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Regular 5-orthoplex
(pentacross)
5-cube t4.svg
Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
Type Regular 5-polytope
Family orthoplex
Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,4}
{3,3,31,1}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
4-faces 32 {33}Cross graph 4.png
Cells 80 {3,3}Cross graph 3.png
Faces 80 {3}Cross graph 2.png
Edges 40
Vertices 10
Vertex figure Pentacross verf.png
16-cell
Petrie polygon decagon
Coxeter groups BC5, [3,3,3,4]
D5, [32,1,1]
Dual 5-cube
Properties convex

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-orthoplex, or 5-cross polytope, is a five-dimensional polytope with 10 vertices, 40 edges, 80 triangle faces, 80 tetrahedron cells, 32 5-cell 4-faces.

It has two constructed forms, the first being regular with Schläfli symbol {33,4}, and the second with alternately labeled (checkerboarded) facets, with Schläfli symbol {3,3,31,1} or Coxeter symbol 211.

It is a part of an infinite family of polytopes, called cross-polytopes or orthoplexes. The dual polytope is the 5-hypercube or 5-cube.

Alternate namesEdit

  • pentacross, derived from combining the family name cross polytope with pente for five (dimensions) in Greek.
  • Triacontaditeron (or triacontakaiditeron) - as a 32-facetted 5-polytope (polyteron).

As a configurationEdit

This configuration matrix represents the 5-orthoplex. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells and 4-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 5-orthoplex. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element.[1][2]

 

Cartesian coordinatesEdit

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a 5-orthoplex, centered at the origin are

(±1,0,0,0,0), (0,±1,0,0,0), (0,0,±1,0,0), (0,0,0,±1,0), (0,0,0,0,±1)

ConstructionEdit

There are three Coxeter groups associated with the 5-orthoplex, one regular, dual of the penteract with the C5 or [4,3,3,3] Coxeter group, and a lower symmetry with two copies of 5-cell facets, alternating, with the D5 or [32,1,1] Coxeter group, and the final one as a dual 5-orthotope, called a 5-fusil which can have a variety of subsymmetries.

Name Coxeter diagram Schläfli symbol Symmetry Order Vertex figure(s)
regular 5-orthoplex           {3,3,3,4} [3,3,3,4] 3840        
Quasiregular 5-orthoplex         {3,3,31,1} [3,3,31,1] 1920      
5-fusil
          {3,3,3,4} [4,3,3,3] 3840        
          {3,3,4}+{} [4,3,3,2] 768        
          {3,4}+{4} [4,3,2,4] 384        
       
          {3,4}+2{} [4,3,2,2] 192        
       
          2{4}+{} [4,2,4,2] 128        
          {4}+3{} [4,2,2,2] 64        
       
          5{} [2,2,2,2] 32        

Other imagesEdit

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane B5 B4 / D5 B3 / D4 / A2
Graph      
Dihedral symmetry [10] [8] [6]
Coxeter plane B2 A3
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [4] [4]
 
The perspective projection (3D to 2D) of a stereographic projection (4D to 3D) of the Schlegel diagram (5D to 4D) of the 5-orthoplex. 10 sets of 4 edges form 10 circles in the 4D Schlegel diagram: two of these circles are straight lines in the stereographic projection because they contain the center of projection.

Related polytopes and honeycombsEdit

This polytope is one of 31 uniform 5-polytopes generated from the B5 Coxeter plane, including the regular 5-cube and 5-orthoplex.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  2. ^ Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117
  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
  • Klitzing, Richard. "5D uniform polytopes (polytera) x3o3o3o4o - tac".

External linksEdit