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Regular enneazetton
8-simplex t0.svg
Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
Type Regular 8-polytope
Family simplex
Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,3,3,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
7-faces 9 7-simplex7-simplex t0.svg
6-faces 36 6-simplex6-simplex t0.svg
5-faces 84 5-simplex5-simplex t0.svg
4-faces 126 5-cell4-simplex t0.svg
Cells 126 tetrahedron3-simplex t0.svg
Faces 84 triangle2-simplex t0.svg
Edges 36
Vertices 9
Vertex figure 7-simplex
Petrie polygon enneagon
Coxeter group A8 [3,3,3,3,3,3,3]
Dual Self-dual
Properties convex

In geometry, an 8-simplex is a self-dual regular 8-polytope. It has 9 vertices, 36 edges, 84 triangle faces, 126 tetrahedral cells, 126 5-cell 4-faces, 84 5-simplex 5-faces, 36 6-simplex 6-faces, and 9 7-simplex 7-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/8), or approximately 82.82°.

It can also be called an enneazetton, or ennea-8-tope, as a 9-facetted polytope in eight-dimensions. The name enneazetton is derived from ennea for nine facets in Greek and -zetta for having seven-dimensional facets, and -on.

As a configurationEdit

This configuration matrix represents the 8-simplex. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells, 4-faces, 5-faces, 6-faces and 7-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 8-simplex. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element. This self-dual simplex's matrix is identical to its 180 degree rotation.[1][2]



The Cartesian coordinates of the vertices of an origin-centered regular enneazetton having edge length 2 are:


More simply, the vertices of the 8-simplex can be positioned in 9-space as permutations of (0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1). This construction is based on facets of the 9-orthoplex.


orthographic projections
Ak Coxeter plane A8 A7 A6 A5
Dihedral symmetry [9] [8] [7] [6]
Ak Coxeter plane A4 A3 A2
Dihedral symmetry [5] [4] [3]

Related polytopes and honeycombsEdit


  1. ^ Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  2. ^ Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117
  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
  • Klitzing, Richard. "8D uniform polytopes (polyzetta) x3o3o3o3o3o3o3o - ene".

External linksEdit