# 6-simplex

6-simplex
Type uniform polypeton
Schläfli symbol {35}
Coxeter diagrams
Elements

f5 = 7, f4 = 21, C = 35, F = 35, E = 21, V = 7
(χ=0)

Coxeter group A6, [35], order 5040
Bowers name
and (acronym)
Heptapeton
(hop)
Vertex figure 5-simplex
Properties convex, isogonal self-dual

In geometry, a 6-simplex is a self-dual regular 6-polytope. It has 7 vertices, 21 edges, 35 triangle faces, 35 tetrahedral cells, 21 5-cell 4-faces, and 7 5-simplex 5-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/6), or approximately 80.41°.

## Alternate names

It can also be called a heptapeton, or hepta-6-tope, as a 7-facetted polytope in 6-dimensions. The name heptapeton is derived from hepta for seven facets in Greek and -peta for having five-dimensional facets, and -on. Jonathan Bowers gives a heptapeton the acronym hop.[1]

## As a configuration

This configuration matrix represents the 6-simplex. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells, 4-faces and 5-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 6-simplex. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element. This self-dual simplex's matrix is identical to its 180 degree rotation.[2][3]

${\displaystyle {\begin{bmatrix}{\begin{matrix}7&6&15&20&15&6\\2&21&5&10&10&5\\3&3&35&4&6&4\\4&6&4&35&3&3\\5&10&10&5&21&2\\6&15&20&15&6&7\end{matrix}}\end{bmatrix}}}$

## Coordinates

The Cartesian coordinates for an origin-centered regular heptapeton having edge length 2 are:

${\displaystyle \left({\sqrt {1/21}},\ {\sqrt {1/15}},\ {\sqrt {1/10}},\ {\sqrt {1/6}},\ {\sqrt {1/3}},\ \pm 1\right)}$
${\displaystyle \left({\sqrt {1/21}},\ {\sqrt {1/15}},\ {\sqrt {1/10}},\ {\sqrt {1/6}},\ -2{\sqrt {1/3}},\ 0\right)}$
${\displaystyle \left({\sqrt {1/21}},\ {\sqrt {1/15}},\ {\sqrt {1/10}},\ -{\sqrt {3/2}},\ 0,\ 0\right)}$
${\displaystyle \left({\sqrt {1/21}},\ {\sqrt {1/15}},\ -2{\sqrt {2/5}},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)}$
${\displaystyle \left({\sqrt {1/21}},\ -{\sqrt {5/3}},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)}$
${\displaystyle \left(-{\sqrt {12/7}},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)}$

The vertices of the 6-simplex can be more simply positioned in 7-space as permutations of:

(0,0,0,0,0,0,1)

This construction is based on facets of the 7-orthoplex.

## Images

orthographic projections
Ak Coxeter plane A6 A5 A4
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [7] [6] [5]
Ak Coxeter plane A3 A2
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [4] [3]

## Related uniform 6-polytopes

The regular 6-simplex is one of 35 uniform 6-polytopes based on the [3,3,3,3,3] Coxeter group, all shown here in A6 Coxeter plane orthographic projections.

## Notes

1. ^ Klitzing, (x3o3o3o3o3o - hop)
2. ^ Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
3. ^ Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117

## References

• H.S.M. Coxeter:
• Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
• (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
• (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
• (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
• John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
• Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
• N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
• Klitzing, Richard. "6D uniform polytopes (polypeta) x3o3o3o3o - hix".