Truncated 5-simplexes

  (Redirected from Truncated 5-simplex)
5-simplex t0.svg
5-simplex
CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
5-simplex t01.svg
Truncated 5-simplex
CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
5-simplex t12.svg
Bitruncated 5-simplex
CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
Orthogonal projections in A5 Coxeter plane

In five-dimensional geometry, a truncated 5-simplex is a convex uniform 5-polytope, being a truncation of the regular 5-simplex.

There are unique 2 degrees of truncation. Vertices of the truncation 5-simplex are located as pairs on the edge of the 5-simplex. Vertices of the bitruncation 5-simplex are located on the triangular faces of the 5-simplex.

Truncated 5-simplexEdit

Truncated 5-simplex
Type Uniform 5-polytope
Schläfli symbol t{3,3,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram          
       
4-faces 12 6 {3,3,3} 
6 t{3,3,3} 
Cells 45 30 {3,3} 
15 t{3,3} 
Faces 80 60 {3}
20 {6}
Edges 75
Vertices 30
Vertex figure  
( )v{3,3}
Coxeter group A5 [3,3,3,3], order 720
Properties convex

The truncated 5-simplex has 30 vertices, 75 edges, 80 triangular faces, 45 cells (15 tetrahedral, and 30 truncated tetrahedron), and 12 4-faces (6 5-cell and 6 truncated 5-cells).

Alternate namesEdit

  • Truncated hexateron (Acronym: tix) (Jonathan Bowers)[1]

CoordinatesEdit

The vertices of the truncated 5-simplex can be most simply constructed on a hyperplane in 6-space as permutations of (0,0,0,0,1,2) or of (0,1,2,2,2,2). These coordinates come from facets of the truncated 6-orthoplex and bitruncated 6-cube respectively.

ImagesEdit

orthographic projections
Ak
Coxeter plane
A5 A4
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [6] [5]
Ak
Coxeter plane
A3 A2
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [4] [3]

Bitruncated 5-simplexEdit

bitruncated 5-simplex
Type Uniform 5-polytope
Schläfli symbol 2t{3,3,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram          
     
4-faces 12 6 2t{3,3,3} 
6 t{3,3,3} 
Cells 60 45 {3,3} 
15 t{3,3} 
Faces 140 80 {3} 
60 {6} 
Edges 150
Vertices 60
Vertex figure  
{ }v{3}
Coxeter group A5 [3,3,3,3], order 720
Properties convex

Alternate namesEdit

  • Bitruncated hexateron (Acronym: bittix) (Jonathan Bowers)[2]

CoordinatesEdit

The vertices of the bitruncated 5-simplex can be most simply constructed on a hyperplane in 6-space as permutations of (0,0,0,1,2,2) or of (0,0,1,2,2,2). These represent positive orthant facets of the bitruncated 6-orthoplex, and the tritruncated 6-cube respectively.

ImagesEdit

orthographic projections
Ak
Coxeter plane
A5 A4
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [6] [5]
Ak
Coxeter plane
A3 A2
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [4] [3]

Related uniform 5-polytopesEdit

The truncated 5-simplex is one of 19 uniform 5-polytopes based on the [3,3,3,3] Coxeter group, all shown here in A5 Coxeter plane orthographic projections. (Vertices are colored by projection overlap order, red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue, purple having progressively more vertices)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Klitizing, (x3x3o3o3o - tix)
  2. ^ Klitizing, (o3x3x3o3o - bittix)

ReferencesEdit

  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D.
  • Klitzing, Richard. "5D uniform polytopes (polytera)". x3x3o3o3o - tix, o3x3x3o3o - bittix

External linksEdit

Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds