Transport for Wales Rail Services
Keolis Amey Operations (Welsh: Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey), trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru), or TfW Rail (Welsh: TrC Trenau, literally TfW Trains), is a Welsh train operating company operated by Keolis Amey Wales Cymru Limited, which commenced operating the Wales & Borders franchise on 14 October 2018.
|Predecessor||Arriva Trains Wales|
|Gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion. In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to Keolis Amey Wales Cymru. It commenced on 14 October 2018 and runs for 15 years.
Typical TfW weekday off-peak service is as follows:
|North Wales Coast Line|
|Cardiff Central to Holyhead||0.5||Newport, Cwmbran, Pontypool & New Inn, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Bangor, Llanfairpwll, Bodorgan, Ty Croes, Rhosneigr and Valley
0534 from Holyhead and 1716 from Cardiff is Premier Service which calls at fewer stops and has 1st class accommodation available with meals included
|Birmingham International to Holyhead||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan and Bangor||Class 158|
|Manchester Airport to Llandudno||1||East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham, Helsby, Chester, Shotton, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy
6 inter-peak trains each day begin/end at the airport, 1 early morning and 2 late evening trains do too, not calling at East Didsbury. Other trains begin at Manchester Piccadilly.
|Crewe to Chester||1||shuttle||Class 150|
|South Wales - Manchester|
|Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Johnston, Haverfordwest, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Shrewsbury Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport||Class 175|
|Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembury & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport|
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth||0.5 / 1||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction and Borth
Trains run joined to Pwllheli trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Pwllheli||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction, Penhelig, Aberdovey, Tywyn, Tonfanau, Llwyngwril, Fairbourne, Morfa Mawddach, Barmouth, Llanaber, Talybont, Dyffryn Ardudwy, Llanbedr, Pensarn, Llandanwg, Harlech, Tygwyn, Talsarnau, Llandecwyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Minffordd, Porthmadog, Criccieth, Penychain and Abererch |
Trains run joined to Aberystwyth trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Heart of Wales Line|
|Carmarthen to Llandovery||1||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog and Llanwrda||Class 150, 153|
|Llandrindod to Crewe||1||Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich|
|Swansea to Shrewsbury and Crewe||4||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llandovery, Cynghordy, Sugar Loaf, Llanwrtyd, Llangammarch, Garth, Cilmeri, Builth Road, Llandrindod, Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms and Church Stretton |
2tpd extend to/from Crewe, calling at Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
|Shrewsbury to Crewe||5||Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich |
creates a every-2-hours service alongside trains beginning further south
|Conwy Valley Line|
|Blaenau Ffestiniog to Llandudno||6||Roman Bridge, Dolwyddelan, Pont-y-Pant, Betws-y-Coed, Llanrwst, North Llanrwst, Dolgarrog, Tal-y-Cafn, Glan Conwy, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy||Class 150|
|Wrexham Central to Bidston||1||Wrexham General, Gwersyllt, Cefn-y-Bedd, Caergwrle, Hope, Penyffordd, Buckley, Hawarden, Shotton, Hawarden Bridge, Neston, Heswall and Upton||Class 150|
|West Wales Locals|
|Pembroke Dock to Swansea||0.5||Pembroke, Lamphey, Manorbier, Penally, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Kilgetty, Narberth, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli and Gowerton||Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Fishguard Harbour||-||irregular service usually calling at Fishguard & Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland and Carmarthen. Some trains extend to/from east of Carmarthen|
|Swansea to Cardiff Central||0.5||Llansamlet, Skewen, Neath, Briton Ferry, Baglan, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle and Bridgend||Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|West Wales-Gloucestershire Line Via Cardiff Central|
|Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa||1 (Alternates with the Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester Service)||Maesteg (Ewenny Road), Garth, Tondu, Sarn, Wildmill, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow, Lydney and Gloucester
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Cheltenham Spa
|Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester||4 tpd||Fishguard And Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow and Lydney
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Gloucester
|Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Ebbw Vale Line|
|Cardiff Central to Ebbw Vale Town||1||Pye Corner, Rogerstone, Risca & Pontymister, Cross Keys, Newbridge, Llanhilleth and Ebbw Vale Parkway||Class 150, 153, 158, 175|
|Penarth to Bargoed||4||Dingle Road, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath High Level, Llanishen, Lisvane & Thornhill, Caerphilly, Aber, Energlyn & Churchill Park (2tph), Llanbradach, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed, Pengam and Gilfach Fargoed (1tph).
1tph extends to/from Rhymney, calling at Brithdir, Tir-Phil and Pontlottyn
|Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
|Merthyr and Vale Lines|
|Bridgend to Aberdare||1||Llantwit Major, Rhoose Cardiff International Airport, Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach||Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
|Barry Island to Aberdare||1||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach|
|Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil||2||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest Estate, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Quakers Yard, Merthyr Vale, Troed-y-rhiw and Pentre-bach|
|Cardiff Central to Treherbert||2||Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Trehafod, Porth, Dinas Rhondda, Tonypandy, Llwynypia, Ystrad Rhondda, Ton Pentre, Treorchy and Ynyswen||Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
|City & Coryton Lines|
|Radyr to Coryton||2||Danescourt, Fairwater, Waun-gron Park, Ninian Park, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath Low Level, Ty Glas, Birchgrove, Rhiwbina and Whitchurch||Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
|Cardiff Bay to Cardiff Queen Street||5||shuttle||Class 142, 143, 150, 153|
North Wales and North West England
- Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool Lime Street to Chester service from May 2019, with limited services extended to Wrexham General
- Introduce Class 230 D-Trains on services on the Borderlands, Conwy Valley and Crewe-Chester lines during 2019
- Twelve refurbished Mark 4 carriages for the Holyhead to Cardiff Central Premier Service by the end of 2019, to replace the Mark 3 carriages
- Increase Wrexham Central to Bidston services to 2tph by December 2021, as part of the North Wales Metro
- Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool to Llandudno and Shrewsbury service, and a new two-hourly Liverpool to Cardiff Central service from December 2022
- Introduction of a direct Manchester Airport to Bangor service from December 2022
- Introduce the new fleet of Civity diesel multiple units (DMUs) to the North Wales Coast line and other North Wales routes during 2022
- Invest in Shotton and Wrexham General stations from April 2024, and in Chester station by 2028
- Invest to co-fund new station buildings at Blaenau Ffestiniog
- Introduce new Community Rail Partnerships on the North Wales Coast Line and the Crewe to Hereford line
- Open a new station at Bow Street in March 2020
- An additional service every day on the Heart of Wales line from December 2022
- A consistent 1 tph on the Cambrian line from Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth from December 2022
- New Civity DMUs on the Cambrian line during 2022, to replace the Class 158 Express Sprinters
- Refurbished Class 170 Turbostar two-car DMUs on services to West Wales, Ebbw Vale and Maesteg from 2019, and the Heart of Wales line from 2022, to replace Class 153 Super Sprinters
- Introduce new two and three-car new diesel multiple units for the Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly service by 2023, to replace the Class 175 Coradias
- Additional summer Sunday services from May 2023 between Tywyn and Pwllheli – including a new 1 tph express service between major centres by 2025
- Invest in Carmarthen and Machynlleth stations in 2021, and Llanelli station in 2025
- A first-class service between Swansea and Manchester from December 2024
- Introduce a new Community Rail Partnership for the West Wales line
South East Wales
- Provide ticket machines at all South Wales Metro stations by April 2019
- Introduce Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units (BMMUs) to the Valley Lines during 2019
- Replace all Class 142 and 143 Pacers by the end of 2019
- 4tph between Cardiff Central and Bridgend (direct, Monday to Saturday) from December 2019
- Introduce pay-as-you-go for users of smartcards by April 2020
- Increasing capacity of trains on early morning services to Cardiff Central from 2-car services to 4-car services
- A new 1 train per hour (tph) Ebbw Vale Town to Newport service from May 2021
- 4tph between Treherbert, Merthyr Tydfil, Aberdare and Cardiff from December 2022, operated by Citylink tram-trains
- 6tph between Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Bay from December 2022
- Hourly Cheltenham Spa to Cardiff Central services from December 2022
- Introduce new FLIRT diesel-electric multiple units (DEMUs) on the Ebbw Vale and Maesteg lines during 2022
- Introduce new FLIRT tri-mode multiple units (TMMUs) between Penarth, Barry and Bridgend to Rhymney and Coryton during 2023
- 2tph between Cardiff and Bridgend via the Vale of Glamorgan Line from December 2023
- 4tph throughout on the Rhymney line from December 2023
- Introduce Citylink tram-trains to the City Line during 2023
- Eliminate diesel use on the Central Metro lines (north of Cardiff Queen Street) by 2024
- Open new stations at Cardiff Parkway in February 2020, Crwys Road, Loudoun Square and Cardiff Bay by December 2023, Treforest Estate by December 2025, and Gabalfa by 2028
- Invest in Merthyr Tydfil from April 2020, Abergavenny from April 2023, and Cardiff Central and Chepstow from April 2025
- Develop a fleet maintenance depot at Taffs Well and a dedicated Infrastructure Management depot in the Valleys
- Build a Major Events Stabling Line (MESL) and a new station in Llanwern
TfW Rail inherited a fleet of Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175 diesel multiple units and Mark 3 carriages from Arriva Trains Wales. In April 2019 it added 5 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the 8 it previously had.
As of April 2019, all of TfW Rail's Class 142 & 143 Pacer railbus DMUs, which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2020, have had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages "The Start of a New Journey", "The Journey is Almost Over for Old Trains", and "These Trains will Terminate Soon", stating rolling stock, infrastructure and service improvements. The Mark 3 carriages for the locomotive-hauled trains have had Transport for Wales logos applied to the ex-Arriva Trains Wales livery, as they will also be withdrawn and replaced by 2020.
The rest of TfW Rail's rolling stock (the Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUs), which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2023, is in the process of undergoing several changes, including at least the 158s and 175s receiving Transport for Wales livery, at least the 150s and 158s receiving PRM-TSI 2020 (Persons with Reduced Mobility - Technical Specifications for Interoperability) modifications as well as the fitment of toilet retention tanks, and at least the 150s receiving AC and USB power sockets (the 158s already have them albeit AC only, though none of the 153s or 175s do).
From May 2019, hired Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets will temporarily operate rush-hour services between Cardiff and Rhymney to help crowding, especially with many trains undergoing work, most importantly PRM-TSI 2020 modifications.
|Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|67||Loco||110||177||–||3||Premier Service: Holyhead–Cardiff Central
|Diesel multiple units|
|142 Pacer||DMU||75||121||2||15||Valley Lines & Cardiff local routes||1985–87|
|143 Pacer||DMU||75||121||2||15||Valley Lines & Cardiff local routes||1985–86|
|153 Super Sprinter||DMU||75||121||1||13||
|158/0 Express Sprinter||DMU||90||140||2||24||
|175/0 & 175/1 Coradia||DMU||100||161||2||11||Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales||1999–2001|
All of TfW Rail's current fleet is due to be replaced by 2023 (with the exception of the Class 67 locomotives). 
During 2019, temporary extra trains are in the process of joining the fleet in the form of 9 Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units, which are being converted from Class 319 electric multiple units which were previously in service with Thameslink, by fitting diesel generators and extra electronic equipment to some previously unused below-solebar space. 
Also during 2019, on a more permanent basis, cascaded but refurbished trains will be joining the fleet. The majority of these will be in the form of 12 Class 170/2 Turbostar diesel multiple units from Greater Anglia. In addition, at least 3 Class 67 locomotives will be adapted to work with 12 (4 each) Mark 4 carriages and 3 (1 each) Mark 4 DVTs from London North Eastern Railway, which will replace the Mark 3 stock currently used on locomotive-hauled services.
The first "new" trains will also join the fleet during 2019 in the form of 5 Class 230 D-Train diesel-battery-electric multiple units, which are being built in England from former London Underground D78 Stock aluminium bodyshells by start-up rolling stock manufacturer Vivarail. 
The addition of the 170s and 230s to TfW Rail's fleet during 2019 will facilitate an internal cascade of around half of their Class 150/2 Sprinter diesel multiple units to the Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes network, which the 769s will also be allocated to, along with the small quantity of 150s which already are. The additions of the 769s and significantly more 150s to that network's allocation will allow the 30 (total) Class 142 & 143 Pacer railbus DMUs to be withdrawn by 2020. 
For the longer term fleet replacement, 148 brand new trains have been ordered. A total of 77 CAF Civity diesel multiple units have been ordered, which are due to be assembled in Wales at CAF's new UK factory in Llanwern, Newport.  Also, a total of 35 Stadler FLIRT units have been ordered (consisting of 24 tri-modes and eleven diesel-electrics) along with 36 Stadler Citylink tram-trains.  The addition of these trains to the fleet, from 2021-24 but mostly in 2022-23, will allow the 109 (total) Class 150, 153, 158, 175 and 769 units to be withdrawn. The 170s will then work different routes, with the 230s and locomotive-hauled trains remaining on the routes they will work from their date of introduction on TfW Rail services.
|Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built||In Service|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|Mark 4||Coach||140||225||–||12||North to south inter-city service: Holyhead-Cardiff Central||1989–1992||2019|
|Diesel multiple units|
|Diesel-electric multiple units|
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|769/0 & 769/4 Flex||BMU||TBC||TBC||4||9||Valley Lines||2017-19||2019[nb 1]|
|Tri-mode multiple units|
|TBC FLIRT||TMU||100||161||3||7||Services between Rhymney/Coryton to Penarth/Barry Island/Bridgend via VoG||TBC||2023|
|TBC Citylink||Tram-train||TBC||TBC||3||36||Services to Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil||TBC||2022–23|
- Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988
- "Terms and Conditions". tfwrail.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
Keolis Amey Operations/Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey Limited (trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services)
- "Tweet by Transport for Wales (@transport_wales)". Twitter (in Welsh). Retrieved 2 October 2018.
Bydd yr ap TrC Trenau ar gael i’w lawrlwytho maes o lawr ar iOS ac Android.
- "KEOLIS AMEY WALES CYMRU LIMITED". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
Company number 11391059
- "Rail operator shortlist revealed" (Press release). Welsh Government. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
Four bidders have been selected to progress to the next stage in the procurement process to operate rail services in Wales and the Borders from October 2018 as well take forward key aspects of the next stage of Metro.
- "Wales & Borders bidders asked to propose Metro options". Railway Gazette International. Sutton: DVV Media Group. 13 October 2016. ISSN 0373-5346. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "Arriva pulls out of Wales & Borders franchise contest". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 30 October 2017. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Arriva Trains Wales drops out of Welsh rail franchise bid". BBC News. BBC. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
The firm that runs most of Wales' rail network has pulled out of the contest to continue running it from 2018. Arriva has said Arriva Trains Wales was "no longer participating in the Wales and Borders competition", adding it had "not been an easy decision".
- "Abellio ends rail bid after Carillion collapse". BBC News. BBC. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
One of the three remaining bidders for the next Wales and Borders rail franchise has pulled out. Abellio Rail Cymru (ARC) said it had been unable to overcome the collapse of its partner construction company, Carillion. Its exit from the process leaves just MTR and Keolis Amey bidding to run the franchise, which will operate the South Wales Metro.
- "Abellio pulls out of Wales & Borders bidding". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 23 February 2018. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Wales' rail and metro franchise to be run by Keolis Amey". BBC News. BBC. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
A £5bn contract to run Wales' rail service for the next 15 years has been awarded to two European firms, who will run it jointly. France's Keolis and Spanish-owned Amey's bid triumphed over a rival offer from Hong Kong's MTR commuter railways. It will also drive forward the south Wales Metro in Cardiff and the valleys.
- Train Times. Transport for Wales Rail.
- "What this means for Mid and South West Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "What's Happening In South East Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "What's Happening in North Wales | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "Transport for Wales rebrand gets underway on the Wrexham to Bidston line". deeside.com. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in South West and Mid Wales | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in the Borders | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "£4m promised for new railway station". BBC News. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in South East Wales | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "South Wales Metro | Transport for Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "£800m fleet renewal plan for new Welsh franchise". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "More '769s' on their way to Wales". RAIL Magazine (872). Bauer Media. 13 February 2019.
- "New trains will be a boost for North Wales rail passengers". Press Release. Welsh Government. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Farewell to the Welsh Pacers". RAIL Magazine (855). Bauer Media. 14 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "CAF commences design and engineering on DMUs for Wales and Borders franchise". Rail Technology Magazine. Cognitive Publishing. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "STADLER TO DELIVER 71 NEW TRAINS FOR WALES & BORDERS". Press Release. Stadler Rail AG. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "What's Happening in North Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "AMs WB Overview Presentation vJP AM" (PDF). KeolisAmey Wales. KeolisAmey Wales. Retrieved 5 June 2018.[dead link]
- "KeolisAmey reveal new-look Wales trains and services". BBC News. BBC. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "Service Improvements" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Welsh Government. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
Arriva Trains Wales
| Operator of Wales & Borders franchise