George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood
George Henry Hubert Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood, KBE, AM (7 February 1923 – 11 July 2011), styled The Hon. George Lascelles before 1929 and Viscount Lascelles between 1929 and 1947, was a British music director and author. He served as director of the Royal Opera House (1951–53; 1969–72), chairman of the board of the English National Opera (ENO) (1986–95); managing director of the ENO (1972–85), managing director of the English National Opera North (1978–81), governor of the BBC (1985–87), and president of the British Board of Film Classification (1985–96).
The Earl of Harewood
|Member of the House of Lords|
as Earl of Harewood
7 February 1956 – 11 November 1999
|Preceded by||Henry Lascelles|
|Succeeded by||House of Lords Act 1999|
George Henry Hubert Lascelles
7 February 1923
Chesterfield House, London, England
|Died||11 July 2011 (aged 88)|
Harewood House, Leeds, Yorkshire, England
|Resting place||All Saints Church, Harewood, Yorkshire|
King's College, Cambridge
Harewood was the elder son of the 6th Earl of Harewood and Princess Mary, Princess Royal, the only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary. At his birth, he was 6th in the line of succession; at his death, he was 46th. Lord Harewood was the eldest nephew of both King Edward VIII and King George VI and was a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II. He succeeded to his father's earldom on 24 May 1947.
George Lascelles was born at his parents' London home of Chesterfield House on 7 February 1923, the first child of Henry Lascelles, Viscount Lascelles, and Princess Mary, Viscountess Lascelles, and first grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary, who stood as sponsors at his christening. The christening took place on 25 March 1923 at St Mary's Church in the village of Goldsborough, near Knaresborough adjoining the family home Goldsborough Hall. After his grandfather's death in 1929, he was styled as Viscount Lascelles as his father succeeded to the earldom. He served as a Page of Honour at the coronation of his uncle King George VI in May 1937.
Lascelles joined the British Army where he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Grenadier Guards (his father's regiment) in 1942, attaining the rank of captain. He fought with the 3rd Battalion of the regiment, part of the 1st Guards Brigade of the 78th Infantry Division (the brigade was later transferred to the 6th Armoured Division), serving in North Africa and Italy, but was wounded and captured at Monte Corno on 18 June 1944, the anniversary of both his father's injury in the First World War and the Battle of Waterloo, in which his great-great-grandfather was injured.
He was held as a prisoner of war in Oflag IV-C (Colditz) till May 1945. As the nephew of King George VI, Lascelles was one of the Prominente at Colditz, considered a potential bargaining chip by the Nazis.
|“||We thought it was absolutely ridiculous. There were about half a dozen of us with well-known connections and we were of absolutely no importance ourselves. We were all let's call it relatively junior officers from (age) 30-something downwards. Our fear was that someone would rumble that the bargaining power was a great deal less than they'd at first thought it was — they'd calculated one way and then it turned out another, and then we'd become expendable. That was our fear. And once the Wehrmacht, the army, lost interest in us, we were frightened of becoming prisoners of the Gestapo or something like this which would have become very disagreeable. We just avoided it. We spent the last night of our time not at Colditz but actually in Austria by then, where the guns of the guards were pointing outwards at the Gestapo who might come in rather than in at us who might try to get out.||”|
|— Lord Harewood, Desert Island Discs, 1982|
In March 1945, Hitler signed his death warrant; the SS general in command of prisoner-of-war camps, Gottlob Berger, realizing the war was lost, refused to carry out the sentence and released the Viscount to the Swiss.
House of LordsEdit
Lascelles succeeded his father in 1947. On 7 February 1956, he took his seat in the House of Lords.
Opera and footballEdit
A music enthusiast, Lord Harewood devoted most of his career to opera with his Yorkshire heritage fostering his interest; in March 1949, as a young single man, he had been among the audience at the Leeds Town Hall for a performance of operatic works by the Yorkshire Symphony Orchestra. By 1950, he had become patron of the orchestra's concerts. He served as editor of Opera magazine from 1950 to 1953. In February 1950, it was reported that he had launched the magazine at a large party at the London house of Richard Buckle with many music-loving guests in attendance. He was director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden from 1951 to 1953 and again from 1969 to 1972. He served as chairman of the board of the English National Opera (ENO) from 1986 to 1995; Managing Director of the ENO from 1972 to 1985 and was Artistic Director of both the Edinburgh and Adelaide Festivals. From 1958 to 1974, he was General/Artistic Director of the Leeds Triennial Musical Festival. He was Managing Director of the ENO offshoot English National Opera North from 1978 to 1981. Lord Harewood served as a governor of the BBC from 1985 to 1987 and as the president of the British Board of Film Classification from 1985 to 1996.
He was the author or editor of three books, Kobbé's Complete Opera Book (ed. 1954, now The New Kobbé's Opera Book, edited with Antony Peattie, latest ed. 1997; and The New Pocket Kobbé's Opera Book, edited with his step-son Michael Shmith, 2000), The Tongs and the Bones (an autobiography, 1981), and Kobbé's Illustrated Opera Book (ed. 1989). He was chairman of Historic Masters, an unusual vinyl record label dedicated to high quality issues of rare historic 78 rpm recordings of opera singers. He was a noted friend and colleague of the late opera diva Maria Callas and is featured in the 1968 EMI documentary The Callas Conversations Vol. I, during which he interviewed Callas at length concerning her career and ideas about opera.
His other interests included football: he served as president of Leeds United Football Club from 1961 until his death and was president of the Football Association from 1963 to 1972. He died on 11 July 2011, aged 88.
Lascelles was the only person to serve as Counsellor of State without being a Prince of the United Kingdom, serving from 1945 to 1951, then 1952 to 1956. He served as chancellor of the University of York from 1962 to 1967. He was ranked number 1355 in the Sunday Times Rich List 2008 with an estimated wealth of £55 million—his magnificent art treasures, held in trust and valued at more than £50 million, and a 3,000 acres (12 km2) estate outside Leeds. The estate and house, Harewood House, are held by a charity with £9 million of assets, and were not counted as part of his wealth.
Queen Elizabeth II created him a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours List on 13 June 1986. On 1 July 2010 he was appointed an Honorary Member of the Order of Australia (AM), "for service to the arts in Australia and to supporting Australia's artists in the United Kingdom".
In 1959, Harewood received the Grand Decoration in Silver with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria.
Marriages and issueEdit
On 29 September 1949, Lord Harewood married Marion Stein, a concert pianist and the daughter of the Viennese music publisher Erwin Stein. Because of Harewood's position in the line of succession, the marriage was subject to approval from the sovereign, under the Royal Marriages Act 1772. Queen Mary, mother of King George VI, objected to the marriage but permission was eventually granted. Benjamin Britten, a friend of the Stein family, composed an anthem, "Amo Ergo Sum", for the wedding ceremony.
Lord and Lady Harewood had three sons:
- David, 8th Earl of Harewood, born 21 October 1950. He married Margaret Messenger on 12 February 1979; they were divorced in 1989. They have four children and five grandchildren. He married Diane Howse on 11 March 1990.
- The Honourable James Lascelles, born 5 October 1953. He married Fredericka Duhrrson on 4 April 1973; they were divorced in 1985. They have two children and one granddaughter. He married secondly Lori Lee on 4 May 1985; they were divorced in 1996. They have two children and one grandson. He married thirdly Joy Elias-Rilwan on 30 January 1999.
- The Honourable Jeremy Lascelles, born 14 February 1955. He married Julie Bayliss on 4 July 1981; they were divorced. They have three children and one grandson. He married Catherine Bell on 7 January 1999. They have a daughter.
The earl's marriage to Marion Stein ended in divorce in 1967, after the earl's mistress, Patricia Tuckwell, had given birth to his son. This was considered an enormous scandal at the time, and caused the couple to be ostracised for some years, even after their relationshp was made legal. Stein went on to marry politician Jeremy Thorpe.
Lord Harewood was married a second time on 31 July 1967 to Patricia "Bambi" Tuckwell (24 November 1926 – 4 May 2018), an Australian violinist and sister of the musician Barry Tuckwell. The wedding took place at Waveny Park in New Canaan, Connecticut. They were obliged to be married abroad as, in England, registry office marriages were barred at the time for persons covered by the Royal Marriages Act, and divorcees could not marry in the Church of England. They had one son:
- The Hon. Mark Hubert Lascelles, born 4 July 1964. He married, first, Andrea Kershaw (born 16 June 1964) on 8 August 1992 and divorced in 2005. They have three daughters. He married Judith Ann Kilburn on 16 July 2011.
Styles of addressEdit
- "The Earl of Harewood". The Daily Telegraph. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Earl of Harewood". Desert Island Discs. 1 January 1982. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Obituary of George 7th Earl of Harewood KBE AM". Yorkshire Post. 11 July 2011.
- "Preamble (Hansard, 7 February 1956)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 7 February 1956. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- B., E. (20 February 1950). "Significant Choice for Y.S.O. concert". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
[page 1/front page] - The Earl of Harewood has agreed to be patron of the concert, and he and the Countess have promised to attend.
- "Bradbury". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. Yorkshire, England. 21 March 1949. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
....besides visit Leeds yesterday, the Yorkshire Symphony Orchestra's concert at Leeds Town Hall on Saturday night was devoted to the music from the operas of Mozart and Puccini. Among the audience was the Earl of Harewood.
- "From Our London Correspondent". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 10 February 1950. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
Our London Correspondent – The Earl of Harewood entertained last night a large party of music-loving guests to celebrate the publication of (his magazine, "Opera"...)
- Ponsonby, Robert (January 2015). "Lascelles, George Henry Hubert, seventh earl of Harewood (1923–2011)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/103948.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "The new pocket Kobbe's opera book / edited by the Earl of Harwood with Michael Shmith". National Library of Australia Catalogue. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Queen's cousin Lord Harewood dies". BBC News. BBC. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Fox, Margalit (26 July 2011). "George Lascelles, Lord Harewood, Dies at 88; Wrote Opera Reference". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "No. 50551". The London Gazette. 14 June 1986. p. 7.
- "Commonwealth of Australia Special Gazette S102, 1 July 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 74. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
- Michael Bloch (16 December 2014). Jeremy Thorpe. Little, Brown Book Group. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-4087-0694-7.
- Benjamin Britten; Philip Reed (1991). Letters from a Life: 1952-1957. Boydell Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-84383-382-6.
- Hauptfuhrer, Fred (8 June 1981). "Publicly Shunned for Years, the Earl and Countess of Harewood Get a Royal Welcome". People. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- Lord Harewood. The Tongs and the Bones. p. 221.
- "A Wedding in New Canaan". Time. 11 August 1967. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Harewood
- George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood interview by Bruce Duffie
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 12 July 2011.
- Appearance on Desert Island Discs 26 December 1981
- Archival Material at Leeds University Library
| Director of the Adelaide Festival of Arts
|New title|| Chancellor of the University of York
The Lord Harlech
| President of the British Board of Film Classification
Andreas Whittam Smith
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl of Harewood