The following events occurred in September 1949:
- 1 September 1, 1949 (Thursday)
- 2 September 2, 1949 (Friday)
- 3 September 3, 1949 (Saturday)
- 4 September 4, 1949 (Sunday)
- 5 September 5, 1949 (Monday)
- 6 September 6, 1949 (Tuesday)
- 7 September 7, 1949 (Wednesday)
- 8 September 8, 1949 (Thursday)
- 9 September 9, 1949 (Friday)
- 10 September 10, 1949 (Saturday)
- 11 September 11, 1949 (Sunday)
- 12 September 12, 1949 (Monday)
- 13 September 13, 1949 (Tuesday)
- 14 September 14, 1949 (Wednesday)
- 15 September 15, 1949 (Thursday)
- 16 September 16, 1949 (Friday)
- 17 September 17, 1949 (Saturday)
- 18 September 18, 1949 (Sunday)
- 19 September 19, 1949 (Monday)
- 20 September 20, 1949 (Tuesday)
- 21 September 21, 1949 (Wednesday)
- 22 September 22, 1949 (Thursday)
- 23 September 23, 1949 (Friday)
- 24 September 24, 1949 (Saturday)
- 25 September 25, 1949 (Sunday)
- 26 September 26, 1949 (Monday)
- 27 September 27, 1949 (Tuesday)
- 28 September 28, 1949 (Wednesday)
- 29 September 29, 1949 (Thursday)
- 30 September 30, 1949 (Friday)
- 31 References
September 1, 1949 (Thursday)Edit
September 2, 1949 (Friday)Edit
- A fire swept through Chongqing, China that killed 1,700 people and gutted upwards of 10,000 homes by the time it burned out eighteen hours later. The fire, which originated in the city's slum district, was mysterious in origin although the Nationalists quickly rounded up suspected Communists and would eventually execute one for arson.
- General Douglas MacArthur issued a 3,000-word statement declaring that four years of "fully and faithfully" complying with Allied occupation had merited Japan the right to a peace treaty.
- The 3rd Cannes Film Festival opened.
- The film noir The Third Man starring Joseph Cotten, Alida Valli, Orson Welles and Trevor Howard premiered at the Plaza Theatre in London.
- The film noir White Heat starring James Cagney premiered in New York City.
September 3, 1949 (Saturday)Edit
- Chinese Communist forces captured Xining.
- Joseph De Bona won the Bendix Trophy in a modified F-51 Mustang, setting a new average speed record of 470 miles per hour.
- "You're Breaking My Heart" by Vic Damone hit #1 on the Billboard singles chart.
- Born: T. Michael Moseley, United States Air Force General, in Grand Prairie, Texas
September 4, 1949 (Sunday)Edit
- Peekskill riots: One thousand anti-Communist demonstrators picketed an open-air concert by Paul Robeson in Peekskill, New York. Violence broke out after the concert resulting in 48 people being injured.
- The Bristol Brabazon airliner prototype had its first flight.
- Born: Tom Watson, golfer, in Kansas City, Missouri
September 5, 1949 (Monday)Edit
- Spain received its first visit from a monarch in over twenty years when King Abdullah of Jordan arrived for an eleven-day visit.
- Japanese Admiral Soemu Toyoda was acquitted of war crimes charges.
- The Ningxia Campaign began.
- The Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale was created in Frace.
- Died: Friedrich Hopfner, 67, Austrian geodesist, geophysicist and planetary scientist
September 6, 1949 (Tuesday)Edit
- Unemployed World War II veteran Howard Unruh shot and killed 13 people during a twelve-minute walk through his neighborhood in Camden, New Jersey. He would be found criminally insane and spend 60 years in an asylum until his death in 2009.
- The Nero Wolfe detective novel The Second Confession by Rex Stout was published.
September 7, 1949 (Wednesday)Edit
September 8, 1949 (Thursday)Edit
- A gunfight broke out in the Colombian House of Representatives that killed one Congressman and wounded three others.
- Construction of the Toronto subway began when Ontario Lieutenant Governor Ray Lawson pulled a lever that drove the first pile driver into the ground on the Yonge Line.
- The Nelson Algren novel The Man with the Golden Arm was published.
- Died: Constantin Petrovicescu, 65, Romanian soldier and politician (died in prison); Richard Strauss, 85, German composer
September 9, 1949 (Friday)Edit
- A Douglas DC-3 exploded and crashed at Sault-au-Cochon, Quebec when a bomb went off in the forward baggage compartment, killing all 23 aboard. The bomb was planted by Albert Guay in a plot to kill his wife; he and two accomplices would be hanged for their crimes.
- More than 5,200 operating employees of the Missouri Pacific Railroad went on strike.
- Edwin Alonzo Boyd, leader of the notorious Boyd Gang, committed his first bank robbery when he robbed a North York branch of the Bank of Montreal.
- Born: John Curry, figure skater, in Birmingham, England (d. 1994); Joe Theismann, NFL quarterback and sportscaster, in New Brunswick, New Jersey; Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, 6th President of Indonesia, in Tremas, Pacitan Regency, Indonesia
September 10, 1949 (Saturday)Edit
- Eight high-ranking Hungarian officials including László Rajk were indicted in Budapest on charges of plotting with US and Yugoslavian agents to overthrow the Communist government.
- Miss Arizona Jacque Mercer was crowned Miss America 1949.
- Born: Don Muraco, professional wrestler, at Sunset Beach, Hawaii; Bill O'Reilly, journalist, writer and political commentator, in New York City; Tony Proudfoot, Canadian Football League player, teacher, coach and broadcaster, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2010)
- Died: Wiley Blount Rutledge, 55, Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
September 11, 1949 (Sunday)Edit
- Greek War Minister Panagiotis Kanellopoulos threatened to strike Albania and other Communist neighbors if they continued to serve as bases for Greek guerilla forces.
- As the Soviet Union celebrated "Tank Day", an editorial by Semyon Bogdanov in Pravda claimed that the Russians had invented the first tank in May 1915, a year and a half before the British first fielded them.
- Died: Henri Rabaud, 75, French conductor and composer
September 12, 1949 (Monday)Edit
- The Lausanne Conference of 1949 ended.
- A mentally ill Jewish youth slipped into the Knesset and began shouting defiance at the government, pointing a submachine gun at Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. The intruder was seized by police before he could do any harm.
- Died: Harry Burleigh, 82, African-American composer
September 13, 1949 (Tuesday)Edit
- Theodor Heuss became the 1st President of West Germany.
- The Soviet Union cast seven vetoes to deny United Nations membership to Portugal, Jordan, Italy, Finland, Ireland, Austria and Ceylon.
- Born: John W. Henry, businessman and owner of the Boston Red Sox baseball team, in Quincy, Illinois
- Died: August Krogh, 74, Danish zoo physiologist and Nobel laureate
September 14, 1949 (Wednesday)Edit
- The Romanian newspaper Scînteia accused Marshal Tito of planning to invade Romania and help overthrow Hungary's Communist government.
- New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey ordered a special grand jury investigation into the Peekskill riots, claiming that Communists provoked the September 4 disturbance.
- Born: Eikichi Yazawa, singer-songwriter, in Hiroshima, Japan
- Died: Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen, 48, German politician and German Resistance figure (car accident); Pandeli Evangjeli, 90, 7th Prime Minister of Albania
September 15, 1949 (Thursday)Edit
September 16, 1949 (Friday)Edit
- The Supreme Court of Georgia upheld a voter re-registration law aimed at suppressing the black vote. The court ruled that since the law made no mention of races or discrimination, it was legal until it proven that someone was discriminated against under the law.
- A Gallup Poll listed Bob Hope as America's most popular comedian. Milton Berle finished second while Jack Benny, Red Skelton and Fibber McGee and Molly rounded out the top five.
- Born: Ed Begley, Jr., actor, in Los Angeles, California; Chrisye, pop singer and songwriter, in Jakarta, Indonesia (d. 2007)
September 17, 1949 (Saturday)Edit
September 18, 1949 (Sunday)Edit
- The British government devaluated the pound sterling by 30%, from $4.03 US to $2.80. Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps delivered a 29-minute radio speech announcing the move, explaining that it was necessary to bring in more foreign dollars in exchange for British exports.
- Members of the International Typographical Union voted to end a 22-month long strike against Chicago's newspapers and accept a new contract.
- A Rage To Live by John O'Hara topped The New York Times Fiction Best Seller list.
- Born: Mo Mowlam, politician, in Watford, England (d. 2005); Peter Shilton, footballer, in Leicester, England
- Died: Frank Morgan, 59, American actor
September 19, 1949 (Monday)Edit
- Nineteen countries, including Australia, Canada, Finland, France, India, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden, followed Britain in devaluing their currencies against the US dollar.
- Born: Richard Rogler, Kabarett artist, in Selb, West Germany; Ernie Sabella, actor, in Westchester County, New York; Twiggy, model, actress and singer, née Lesley Hornby in Neasden, England; Sidney Wicks, basketball player, in Los Angeles, California
- Died: Will Cuppy, 65, American humorist; Nikos Skalkottas, 45, Greek composer
September 20, 1949 (Tuesday)Edit
September 21, 1949 (Wednesday)Edit
September 22, 1949 (Thursday)Edit
- George Marshall was appointed by US President Harry S. Truman to succeed Basil O'Connor as President of the American Red Cross.
- Born: Dean Goss, disc jockey and game show announcer, in Santa Clara, California
- Died: Kim Jong-suk, 31, Korean guerilla fighter, Communist activist and first wife of North Korean leader Kim Il-Sung (cause unknown); Sam Wood, 66, American film director
September 23, 1949 (Friday)Edit
September 24, 1949 (Saturday)Edit
- László Rajk and two co-defendants were sentenced to death for plotting to overthrow the Hungarian government.
- Quebec jeweller Albert Guay was formally charged with murder for the Quebec Airways explosion of September 9.
- The Ningxia Campaign ended in Communist victory.
- Died: Pierre de Bréville, 88, French composer
September 25, 1949 (Sunday)Edit
- Moscow radio broadcast a statement by TASS acknowledging for the first time that the USSR had an atomic weapon. The statement added that "despite the existence in this country of an atomic weapon, this country adopts and intends to adopt in the future its former position in favor of prohibition of the atomic weapon."
- During the early hours of the morning at the El Morocco nightclub in Manhattan, actor Humphrey Bogart allegedly shoved a woman to the floor for trying to snatch a 3-foot high stuffed toy panda bear that he had bought for his son. Bogart later told the press that he had merely wrestled the panda back from the woman and that while she may have fallen down, "she looked as if she'd been drinking too many Coca-Colas." An assault charge against Bogart was later dismissed.
- Born: Pedro Almodóvar, filmmaker, in Calzada de Calatrava, Spain
September 26, 1949 (Monday)Edit
- A Douglas DC-3 of Mexicana de Aviación crashed into Mount Popocatépetl in Mexico, killing all 24 aboard.
- Viking Press published Samuel Putnam's acclaimed new translation of Don Quixote, the first in contemporary English.
- The mystery novel Cat of Many Tails by Ellery Queen was published.
- Born: Jane Smiley, novelist, in Los Angeles, California
September 27, 1949 (Tuesday)Edit
- After two years of negotiations, the USSR agreed to return 30 small naval vessels obtained from the United States during World War II under Lend-Lease.
- Prohibition in Oklahoma was upheld in a special state election. This was the fifth failed attempt to repeal prohibition in the state, with similar referendums in 1908, 1910, 1936 and 1940 all going down in defeat as well.
- The flag of the People's Republic of China was adopted.
- Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox reached base safely for the 84th consecutive game, establishing a major league baseball record that still stands.
- Born: Mike Schmidt, baseball player, in Dayton, Ohio
- Died: David Adler, 67, American architect
September 28, 1949 (Wednesday)Edit
September 29, 1949 (Thursday)Edit
- "Tokyo Rose" Iva Toguri D'Aquino was found guilty on one of eight charges of treason.
- The Soviet Union renounced its April 1945 treaty of friendship and mutual assistance with Yugoslavia, accusing the Tito government of carrying on "hostile and disruptive work" at the instigation of "foreign imperialist circles."
- George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood married Marion Stein at St. Mark's Church in Mayfair, London.
September 30, 1949 (Friday)Edit
- Nash, Jay Robert (1976). Darkest Hours. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 117. ISBN 9781590775264.
- Parrott, Lindesay (September 2, 1949). "Japan Merits Peace Treaty, MacArthur Says in Tribute". The New York Times: 1.
- Drazin, Charles (May 22, 2007). "Behind The Third Man". Criterion. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "White Heat". American Film Institute. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- Durdin, Tillman (September 4, 1949). "China's Reds Take Base in Northwest". The New York Times: 1.
- Graham, Frederick (September 4, 1949). "DeBona Wins Bendix Trophy Race; 470 M.P.H. Sets Air Meet Record". The New York Times: 1.
- "48 Hurt In Clashes At Robeson Rally; Buses Are Stoned". The New York Times: 1, 3. September 5, 1949.
- "Abdullah Greeted On Visit To Spain". The New York Times: 11. September 5, 1949.
- "Japanese Admiral Acquitted". The New York Times: 14. September 6, 1949.
- Raymond, Jack (September 8, 1949). "Germans Open Parliament, Demand End to Dismantling". The New York Times: 1.
- "Colombian Deputy Killed In Congress Gun Battle". The New York Times: 3. September 9, 1949.
- "Toronto Subway". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Books Published Today". The New York Times: 27. September 8, 1949.
- "September 09, 1949". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- Blair, William M. (September 10, 1949). "Rail Strike Ties Up 7,200-Mile System Of Missouri Pacific". The New York Times: 1.
- "Hungary Charges Plot to U. S., Tito". The New York Times: 14. September 11, 1949.
- "Greece Warns It May Strike At Neighbors". The Washington Post: 1. September 12, 1949.
- "Tank Invented by Russians, Says Pravda". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: Part 3, p. 1. September 12, 1949.
- "Deranged Jewish Youth Threatens Israel Parliament". The Washington Post: 1. September 13, 1949.
- Rosenthal, A. M. (September 14, 1949). "7 Russian Vetoes Cast In Half Hour". The New York Times: 12.
- "Romanian Invasion Plot Is Charged Against Tito". Toledo Blade. Toledo, Ohio: 2. September 14, 1949.
- Egan, Leo (September 15, 1949). "Governor Orders Grand Jury Study Of Robeson Rioting". The New York Times: 1.
- "Georgia Court Backs Anti-Negro Vote Law". The New York Times: 15. September 17, 1949.
- Gallup, George (September 17, 1949). "Bob Hope Rated Favorite Comedian; Berle Second on His TV Popularity". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky: 14.
- Daniell, Raymond (September 19, 1949). "Britain Cuts Pound 30% To $2.80 To Spur Exports To Dollar Area; 8 Sterling Nations Follow Suit". The New York Times: 1.
- Horne, Louther S. (September 19, 1949). "Chicago ITU Ends 22-Month Strike". The New York Times: 14.
- "Canadian Dollar Cut 10%; Franc Minimum 350 To $1; 19 Currencies Now Lower". The New York Times: 1. September 20, 1949.
- Hamilton, Thomas J. (September 21, 1949). "Romulo Is Elected U.N. Assembly Head At Opening Meeting". The New York Times: 1, 6.
- Sullivan, Walter (September 22, 1949). "Communist Regime Set Up For China". The New York Times: 1.
- "Truman Appoints Marshall President of the Red Cross". The New York Times: 1. September 23, 1949.
- "Atom Blast In Russia Disclosed; Truman Again Asks U.N. Control; Vishinsky Proposes A Peace Pact". The New York Times: 1. September 24, 1949.
- "Hungarians Doom Rajk In Spy Trial; Tito Charges Plot". The New York Times: 1. September 25, 1949.
- "Quebec Husband Held In Air Blast". The New York Times: 60. September 25, 1949.
- "Soviet Union Has 'Atomic Weapon,' Moscow Says as to U. S. Statement". The New York Times: 1. September 25, 1949.
- "Humphrey Bogart". CineCollage Biographies. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Bogey Belittles 'Battle' in Bar With Beauty Over Panda". The Washington Post: 1, 10. September 29, 1949.
- "Bogart Case Dismissed". The New York Times: 15. October 1, 1949.
- "1949-48". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Books Published Today". The New York Times: 26. September 26, 1949.
- Harry, Levin (September 25, 1949). "The Timeless Old Soldier". The New York Times: Section 7, p.3, 33.
- "Russia Signs Pact To Return 30 Ships". The New York Times: 5. September 28, 1949.
- "Drys Defeat Repeal In Oklahoma, Rural Vote Topping City Wets". The New York Times: 1. September 28, 1949.
- "Batting Streak Records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "London and Prague Sign 5-Year Trade Pact; Czechs Also Will Play Off Big Part of Debt". The New York Times: 6. September 29, 1949.
- "Find Tokyo Rose A Traitor". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: 1. September 30, 1949.
- "Russia Ends Pact With Yugoslavia; Envoys Sole Link". The New York Times: 1. September 30, 1949.
- "Royal Family at Marriage of Earl of Harewood". The Canberra Times: 4. September 30, 1949.
- McLaughlin, Kathleen (October 1, 1949). "Berlin Lift Ends In 277,264th Flight". The New York Times: 7.
- Sullivan, Walter (October 1, 1949). "Mao Heads Peiping Regime; Program Supports Moscow". The New York Times: 1.