Open main menu

Wikipedia β

6-simplex
Type uniform polypeton
Schläfli symbol {35}
Coxeter diagrams CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
Elements

f5 = 7, f4 = 21, C = 35, F = 35, E = 21, V = 7
(χ=0)

Coxeter group A6, [35], order 5040
Bowers name
and (acronym)
Heptapeton
(hop)
Vertex figure 5-simplex
Circumradius 0.645497
Properties convex, isogonal self-dual

In geometry, a 6-simplex is a self-dual regular 6-polytope. It has 7 vertices, 21 edges, 35 triangle faces, 35 tetrahedral cells, 21 5-cell 4-faces, and 7 5-simplex 5-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/6), or approximately 80.41°.

Contents

Alternate namesEdit

It can also be called a heptapeton, or hepta-6-tope, as a 7-facetted polytope in 6-dimensions. The name heptapeton is derived from hepta for seven facets in Greek and -peta for having five-dimensional facets, and -on. Jonathan Bowers gives a heptapeton the acronym hop.[1]

As a configurationEdit

The elements of the regular polytopes can be expressed in a configuration matrix. Rows and columns reference vertices, edges, faces, and cells, with diagonal element their counts (f-vectors). The nondiagonal elements represent the number of row elements are incident to the column element. The configurations for dual polytopes can be seen by rotating the matrix elements by 180 degrees.[2][3]

 

CoordinatesEdit

The Cartesian coordinates for an origin-centered regular heptapeton having edge length 2 are:

 
 
 
 
 
 

The vertices of the 6-simplex can be more simply positioned in 7-space as permutations of:

(0,0,0,0,0,0,1)

This construction is based on facets of the 7-orthoplex.

ImagesEdit

orthographic projections
Ak Coxeter plane A6 A5 A4
Graph      
Dihedral symmetry [7] [6] [5]
Ak Coxeter plane A3 A2
Graph    
Dihedral symmetry [4] [3]

Related uniform 6-polytopesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Klitzing, (x3o3o3o3o3o - hop)
  2. ^ Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  3. ^ Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117

ReferencesEdit

  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
  • Klitzing, Richard. "6D uniform polytopes (polypeta) x3o3o3o3o - hix". 

External linksEdit