" for oppressing their people and suppressing democracy. Repressive African régimes will also face challenges from their populations and from the international community, the Foreign Secretary said: "Demands for freedom will spread, and that undemocratic governments elsewhere should take heed." He added: "Governments that use violence to stop democratic development will not earn themselves respite forever. They will pay an increasingly high price for actions which they can no longer hide from the world with ease, and will find themselves on the wrong side of history."[57]

 
Hague and David Cameron speaking to NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen at the London Conference on Libya, 29 March 2011

Hague, on his way to Qatar Summit in April 2011, called for intensified sanctions on the Libyan régime and for a clear statement that Gaddafi must go: "we have sent more ground strike aircraft in order to protect civilians. We do look to other countries to do the same, if necessary, over time". "We would like a continued increase in our (NATO's) capability to protect civilians in Libya", he added. Whether NATO ratcheted up operations depended on what happened on the ground, Hague said. "These air strikes are a response to movements of, or attacks from, régime forces so what happens will be dependent on that", he said. Whether the Americans could again be asked to step up their role would also "depend on the circumstances", he added.[58]

Hague, speaking on the protests in Syria said "Political reforms should be brought forward and implemented without delay". It is thought as many as 60 people have been killed by security forces in the country today (22 April 2011), making it the worst day for deaths since protests against President Bashar al-Assad began over a month ago, reported BBC News.[59]

SyriaEdit

Speaking on the Syrian civil war in August 2011 Hague said of military intervention: "It's not a remote possibility. Even if we were in favour [of UN-backed military action], which we are not because there's no call from the Arab League for intervention as in the case of Libya, there is no prospect of a legal, morally sanctioned military intervention. Hague added that it was a "frustrating situation" and that the "levers" at the international community's disposal were severely limited but said countries had to concentrate on other ways of influencing the Assad government. "We want to see stronger international pressure all round. Of course, to be effective that just can't be pressure from Western nations, that includes from Arab nations... and it includes from Turkey who has been very active in trying to persuade President Assad to reform instead of embarking on these appalling actions", he said. "I would also like to see a United Nations Security Council resolution to condemn this violence, to call for the release of political prisoners, to call for legitimate grievances to be responded to", he added.[60]

During 2012 the UK started training Syrian opposition activists in Istanbul on media, civil society and local government matters, and supplying non-lethal equipment such as satellite communications and computers.[61][62]

On 24 February 2012, Hague recognised the Syrian National Council as a "legitimate representative" of the country. Hague also said Bashar al-Assad's government had "forfeited the right to lead" by "miring itself in the blood of innocent people". Hague said: "Today we must show that we will not abandon the Syrian people in their darkest hour". He added that "Those responsible for the murder of entire families, the shelling of homes, the execution of detainees, the cleansing of political opponents and the torture and rape of women and children must be held to account", he said.[63]

In March 2012, Hague ordered the evacuation of all British diplomats from Syria and closed the UK embassy in Damascus because of mounting security threats. Hague told Parliament: "We have maintained an embassy in Damascus despite the violence to help us communicate with all parties in Syria and to provide insight into the situation on the ground". He added: "We now judge that the deterioration of the security situation in Damascus puts our embassy staff and premises at risk." Hague said that his decision "in no way reduces the UK's commitment to active diplomacy to maintain pressure on the Assad régime to end the violence". He went on to say that: "We will continue to work closely with other nations to co-ordinate diplomatic and economic pressure on the Syrian régime."[64]

 
Hague meeting Ahmad Jarba, President of the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, on 5 September 2013

On 1 April 2012, Hague met 74 other nations at a Friends of Syria Group conference in Istanbul, Turkey. Hague said the issue could return to the United Nations Security Council if current efforts to resolve the crisis fail. The government of President Assad has said it accepts a peace plan by the UN-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan, but there has been little evidence that it is prepared to end its crackdown on the opposition. Hague accused Assad of "stalling for time" and warned that if the issue does return to the Security Council, he may no longer be able to rely on the backing of Russia and China, who blocked a previous resolution calling for him to stand down. "There isn't an unlimited period of time for this, for the Kofi Annan process to work before many of the nations here want us to go back to the UN Security Council—some of them will call for arming the opposition if there isn't progress made," Hague told the BBC. He added that "What is now being put to them is a plan from Kofi Annan supported by the whole United Nations Security Council, and this is an important point, it's supported by Russia and by China as well as by the more obvious countries—the United States, the United Kingdom, France, the Arab League and so on".[65]

On 20 November 2012, Hague recognised the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces as the "sole legitimate representative" of the Syrian people, and a credible alternative to the current Syrian Government.[66]

On 29 August 2013, the British Parliament refused to ratify the British Government's plan to participate in military strikes against the Syrian Government in the wake of a chemical-weapons attack at Ghouta.[67] Hague denied suggestions that he had threatened to resign over Prime Minister David Cameron's decision to go straight to a parliamentary vote.[68] After the vote, Hague continued to urge other governments to take action against the Syrian Government, saying "If it is decided in the various parliaments of the world that no-one will stand up to the use of chemical weapons and take any action about that, that would be a very alarming moment in the affairs of the world".[69] Ultimately a negotiated agreement was reached to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons.

Proposal of elected EU presidencyEdit

In June 2011, Hague dismissed Tony Blair's vision for an elected-head of the European Union by insisting that member states have more pressing priorities than further "constitutional tinkering". Hague made clear his view after Blair argued that a directly elected President of Europe, representing almost 400m people from 27 countries, would give the EU clear leadership and enormous authority. In an interview with The Times, Blair set out the agenda that he thought a directly elected EU President should pursue, although he conceded, there was "no chance" of such a post being created "at the present time". Asked about the former Prime Minister's call for further European integration and the creation of an elected-President, Hague suggested that Blair may have been thinking of the role for himself. "I can't think who he had in mind", Hague joked, further adding on a serious note: "Elected presidents are for countries. The EU is not a country and it's not going to become a country, in my view, now or ever in the future. It is a group of countries working together".[70]

Taliban talksEdit

In June 2011, Hague said that Britain helped initiate "distasteful" peace talks with the Taliban in Afghanistan. Hague made the comments while on a three-day tour of the country to meet President Hamid Karzai and visited British troops. He told The Sun newspaper that Britain had led the way in persuading US President Barack Obama's administration that negotiation was the best potential solution to the conflict. Hague admitted that any deal might mean accepting "distasteful things" and could anger military veterans and relatives of the 374 British troops killed in Afghanistan. However, he said he believed that Britain as a whole was "realistic and practical" enough to accept that ending fighting and starting talks was the best way to safeguard national security. He told the newspaper: "An eventual settlement of these issues is the ultimate and most desirable way of safeguarding that national security." He added, "but reconciliation with people who have been in a military conflict can be very distasteful. In all these types of situations, you do have to face up to some distasteful things." The previous night US President Barack Obama told Americans that "the tide of war is receding" as he announced plans to withdraw 33,000 US troops from Afghanistan by September 2012.[71]

Comments on the EuroEdit

In September 2011, Hague said that the Euro is "a burning building with no exits" for some of the countries which adopted the currency. Hague first used the expression when he was Conservative Leader in 1998—and said in an interview with The Spectator he had been proved right: "It was folly to create this system. It will be written about for centuries as a kind of historical monument to collective folly. But it's there and we have to deal with it," he said. "I described the Euro as a burning building with no exits and so it has proved for some of the countries in it," he further said, adding "I might take the analogy too far but the Euro wasn't built with exits so it is very difficult to leave it".[72]

IranEdit

In February 2012, Hague warned in a BBC interview about Iran's "increasing willingness to contemplate" terrorism around the world. He cited the 2011 Iran assassination plot, an attempt to assassinate Adel al-Jubeir, the Saudi Ambassador to the United States, as well as alleged involvement in recent attacks in New Delhi, Georgia, and Bangkok. He said it showed "the danger Iran is currently presenting to the peace of the world".[73]

Hague spoke the Commons on 20 February about the nuclear program of Iran and said that if the Tehran régime managed to construct a viable weapon, its neighbours would be forced to build their own nuclear warheads too. He accused Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of pursuing "confrontational policies" and described the country's enrichment of uranium in defiance of United Nations Security Council resolutions as "a crisis coming steadily down the track". "Our policy is that whilst we remain unswervingly committed to diplomacy, it is important to emphasise to Iran that all options are on the table", Hague told MPs.[74]

In March he condemned the way parliamentary elections were staged, claiming they were not "free and fair". He said the poll had been held against a backdrop of fear that meant the result would not reflect the will of the people. Hague said: "It has been clear for some time that these elections would not be free and fair. "The régime has presented the vote as a test of loyalty, rather than an opportunity for people freely to choose their own representatives. The climate of fear, created by the régime's crushing of opposition voices since 2009, persists."[75]

Falkland IslandsEdit

The 30th anniversary of the beginning of the 1982 Falklands War was on 2 April 2012. On 29 March, before the Lord Mayor of London's banquet guests, namely the entire foreign diplomatic corps of more than 100 ambassadors, including Alicia Castro (Argentinian Ambassador), Hague said the UK was keen to deepen its relationship with Latin America—and reiterated Britain's commitment to the Falklands. He said: "We are reversing Britain's decline in Latin America, where we are opening a new Embassy in El Salvador. This determination to deepen our relations with Latin America is coupled with our steadfast commitment to the right of self-determination of the people of the Falkland Islands".

Tensions over the Falklands had risen in the weeks prior to the anniversary. In February, Hague said deployments of a British warship, HMS Dauntless and the Duke of Cambridge to the Falklands were "entirely routine". Hague said that Britain affirmed the Falklanders' self-determination and would seek to prevent Argentina from "raising the diplomatic temperature" over the issue. He further said: "(the events) are not so much celebrations as commemorations. I think Argentina will also be holding commemorations of those who died in the conflict. Since both countries will be doing that I don't think there is anything provocative about that."[76]

Turks and Caicos IslandsEdit

Hague set out Her Majesty's Government's plans, on 12 June 2012, for the reintroduction of self-government in the Turks and Caicos Islands, where direct rule of the Governor had been in place since the islands had been subject to corruption and maladministration under the previous autonomous administration.[77]

Julian Assange and right of asylumEdit

In August 2012, Hague declared that Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks organisation founder, would not be granted political asylum by the United Kingdom.[78] Hague declared the UK's willingness to extradite Assange to the Swedish authorities who had requested his extradition; thus Swedish prosecutors, unwilling to break diplomatic protocol, have deferred from interrogating Assange at the Embassy of Ecuador, London.[79]

Hague confirmed the British Government's position – that it is lawfully obliged to extradite Julian Assange. "We're disappointed by the statement by Ecuador's Foreign Minister today that Ecuador has offered political asylum to Julian Assange. Under our Laws, with Mr. Assange having exhausted all options of appeal, the British authorities are under a binding obligation to extradite him to Sweden. We must carry out that obligation and of course we fully intend to do so," Hague confirmed.

Following The Guardian newspaper outcry over a Foreign Office note sanctioned by Hague sent to the Ecuadorian Embassy—in which it raised the possibility of the revocation of their diplomatic status under the Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987—the Foreign Secretary reaffirmed the UK remained "committed to a diplomatic solution" and played down any suggestion of a police raid of the Ecuadorian Embassy, stating "there is no threat here to storm an embassy".[80][81]

The former ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray,[82] warned that using the 1987 Act to raid the Ecuadorian Embassy would be in "breach of the Vienna Convention of 1961". Russia warned Britain against violating fundamental diplomatic principles (Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, and in particular the Article 22 spelling out the inviolability of diplomatic premises),[83] which the Government of Ecuador invoked.[84]

Hague is the subject of a portrait in oil commissioned by Parliament.[85]

Leader of the House of Commons and retirementEdit

Once Hague had formally declared his intention not to seek re-election as MP for Richmond at the forthcoming 2015 general election, he told David Cameron he would be standing down as Foreign Secretary. Cameron instigated a Cabinet reshuffle whereby Hague became Leader of the House of Commons. Hague remained as Cameron's "de facto political deputy", retained his membership of the National Security Council and played a lead role in reaching out to voters in the North of England in the run up to the general election.[86]

In a surprise motion on his last day in the House of Commons, Hague moved to make the election for Speaker in the next parliament a secret ballot, in what was seen as an effort to oust the incumbent John Bercow for lacking the neutrality expected of a Speaker of the House. Charles Walker, Conservative MP for Broxbourne, Chairman of the Procedure Committee and responsible for Speaker elections, stated that he had written a report about such an idea "years ago" and despite speaking with Hague and Michael Gove earlier that week, neither had told him of any such move. A visibly emotional Walker told the House, "I have been played as a fool. When I go home tonight, I will look in the mirror and see an honourable fool looking back at me. I would much rather be an honourable fool, in this and any other matter, than a clever man." Walker received a standing ovation, mainly from the Labour benches, whilst the Government lost its parliamentary motion by 228 to 202 votes.[87][88][89] During the debate the future Father of the House, Gerald Kaufman, denounced Hague, saying: "Is the right hon. Gentleman aware that this grubby decision is what he personally will be remembered for? After a distinguished career in the House of Commons, both as a leader of a party and as a senior Cabinet Minister, he has now descended to squalor in the final days of the Parliament."[90]

He was succeeded as MP for Richmond (Yorks) by future Chancellor of the Exchequer and future Prime Minister Rishi Sunak.

In retirementEdit

On 9 October 2015, Hague was created Baron Hague of Richmond, of Richmond in the County of North Yorkshire.[91][92]

In August 2020, Hague endorsed Joe Biden for U.S. president over incumbent Donald Trump, arguing that a Biden victory was in the UK's interest.[93]

Illegal wildlife trade fighterEdit

Hague and the then Duke of Cambridge identified, while the former was in post as Foreign Secretary, that the illegal wildlife trade (IWT) was among the most profitable criminal enterprises in the world, and in order to combat it formed in 2014 the Transport Task Force (TTF). The TTF seeks to identify and stop wildlife trafficking. They continue to work at this in 2020. The Financial Task Force was created in 2018 to help further the goal.[94]

Royal FoundationEdit

In September 2020, Hague was appointed as chairman of the Royal Foundation, a charitable organisation operating under the auspices of the then Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, in succession to Sir Keith Mills who retired.[95]

PublicationsEdit

Hague is an author of political biographies, and since his retirement from public life he has maintained a weekly column in first the Daily Telegraph and subsequently The Times. Hague also writes the occasional book review and appears on TV shows and in radio presentations.

As authorEdit

  • Hague, William (May 2005). William Pitt the Younger: A Biography. Harper Perennial. ISBN 9780007147205.
  • Hague, William (May 2008). William Wilberforce: The Life of the Great Anti-Slave Trade Campaigner. Harper Perennial. ISBN 9780007228867.
  • Hague, William (June 2010). The Times Great Military Lives: Leadership and Courage – from Waterloo to the Falklands in Obituaries. Times Books. ISBN 9780007359301.

As columnistEdit

On coronavirusEdit

Hague has been particularly sharp on the COVID–19 pandemic, writing as early as 10 February 2020 that "Coronavirus is a calamity for China. It cannot continue its dangerous wildlife practices any longer."[96] Hague wrote on 2 March that: "The rise of coronavirus is a clear indication that the degrading of nature will come back to hit humans very hard."[97] Hague returned to the subject on 13 April, when he said that the "world must act now on wildlife markets or run the risk of worse pandemics in future".[98]

Personal lifeEdit

Hague married Ffion Jenkins at the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft on 19 December 1997. Ffion Hague is now styled The Lady Hague of Richmond.

Hague serves as a Vice-President of the Friends of the British Library, which provides funding support for the British Library to make new acquisitions.[99] He is a Patron of the European Youth Parliament UK,[100] an educational charity organisation that runs debating competitions and discussion forums across the UK and is President of the Britain–Australia Society. Hague practises judo,[101] and has a keen interest in music, learning to play the piano, shortly after the 2001 general election.[102] He is an enthusiast for the natural history and countryside of his native Yorkshire.[103]

In 2015 Hague purchased a £2.5 million country house, Cyfronydd Hall, in Powys, Wales.[104]

Honours and awardsEdit

ArmsEdit

Hague was granted arms on 7 April 2016 [109]

Coat of arms of William Hague
 
Crest
An American bald eagle wings expanded Proper resting the dexter claws on a mullet Or.
Escutcheon
Azure a representation of the Keep of Richmond Castle between in fess two roses Argent barbed and seeded Proper all between three lions passant two and one Or.
Supporters
Dexter a polar bear Proper, sinister a dragon Gules.
Motto
Historia Est Vitae Magistra

In popular cultureEdit

Hague was portrayed by Alex Avery in the 2015 Channel 4 television film Coalition.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "HAGUE, Rt Hon. William (Jefferson)". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. Vol. 2014 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Two die of meningitis at Hague's old school". The Guardian. 3 January 1999. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Profile: William Hague". BBC News. 14 May 2010. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Your favourite Conference Clips". The Daily Politics. BBC. 3 October 2007. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
  5. ^ Rose, Kenneth (2018). "15 October 1977". In Thorpe, D. R. (ed.). Who's In, Who's Out: The Journals of Kenneth Rose, Volume One. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 591–592. ISBN 978-1-4746-0154-2.
  6. ^ Crick, Michael (5 October 2000). "Through a beer glass darkly – Profiles, People". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  7. ^ David Blair, and ed. Andrew Page, The History of the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA, Oxford, 1995), p.33
  8. ^ Roth, Andrew (20 March 2001). "Archie Norman". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
  9. ^ Stoddard, Katy (7 April 2010). "General Election 2010: Safe and marginal seats". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  10. ^ "Majority Sorted Seats". electoralcalculus.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "Rt Hon William Hague MP – profile". Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  12. ^ "William Hague". BBC News. 16 October 2002. Archived from the original on 11 October 2003. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  13. ^ "'Spin doctor' grooms Ffion's election look". BBC News. 2 May 2001. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  14. ^ "John Major: A life in politics". BBC News. 28 September 2002. Archived from the original on 4 April 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  15. ^ "The all new William Hague". BBC News. 13 April 1999. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  16. ^ Stone-Lee, Ollie (26 December 2004). "Picture imperfect". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  17. ^ "Tory joy at Euro victory". BBC News. 14 June 1999. Archived from the original on 12 May 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2011..
  18. ^ "Tories celebrate Euro poll success". BBC News. 14 June 1999. Archived from the original on 13 July 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  19. ^ "Portillo, the Thatcherite who turned". BBC News. 13 June 2001. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  20. ^ "Hague: I drank 14 pints a day". BBC News. 8 August 2000. Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  21. ^ Sparrow, Andrew (9 August 2000). "Hague's 14 pints a day boast falls flat in his home town". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 December 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  22. ^ "Poll monitor: Labour looks hard to beat". BBC News. 9 February 2001. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
  23. ^ "Hague's 'foreign land' speech". The Guardian. London. 4 March 2001. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2008.
  24. ^ "Hague plays 'patriot' card". BBC News. 4 March 2001. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  25. ^ Ivens, Martin (10 June 2007). "Back in the Tory fold, while they're a winning team". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  26. ^ Campbell, Alastair (24 June 2007). "Wit, oratory – and evasion. A master debater at work". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 31 August 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  27. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 6 Dec 2000 (pt 6)". Hansard. Archived from the original on 27 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008.
  28. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 6 Dec 2000 (pt 8)". Hansard. Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  29. ^ "This week's panel". BBC. 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008.
  30. ^ "Austen Chamberlain - history's first Hague". The Guardian. 8 June 2001. Archived from the original on 22 May 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  31. ^ "Shortlist 2008" Archived 14 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The Orwell Prize
  32. ^ Browne, Anthony; Coates, Sam (10 November 2006). "Hague pays dearly for his promotion to the Shadow Cabinet". London: The Times (London). Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2006.
  33. ^ House of Commons. "Full list of his registered interests". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 24 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  34. ^ "William Hague's Schmooze with the Jewish News". Totally Jewish. 25 March 2010. Archived from the original on 6 April 2010.
  35. ^ Watt, Nicholas (12 May 2005). "Hague rejects post of Shadow Chancellor". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
  36. ^ "Her Majesty's Government". 10 Downing Street. Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  37. ^ "Hague discusses Afghan mission with Clinton in US". BBC News. 14 May 2010. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  38. ^ Human rights are key to our foreign policy Archived 27 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine. The Daily Telegraph. (31 August 2010).
  39. ^ "Human rights to be at heart of diplomacy, insists Hague". BBC News. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  40. ^ Johnson, Simon (15 March 2011). "William Hague accused of 'anti-Christian' foreign policy". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 18 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  41. ^ Grey, Stephen (20 September 2011). "UK firm denies 'cyber-spy' deal with Egypt". London: BBC. Archived from the original on 23 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  42. ^ "UK's Hague to meet McCully, Shearer". 3 News NZ. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  43. ^ "Two Thai officials attend FCO's International Leaders Programme in UK". GOV.UK. 11 March 2015. Archived from the original on 4 September 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  44. ^ Gabbatt, Adam (1 September 2010). "Christopher Myers: the man in the spotlight". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  45. ^ Martin Beckford "William Hague denies inappropriate relationship with Special Advisor" Archived 4 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Telegraph, 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  46. ^ "William Hague's adviser Christopher Myers resigns". BBC News. 1 September 2010. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  47. ^ "Hague denies rumour he is gay – but special adviser steps down". The Independent. 23 October 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  48. ^ "William Hague 'has Cameron's full support' over rumours". BBC News. 2 September 2010. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  49. ^ "John Redwood reignites old feud as he criticises William Hague's 'poor judgment' | Nicholas Watt". The Guardian. 2 September 2010. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  50. ^ "Speaker's wife criticises William Hague for revealing wife's miscarriages". Archived 3 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Daily Telegraph. 3 September 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  51. ^ "Coverage of William Hague's personal life is "contemptible" says Alan Duncan". Archived 24 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Daily Telegraph. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  52. ^ "Hague: I support activism against the security barrier". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  53. ^ "Bahrain violence: UK voices concern". BBC News. 17 February 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  54. ^ "Hague Condemns 'Horrifying' Libyan Violence". Archived 27 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine BSkyB.
  55. ^ "Foreign Secretary William Hague rejects quit claims". BBC News. 13 March 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  56. ^ William Hague: 'It is not for us to choose the Libyan government' Archived 20 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Daily Telegraph. (22 March 2011).
  57. ^ "William Hague: 'Arab spring' could topple Robert Mugabe". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  58. ^ "Libya: William Hague calls on more powerful strike force". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 August 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  59. ^ William Hague 'extremely concerned at Syria violence' Archived 13 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Uknetguide.co.uk (22 April 2011).
  60. ^ "Syria: William Hague says no possiblity [sic] of military intervention". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  61. ^ McElroy, Damien (26 August 2012). "Britain and US plan a Syrian revolution from an innocuous office block in Istanbul". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  62. ^ Vela, Justin (10 October 2012). "Holding Civil Society Workshops While Syria Burns". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  63. ^ "UK boosts Syria opposition ties, William Hague reveals". BBC. 24 February 2012. Archived from the original on 2 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  64. ^ Blair, David (2 March 2012). "William Hague orders evacuation of all British diplomats from Syria". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  65. ^ Hague warning for Syrian president Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  66. ^ "Syria conflict: UK recognises opposition, says William Hague". BBC. 20 November 2012. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  67. ^ Robert Winnett (29 August 2013). "Syria crisis: No to war, blow to Cameron". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  68. ^ "William Hague denies he was set to quit over Syria vote". The Independent. 1 September 2013. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  69. ^ David Blair (8 September 2013). "Syria: Hague says lack of military action would be 'alarming'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  70. ^ "William Hague dismisses Tony Blair's vision of European Union presidency". The Guardian. 9 June 2011. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  71. ^ "William Hague: Talks with Taliban 'distasteful'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  72. ^ "William Hague: Euro is a burning building". BBC News. 28 September 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  73. ^ "Hague warns on Iran 'terrorism'". BBC News. 19 February 2012. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  74. ^ "Iran debate part one". BBC News. 20 February 2012. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  75. ^ "Hague condemns elections in Iran". Irish Independent. 2 March 2012. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  76. ^ Hope, Christopher (29 March 2012). "William Hague tells Argentina 'we will steadfastly defend Falklands'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 12 August 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  77. ^ "Announcement: Foreign Secretary statement announces elections in the Turks and Caicos Islands". gov.uk. 12 June 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  78. ^ "Julian Assange asylum: Britain will not give safe passage, says William Hague – video". The Guardian. 17 August 2012. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  79. ^ "Julian Assange to be questioned by Swedish prosecutors in London". The Guardian. 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  80. ^ "Hague ignored lawyers to send Assange 'threat' note". The Independent. 19 August 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  81. ^ "William Hague says there is 'no threat' to storm Ecuadorian embassy". The Daily Telegraph. 16 August 2012. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  82. ^ Greenberg, Andy (16 August 2012). "As Ecuador Grants Assange Asylum, Former UK Ambassador Says Embassy Raid Is Coming". Forbes. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016.
  83. ^ "Russia issues warning to Britain over Assange" Archived 20 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  84. ^ (in Spanish) "Declaración del Gobierno de la República del Ecuador sobre la solicitud de asilo de Julian Assange" Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine
  85. ^ Murphy, Joe (13 January 2014). "Exclusive: MPs splash out £250,000 of public money on vanity portraits". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  86. ^ "William Hague quits as Foreign Secretary in Cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  87. ^ Patrick Wintour (27 March 2015). "Tory backbench rebellion defeats Hague's attempt to unseat Speaker". Guardian newspapers. Archived from the original on 19 October 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  88. ^ Ann Treneman (27 March 2015). "An honourable fool brings the House down". Times newspapers. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  89. ^ "Procedure of the House". Hansard. Vol. 594. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 1 August 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  90. ^ "Today's Business of the House - Thursday 26 March 2015 - Hansard - UK Parliament". Hansard. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  91. ^ "No. 27625". The Edinburgh Gazette. 13 October 2015. p. 1726.
  92. ^ "Dissolution Peerages 2015". Gov.uk. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  93. ^ Hague, William (24 August 2020). "It's in the UK's national interest that Joe Biden wins the presidential race". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  94. ^ "Beating illegal wildlife trade tests our resolve to save the Earth". The Daily Telegraph. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  95. ^ Jobson, Robert (24 September 2020). "William Hague becomes chair of William and Kate's charity foundation". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  96. ^ Hague, William (10 February 2020). "Coronavirus is a calamity for China. It cannot continue its dangerous wildlife practices any longer". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  97. ^ Hague, William (2 March 2020). "The three lessons that the world must learn from the coronavirus crisis". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  98. ^ Hague, William (13 April 2020). "The world must act now on wildlife markets or run the risk of worse pandemics in future". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  99. ^ "Friends of the British Library Annual Report 2006/07" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  100. ^ Default Parallels Plesk Panel Page "New Games Reviews online". Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). Eypuk.org. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  101. ^ Morton, Cole (23 July 2000). "How judo made a man out of Hague". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  102. ^ McKie, David (5 November 2003). "William Hague - the piano years". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  103. ^ "William Hague - the piano years". The Guardian. 5 November 2003. Archived from the original on 1 November 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  104. ^ Ward, Victoria (15 January 2015). "William Hague splashes out on £2.5million Welsh country estate". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  105. ^ "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  106. ^ "Lord Hague receives accolade from historic guild". The Northern Echo. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  107. ^ "Cameron announces 26 new Tory peers in dissolution honours". BBC News. 27 August 2015. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  108. ^ "2017 Autumn Conferment of Decoration on Foreign Nationals" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 September 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  109. ^ "William Hague". The Armorial Register. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2019.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Richmond (Yorks)

19892015
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Secretary of State for Wales
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Preceded by Shadow Secretary of State for Wales
1997
Succeeded by
New office Shadow Constitutional Affairs Spokesperson
1997
Served alongside: Michael Howard
Preceded by Leader of the Opposition
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Preceded by Deputy Leader of the Opposition
2005–2010
Succeeded byas Shadow Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
New office Senior Member of the Shadow Cabinet
2005–2010
Preceded by Shadow Foreign Secretary
2005–2010
Succeeded by
Preceded by Foreign Secretary
2010–2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Secretary of State
2010–2015
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the House of Commons
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Conservative Party
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by Gentlemen
Baron Hague of Richmond
Followed by
The Lord Barker of Battle