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Chandrayaan-3 (Sanskrit: [tɕɐndɽaːjaːn]; transl. Moon-craft,[5][6] About this soundpronunciation ) is a robotic sample-return[7][8] lunar mission concept by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan's space agency JAXA[9][10] that would send a lunar rover and lander to explore the south pole region of the Moon in 2024.[1][2][4] JAXA is likely to provide the under-development H3 launch vehicle and the rover, while ISRO would be responsible for the lander.[10][11]

NamesLunar Polar Exploration[1][2]
Mission typeLunar lander, rover, sample-return
OperatorISRO / JAXA
Mission duration6 months (planned) [3]
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerISRO: lander
JAXA: launcher and rover
Payload mass~500 kg [3]
Start of mission
Launch dateSuggested: 2024[1][2]
RocketH3 (rocket) [4]
Launch siteLA-Y, Tanegashima
Moon lander
Landing siteSouth polar region

The mission concept has not yet been formally proposed for funding and planning.[12] If approved, it would be the third mission of India's Chandrayaan programme.

The mission would demonstrate new surface exploration technologies related to vehicular transport and lunar night survival for sustainable lunar exploration in polar regions with payload capacity of 500 kg or more.[3][13][11] Water prospecting, sample collection and analysis, and sample-return, are likely to be mission objectives.[10][7][8][14] Payload proposals from other space agencies might be sought.[9][15]

On 24 September 2019, in a joint statement by JAXA and NASA discussed possibility of NASA's participation as well.[16]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c After Mars, ISRO to Set a Date with Venus. Trak. Malvika Gurung. 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c After Reaching Mars, India's Date With Venus In 2023 Confirmed, Says ISRO. U. Tejonmayam, India Times. 18 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "国際協力による月探査計画への参画に向けて参考資料" (PDF). 29 August 2019. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b Shimbun, The Yomiuri (2019-07-30). "Japan, India to team up in race to discover water on moon". The Japan News. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  5. ^ "chandra". Spoken Sanskrit. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  6. ^ "yaana". Spoken Sanskrit. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  7. ^ a b Chandrayaan-3 Will Be A Sample Return Mission. Neelam Mathews, Aerospace Daily & Defense Report. 8 December 2008.
  8. ^ a b India Loses Contact with Lunar Lander. Jonathan O'Callaghan, scientific American. 6 September 2019.
  9. ^ a b "India's next Moon shot will be bigger, in pact with Japan". The Times of India. 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-06-21. For our next mission — Chandrayaan-3 — which will be accomplished in collaboration with JAXA (Japanese Space Agency), we will invite other countries too to participate with their payloads.
  10. ^ a b c "Episode 82: Jaxa and International Collaboration with Professor Fujimoto Masaki". AstrotalkUK. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  11. ^ a b Hoshino, Takeshi; Ohtake, Makiko; Karouji, Yuzuru; Shiraishi, Hiroaki (May 2019). "Current status of a Japanese lunar polar exploration mission". Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  12. ^ ISRO planning 7 interplanetary missions, Venus on the to-do list. Sidharth MP, DNA. 18 May 2019.
  13. ^ Sasaki, Hiroshi (17 June 2019). "JAXA's Lunar Exploration Activities" (PDF). UNOOSA. p. 8. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  14. ^ Six-day cruise lies ahead for India's Chandrayaan-2 probe before the real lunar shenanigans begin. Richard Speed, The Register. 14 August 2019.
  15. ^ NASA Exploration Science Forum 2019 - Masaki Fujimoto, retrieved 2019-07-30
  16. ^ "JAXA | Joint Statement on Cooperation in Lunar Exploration". JAXA | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Retrieved 2019-10-14.