Transport for Wales Rail Services
Transport for Wales, (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru),   is a Welsh train operating company operated by Keolis Amey Wales Cymru Limited, which commenced operating the Wales & Borders franchise on 14 October 2018.
|Predecessor||Arriva Trains Wales|
|Gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion. In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to Keolis Amey Wales Cymru. It commenced on 14 October 2018 and runs for 15 years.
Typical TfW weekday off-peak service is as follows:
|North Wales Coast Line|
|Cardiff Central to Holyhead||8 (tpd)||Newport, Cwmbran, Pontypool & New Inn, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster (3tpd), Ludlow (7tpd), Craven Arms (7tpd), Church Stretton (7tpd), Shrewsbury, Gobowen (7tpd), Chirk (7tpd), Ruabon (7tpd), Wrexham General, Chester, Shotton (4tpd), Flint, Prestatyn (7tpd), Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn (3tpd), Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy (3tpd), Penmaenmawr (3tpd), Llanfairfechan (3tpd) Bangor (7tpd), Llanfairpwll (5tpd), Bodorgan (5tpd), Ty Croes (5tpd), Rhosneigr (5tpd), Valley (5tpd)
0534 from Holyhead and 1716 from Cardiff Central is Premier Service which calls at fewer stops and has 1st class accommodation available with meals includedOnly 7 tpd finish in Holyhead as one turns off and Llandudno Junction heading to llandudno and calls at Deganwy
The service that skips out the stations with 7tpd is the premier service
|Birmingham International to Holyhead||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan and Bangor||Class 158|
|Manchester Airport to Llandudno||1||East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham, Helsby, Chester, Shotton, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy
6 inter-peak trains each day begin/end at the airport, 1 early morning and 2 late evening trains do too, not calling at East Didsbury. Other trains begin at Manchester Piccadilly.
|Crewe to Chester||1||shuttle||Class 150|
|Chester to Liverpool Lime Street||1||Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn, Liverpool South Parkway||Class 150|
|South Wales - Manchester|
|Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Johnston, Haverfordwest, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Shrewsbury, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport||Class 175|
|Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembury & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport|
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth||0.5 / 1||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction and Borth
Trains run joined to Pwllheli trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Pwllheli||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction, Penhelig, Aberdovey, Tywyn, Tonfanau, Llwyngwril, Fairbourne, Morfa Mawddach, Barmouth, Llanaber, Talybont, Dyffryn Ardudwy, Llanbedr, Pensarn, Llandanwg, Harlech, Tygwyn, Talsarnau, Llandecwyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Minffordd, Porthmadog, Criccieth, Penychain and Abererch |
Trains run joined to Aberystwyth trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Heart of Wales Line|
|Carmarthen to Llandovery||1||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog and Llanwrda||Class 150, 153|
|Llandrindod to Crewe||1||Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich|
|Swansea to Shrewsbury and Crewe||4||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llandovery, Cynghordy, Sugar Loaf, Llanwrtyd, Llangammarch, Garth, Cilmeri, Builth Road, Llandrindod, Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms and Church Stretton |
2tpd extend to/from Crewe, calling at Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
|Shrewsbury to Crewe||5||Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich |
creates a every-2-hours service alongside trains beginning further south
|Conwy Valley Line|
|Blaenau Ffestiniog to Llandudno||6||Roman Bridge, Dolwyddelan, Pont-y-Pant, Betws-y-Coed, Llanrwst, North Llanrwst, Dolgarrog, Tal-y-Cafn, Glan Conwy, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy||Class 150|
|Wrexham Central to Bidston||1||Wrexham General, Gwersyllt, Cefn-y-Bedd, Caergwrle, Hope, Penyffordd, Buckley, Hawarden, Shotton, Hawarden Bridge, Neston, Heswall and Upton||Class 150|
|West Wales Locals|
|Pembroke Dock to Swansea||0.5||Pembroke, Lamphey, Manorbier, Penally, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Kilgetty, Narberth, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, and Llanelli||Class 150, 153, 158,|
|Fishguard Harbour||0.25||irregular service usually calling at Fishguard & Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland and Carmarthen. Some trains extend to/from east of Carmarthen|
|Swansea to Cardiff Central||0.5||Llansamlet, Skewen, Neath, Briton Ferry, Baglan, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle Bridgend, Pencoed and Pontyclun||Class 150, 153,|
|West Wales-Gloucestershire Line Via Cardiff Central|
|Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa||1 (Alternates with the Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester Service)||Maesteg (Ewenny Road), Garth, Tondu, Sarn, Wildmill, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow, Lydney and Gloucester
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Cheltenham Spa
|Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester||4 tpd||Fishguard And Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow and Lydney
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Gloucester
|Ebbw Vale Line|
|Bridgend/Cardiff Central to Ebbw Vale Town||1||Pencoed, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Pye Corner, Rogerstone, Risca & Pontymister, Cross Keys, Newbridge, Llanhilleth and Ebbw Vale Parkway||Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Penarth to Bargoed||4||Dingle Road, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath High Level, Llanishen, Lisvane & Thornhill, Caerphilly, Aber, Energlyn & Churchill Park (2tph), Llanbradach, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed, Pengam and Gilfach Fargoed (1tph).
1tph extends to/from Rhymney, calling at Brithdir, Tir-Phil and Pontlottyn
|Class 142, 143, 150|
|Merthyr and Vale Lines|
|Bridgend to Aberdare||1||Llantwit Major, Rhoose Cardiff International Airport, Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach||Class 142, 143, 150|
|Barry Island to Aberdare||1||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach|
|Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil||2||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest Estate, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Quakers Yard, Merthyr Vale, Troed-y-rhiw and Pentre-bach|
|Cardiff Central to Treherbert||2||Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Trehafod, Porth, Dinas Rhondda, Tonypandy, Llwynypia, Ystrad Rhondda, Ton Pentre, Treorchy and Ynyswen||Class 142, 143, 150|
|City & Coryton Lines|
|Radyr to Coryton||2||Danescourt, Fairwater, Waun-gron Park, Ninian Park, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath Low Level, Ty Glas, Birchgrove, Rhiwbina and Whitchurch||Class 142, 143, 153|
|Cardiff Bay to Cardiff Queen Street||5||shuttle||Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
North Wales and North West England
- Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool Lime Street to Chester service from May 2019, with limited services extended to Wrexham General * Introduce Class 230 D-Trains on services on the Borderlands, Conwy Valley and Crewe-Chester lines during 2019
- Twelve refurbished Mark 4 carriages for the Holyhead to Cardiff Central Premier Service by the end of 2019, to replace the Mark 3 carriages
- Increase Wrexham Central to Bidston services to 2tph by December 2021, as part of the North Wales Metro
- Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool to Llandudno and Shrewsbury service, and a new two-hourly Liverpool to Cardiff Central service from December 2022
- Introduction of a direct Manchester Airport to Bangor service from December 2022
- Introduce the new fleet of Civity diesel multiple units (DMUs) to the North Wales Coast line and other North Wales routes during 2022
- Invest in Shotton and Wrexham General stations from April 2024, and in Chester station by 2028
- Invest to co-fund new station buildings at Blaenau Ffestiniog
- Introduce new Community Rail Partnerships on the North Wales Coast Line and the Crewe to Hereford line
- Open a new station at Bow Street in March 2020
- An additional service every day on the Heart of Wales line from December 2022
- A consistent 1 tph on the Cambrian line from Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth from December 2022
- New Civity DMUs on the Cambrian line during 2022, to replace the Class 158 Express Sprinters
- Refurbished Class 170 Turbostar two-car DMUs on services to West Wales, Ebbw Vale and Maesteg from 2019, and the Heart of Wales line from 2022, to replace Class 153 Super Sprinters
- Introduce new two and three-car new diesel multiple units for the Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly service by 2023, to replace the Class 175 Coradias
- Additional summer Sunday services from May 2023 between Tywyn and Pwllheli – including a new 1 tph express service between major centres by 2025
- Invest in Carmarthen and Machynlleth stations in 2021, and Llanelli station in 2025
- A first-class service between Swansea and Manchester from December 2024
- Introduce a new Community Rail Partnership for the West Wales line
South East Wales
- Provide ticket machines at all South Wales Metro stations by April 2019
- Introduce Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units (BMMUs) to the Valley Lines during 2019
- Replace all Class 142 and 143 Pacers by the end of 2019
- 4tph between Cardiff Central and Bridgend (direct, Monday to Saturday) from December 2019
- Introduce pay-as-you-go for users of smartcards by April 2020
- Increasing capacity of trains on early morning services to Cardiff Central from 2-car services to 4-car services
- A new 1 train per hour (tph) Ebbw Vale Town to Newport service from May 2021
- 4tph between Treherbert, Merthyr Tydfil, Aberdare and Cardiff from December 2022, operated by Citylink tram-trains
- 6tph between Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Bay from December 2022
- Hourly Cheltenham Spa to Cardiff Central services from December 2022
- Introduce new FLIRT diesel-electric multiple units (DEMUs) on the Ebbw Vale and Maesteg lines during 2022
- Introduce new FLIRT tri-mode multiple units (TMMUs) between Penarth, Barry and Bridgend to Rhymney and Coryton during 2023
- 2tph between Cardiff and Bridgend via the Vale of Glamorgan Line from December 2023
- 4tph throughout on the Rhymney line from December 2023
- Introduce Citylink tram-trains to the City Line during 2023
- Eliminate diesel use on the Central Metro lines (north of Cardiff Queen Street) by 2024
- Open new stations at Cardiff Parkway in February 2020, Crwys Road, Loudoun Square and Cardiff Bay by December 2023, Treforest Estate by December 2025, and Gabalfa by 2028
- Invest in Merthyr Tydfil from April 2020, Abergavenny from April 2023, and Cardiff Central and Chepstow from April 2025
- Develop a fleet maintenance depot at Taffs Well and a dedicated Infrastructure Management depot in the Valleys
- Build a Major Events Stabling Line (MESL) and a new station in Llanwern
TfW Rail inherited a fleet of Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175 diesel multiple units and Mark 3 carriages from Arriva Trains Wales, which had been refurbished starting from 2011 and had been fitted with WiFi in 2017 which is still in use.
Class 153 Super SprintersEdit
In April 2019 TfW Rail added 5 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the 8 it previously had. 4 of these entered service the following month.
Class 142/143 PacersEdit
As of April 2019, all of TfW Rail's Class 142 & 143 'Pacer' railbus DMUs, which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2020, have had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages 'The start of a new journey', 'The journey is almost over for old trains', and 'These trains will terminate soon', stating rolling stock, infrastructure and service improvements. The Mark 3 carriages for the locomotive-hauled trains have had Transport for Wales logos applied to the ex-Arriva Trains Wales livery, as they will also be withdrawn and replaced by 2020.
Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUsEdit
The rest of TfW Rail's rolling stock (the Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUs), which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2023, is in the process of undergoing several changes. These include the application of Transport for Wales livery, and TfW Rail specification interior refurbishment (including new seat moquette, carpets and table surfaces, as well as AC and USB power sockets).
In addition, the 150s/153s/158s are receiving PRM-TSI 2020 (Persons with Reduced Mobility - Technical Specifications for Interoperability) modifications as well as the fitment of toilet retention tanks (the 175s exceed the RVAR they were built to and are accepted without modification).
Class 37 English Electrics and Mark II carriagesEdit
In June 2019, Transport for Wales hired Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets started temporarily operating rush-hour services between Cardiff and Rhymney to help crowding, especially with many trains undergoing work, most importantly PRM-TSI 2020 modifications.
|Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|67||Loco||110||177||–||3||Premier Service: Holyhead–Cardiff Central
|37||Diesel loco||80||129||N/A||3||Valley Lines||1960–65|
|Diesel multiple units|
|142 Pacer||DMU||75||121||2||15 each||
|153 Super Sprinter||1||13||
|158/0 Express Sprinter||90||140||2||24||
|175/0 & 175/1 Coradia||100||161||11||Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales||1999–2001|
All of TfW Rail's current fleet is due to be replaced by 2023 (with the exception of the Class 67 locomotives).
Cascades and RefurbishmentsEdit
Class 769 Flex (from Porterbrook Leasing Company)Edit
Nine Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units are due to be delivered by 2019, following conversion from Class 319 electric multiple units which were previously in service with Thameslink, by fitting diesel generators and extra electronic equipment to some previously unused below-solebar space. This work has been delayed for a number of operators who wished to run the Flex DMUs, including Great Western Railway and Northern. The expected delivery date of May was not achieved, and in July 2019 TfW confirmed that regulatory issues with the units were preventing their introduction.
Class 170/2 Turbostar (from Greater Anglia)Edit
Later in 2019 cascaded refurbished trains will be added on a more permanent basis. The majority of these will be in the form of 12 Class 170/2 Turbostar diesel multiple units from Greater Anglia, which are due to transfer in October 2019 however introduction may be delayed while Greater Anglia phase in their replacement Stadler FLIRT Class 755 units.
Mark 4 DVTs and carriages (from London North Eastern Railway)Edit
In addition, at least 3 Class 67 locomotives will be adapted to work with 12 (4 each) Mark 4 carriages and 3 (1 each) Mark 4 DVTs from London North Eastern Railway, which will replace the Mark 3 stock currently used on locomotive-hauled services. These will cascade as a result of the introduction of Intercity Express Programme units to LNER, in the form of the Azumas on the East Coast Mainline.
Class 230 D-Train (from Vivarail)Edit
The first "new" trains will also join the fleet during 2019 in the form of 5 Class 230 D-Train diesel-battery-electric multiple units, which are being built in England from former London Underground D78 Stock aluminium bodyshells by start-up rolling stock manufacturer Vivarail. The first Class 230 units were delivered to London Northwestern Railway in April 2019, on the Marston Vale Line. The five-month delay for introduction of these services indicates however that the units may also be delayed on the North Wales mainline.
Class 150/2 Sprinter (from other TfW routes, to Valley Lines)Edit
The addition of the 170s and 230s to TfW Rail's fleet during 2019 will facilitate an internal cascade of around half of their Class 150/2 Sprinter diesel multiple units to the Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes network, which the 769s will also be allocated to, along with the smaller quantity of 150s which already are. The additions of the 769s and significantly more 150s to that network's allocation will allow the 30 (total) Class 142 & 143 Pacer railbus DMUs to be withdrawn by 2020.
New rolling stock ordersEdit
For the longer term fleet replacement, 148 brand new trains have been ordered.
Class 196-style (class TBC) Civity (from CAF in Newport)Edit
Class 755-style (class TBC) Flirt (from Stadler Rail in Hungary)Edit
Also, a total of 35 Stadler FLIRT units have been ordered (consisting of 24 tri-modes and 11 diesel-electrics) along with 36 Stadler Citylink tram-trains. These will be manufactured at the Stadler factory in Szolnok, Hungary and assembled at their plant in Bussnang, Switzerland. The addition of these trains to the fleet, from 2021-24 but mostly in 2022-23, will allow the 109 (total) Class 150, 153, 158, 175 and 769 units to be withdrawn.
The 170s will then work different routes, with the 230s and Mark 4 sets remaining on the routes they will work from their date of introduction on TfW Rail services.
|Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built||In Service|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|Mark 4||Coach||140||225||–||12||North to south inter-city service: Holyhead-Cardiff Central||1989–1992||December 2019|
|Diesel multiple units|
|Diesel-electric multiple units|
|230 D-Train||DEMU||60||97||3||5||TBC||Mid 2019|
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|769/0 & 769/4 Flex||BMU||100||161||4||9||Valley Lines||2017-19||2019[nb 1]|
|Tri-mode multiple units|
|TBC FLIRT||TMU||100||161||3||7||Services between Caerphilly/Coryton to Penarth||TBC||2023|
|4||17||Services between Rhymney to Barry Island/Bridgend via VoG|
|TBC Citylink||Tram-train||TBC||3||36||Services to Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil||TBC||2022–23|
- Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988
- "Terms and Conditions". tfwrail.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
Keolis Amey Operations/Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey Limited (trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services)
- "Tweet by Transport for Wales (@transport_wales)". Twitter (in Welsh). Retrieved 2 October 2018.
Bydd yr ap TrC Trenau ar gael i’w lawrlwytho maes o lawr ar iOS ac Android.
- "KEOLIS AMEY WALES CYMRU LIMITED". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
Company number 11391059
- "Passenger journeys by train operating company - Table 12.12 | ORR Data Portal". dataportal.orr.gov.uk.
- "Rail operator shortlist revealed" (Press release). Welsh Government. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
Four bidders have been selected to progress to the next stage in the procurement process to operate rail services in Wales and the Borders from October 2018 as well take forward key aspects of the next stage of Metro.
- "Wales & Borders bidders asked to propose Metro options". Railway Gazette International. Sutton: DVV Media Group. 13 October 2016. ISSN 0373-5346. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "Arriva pulls out of Wales & Borders franchise contest". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 30 October 2017. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Arriva Trains Wales drops out of Welsh rail franchise bid". BBC News. BBC. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
The firm that runs most of Wales' rail network has pulled out of the contest to continue running it from 2018. Arriva has said Arriva Trains Wales was "no longer participating in the Wales and Borders competition", adding it had "not been an easy decision".
- "Abellio ends rail bid after Carillion collapse". BBC News. BBC. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
One of the three remaining bidders for the next Wales and Borders rail franchise has pulled out. Abellio Rail Cymru (ARC) said it had been unable to overcome the collapse of its partner construction company, Carillion. Its exit from the process leaves just MTR and Keolis Amey bidding to run the franchise, which will operate the South Wales Metro.
- "Abellio pulls out of Wales & Borders bidding". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 23 February 2018. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Wales' rail and metro franchise to be run by Keolis Amey". BBC News. BBC. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
A £5bn contract to run Wales' rail service for the next 15 years has been awarded to two European firms, who will run it jointly. France's Keolis and Spanish-owned Amey's bid triumphed over a rival offer from Hong Kong's MTR commuter railways. It will also drive forward the south Wales Metro in Cardiff and the valleys.
- Train Times. Transport for Wales Rail.
- "What this means for Mid and South West Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "What's Happening In South East Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
overhead electric, battery and diesel
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- "Transport for Wales rebrand gets underway on the Wrexham to Bidston line". deeside.com. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in South West and Mid Wales | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in the Borders | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "£4m promised for new railway station". BBC News. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in South East Wales | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "South Wales Metro | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "Locomotive hauled trains to cover Welsh stock shortfall". 15 April 2019.
- "£800m fleet renewal plan for new Welsh franchise". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- Rail, Trafnidiaeth Cymru Trenau Transport for Wales (2 January 2019). "Hi Stuart, we're due to get 5 additional 153 units arriving from GWR by May, we're also getting class 769 flex trains this year and 3 sets of Mark 4 carriages from LNER. Then in the future, we're having new trains built ^Joy". @tfwrail. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- "More '769s' on their way to Wales". RAIL Magazine (872). Bauer Media. 13 February 2019.
- Rail, Trafnidiaeth Cymru Trenau Transport for Wales (6 July 2019). "Hi Chris, we already have some class 769 units and they are currently in our depots undergoing maintenance for compliance issues ^Cam". @tfwrail. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- "New trains will be a boost for North Wales rail passengers". Press Release. Welsh Government. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Farewell to the Welsh Pacers". RAIL Magazine (855). Bauer Media. 14 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "CAF commences design and engineering on DMUs for Wales and Borders franchise". Rail Technology Magazine. Cognitive Publishing. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "STADLER TO DELIVER 71 NEW TRAINS FOR WALES & BORDERS". Press Release. Stadler Rail AG. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
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