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Timeline of artificial satellites and space probes

This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and interplanetary probes. First satellites from each country are included. Not included are most earth science satellites, commercial satellites or manned missions.

Key: Year – Origin – Target – Status – Description

Contents

TimelineEdit

1950sEdit

Year Date Origin Name Launch Vehicle Status Description Weight
1957 October 4   Soviet Union Sputnik 1 Sputnik-PS Success The first human-made object to orbit Earth. 83.6 kg (183.9 lb)
November 3   Soviet Union Sputnik 2 Sputnik-PS Success The first satellite to carry a living animal, a dog named Laika. 508 kg (1,118 lb)
December 6   USA Vanguard 1A Vanguard TV-3 Failed The first stage engine was improperly started, causing the vehicle to fall back to the launch pad immediately after launch and explode.[1] 1.36 kg (2.99 lb)
1958 January 31   USA Explorer 1 Jupiter-C Success The first American satellite in space.[1] 13.91 kg (30.66 lb)
February 5   USA Vanguard 1B Vanguard TV-3BU Failed Control failure caused vehicle breakup at T+57 seconds as vehicle exceeded an angle of attack of 45° due to a control system malfunction.[1] 1.36 kg (2.99 lb)
March 5   USA Explorer 2 Jupiter-C Failed Failed to orbit. Fourth stage did not ignite.[1] 14.52 kg (31.94 lb)
March 17   USA Vanguard 1C Vanguard TV-4 Success Vanguard 1. Expected to de-orbit in ~2240AD, this and its upper launch stage are the oldest human-made objects in space. Also the first use of solar cells to power a satellite.[1] 1.47 kg (3.25 lb)
March 26   USA Explorer 3 Jupiter-C Success Added to data received by Explorer 1.[1] 14.1 kg (31.0 lb)
April 27   Soviet Union Sputnik 3 Sputnik 89A1 Failed Rocket engine failure at 12 - 15 km. [2] 1,327 kg (2,926 lb)
April 29   USA Vanguard 2A Vanguard TV-5 Failed Second stage shutdown sequence not completed, preventing proper 3rd stage separation and firing. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
May 15   Soviet Union Sputnik 3 Sputnik Success Contained 12 instruments for a wide range of upper atmosphere tests. 1,327 kg (2,926 lb)
May 28   USA Vanguard 2B Vanguard SLV-1 Failed The first production model of the series. Nominal flight until a guidance error was encountered on second stage burnout. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
June 26   USA Vanguard 2C Vanguard SLV-2 Failed Premature second stage cutoff prevented third stage operation. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
July 26   USA Explorer 4 Jupiter-C Success Expanded data set of previous Explorer missions and collected data from Argus high-altitude nuclear explosions.[1] 11.7 kg (25.8 lb)
August 17   USA Pioneer 0 Thor-Able 1 Failed Failed to orbit. First stage engine failure caused explosion at T+77 seconds. 38 kg (84 lb)
August 24   USA Explorer 5 Jupiter-C Failed On-board instruments damaged on first stage separation. Failed to orbit.[1] 11.7 kg (25.8 lb)
September 26   USA Vanguard 2D Vanguard SLV-3 Failed Second stage under-performed, lacking only ~76 m/s (~250 fps) required to achieve orbit.[1] 10.6 kg (23.3 lb)
October 11   USA Pioneer 1 Thor-Able 1 Partial Success First spacecraft launched by NASA. Studied Earth's magnetic fields. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the Moon, leaving it sub-orbital.[3] 38 kg (84 lb)
October 22   USA Beacon 1 Jupiter-C Failed A thin plastic sphere (12-feet in diameter) intended to study atmosphere density.[3] Payload dropped due to rotational vibrations.[1] 4.2 kg (9.2 lb)
November 8   USA Pioneer 2 Thor-Able 1 Failed Briefly provided further data on Earth's magnetic field. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the vicinity of the Moon.[3] 38 kg (83 lb)
December 6   USA Pioneer 3 Juno II Partial Success Did not reach moon as intended, but discovered a second radiation belt around Earth.[3] 5.9 kg (13.0 lb)
1959 January 2   Soviet Union Luna 1 Luna Success The first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit. 361 kg (794.2 lb)
February 17   USA Vanguard 2E Vanguard SLV-4 Success Vanguard 2. Measured cloud cover. First photo of Earth from a satellite. Precession motion resulted in difficulty interpreting data.[3] 10.8 kg (23.7 lb)
March 3   USA Pioneer 4 Juno II Success Passed within 60,030 km (37,300 mi) of the Moon into a heliocentric orbit, returning excellent radiation data.[3] 6.1 kg (13.4 lb)
April 13   USA Vanguard 3A Vanguard SLV-5 Failed Failed to orbit. Second stage hydraulics failure led to loss of control, damaged at launch. Two spheres included as payload.[3] 10.3 kg (22.7 lb)
June 22   USA Vanguard 3B Vanguard SLV-6 Failed Failed to orbit. Second stage exploded due to stuck helium vent valve. Intended to measure weather effects related to solar-Earth heating processes.[3] 10.3 kg (22.7 lb)
July 16   USA Explorer S-1 Juno II Failed Did not achieve orbit. Guidance system power malfunction. Destroyed by range safety officer at T+5.5s.[3] 41.5 kg (91.3 lb)
August 7   USA Explorer 6 Thor-Able 3 Success Included instruments to study particles and meteorology.[3] 64.4 kg (141.7 lb)
August 14   USA Beacon 2 Juno II Failed Premature cutoff of first stage caused upper stage malfunction.[3] 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
September 12   Soviet Union Luna 2 Luna Success The first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, and the first human-made object to land on another celestial body. 390.2 kg (858.4 lb)
September 18   USA Vanguard 3 Vanguard TV-4BU Success Incorporated Allegany Ballistics Laboratory X248 A2 as third stage.[1] Solar-powered sphere measured radiation belts and micrometeorite impacts.[3] 22.7 kg (50.0 lb)
October 4   Soviet Union Luna 3 Luna Success The first mission to photograph the Far side of the Moon. 278.5 kg (614 lb)
October 13   USA Explorer 7 Juno II Success Provided data on energetic particles, radiation, and magnetic storms. Also recorded the first micrometeorite penetration of a sensor.[3] 41.5 kg (69.4 lb)
November 26   USA Pioneer P-3 Atlas-Able 20 Failed Lunar orbiter probe; payload shroud broke away after 45 seconds.[3] 168.7 kg (371.1 lb)

1960sEdit

Year Launch Date Origin Name Launch Vehicle Target Status Description
1960 March 11   USA Pioneer 5 Thor-Able Sun Success Solar monitor. Measured magnetic field phenomena, solar flare particles, and ionization in the interplanetary region[4]
May 15   Soviet Union Korabl-Sputnik 1 Vostok-L Earth Success First test flight of the Soviet Vostok programme, and the first Vostok spacecraft
August 19   Soviet Union Korabl-Sputnik 2 Vostok-L Earth Success First spaceflight to send animals into orbit and return them safely back to Earth
1961 August 23   USA Ranger 1 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Rocket malfunction caused the spacecraft to get stranded in low earth orbit.[5]
November 18   USA Ranger 2 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Booster rocket malfunction caused spacecraft to be trapped in low earth orbit.[6]
1962 January 26   USA Ranger 3 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure NASA's first attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon. A series of malfunctions caused spacecraft to hurtle past the moon.[7]
April 23   USA Ranger 4 Atlas-Agena Moon Mostly Failure Was the first U.S. spacecraft to reach another celestial body. Failure in the onboard computer prevented it from carrying out its scientific objectives.[8]
April 26   UK Ariel 1 Thor-Delta Earth Success First British satellite in space (on American rocket)
July 10   USA Telstar 1 Thor-Delta Earth Success Communication satellite
August 27   USA Mariner 2 Atlas-Agena Venus Success First spacecraft to visit another planet
September 29   Canada Alouette 1 Thor-Agena Earth Success First Canadian satellite (on American rocket), first satellite not constructed by the US or USSR
October 18   USA Ranger 5 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Malfunction in the spacecraft's batteries caused them to drain after 8 hours, leaving it inoperable.[9]
1963 First pair - October 17   USA Vela Atlas-Agena Earth Success Series of satellites to monitor compliance to the 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty
1964 December 15   Italy San Marco 1 Scout X-4 Earth Success First Italian satellite (on American rocket)
February 2   USA Ranger 6 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Successful impact but power failure resulted in no pictures.
July 31   USA Ranger 7 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Returned pictures until impact.
1965 February 2   USA Ranger 8 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Returned pictures until impact.
February 20   USA Ranger 9 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Live TV broadcast until impact.
November 26   France Asterix Diamant A Earth Success First French satellite
November 28   USA Mariner 4 Atlas-Agena Mars Success First deep space photographs of another planet and first flyby of Mars
November 29   Canada Alouette 2 Thor-Agena Earth Success Research satellite designed to explore Earth's ionosphere
December 16   USA Pioneer 6 Delta E Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1966 January 31   Soviet Union Luna 9 Molniya M Moon Success First spacecraft to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, or any planetary body other than Earth, and to transmit photographic data to Earth from the surface of another planetary body.
June 2   USA Surveyor 1 Atlas-Centaur Moon Success First US soft landing; Surveyor program performed various tests in support of forthcoming manned landings.[11]
July 1   USA Explorer 33 Delta E1 Earth Partial Success Was intended to orbit the moon but instead orbited the earth. Explored solar winds, interplanetary plasma, and solar X-rays.
August 10   USA Lunar Orbiter 1 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success First US spacecraft to orbit the Moon. Designed to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface for selecting landing sites.
August 17   USA Pioneer 7 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
September 20   USA Surveyor 2 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Failure Lunar Lander. A failure in one of its three thrusters caused it to lose control and crash into the moon.[12]
November 06   USA Lunar Orbiter 2 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Designed to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface to identify landing sites.
1967 April 17   USA Surveyor 3 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Success Second successful lunar surface lander. Conducted experiments to see how the lunar surface would fare against the weight of an Apollo lunar module.[13]
June 14   USA Mariner 5 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Venus Success Flyby of Venus with a minimum distance of 5,000 km
July 14   USA Surveyor 4 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Failure Despite a perfect flight to the moon, communications was lost 2.5 minutes prior to landing. NASA concluded the spacecraft may have exploded. [14]
September 08   USA Surveyor 5 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. First spacecraft to do a soil analysis of any world. Returned more than 20,000 photos.[15]
November 07   USA Surveyor 6 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. First spacecraft to be launched from the surface of the moon. It lifted itself to a height of about 3 meters. [16]
November 29   Australia WRESAT Sparta Earth Success First Australian satellite (on American rocket) launched from Woomera, Australia.
December 13   USA Pioneer 8 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1968 January 07   USA Surveyor 7 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. Only spacecraft in the series to land in the lunar highland region and had the most extensive set of instruments. [17]
November 08   USA Pioneer 9 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1969 January 30   Canada ISIS 1 Delta E1 Earth Success International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS)
February 25   USA Mariner 6 Atlas SLV-3D Agena-D1A Mars Success Mars probe attempting to study the surface and atmosphere of Mars during close flybys to establish a basis for further investigations.[18]
March 27   USA Mariner 7 Atlas SLV-3D Agena-D1A Mars Success Mars probe attempting to study the surface and atmosphere of Mars during close flybys to establish a basis for further investigations.[19]

1970sEdit

Year Origin Name Target Status Description
1970   Japan Ohsumi Earth Success First Japanese satellite
  Soviet Union Venera 7 Venus Success First successful landing of a spacecraft on another planet
  Soviet Union Luna 16 Moon Success Lander is the first automated return of samples from the Moon
  Soviet Union Zond 8 Moon Success Flyby
  Soviet Union Luna 17/Lunokhod 1 Moon Success Lander/rover is the first automated surface exploration of the Moon
  UK Orba (satellite) Earth Failure Second stage of rocket shutdown 13 seconds early
  USA Uhuru Earth Success First dedicated X-ray astronomy satellite
  China Dong Fang Hong I Earth Success First Chinese satellite
1971   Soviet Union Luna 18 Moon Failure Lander
  Soviet Union Luna 19 Moon Success Orbiter
  USA Mariner 8 Mars Failure Orbiter. Lost due to launch failure.
  Soviet Union Cosmos 419 Mars Failure Probe
  Soviet Union Mars 2 Mars Partial Failure Orbiter and lander, created the first human artifact on Mars
  Soviet Union Mars 3 Mars Partial Success Orbiter and lander, first successful landing on Mars
  USA Mariner 9 Mars Success Orbiter, first pictures of Mars' moons (Phobos and Deimos) taken
  Canada ISIS 2 Earth Success
  Japan Shinsei Earth Partial success First Japanese science satellite
  UK Prospero X-3 Earth Success Satellite, first satellite launched by Britain using a British rocket
  UK Ariel 4 Earth Success
1972   Soviet Union Venera 8 Venus Success Lander
  Soviet Union Luna 20 Moon Success Lander
  USA/  UK Copernicus – Orbiting Astronomical Observatory-3 Earth Success
  USA Pioneer 10 Jupiter Success First spacecraft to encounter Jupiter
  USA Explorer 49 Sun Success Solar probe
1973   USA Mariner 10 Venus/Mercury Success It passed by and photographed Mercury, also was the first dual planet probe
  USA Pioneer 11 Jupiter/Saturn Success First spacecraft to encounter Saturn
  Soviet Union Luna 21/Lunokhod 2 Moon Success Lander/rover
  Soviet Union Mars 4 Mars Failure Orbiter
  Soviet Union Mars 5 Mars Success Orbiter
  Soviet Union Mars 6 Mars Failure Orbiter and lander
  Soviet Union Mars 7 Mars Failure Orbiter and lander
1974   West Germany Helios 1 Sun Success Solar probe
  Soviet Union Luna 22 Moon Success Orbiter
  Soviet Union Luna 23 Moon Failure Probe
  UK Ariel 5 Earth Success X-ray satellite
1975   Soviet Union Venera 9 Venus Success Returns the first pictures of the surface of Venus
  Soviet Union Venera 10 Venus Success Orbiter and lander
  USA Viking 1 Mars Success Orbiter and lander; lands on Mars 1976
  USA Viking 2 Mars Success Orbiter and lander; lands on Mars 1976
  India Aryabhata Earth Success Launched by USSR, the first Indian satellite
1976   West Germany Helios 2 Sun Success Solar probe
  Soviet Union Luna 24 Moon Success Lander
  Canada/  USA/  Europe Communications Technology Satellite Earth Success Prototype for testing direct broadcast satellite television on the Ku band
  Netherlands/  USA Astronomische Nederlandse Satelliet (ANS) Earth Success Discovered X-ray bursts, first Dutch satellite (with US contributions)[20]
  USA Orbiting Solar Observatory Sun Success X-ray satellite shows that X-ray bursts have blackbody spectra
1977   USA HEAO-1 Earth Success X-ray satellite
  Soviet Union Kosmos 954 Earth Success Reconnaissance satellites
1978   USA Pioneer Venus 1 Venus Success Orbiter
  USA Pioneer Venus 2 Venus Success Atmospheric probe
  Soviet Union Venera 11 Venus Partial Success Flyby and lander
  Soviet Union Venera 12 Venus Success Flyby and lander
.  USA/  UK/  Europe International Ultraviolet Explorer Earth Success
  USA HEAO-2 Earth Success First X-ray photographs of astronomical objects
1979   India Satellite Launch Vehicle Failure India's first rocket launched
  Japan Hakucho Earth Success X-ray satellite
  UK Ariel 6 Earth Success Cosmic-ray and X-ray satellite
  USA Voyager 1 Voyager 2 Jupiter Success Send back images of Jupiter and its system
  India Bhaskara-1 Earth Success Launched by ISRO (First Indian low orbit Earth Observation Satellite)

1980sEdit

Year Origin Target Status Description
1980   USA Sun Failure Solar Maximum Mission solar probe succeeded after being repaired in Earth orbit
1981   India Earth Success Bhaskara-2 India, launched by ISRO
1981   Soviet Union Venus Success Venera 13 launched, it returned the first colour pictures of the surface of Venus
1981   Soviet Union Venus Success Venera 14 flyby and lander
1981   Bulgaria Earth Success Bulgaria 1300, polar research mission, launched by the Soviet Union
1983   Soviet Union Venus Success Venera 15 orbiter
1983   Soviet Union Venus Success Venera 16 orbiter
1983   Europe Earth Success Launch of the EXOSAT X-ray satellite
1983   Japan Earth Success Launch of the Tenma X-ray satellite (ASTRO-B)
1983   USA/  Netherlands/  UK Earth Success Launch of the IRAS satellite
1984   Soviet Union Venus/Halley's Comet Success Vega 1 flyby, atmospheric probe and lander
1984   Soviet Union Venus/Halley's Comet Success Vega 2 flyby, atmospheric probe and lander
1985   Mexico Earth Success Morelos I, the first Mexican satellite
1986   Europe Halley's Comet Success Giotto flyby
1987   Japan Earth Success Launch of the Ginga X-ray satellite (ASTRO-C)
1988   Soviet Union Mars Failure Phobos 1 orbiter and lander
1988   Soviet Union Mars Partial Failure Phobos 2 flyby and lander
1989   USA Venus Success Magellan orbiter launched which mapped 99 percent of the surface of Venus (300 m resolution)
1989   USA Venus/Earth/Moon/Gaspra/Ida/Jupiter Success Galileo flyby, orbiter and atmospheric probe
1989   USA Neptune Success Voyager 2 sends back images of Neptune and its system
1989   Europe Earth Success Launch of the Hipparcos satellite
1989   USA Earth Success Launch of the COBE satellite
1989   Soviet Union Earth Success Launch of the Granat gamma-ray and X-ray satellite

1990sEdit

Year Origin Target Status Description
1990   USA/  Europe Sun Success Ulysses solar flyby
1990   Japan Moon Success Hiten probe, this was the first non-United States or USSR probe to reach the Moon
1990   USA/  Europe Earth Success Launch of the Hubble Space Telescope
1990   Germany Earth Success Launch of the ROSAT X-ray satellite to conduct the first imaging X-ray sky survey
1991   Japan Sun Success Yohkoh solar probe
1991   USA Earth Success Launch of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory satellite
1992   USA Mars Failure Mars Observer orbiter
1993   Japan Earth Success Launch of the ASCA (ASTRO-D) X-ray satellite
1994   USA Moon Success Clementine orbiter mapped the surface of the Moon (resolution 125–150 m) and allowed the first accurate relief map of the Moon to be generated
1995   Mexico Earth Failure Unamsat 1, First UNAM built orbiter
1995   Europe Earth Success Launch of the Infrared Space Observatory
1995   Europe/  USA Sun Success SOHO solar probe
1996   USA 433 Eros Success NEAR Shoemaker asteroid flybys/orbiter/lander
1996   USA Mars Success Mars Global Surveyor orbiter
1996   USA Mars Success Mars Pathfinder, the first automated surface exploration of another planet
1996   Russia Mars Failure Mars 96 orbiter and lander
1996   Argentina Earth Failure Sac-B Orbiter
1997   USA/  Europe Saturn and Titan Success Cassini-Huygens arrived in orbit on July 1, 2004, landed on Titan January 14, 2005
1997   Argentina Earth Success Nahuel 1A First Argentine satellite - geostationary communications satellites
1998   North Korea Earth Unknown Claimed launch of Kwangmyongsong-1 by North Korea though no independent source was able to verify its existence
1998   USA Moon Success Lunar Prospector orbiter
1998   Japan Mars Failure Nozomi (Planet B) orbiter, the first Japanese spacecraft to reach another planet
1998   USA Mars Failure Mars Climate Orbiter
1998   Argentina /   USA Earth Success Sac-A Orbiter
1999   USA Mars Failure Mars Polar Lander
1999   USA Mars Failure Deep Space 2 (DS2) penetrators
1999   USA Earth Success Launch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory
1999   Europe Earth Success Launch of the X-Ray Multi-Mirror Mission, XMM-Newton

2000sEdit

Year Origin Target Status Description
2000   UK Earth Success SNAP-1 robotic camera enabling images to be sent to other spacecrafts orbiting the Earth
2000   Argentina Earth Success SAC-C Orbiter
2001   USA Sun Partial Success Genesis solar wind sample crash-landed on return
2001   USA Earth Success Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) performs cosmological observations.
2001   USA Mars Success Mars Odyssey
2001   Europe Earth Success PROBA-1 Small satellite to observe the Earth (first Belgian Satellite)
2003   Canada Earth Success MOST the smallest space telescope in orbit
2003   USA Comet Encke Failure CONTOUR launched, but lost during early trajectory insertion.
2003   Europe Moon Success Smart 1 orbiter
2003   Europe Mars Partial Success Mars Express orbiter (successfully reached orbit) and failed lander, the Beagle 2
2003   USA Mars Success Mars Exploration Rovers successful launches, Spirit successfully landed, Opportunity successfully landed
2003   UK Earth Success UK-DMC orbiter, part of the Disaster Monitoring Constellation
2003   Japan 25143 Itokawa Success Hayabusa, first sample return from asteroid, returned in 2010
2004   Europe Comet 67P Success Rosetta space probe launched (arrived on comet 67P on November 12, 2014)
2004   USA Mercury Success MESSENGER orbiter launched (in Mercury orbit)
2004   USA Earth Success Launch of the Swift Gamma ray burst observatory.
2005   USA Comet Tempel 1 Success Deep Impact
2005   Japan Earth Partial success Launch of the Suzaku X-ray observatory (ASTRO-EII)
2005   USA Mars In orbit Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
2005   Iran Earth Success Sinah-1 launched, first Iranian-built satellite
2005   Europe Venus Success Venus Express
2006   USA Pluto Success New Horizons launched. On July 14, 2015, New Horizons flew within 7,750 miles (12,472 km) of Pluto.
2006   Japan Earth Success Launch of the Akari infrared observatory (ASTRO-F)
2006   France/ESA Earth Success COROT telescope to search for extrasolar planets
2007   USA Mars Success Phoenix launched and successfully landed in 2008
2007   Japan Moon Success SELENE orbiter and lander
2007   USA Vesta/Ceres In Ceres Orbit Dawn solar powered ion engined probe to 4 Vesta and 1 Ceres.
2007   China Moon Success Chang'e-I lunar orbiter
2007   Nigeria Earth Initial success NigComSat-1 launched by China, failed after 1 year
2008   USA Earth Launched, operating IBEX
2009   Europe L2 Success Planck
2009   Europe L2 Success Herschel Space Observatory
2009   Iran Earth Success Omid launched by Iranian made launcher Safir. First Iranian-launched satellite
2009   USA Earth Success Kepler launched
2009   Europe Earth Success PROBA-2 Small satellite to observe the sun
2009   India Earth Success RISAT-2 developed by Israel Aerospace Industries, launched by ISRO, India
2009   India Moon Success Chandrayaan-1 developed and launched by ISRO, India
2009   UK Earth Success UK-DMC 2 orbiter, successor to UK-DMC part of the Disaster Monitoring Constellation

2010sEdit

Year Origin Target Status Description
2010   Japan Venus Partial success Akatsuki orbiter, first Japanese spacecraft to orbit another planet
2010   Japan Venus Success IKAROS, first solar-sail spacecraft
2010   China Moon Success Chang'e-2 lunar orbiter/impacter
2011   USA Jupiter Success Juno
2011   Russia Mars Failure Fobos-Grunt lander and sample return
2011   Nigeria Earth Success NigComSat-1 replacement launched by China
2011   Argentina /   USA Earth Success SAC-D Orbiter
2012   Iran Earth Launched Navid earth-watching satellite
2012   USA Mars Success Mars Science Laboratory with Curiosity rover—orbit and landed
2012   North Korea Earth Launched Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2, first successful North Korean orbital rocket launch
2013   Poland Earth Launched PW-Sat, first Polish satellite
2013   South Korea Earth Launched STSAT-2C, first successful South Korean orbital rocket launch
2013   Canada Earth Success NEOSSat, monitoring near-Earth objects
2013   Canada Earth Success Sapphire, military space surveillance
2013   Europe Earth Success PROBA-V Small satellite to monitor the vegetation of the Earth
2013   UK Earth Success STRaND-1, first smartphone-operated satellite to be launched and dubbed the world's first "phonesat"
2013   Japan Earth Launched Hisaki planetary atmosphere observatory
2013   Canada Earth Success CASSIOPE, ionosphere research and communication satellite
2013   India Mars Success Mars Orbiter Mission
2013   USA Mars Success MAVEN orbiter
2013   Poland Earth Launched Lem, First Polish scientific satellite
2014   Europe Comet 67P Partial success Rosetta and Philae, Third comet landing at unintended site in suboptimal orientation due to failure of surface anchoring system
2014   Poland Earth Launched Heweliusz, Second Polish scientific satellite
2014   Japan 162173 Ryugu Launched and en route Hayabusa 2, Second Japanese asteroid sample return spacecraft
2014   Japan 2000 DP107 Partial failure PROCYON deep space probe
2015   United States Earth-Sun L1 Success DSCOVR, Earth and space weather
2015   India Earth Success Astrosat, Space observatory
2016   European Union /   Russia Mars Partial success ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, Trace Gas Orbiter in orbit; Schiaparelli lander crashed
2016   Canada Earth Success M3MSat, maritime monitoring and communication satellite
2017   Brazil Earth Success SGDC-1, Communication satellite

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Green, Constance McLaughlin; Lomask, Milton (1970). Vanguard: A History. Scientific and Technical Information Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. pp. 283–287.
  2. ^ [1] "Sputnik 3 Finally Orbited, NASA Established"
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "NASA Major Launch Record" (PDF). history.nasa.gov. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  4. ^ "In Depth | Pioneer 5 – Solar System Exploration: NASA Science". Solar System Exploration: NASA Science. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  5. ^ "Ranger 1". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  6. ^ "Ranger 2". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  7. ^ "Ranger 3". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  8. ^ "Ranger 4". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  9. ^ "Ranger 5". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  10. ^ a b c d "Pioneer 6: NSSDCA/COSPAR ID: 1965-105A". NASA. Retrieved 9 September 2018.   This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  11. ^ "Surveyor 1: NSSDCA/COSPAR ID: 1966-045A". NASA.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  12. ^ "Surveyor 2". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  13. ^ "Surveyor 3". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  14. ^ "Surveyor 4". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  15. ^ "Surveyor 5". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  16. ^ "Surveyor 6". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  17. ^ "Surveyor 7". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-14.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  18. ^ "Mariner 6". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-13.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  19. ^ "Mariner 7". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-13.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  20. ^ [2] Astronomische Nederlandse Satelliet (ANS)

External linksEdit