Severn Tunnel Junction railway station
Severn Tunnel Junction railway station (Welsh: Cyffordd Twnnel Hafren) is a minor station on the western side of the Severn Tunnel serving the area of Rogiet, Monmouthshire, Wales. It is 123.5 miles (198.8 km) from London Paddington and lies at the junction of the South Wales Main Line from London and the Gloucester to Newport Line.
|Severn Tunnel Junction|
|Welsh: Cyffordd Twnnel Hafren|
Severn Tunnel Junction station before the restoration of a fourth line and platform in January 2010
|Managed by||Transport for Wales|
|Number of platforms||4|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections|
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Original company||Great Western Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|1 December 1886||Station opened|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Severn Tunnel Junction from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
The South Wales Main Line was opened through the village of Rogiet in 1850. At this time Rogiet was little more than a church and a farm, and the expansion of the village did not begin until after the opening of the station in 1886.
During construction of the Severn Tunnel, several maps were printed that labelled the new junction as Rogiet Station, although the station was always named Severn Tunnel Junction from the time that it opened to the public on 1 December 1886.
The junction system consisted of a five-platform station (four through, and an up facing bay), a railway depot, and a major marshalling yard. The purpose of the yard was to sort coal coming from the South Wales Coalfield to the London and the Midlands; while in reverse, it sorted goods from the rest of the UK to South Wales.
The goods yard was bombed during World War II, due to the large goods yard facility. From 1924 to 1966 Severn Tunnel Junction was the terminus of a car transport service through the tunnel to Pilning. The service was made redundant by the opening of the Severn Bridge in 1966.
As a result of reduced coal and industrial production from the mid-1980s from South Wales, and increases in fixed goods formations, Severn Tunnel Junction goods yard and locomotive depot were closed from 12 October 1987 with residual marshalling moving to Newport railway station. After the tracks were lifted in the early 1990s, part of the site of the former goods yard was used for the toll booths for the Second Severn Crossing.
From 2010, Network Rail remodelled the track layout, which in conjunction with resignalling work was due to be completed by 2014. The plan provided improved operational flexibility, reduce maintenance costs and re-instated a fourth through platform. SEWTA invested in improved passenger facilities at the station. The new track layout came into operation on 4 January 2010, with the South Wales Main Line now using platforms 3 and 4, and Gloucester to Newport Line platforms 1 and 2. There are no rail connections between the platforms east of the station as high-speed 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) crossovers have been provided to the west.
As with other parts of the South Wales Main Line, the road bridge and footbridge have now been replaced, with additional clearance above the future overhead lines, and with raised and solid sidewalls to the bridges to prevent vandalism of the equipment. Class 800 stock now operates through the station, although only in their diesel-electric mode. As of the end of 2018, work continues to install masts and gantries for the catenary wires.
The station is served by two main routes - Transport for Wales' Cheltenham Spa to Cardiff Central and Maesteg via Chepstow local service and Great Western Railway's Cardiff to Taunton via Bristol line. Both run hourly on weekdays & Saturdays, albeit with some two-hour gaps on the Chepstow line. In the weekday peaks, certain Cardiff to Portsmouth Harbour also stop here, whilst there is a daily train to Fishguard Harbour. CrossCountry also provides very limited services to/from Manchester Piccadilly via Bristol and to Nottingham via Gloucester and Birmingham New Street.
On Sundays, the Bristol to Cardiff service is once again hourly (and runs to/from Portsmouth) whist the Cheltenham service is two-hourly.
Severn Tunnel Junction
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Newport||Transport for Wales
Maesteg / Cardiff Central - Cheltenham Spa
Cardiff Central - Birmingham New Street / Nottingham
(Mondays to Saturdays only, limited service)
Cardiff Central - Manchester Piccadilly via Bristol Temple Meads
(Mondays to Saturdays only, limited service)
|Newport||Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central - Taunton
(Mondays to Saturdays only)
|Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central - Portsmouth Harbour / Brighton
(Mondays to Saturdays, morning and evening peak only and Sundays)
|Filton Abbey Wood|
- Walker (1888), pp. 16–17 (railway map).
- The Severn Tunnel Archived 29 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- The Severn Tunnel
- Walker (1888), p. 155.
- Hodge, South Wales Main Line, 2, p. 35.
- BBC - WW2 People's War - Dennis Harper's Story
- Nock, O.S. (1967). History of the Great Western Railway. Volume III. p. 42.
- Railways in Gloucester and Churchdown - after 1845
- Network Rail - Wales Route Utilisation Strategy Draft for Consultation
- Table 57 & 132 National Rail timetable, May 2016
- Hodge, John (2002). The South Wales Main Line. Part Two: Severn Tunnel to Newport. Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 1-874103-76-3.
- Rhodes, Michael (1988). "4: South Wales: Severn Tunnel Junction". British Marshalling Yards. Oxford Publishing. pp. 65–78. ISBN 0-86093-367-9.
- Walker, Thomas A. (2004) . The Severn Tunnel. Stroud: Nonsuch Publishing. ISBN 1-84588-000-5.