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This article documents notable spaceflight events during the year 2019.

2019 in spaceflight
UltimaThule CA06 color vertical.png
Ultima Thule imaged by New Horizons during its flyby of the Kuiper Belt planetesimal on 1 January
Orbital launches
First10 January
Last13 July
Total46
Successes41
Failures5
Catalogued41
National firsts
Satellite
   Nepal

 Sri Lanka

Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital2
Suborbital1 (private)
Total travellers9
EVAs4

Contents

OverviewEdit

Lunar explorationEdit

The Chinese probe Chang'e 4 made the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon on 3 January. China also intends to launch Chang'e 5 in December, the first sample-return mission to the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976, and to test a new generation of crewed spacecraft. Chang'e 5 will use the recently developed Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket. India has launched the delayed Chandrayaan-2 lunar orbiter/lander/rover in July.[1] Some of the participants in the expired Google Lunar X Prize[2] plan to launch their private missions to the Moon in 2019. The Beresheet lander from Israel's SpaceIL made the first attempt, but crashed onto the Moon in April.[3]

Exploration of the Solar SystemEdit

The probe New Horizons encountered the Kuiper belt object (486958) 2014 MU69 (nicknamed Ultima Thule) on 1 January. This is the farthest object from the Sun ever to have a close encounter with a spacecraft.[4] Japanese asteroid exploration mission Hayabusa-2 made second touchdown with 162173 Ryugu to collect samples.[5]

Human spaceflightEdit

The United States is expected to regain crewed orbital launch capabilities lost after the Space Shuttle retirement in 2011. Crew capsules Dragon 2 by SpaceX and CST-100 Starliner by Boeing are scheduled to fly their demonstration missions to the International Space Station as part of NASA's Commercial Crew Development program.[6] Dragon 2 successfully flew to the ISS on 3 March 2019 without a crew.

Blue Origin plans to send its own employees on board of New Shepard for the first crewed sub-orbital spaceflight in the first half of 2019.[7] Virgin Galactic plans to perform the first commercial sub-orbital flight in the middle of the year with the founder Richard Branson on board.[8]

Rocket innovationEdit

Several manufacturers have announced the first orbital launches of new rockets for 2019: Firefly Alpha, LauncherOne and Vector-R in the US, Smart Dragon-1, Hyperbola-1, Kuaizhou-11 and OneSpace OS-M1 in China, Bloostar in Spain, and SSLV in India. As of the beginning of the year around 100 small satellite launchers were in active use, in development, or were recently cancelled or stalled.[9] The maiden flight of OS-M1 in March failed to reach orbit.[10]

The "single stick" Delta IV and the analog-controlled Soyuz-FG are expected to be retired in 2019.[11]

Orbital launchesEdit

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

JanuaryEdit

10 January
17:05[12]
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y56[13]   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  Chinasat 2D CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 January
15:31[14]
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-067   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  Iridium NEXT 66-75 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
15 January[15][16]   Simorgh   Semnan LP-2   ISA
  Payam-e Amirkabir / AUTSAT 1[17] Amirkabir University of Technology Low Earth Earth observation 15 January 2019 Launch failure
Third stage malfunctioned, satellite failed to reach orbit.[15]
18 January
00:50:20[18]
  Epsilon   Uchinoura   JAXA
  RAPIS-1 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  ALE-1 Astro Live Experiences Low Earth (SSO) Artificial meteor shower In orbit Operational
  Hodoyoshi-2 (RISESAT) Tohoku University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  MicroDragon[19] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  /   AOBA-VELOX 4 Nanyang Technological University, Kyutech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  NEXUS Nihon University Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio In orbit Operational
  OrigamiSat-1 Tokyo Institute of Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
19 January
19:05[20]
  Delta IV Heavy D-382   Vandenberg SLC-6   ULA
  NROL-71 / Kennen (USA-290) NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
21 January
05:42[21]
  Long March 11 Y6   Jiuquan SLS-2   CASC
  Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-01 (Jilin Lincao 1)[22] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Jilin-1 Hyperspectral-02 (Wenchang Chaosun 1) Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Xiaoxiang 1-03[23] Spacety Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Lingque 1A[24] Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
24 January
18:07[25]
  PSLV-DL C44[26]   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  Microsat-R DRDO Low Earth Earth observation
ASAT target
27 March Destroyed[27]
  Kalamsat[26] Space Kidz India[28] Low Earth HAM Radio[28] In orbit Operational
Microsat-R served as target for Indian ASAT experiment on March 27, 2019.

FebruaryEdit

5 February[29][30]   Safir[31]   Semnan LP-1   ISA
  Dousti Sharif University of Technology Low Earth Communications, Remote sensing 5 February Launch failure[32][33]
5 February
21:01[34]
  Ariane 5 ECA VA247   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Hellas Sat 4 /   SaudiGeoSat-1 Hellas-Sat / ArabSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  GSAT-31[35] ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
21 February
16:47[36]
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  EgyptSat A NARSS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Third stage anomaly but achieved orbit in contingency mode
22 February
01:45[38]
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-068   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  Nusantara Satu PSN Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  Beresheet[39][40] SpaceIL Moon transfer Lunar lander 11 April 2019 Landing failure
  S5[41] AFRL Geosynchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Beresheet raised its orbit towards the moon from a supersynchronous transfer orbit with 60,000 km apogee.[37]
27 February
21:37[42]
  Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-M VS21   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  OneWeb × 6 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational[43]
First flight for OneWeb satellite constellation.

MarchEdit

2 March
07:49:03[44]
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-069   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpX-DM1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test 8 March 2019 Successful
Crew Dragon Demo 1: Test of the Dragon 2 as part of Commercial Crew Development program.
9 March
17:28[45]
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y54[13]   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  Chinasat 6C (Zhongxing 6C)[46] China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
300th launch of the Long March rocket family.
14 March
19:14[31]
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-12 / 58S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 59/60 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts
16 March
00:26[48]
  Delta IV M+(5,4) D-383   Cape Canaveral SLC-37B   ULA
  WGS-10 (USA-291) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Last flight of Delta IV M+ (5,4) variant[47]
22 March
01:50:35[49]
  Vega VV14   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  PRISMA Italian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
600th satellite orbited by Arianespace[49]
27 March
10:39[50]
  OS-M1   Jiuquan SLS-2   OneSpace
  Lingque 1B Beijing ZeroG Technology Low Earth Earth observation 27 March 2019 Launch failure[50]
28 March
22:30[44]
  Electron "Two Thumbs Up"   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  R3D2[51] DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
31 March
15:50[52]
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  Tianlian 2-01 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications (tracking and relay) In orbit Operational

AprilEdit

1 April
03:57[53]
  PSLV-QL C45[26]   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  EMISAT ISRO Low Earth ELINT[54] In orbit Operational
  Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  BlueWalker 1[55] AST and Science Low Earth Test flight In orbit Operational
  M6P SpaceWorks Orbital / Lacuna Space Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
  Flock-4a × 20[56] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Aistechsat-3 GomSpace Low Earth Communications, Traffic monitoring In orbit Operational
  Astrocast 0.2 Astrocast SA Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
4 April
11:01:35[57]
  Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-11 / 72P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
4 April
17:03[58]
  Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS22   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  O3b × 4 (FM17–FM20) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
11 April
22:35[59]
  Falcon Heavy FH-002   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  Arabsat-6A[60] ArabSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
17 April
20:46[61]
  Antares 230   MARS LP-0A   Northrop Grumman
  Cygnus NG-11 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
  SASSI2 University of Illinois / Purdue University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  60 × ThinSat Virginia Space Low Earth Technology demonstration / Educational  
  EntrySat ISAE-SUPAERO / ONERA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  IOD-1 GEMS Orbital Micro Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  KRAKsat [pl] AGH University of Science and Technology / Jagiellonian University Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Swiatowid [pl] SatRevolution Low Earth Technology demonstration / Earth observation In orbit Operational
  3 × Virginia Cubesat Constellation Virginia Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Uguisu KyuTech Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Raavana 1 ACCIMT Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  NepaliSat-1 KyuTech / NAST Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  SpooQy-1 NUS / SSTA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  2 × AeroCube-10 Aerospace Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  Seeker NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
SASSI2 and ThinSats are the secondary payloads of Antares. EntrySat, IOD-1, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, Virginia Cubesat Constellation, Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, SpooQy-1 were carried in the Cygnus NG-11 to be deployed from ISS. AeroCubes and Seeker are carried in the unpressurized compartment of Cygnus to be deployed from Cygnus after its departure from ISS. Uguisu, Raavana 1, NepaliSat-1, and SpooQy-1 were deployed into orbit from ISS on 17 June 2019. IOD-1 GEMS, KRAKsat, Swiatowid, EntrySat, and three Virginia Cubesat Constellation were deployed into orbit on 3 July 2019. NepaliSat-1 is the first Nepalese satellite and Raavana 1 is the first Sri Lankan satellite.
20 April
14:41[62]
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y59[13]   Xichang LC-3   CASC
  BeiDou-3 I1Q CNSA IGSO Navigation In orbit Operational
29 April
22:52[63]
  Long March 4B 4B-Yxx[64]   Taiyuan LC-9   CASC
  Tianhui 2-01A CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Tianhui 2-01B CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational

MayEdit

4 May
06:48[66]
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-070   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-17 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
  Red-Eye DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Red-Eye is carried in CRS-17, and deployed into orbit from ISS on 27 June 2019.[65]
5 May
06:00[67]
  Electron "That's a Funny Looking Cactus"   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  Harbinger U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Falcon ODE U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  SPARC-1 U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
17 May
15:48[68]
  Long March 3C 3C-Y16[13]   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  BeiDou-2 G8 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
22 May
00:00[69]
  PSLV-CA C46[26]   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  RISAT-2B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar) In orbit Operational
22 May
22:49[70]
  Long March 4C 4C-Yxx[64]   Taiyuan LC-9   CASC
  Yaogan 33 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance 22 May 2019 Launch failure
24 May
02:30[71]
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-071   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  Starlink 1 (60 satellites) SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
27 May
06:23[72]
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  GLONASS-M 758 VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
30 May
17:42[73]
  Proton-M / Briz-M P4   Baikonur Site 200/39   Roscosmos
  Yamal-601 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

JuneEdit

5 June[46]
04:06
  Long March 11   Ship in the Yellow Sea   CASC
  Bufeng-1A Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Bufeng-1B Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Jilin-1 [zh] High Resolution 03A Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Tianqi-3 Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Tianxiang-1A Low Earth Technology demonstration / Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Tianxiang-1B Low Earth Technology demonstration / Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Xiaoxiang 1-03 Spacety Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China’s first sea launch in the Yellow Sea off Shandong
12 June[31]
14:17
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-072   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  RADARSAT Constellation × 3[74][75] Canadian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
20 June[31]
21:41
  Ariane 5 ECA VA248   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Eutelsat 7C[76] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  AT&T T-16 DirecTV Geosynchronous Satellite television In orbit Operational
24 June[46]
17:52
  Long March 3B/E 3A-Yxx[13]   Xichang LC-3   CASC
  BeiDou-3 I2Q CNSA IGSO Navigation In orbit Operational
25 June
06:30[44]
  Falcon Heavy FH-003   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  STP-2 U.S. Air Force Low Earth, Medium Earth[77] Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Carries multiple cubesats and other small payloads for NASA, NOAA, The Planetary Society and others in addition to the primary mission which consists of multiple U.S. Air Force payloads.
29 June [78]
04:30
  Electron "Make It Rain"   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  BlackSky Global 3[79] Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Prometheus × 2 USSOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  ACRUX-1 Melbourne Space Program Low Earth Education In orbit Operational
  SpaceBEE 8 & 9 Swarm Technologies Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Classified Payload Classified Low Earth Classified In orbit ?

JulyEdit

5 July[31]
05:41[80]
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Vostochny Site 1S   Roscosmos
  Meteor-M2-2 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational[81]
  EXOCONNECT German Orbital Systems Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational[81]
  El Camino Real[82] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational[81]
  MOVE-IIb[83] TUM Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational[81]
10 July[84]
17:14[85]
  Soyuz-2-1v / Volga   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  14F150 №2 / Nivelir-L[86] VKS Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational[87]
Launch of four classified military satellites, designated Kosmos 2535–2538, speculated to be part of the Nivelir series of Russian surveillance satellites.
11 July[89]
01:53:03
  Vega VV15   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  Falcon Eye 1[90] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth IMINT (Reconnaissance) 11 July 2019 Launch failure
Possibly an ignition failure of the second stage.[88]
13 July[91]
12:30:57
  Proton-M / DM-03   Baikonur Site 81/24   Roscosmos
    Spektr-RG[92] IKI RAN
Max Planck Institute
Sun–Earth L2, halo orbit X-ray astronomy In orbit Enroute
20 July[84]
16:28
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-13 / 59S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 60/61 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. [93]
22 July[94]
09:13
  GSLV Mk III M1   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  Chandrayaan-2 ISRO Selenocentric Lunar orbiter, lander and rover In orbit Orbital manoeuvres pending before TLI.
Soft landing scheduled for September 7.
Upcoming launches
24 July[89]
19:30
  Ariane 5 ECA VA249   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  EDRS-C[95] /   HYLAS-3 ESA / Avanti Geosynchronous Communications  
  Intelsat 39 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
24 July[44]
22:24
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-073   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-18 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
25 July[46]
05:00
  Hyperbola-1   Jiuquan   i-Space
  CAS-7B[96] CAMSAT Low Earth Amateur radio  
Maiden flight
26 July[46]   Long March 2C 2C-Y37   Xichang LC-3[97]   CASC
  Yaogan 30-05 01 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance  
  Yaogan 30-05 02 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance  
  Yaogan 30-05 03 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance  
31 July[31]
12:13[98]
  Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-12 / 73P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
July (TBD)[46]   Long March 3A (?) 3A-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  BeiDou-3 I3Q CNSA IGSO Navigation  
July (TBD)[99]   SSLV D1   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
2 small defense satellites Indian MoD Low Earth (SSO) Military  
Maiden flight of India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)

AugustEdit

3 August[44]
22:50
  Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-074   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  Amos 17[100][101] Spacecom Geosynchronous Communications  
The launch will be free of charge for Spacecom as compensation for Amos-6's destruction on September 1, 2016.
5 August[84]   Proton-M / Briz-M   Baikonur Site 81/24   RVSN RF
  Blagovest-14L VKS Geosynchronous Communications (military)  
8 August[102]   Atlas V 551 AV-084   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   ULA
  AEHF-5[103] U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications (military)  
16 August[46]   Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  APStar 6D APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communications  
22 August[84]   Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-14 / 60S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Test flight  
Uncrewed flight to certify Soyuz-2.1a for crew transport missions.[104][105][106]
NET 22 August[31]   Delta IV M+ (4,2)U D-384   Cape Canaveral SLC-37B   ULA
  GPS IIIA-02 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation  
Last flight of the Delta IV "single stick" M+ series. Only Delta IV Heavy will keep flying.
August (TBD)[46][107]   Long March 4B 4B-Y39[64]   Taiyuan LA-9   CASC
  Ziyuan 2D PLA Polar Earth observation  
  BNU-1[108] Beijing Normal University Polar Earth observation  
  Tianyi MV-1 Beijing Normal University Polar Earth observation  
August (TBD)[109][84]   Rokot / Briz-KM   Plesetsk Site 133/3   RVSN RF
  Geo-IK-2 No.3 (Musson-2) VKS Low Earth Geodesy  
August (TBD)[46][110]   Smart Dragon-1   Jiuquan   CALVT
  Tianqi-2[111] Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight

SeptemberEdit

10 September[89]   Vega VV16   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  Athena Facebook[112] Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
  ION CubeSat Carrier D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
  ESAIL[113] exactEarth Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Small Satellites Mission Service (SSMS)
17 September[44][114]   Atlas V N22[115] AV-080   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   ULA
  Starliner Boe-OFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
Boeing Orbital Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program. 30-day robotic mission.
20 September[84]   Proton-M / Briz-M P4   Baikonur Site 81/24     ILS
  Eutelsat 5 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
  MEV-1 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicing  
25 September[84]   Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-15 / 61S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 61/62  
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Last flight of Soyuz-FG and last launch from Baikonur Site 1 ("Gagarin's Start"); to be replaced by Soyuz-2.1a launching from Site 31 for crewed missions starting with Soyuz MS-16 in April 2020.
September (TBD)[99]   GSLV Mk II   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  GISAT 1[116] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
September (TBD)[99]   GSLV Mk III D3   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
September (TBD)[31]   H-IIB   Tanegashima LA-Y2   MHI
  HTV-8 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
September (TBD)[6]   LauncherOne F2   Cosmic Girl, Mojave   Virgin Orbit
  CACTUS-1 Capitol Technology University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  CAPE-3 University of Louisiana Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  ExoCube-2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric research  
  IMPACT 2A, 2B NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  INCA NMSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
  MicroMAS-2b MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  MiTEE-1 University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  PICS 1, 2 Brigham Young University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  PolarCube Colorado Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) UCF Low Earth Microgravity research  
  RadFxSat-2 (Fox-1E) AMSAT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  SHFT-2 NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  TechEdSat-7 (TES-7) SJSU, NASA, University of Idaho Low Earth Technology demonstration  
20th launch for NASA's Educational Launch of Nanosatellites (ELaNa) program. Second flight of LauncherOne.
September (TBD)[46]   Long March 11   Ship in the Indian Ocean   CASC
  Zhuhai-1 OHS 2E–2H[117] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
  Zhuhai-1 OVS 2B[118] Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
September (TBD)[31]   Pegasus-XL F44   Stargazer, CCAFS Skid Strip   NG Innovation
  ICON NASA Low Earth Ionosphere research  
Q3 (TBD)[6]   Falcon 9 Block 5[119]   Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A   SpaceX
  JCSat 18[120] /
  Kacific 1
JSAT
Kacific
Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   GSLV ?   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   GSLV ?   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  GSAT-25 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[6]   LauncherOne   Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[121]   Virgin Orbit
  Ignis[121] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   PSLV-CA C47[26]   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  Cartosat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
    NEMO-AM University of Toronto / ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[122]   Proton-M / Briz-M P4   Baikonur Site 81/24   Roscosmos
  Ekspress 80 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
  Ekspress 103 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
  Landmapper-BC 7 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  IRNSS Ext3 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  ResourceSat 3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO ?) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[99]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  SPADEX × 2 ISRO Low Earth Docking experiment[123]  
Q3 (TBD)[84]   Rokot / Briz-KM   Plesetsk Site 133/3   RVSN RF
  Gonets-M 14[124][125] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
  Gonets-M 15 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
  Gonets-M 16 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
  BLITS-M Roscosmos Low Earth Laser ranging  
Q3 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  GLONASS-K №15 (K1 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  

OctoberEdit

15 October[89]   Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS23   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  CHEOPS ESA Low Earth (SSO) Space telescope  
  COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 1 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
19 October[31]   Antares 230   MARS LP-0A   Northrop Grumman
  Cygnus NG-12 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
October (TBD)[126]   Atlas V 551   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   ULA
  STP-3 (STPSat-6)[127] USAF Advanced Systems and Development Directorate Geosynchronous Technology experiments  
October (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  RISAT-2BR2 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
October (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  BeiDou-3 M19 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
  BeiDou-3 M20 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
October (TBD)[99]   SSLV (D2)   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
? ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Test flight  

NovemberEdit

15 November (TBD)[114]   Falcon 9 Block 5   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpX-DM2 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
Crew Dragon Demo 2: Crewed flight test of Dragon 2 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program
20 November[84]   Proton-M / DM-03   Baikonur   Roscosmos
  Elektro-L №3 Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology  
21 November[99]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  Lunar Pathfinder Goonhilly Earth Station
Surrey Satellite Technology
Selenocentric Satellite dispenser  
30 November (TBD)[114]   Atlas V N22 AV-082   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   ULA
  Starliner Boe-CFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS crew transport  
Boeing Crewed Flight Test of CST-100 Starliner as part of Commercial Crew Development program (nominally 14 days). May also become the first operational mission with a longer duration, as part of ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
November (TBD)[99]   GSLV Mk II   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  GISAT 2[116] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
November (TBD)[31][46]   Long March 5 Y3[128]   Wenchang LC-1   CASC
  Shijian 20 (18-02) CAST Geosynchronous Communications  
November (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  RISAT-1A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
November (TBD)[89][129]   Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  OneWeb × 34[89][130]
(Kourou flight 2)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
November (TBD)[131]   Vega VV17   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  Falcon Eye 2[90] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth IMINT (Reconnaissance)  
November (TBD) [132]   Falcon 9 Block 5   Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A   SpaceX
  ANASIS-II [133] Republic of Korea Army Low Earth Defense  

DecemberEdit

4 December[6]   Falcon 9 Block 5   Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-19 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
  NanoRacks Airlock Module NanoRacks Low Earth (ISS) ISS Assembly  
20 December[31]   Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-13 / 74P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
December (TBD)[134]   Angara A5 / Persei   Plesetsk Site 35   RVSN RF
dummy VKS Test flight  
Test of Blok DM-03 modification "Persei" for Angara
December (TBD)[31]   Atlas V 501   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   ULA
  AFSPC-7 (X-37B OTV-6) US Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
December (TBD)[126]   Falcon 9 Block 5   Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A   SpaceX
  GPS IIIA-03 U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation  
December (TBD)[6]   Firefly Alpha   Vandenberg SLC-2W[135]   Firefly
? Firefly Aerospace Low Earth Test flight  
Maiden launch of the Firefly Alpha commercial smallsat launcher
December (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  BeiDou-3 M21 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
  BeiDou-3 M22 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
Q4 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Eutelsat-Konnect (African Broadband Satellite)[136][a] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Eutelsat Quantum[137][a] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  GEO-KOMPSAT-2B[138][139][a] KARI Geosynchronous Ocean monitoring  
Q4 (TBD)[140][141]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Inmarsat-5 F5[142][a] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  JCSAT-17[143][a] JSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Star One D2[a] Star One Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[144]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  MX-1E F1 + Celestis Luna 02 Moon Express, Celestis LEO, then TLI[145] Lunar lander  
Q4 (TBD) [146]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
Photon Rocket Lab TBA Satellite bus  
First launch of the Photon
Q4 (TBD)[6]   Falcon 9 Block 5   Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A   SpaceX
  SXM 7 Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[46]   Long March 5 / YZ-2 TBA[128]   Wenchang LC-1   CASC
  Chang'e 5 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
China's first lunar sample return mission.
Q4 (TBD)[46]   Long March 6   Taiyuan LC-16   CAST
  ÑuSat × 13 Satellogic[147] Low Earth Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[46]   ?   ?   CASC
  TianQin × 3 Sun Yat-sen University Low Earth Gravitational wave detection  
Q4 (TBD)[148][126]   Minotaur IV / Orion 38   MARS LP-0B   Northrop Grumman
  NROL-129 NRO ? Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  GLONASS-M 760 VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q4 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  GLONASS-K2 13L (K2 №1) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q4 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Arianespace /   Starsem
  OneWeb × 34
(Baikonur flight 1)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
First launch of OneWeb satellites from Baikonur followed by 9 more from the same site every 20-25 days, then 6 from Vostochny.[149]
Q4 (TBD)[129]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Arianespace /   Starsem
  OneWeb × 34–36
(Baikonur flight 2)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[129]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Arianespace /   Starsem
  OneWeb × 34–36
(Baikonur flight 3)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[129]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Arianespace /   Starsem
  OneWeb × 34–36
(Baikonur flight 4)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[6]   Vector-R EFT-1   MARS LP-0B / Kodiak[150]   Vector Space Systems
  Delfi-PQ TU Delft Low Earth Technology demonstration  
  Unicorn-2a Alba Orbital[151] Low Earth Amateur radio  
First orbital flight of the Vector-R rocket.
Q4 (TBD)[152]   Zenit-3SL   Odyssey   S7 Sea Launch
dummy or real satellite[152]  

To be determinedEdit

2019 (TBD)[89]   Ariane 5 ECA   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  GSAT-30[35][a] ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[153]   Delta IV Heavy D-385   Cape Canaveral SLC-37B   ULA
  Orion 10 / NROL-44 NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
2019 (TBD)[154]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  Flock series Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[154]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  Outernet 2 Outernet Low Earth Communications  
2019 (TBD)[154]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  SpaceBEE 5–8 Swarm Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
2019 (TBD)[144]   Electron   Mahia LC-1   Rocket Lab
  MX-1E F2 Moon Express LEO, then TLI[145] Lunar lander  
2019 (TBD)[155]   H-IIA   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  IGS-Optical 7 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2019 (TBD)[155]   H-IIA   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  SELENE-2 JAXA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Includes an orbiter, a lander and a rover.
2019 (TBD)[156]   Kuaizhou 1A F3   Jiuquan SLS-1   CASIC
TBA Low Earth (SSO)  
H2, 2019 (TBD)[46]   Kuaizhou 1A   Jiuquan SLS-2   CASIC
  Hainan-1 × 3 Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth Earth observation  
Launch of the first three satellites of the Hainan Earth-Observation Satellite Constellation.[157]
Q2 (TBD)   LauncherOne F1   Cosmic Girl, Mojave   Virgin Orbit
  TBA Virgin Orbit TBA Flight test  
Maiden orbital flight.
2019 (TBD)[6]   LauncherOne   Cosmic Girl, Mojave   Virgin Orbit
  SpaceBelt 1[158] Cloud Constellation Low Earth Communications  
2019 (TBD)[159]   LauncherOne   Cosmic Girl, Mojave   Virgin Orbit
  Starling 1–8[160] Aerial & Maritime / GomSpace Low Earth AIS ship tracking  
2019 (TBD)[161]   LauncherOne F3   Cosmic Girl, Kennedy   Virgin Orbit
  STP-27VP U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2019 (TBD)[162]   Long March 2C 2C-Yxx[97]   Taiyuan LC-9   CAST
  HaiYang 1D CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[162]   Long March 2D 2D-Yxx[97]   ?   CASC
  Gaofen 7 CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B / YZ-1   Xichang   CASC
  BeiDou-3 M23 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
  BeiDou-3 M24 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B/E   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  Chinasat 18 China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B   Xichang or Wenchang   CAST
  Fengyun 4B CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  NicaSat-1 (LSTSAT-1) Nicaraguan government Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 3B/E   Xichang   CASC
  NicaSat-2 Nicaraguan government Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[162]   Long March 3B 3B-Yxx[13]   Xichang   CASC
  SupremeSat II SupremeSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4B   Taiyuan LC-9   CAST
  HaiYang 2C CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4B   Taiyuan LA-9   CAST
  HaiYang 2D CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4B   Taiyuan LA-9   CAST
  Ziyuan-3 03 CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   ?     CAST
  HaiYang 3A CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4C   ?   CAST
  TBA ? ? Test flight  
Test of grid fins towards development of reusable boosters for Long March 8
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4C   ?   CAST
  Fengyun 3E CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4C (?)   Taiyuan LA-9   CAST
  Fengyun 3RM-1 CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
H2, 2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 4B 4B-Yxx[64]   Taiyuan LA-9[64]   CASC
    CBERS 4A / Ziyuan 1E2 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
H2, 2019 (TBD)[46]   Long March 5B / YZ-2 TBA[128]   Wenchang LC-1   CASC
  New Generation Manned Spacecraft CNSA Low Earth Test flight  
2019 (TBD)[46]   ?   ?   CASC
    CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Late 2019 (TBD)[126]   Minotaur I   MARS LP-0B   Northrop Grumman
  NROL-111 NRO ? Reconnaissance  
2019 (TBD)[99]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  BlackSky Global 3 Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Earth observation  
2019 (TBD)[99][163]   PSLV   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  Capella 2 Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation (radar)  
2019 (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  IRNSS-1J (Ext1) ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  IRNSS Ext2 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[99]   PSLV-XL   Satish Dhawan   ISRO
  IRNSS-S1 ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1a   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2019 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  Meridian 8 (18L) VKS Molniya Communications (military)  
2019 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat[164]   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  Neitron VKS ? ?  
2019 (TBD)[84]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  GLONASS-M 759 VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2019 (TBD)[165][166]   Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk   Roscosmos
  Gonets-M 17[124] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
  Gonets-M 18 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
  Gonets-M 19 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
2019 (TBD)[46]   Zhuque-1   Mobile launch truck   LandSpace
Several nanosatellites GomSpace ?  

Suborbital flightsEdit

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
4 January
09:27
  Black Brant XIIA   Andøya   NASA
  CAPER-2 Dartmouth College Suborbital Auroral research 4 January Successful
Apogee: 774 kilometres (481 mi)
13 January
09:13
  Terrier-Improved Malemute   Andøya   NASA
  G-CHASER University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads 13 January Successful
Apogee: 174 kilometres (108 mi)
22 January   Silver Sparrow ?   F-15 Eagle, Israel   IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test target 22 January Successful
Arrow III target, successfully intercepted
22 January   Arrow III   Negev   IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Flight test 22 January Successful
Successful intercept, Apogee: ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
23 January
15:05[168]
  New Shepard NS-10   Corn Ranch   Blue Origin
  Crew Capsule 2.0 Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 23 January Successful
Tenth test flight of the New Shepard development program, fourth one with the current vehicle.[167]
6 February
07:01
  Minuteman-III   Vandenberg Air Force Base   US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 6 February Successful
6 February
08:31
  RS-24 Yars   Plesetsk   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 6 February Successful
22 February
16:54
  SpaceShipTwo VF-01   White Knight Two, from Mojave Spaceport   Virgin Galactic
  VSS Unity Virgin Galactic Suborbital Test flight 22 February Successful
Second manned sub-orbital high altitude flight of SpaceShipTwo with three crew members on board, pilot David Mackay, co-pilot Mike Masucci and chief trainer Beth Moses, Apogee: 89.9 kilometres (55.9 mi)
2 March
17:45
  SARGE   Spaceport America, New Mexico   Exos Aerospace
SARGE M1 Exos Aerospace Suborbital Microgravity Research 2 March Partial failure
Second launch of the SARGE suborbital launch vehicle, it carried several small research payloads and was intended to reach a peak altitude of 80 kilometers, but winds kept the rocket from achieving its planned altitude, it reached only an apogee of 20 kilometres (12 mi)[169]
25 March
17:20
  ICBM-T2   Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site   MDA
  FTG-11 target MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception
25 March
17:30
  GBI-OBV   Vandenberg Air Force Base   MDA
  FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
25 March
17:31
  GBI-OBV   Vandenberg Air Force Base   MDA
  FTG-11 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 March Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
27 March
05:40
  PDV-II   ITR IC-4   DRDO
  ASAT DRDO Suborbital Satellite intercept 27 March Successful
Mission Shakhti (ASAT Test with Microsat-R as suspected target), Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi), satellite successfully destroyed
5 April
22:14
  Black Brant XIA   Andøya   NASA
  AZURE 1 Clemson Suborbital Auroral 5 April Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
5 April
22:16
  Black Brant XIA   Andøya   NASA
  AZURE 2 Clemson Suborbital Auroral 5 April Successful
Apogee: 320 kilometres (200 mi)
11 April
16:51
  Black Brant IX   White Sands   NASA
      CLASP-2 NASA / NAOJ / JAXA / IAC / IAS [fr] Suborbital Solar astronomy 11 April Successful
Apogee: 274 kilometres (170 mi)
21 April   Traveler IV   Spaceport America, New Mexico   USC Rocket Propulsion Lab
Flight test - Suborbital Flight test 21 April Successful
First suborbital flight by a student team.[170] Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
23 April   Terrier Malemute   Pacific Missile Range Facility   NNSA
  HOT SHOT 2 NNSA Suborbital Technology experiments 23 April Successful
Apogee: ~320 kilometres (200 mi)?
24 April   Terrier Malemute