San Pedro, Laguna

San Pedro, officially the City of San Pedro (Tagalog: Lungsod ng San Pedro), is a 1st class component city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 325,809 people. [7]

San Pedro

San Pedro de Tunasán
City of San Pedro
7573City of San Pedro, Laguna Barangays Landmarks 26.jpg
MuntinlupaSanPedrojf2112 14.JPG
6346Poblacion City Hall San Pedro Laguna 27.jpg
5893United San Pedro Subdivision Lourdes Church San Pedro, Laguna 34.jpg
751San Pedro City, Laguna Barangays Roads Landmarks 06.jpg
751San Pedro City, Laguna Barangays Roads Landmarks 01.jpg
5658Tunasan Muntinlupa San Antonio San Pedro Laguna 40.jpg
(From top left, clockwise: Pacita Astrodome • San Pedro-Muntinlupa Boundary • Our Lady of Lourdes Parish Church • Abelardo Remoquillo Monument • "Manok ni San Pedro" Welcome Monument • Jose Rizal Monument • San Pedro City Hall)
Flag of San Pedro
Flag
Official seal of San Pedro
Seal
Nickname(s): 
  • Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines
  • Shrine City of Southern Tagalog
  • Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila[1]
  • Dormitory Town of Metro Manila
Motto(s): 
  • A City Anchored in Tradition, Focused on the Future
  • Sipag at Pananampalataya sa Diyos tungo sa Kaunlaran ng San Pedro
    English: "Hard work and Faith in God towards San Pedro's progress"
  • Magandang San Pedro Po
    English: "Good San Pedro"
Map of Laguna with San Pedro highlighted
Map of Laguna with San Pedro highlighted
OpenStreetMap
San Pedro is located in Philippines
San Pedro
San Pedro
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°21′30″N 121°03′30″E / 14.3583°N 121.0583°E / 14.3583; 121.0583Coordinates: 14°21′30″N 121°03′30″E / 14.3583°N 121.0583°E / 14.3583; 121.0583
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceLaguna
District1st District (San Pedro District)
Settled10th century or earlier
EstablishedJanuary 16, 1571; 450 years ago (1571-01-16) (as part of Tabuko)
FoundedJanuary 18, 1725; 296 years ago (1725-01-18)
CityhoodDecember 28, 2013; 7 years ago (2013-12-28)[2][3]
Named forSt. Peter the Apostle
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
Government
[5]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLourdes S. Catáquiz (NP)
 • Vice MayorArt Joseph Francis Mercado (PDPLBN)
 • RepresentativeDanilo Ramon S. Fernandez (PDPLBN)
 • City Council
Members[4]
 • Electorate186,049 voters (2019)
Area
[6]
 • Total24.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Area rank29 out of 30 (in Laguna)
Elevation
46 m (151 ft)
Highest elevation
117.348 m (385.000 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [7]
 • Total325,809
 • Rank4 out of 30 (in Laguna)[8][circular reference]
 • Density14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)
 • Households
71,496
Demonym(s)Spanish: San Pedrense
English: San Pedronian
Filipino: San Pedronyan, Taga-San Pedro
Economy
 • Income class1st city income class[9]
 • Poverty incidence2.69% (2015)[10]
 • HDIIncrease 0.737 – high (2018)[11]
 • RevenueIncrease PHP 1,443,254,642.54 (2019)[4]
 • AssetsIncrease PHP 4,256,467,697.46 (2019)[4]
 • LiabilitiesNegative increase PHP 923,406,402.46 (2019)[4]
 • ExpenditureNegative increase PHP 973,897,294.35 (2019)[4]
Utilities
 • ElectricityMERALCO
 • Water
  • • Primewater-San Pedro Water District
  • • San Pedro Resettlement Area Cooperative (SPRACI)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4023
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog
Websitecityofsanpedrolaguna.gov.ph

It is named after its patron saint, Peter the Apostle.[12]

San Pedro has been dubbed as “dormitory town” of Metro Manila and migrants from other provinces commuting everyday through its highly efficient road and transport system. Despite being one of the smallest political units in the entire province, with a total land area of only 24.05 km2, San Pedro is the 4th most populous city (out of 6) after the cities of Calamba, Santa Rosa, and Biñan. The city also has the highest population density in the province of Laguna and in the whole Calabarzon region, having 14,000 people/km2.[12] As a first class municipality, it became a component city of Laguna by virtue of RA 10420 sponsored by Senator Bongbong Marcos dated March 27, 2013.[9]

HistoryEdit

Early HistoryEdit

 
The Laguna Copperplate Inscription is the oldest historical document found in the Philippines. It has the first historical reference to Tondo and dates back to Saka 822 (c. 900).

The Area of where the modern city of San Pedro is found served as the native settlement of the Tagalogs centuries before spanish contact. The Laguna de Bay and the San Isidro River gave livelihood and food to the early settlers. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription dated back to 900 AD mentioning the ancient polity of Tondo was found on Lumban, Laguna giving the idea that the area of San Pedro which some independent Ancient Barangays headed by their own Datus are settled was under the influence if not directly under the alliance network of the Lakan of Tondo.

On January 16, 1571, it was announced by Miguel López de Legazpi that a settlement called "Tabuko" which is an old tagalog term that means "the end part of the river" be converted to an encomienda or a town under the helm of Gaspar Ramirez. A month after Miguel López de Legazpi established Manila as the capital of Spanish East Indies, Legazpi's grandson and conquistador Juan de Salcedo, while exploring the region of Laguna de Bay, founded a settlement in Biñan which was annexed as a barrio to Tabuko, a large town which also then comprised what are now the cities of San Pedro, Santa Rosa, and Cabuyao.

Spanish PeriodEdit

San Pedro de Tunasán became a town on January 18, 1725, upon the request of San Pedrense Principalía led by Alonzo Magtibay, Francisco Santiago, and Ignacio de Guevarra and approved by the Governor-General and Manila Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta, King Philip V of Spain decreed that the town formerly known as "Tabuko" be a separate town from "Kabuyaw" (now known as the city of Cabuyao).[12][13] Francisco Santiago subsequently became the first mayor of the newly formed town.

By virtue of the last will of Philip V of Spain, Rodriguez de Figueroa or "Don Esteban", a group of Augustinian Fathers gained the ownership of the Tunasán Estate. Later on, San Pedro became an hacienda of Colegio de San José, a group of Jesuits friars who took over the property which now is known as "San Pedro Tunasán". Tunasán literally means "a place where there is Tunás" (Nymphaea nouchali[14]), a medicinal plant abundant on shoreline area.[12]

During that period, agriculture, fishing, duck raising, fruit trees, and sampaguita were the main source of income of its residents. This period was highlighted by the growing tenant/landlord dispute. The tenants of Hacienda San Pedro Tunasán fought for their birthrights over their ancestral lands. This struggle took almost 423 years of unsuccessful resistance to Colegio de San José, and in 1938, the government bought the home sites of the San Pedro Tunasán Hacienda from the Colegio for re-sale to its tenants. This event laid to rest the tenants/landlord problem in the town.

During the Philippine Revolution, after the execution of Andres Bonifacio and Procopio Bonifacio at Maragondon, Cavite on 1897, the group of Gregoria de Jesus, the wife of Andres, departed to San Pedro Tunasán to hide. They were welcomed by San Pedro native Gregoria Olivares and settled on the house of Almario Ilmedo on barrio San Roque.[15]

American PeriodEdit

In the year 1902, the name San Pedro de Tunasán was simplified to San Pedro. A barrio called Tunasancillo became part of the Municipio of Muntinlupa which was a part of the province of Manila when the town of San Pedro Tunasán sold it in 1907 during the American period.[16] From the Spanish time until after the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the scenario did change a bit.

During World War II, Abelardo Remoquillo (1922-1945), known among his peers, war enemies, and admirers as “Captain Remo”, was a young guerrillero from San Pedro, Laguna who fought against the Japanese Imperial Army. He joined the Hunters ROTC guerilla and fought against the invaders from different fronts of Southern Luzón He also participated in the famous Raid at Los Baños. He died not in San Pedro but in faraway Bay, Laguna while attacking a Japanese garrison. He is now known as a local hero and has a monument on the historic town plaza of San Pedro.[17]

Contemporary HistoryEdit

On August 30, 1954, President Ramón Magsaysay signed at the historic town plaza the Land Tenancy Act. By virtue of this law, farm lots of the hacienda were bought by the Philippine government to be sold at cost to the tenants or occupants of the farm lots in Bayan-Bayanan under the Narra Settlement Project of the Magsaysay Administration. San Pedro became a resettlement area for families in Metro Manila in 1968 to 1971. Thereon population significantly increased with the rise of several GSIS/SSS housing projects in 1975. Industries sprouted in the succeeding years such as the Aclem Paper Mills, Holiday Hills Golf and Country Club (now KC Filipinas Golf Resort Club), Philippine Tobacco Flu Curing Corporation, Berbacs Chemicals, US Tobacco Corporation, Holland Milk Products, Trinity Lodge Mining Corporation, Kimberly Clark, Cosmos, among others.

The succeeding administration of ex Mayors Felicisimo Vierneza and Calixto Cataquiz brought significant changes in the political, economic and cultural landscape of San Pedro. There were major commercial and industrial developments during the administration of Mayor Vierneza starting 1972 while Mayor Cataquiz’s 12- year administration in 1986 focused on residential subdivisions with massive infrastructure projects and beautification programs.[9]

CityhoodEdit

On March 27, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III signed the Republic Act No. 10420[18] converting the municipality into a new component city of the province of Laguna. The cityhood of San Pedro was ratified through a plebiscite scheduled by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). The date for the ratification is December 28, 2013 after the National Barangay Elections. It became the sixth city of Laguna after the cities of Biñan, Cabuyao, Calamba, San Pablo, and Santa Rosa, and also the third to be a city in the 1st congressional District Laguna - making it the first city district in the province.

COMELEC officially proclaimed the first-class municipality of San Pedro as a component city of Laguna on December 29, 2013. Juanito Icarro, regional director of Calabarzon and Mimaropa, and Marianne Marfori, provincial election supervisor, made the proclamation at the municipal hall after San Pedro residents voted for the cityhood in a plebiscite held on December 28, 2013. "Yes" votes for cityhood totaled 16,996 (which is an additional 50 votes added in some precincts mostly in the San Vicente area to win the "yes" vote), and "no" votes, only 869, in 501 clustered precincts in San Pedro. Only 11% of 165,777 registered voters in San Pedro's 27 barangays took part in the plebiscite.

San Pedro City eyed as 18th member of Metro ManilaEdit

Support groups from the local government and non-government organizations are striving to incorporate San Pedro into Metro Manila.[19][20]

Former Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Chairman Francis Tolentino is pushing for the inclusion of San Pedro City in the National Capital Region, and eventually become its 18th member city. Tolentino said that in the first meeting of the MMDA Council of mayors in January 2015, he will push for the inclusion of the city to the MMDA.[21]

San Pedro as a lone district in LagunaEdit

Senator Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III is seeking the separation of the City of San Pedro from the first legislative district of Laguna province to constitute a lone congressional district. In 2015, Pimentel filed Senate Bill No. 3029 for the creation of the San Pedro City as a separate district to commence in the next national and local elections.[22]

After the City of Santa Rosa formally had its own legislative district, San Pedro remained as the only City in the First District hence the 1st District may be also referred as the Lone district of San Pedro and In 2022, San Pedro will elect its first very own Representative.

GeographyEdit

San Pedro is located in Region IV-A or Calabarzon. San Pedro is the boundary between Laguna and Metro Manila, so San Pedro is known as "Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila". San Pedro shares boundaries with Metro Manila's southernmost city, Muntinlupa (North) bounded with Tunasan River, Biñan (South), Dasmariñas (West), Carmona and Gen. Mariano Alvarez (Southwest) bound with San Isidro River. Its position makes San Pedro a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute daily to Metro Manila for work.[12]

BarangaysEdit

San Pedro is politically subdivided into 27 barangays. Barangay San Antonio is the largest barangay, which has a total of 780 hectares, while Barangay San Vicente is the most populous with a total population of 92,092.[23]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Calendola
  • Chrysanthemum1
  • Cuyab
  • Estrella
  • Fatima2
  • G.S.I.S.
  • Landayan
  • Langgam
  • Laram
  • Maharlika3
  • Magsaysay
  • Narra
  • Nueva
  • Pacita 14
  • Pacita 25
  • Poblacion
  • Riverside
  • Rosario6
  • Sampaguita Village
  • San Antonio
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz7
  • Santo Niño
  • United Bayanihan
  • United Better Living

1 2 3 4 5 6 7^Seven new barangays created as separate and distinct from its mother Barangay San Vicente after it was ratified and approved through a plebiscite held on July 11, 2015 under COMELEC Resolution No. 9969.[24]

 
Barangay Map

ClimateEdit

Climate data for San Pedro City, Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
10
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
27
(1.1)
94
(3.7)
153
(6.0)
206
(8.1)
190
(7.5)
179
(7.0)
120
(4.7)
54
(2.1)
39
(1.5)
1,094
(43)
Average rainy days 5.2 4.5 6.4 9.2 19.7 24.3 26.9 25.7 24.4 21.0 12.9 9.1 189.3
Source: Meteoblue[25]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of San Pedro
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,678—    
1918 4,184+0.86%
1939 6,300+1.97%
1948 9,063+4.12%
1960 14,082+3.74%
1970 32,991+8.88%
1975 43,439+5.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 74,556+11.40%
1990 156,486+7.70%
1995 189,333+3.63%
2000 231,403+4.40%
2007 281,808+2.76%
2010 294,310+1.59%
2015 325,809+1.96%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][26][27][28]

The City of San Pedro is the 37th most populous city in the Philippines. As of 2015, the population is 325,809, up from 294,310 in 2010, or an increase of almost 11%. Its area is 24.05 square kilometres (9.29 sq mi) with a density of 13,547/km2 (35,087/sq mi).

ReligionEdit

 
San Pedro Apostol Parish

San Pedro is home for the famous Krus ng San Pedro Tunasán. Majority of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include are the Members Church of God International (MCGI), Jesus Miracle Crusade International Ministry (JMCIM), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), Jesus Christ the Lifegiver Ministries (JCLM), Iglesia Ni Cristo (INC), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Christian Bible Baptist Church, other Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches. Islam is also practiced within the community. There are 15 Catholic parishes in the city, and one mosque.

EconomyEdit

 
San Pedro city proper from the city plaza.

Most economic activity in San Pedro is concentrated at San Antonio, also the city's largest and most populous barangay. Barangay Nueva, the city center, is home to a central public market (palengke) as well as clothing and homeware stores, and some supermarkets. San Pedro also has a large number of factories, most notably the Alaska Milk Corporation factory in San Antonio.

AgricultureEdit

Agricultural lands now account for only thirteen hectares of the total land area due to residential, commercial and industrial conversions. There are lands with slope ranging from 8%-15% of the total land area located in parts of barangays San Antonio and San Vicente planted with mangoes and siniguelas trees. Livestock and poultry businesses operate in the area.

Commerce and industryEdit

There are 4,705 total business establishments, 40+ commercial, savings and rural banks, 110+ restaurant, cafeteria, and other refreshment parlor, and two public and five private markets and supermarkets. There are 40 banks, over 60 pawnshops, over 30 lending institutions and 11 insurance companies operating in the city. Commercial and business establishments are mostly concentrated at Pacita Complex and Rosario. A large percentage of industrial and manufacturing establishments of San Pedro is located on the adjacent barangays of San Vicente and San Antonio; E&E Industrial Complex is located in San Antonio where some of the city's factories are situated.

MallsEdit

 
Robinsons Galleria South at night

Robinsons Galleria South, San Pedro's first major mall located at Barangay Nueva, opened on July 19, 2019. Galleria South is the 1st Robinsons Galleria mall in South Luzon and 3rd nationwide. The mall houses government offices like Philhealth, Pag-ibig, LTO, etc., and also has art pieces at every corner.[29]

TourismEdit

Sampaguita FestivalEdit

The annual City Festival is celebrated in the second week of February. This week-long festival includes various activities ranging from cultural to sports, trade fairs, amateur singing contests, parades, historical exhibits, social and religious gatherings, tribal dances, street dances, cheering and sport exhibitions. The highlight of the festival is the coronation night of the "Hiyas ng San Pedro". The festival aims to promote tourism in San Pedro and to revitalize Sampaguita industry in the community.The celebration was formerly known as "Manok ni San Pedro Festival", which started in 1999 and was renamed to "Sampaguita Festival" in 2002. The celebration kicked off with a grand parade.

San Pedro City holds the record of laying the longest sampaguita (flower lei) line, spanning 3.6 km (2 mi), from Biñan City - San Pedro City boundary to San Pedro City - Muntinlupa City boundary on the National Highway; this was listed in the Guinness World Records in 2009.

Christmas FestivalEdit

Paskuhan Sa San Pedro is an annually celebrated festival in San Pedro City. It starts at the beginning of December and runs to the end of the month. The opening is a grand parade which is participated in by public and private schools in the city, local government and other socio-civic organizations. The main event of the opening is the lighting of the whole plaza, fireworks display, and various school performances. Every night a variety of shows are performed by the participants, which last up to midnight. On 29 December of every year the cityhood anniversary of San Pedro is celebrated.

Salvador Laurel Museum and LibraryEdit

The museum preserves and celebrates the insurmountable professional and Political avchievement of the late statesman, located at Holliday hills.[30]

TransportationEdit

 
The National Highway at the boundary with Muntinlupa

San Pedro is traversed by the South Luzon Expressway, which roughly cuts through the middle of town, and the older National Highway (Route 1), an at-grade route mostly used by public transportation.

San Pedro is at the terminus of numerous city bus routes, and the central bus terminal is at Pacita Complex. Jeepneys ply the highway, and there are also jeepneys that connects the barangays to the west. Most of the city is served by tricycles, while barangay Landayan and some subdivisions (gated communities) have pedicabs as well.

 
PNR Pacita MG station

The PNR Metro Commuter Line serves the city, with two stations: San Pedro (at barangay San Vicente) and Pacita Main Gate (at Nueva).

HealthcareEdit

Throughout the city, healthcare is primarily provided at the Barangay Health Centers in every barangay. Also, several medical missions are operated and provided by local and international organizations. The major hospitals in the city are:

  • Jose L. Amante Emergency Hospital (Barangay Santo Niño)
  • Gavino Alvarez Lying-In Center (Barangay Narra)
  • San Pedro Doctors Hospital (Manila South Road-Landayan)
  • Divine Mercy Hospital (Guevara Subd.)
  • Westlake Medical Center (Manila South Road-Pacita Complex)
  • Evangelista Medical Specialty Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)
  • Family Care Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)

HousingEdit

Most people in San Pedro live in over 59 subdivisions, that are either gated communities or open residential areas. The city is also a location of several government-led relocation projects. Squatters, or informal settlers, are scattered over the city.

EducationEdit

The Department of Education Region IV-A - Division of San Pedro supervises the operation of over 12 public elementary schools and 7 public high schools and provides permits to over 35 private schools, including Catholic schools. Private schools are scattered throughout the city, especially on the subdivisions. With the implementation of the K-12 program, some private schools added senior high schools, and many public high schools still have limited facilities for the senior high school.

Tertiary education and technical education are provided by several institutions scattered across the city.The Saint Louis Anne Colleges has three campuses; The first campus is located along the Old National Hiway for college students, The second campus is located in Elvinda Village which is K-12 ready caters Pre School, Elementary High School and TESDA Courses, The third campus is The Saint Louis Anne Annex located near Harmony Mall which caters students residing at UB, Sampaguita, Langgam etc. The Laguna Northwestern College has two campuses in San Pedro, one being a branch in Pacita Complex and the other one at A. Mabini Street. Polytechnic University of the Philippines has one campus in the city. San Pedro College of Business Administration in Barangay Nueva provides courses related to business administration. San Pedro City Polytechnic College, located at Barangay Narra, in 2017 opened its doors to students of San Pedro.[citation needed]

For Highschool students, There is San Pedro Relocation National Highschool which is a campus for highschool to senior highschool students.

Local governmentEdit

 
San Pedro City Hall

List of former mayorsEdit

Municipal mayors:

  • Francisco Santiago (1725)
  • Turibio Almieda (1901-1902)
  • Jose Guevarra (1908-1910)
  • Apolonio Morando (1910-1912)
  • Jose H. Guevarra (1921-1922)
  • Tiburcio Morando (1916-1921;1922-1925)
  • Victor Vergara (1925-1926)
  • Jose Martinez (1928-1934)
  • Ciriaco M. Limpiahoy (1934-1942)
  • Antonio Partoza (1945)
  • Benedictio Austria
  • Gavino Y. Alvarez
  • Mario M. Brigola (1960-1963)
  • Jose L. Amante (1941;1946-1947)
  • Felicismo Vierneza (1972-1986; 1998-2007)
  • Calixto R. Catáquiz (1986-1998; 2007-2013)

City mayors:

  • Lourdes S. Catáquiz (2013–present)

City SealEdit

The City of San Pedro logo represents San Pedro's identity – a Gateway City:

  • Being the first city of Laguna from Metro Manila, San Pedro is gateway to the Province and likewise to the Calabarzon Region, the country's premier growth area.
  • Being a pilgrimage tourism destination on account of the miraculous Lolo Uweng Shrine, San Pedro is a place for holiness and religious devotion that can lead the Christian believer to eternal life in God's Kingdom, thus, it is Gateway to Heaven.
  • San Pedro is named after Saint Peter to whom Christ entrusted the keys to the gates of heaven. Matthew 16:19: ”I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
Shapes and colors
  • Circles have no beginning nor end. They protect, they endure, they restrict. They confine what's within and keep things out. They offer safety and connection. They suggest community, integrity, and perfection.
  • White is color at its most complete and pure, the color of perfection. It means purity, innocence, wholeness and completion. White is the base color of the logo.
  • The Red Circle suggests excitement, energy, passion, love, desire, speed, strength, power, thus contributing to the success of all things intense and passionate.
  • The Black Circle suggests power, sophistication, formality, and elegance.
  • The Green Circle suggests balance, growth and self-reliance.
  • Gold is the color of success, achievement and triumph. It is also associated with abundance and prosperity, luxury and quality, prestige and sophistication, value and elegance. Its color psychology implies affluence, material wealth and extravagance.
  • Blue stands for peace, tranquility, calm, stability, harmony, unity, trust, truth, confidence, conservatism, security, cleanliness, order, loyalty, sky, water, and technology. It is the color of trust and peace. It can suggest loyalty and integrity.
  • San Pedro Arch, the logo's main element, reflect the city's status as a gateway to and from Metro Manila, Laguna Province and the whole of Calabarzon.
Roosters
  • These roosters, porched on the Arch, represent the incident where Peter denied Jesus, followed by the crowing of the roosters. The Christian world calls this the Incident of Repentance. For the crowing of the rooster was followed by Saint Peter's bitter cry and plea for forgiveness.
Keys
  • The keys symbolize the power to enter the kingdom of heaven, and Saint Peter holding the keys tightly means he holds the most important thing that leads to heaven, that is Knowledge of God.
  • The Gold Ancient Keys in the Arch also represent greatness and power, among others. These keys symbolize the city's never-ending quest for opportunities that will contribute to its growth and progress.
Sampaguita garland
  • This symbolizes San Pedro's distinction as the Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines. Some would question this title due to the absence now of a tangible heritage, which are the vast tracks of Sampaguita farms that gave rise to the Sampaguita industry in San Pedro during the olden times. But the claim to this title is justified by the fact that the city still owns the intangible heritage of having the most skillful and most creative makers of Sampaguita products in the country. Moreover, the Sampaguita Festival which is being celebrated annually by San Pedro is the only festival in the country which gives honor and recognition to the national flower.
  • The twenty Sampaguita buds forming a lei represent the 20 barangays of San Pedro. It also symbolizes unity and harmony among the city constituents. The number of buds may be increased through time should new barangays are created in the future.
Sun
  • This Star is our logo's connection to the Philippine National Flag. Its 8 rays symbolize the 8 provinces (including Laguna) which first revolted against Spanish colonization during the 19th century.
Words and date
  • The words and date of 2013 note the city's status as a component city of the province of Laguna and as part of the number of cities of the Philippines, as well as the very year of the granting of its city charter. NOTE: Approved by the Sangguniang Panlungsod on February 17, 2014 under Resolution 2014-26 and City Ordinance 2014–10.

Notable peopleEdit

EntertainmentEdit

MusicEdit

PageantsEdit

PoliticsEdit

Journalism and BroadcastingEdit

SportsEdit

  • Jema Galanza, PVL MVP, UAAP Beach Volleyball champion for Adamson University Lady Falcons
  • Chris Javier, basketball player

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ San Pedro City, Laguna, Philippines - Welcome Message
  2. ^ San Pedro now a component city of Laguna - Philstar.com
  3. ^ http://www.comelec.gov.ph/?r=Archives/Plebiscites/PlebiscitesSanPedroLaguna
  4. ^ a b c d e "Annual Audit Report". Commission on Audit.
  5. ^ City of San Pedro | (DILG)
  6. ^ "Province: Laguna". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  7. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  8. ^ Laguna (province)#Administrative divisions
  9. ^ a b c "San Pedro City". DILG.
  10. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  11. ^ Sub-national HDI. "Area Database – Global Data Lab".
  12. ^ a b c d e San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - History
  13. ^ "San Pedro Historical Council".
  14. ^ Nymphaea nouchali
  15. ^ "San Pedro Historical Council".
  16. ^ Cruz-Araneta, Gemma (October 20, 2008). "Part of History". With One's Past. Retrieved February 28, 2016.[self-published source]
  17. ^ "Abelardo "Captain Remo" Remoquillo".
  18. ^ gov.ph
  19. ^ http://www.pna.gov.ph/index.php?&sid=10++.&pfn=720424&arch=1&go=Go&search_arch&andor&mdte_arch=12&ddte_arch=30&ydte_arch=2014
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2014-12-31. Retrieved 2015-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "San Pedro City eyed as 18th member of MMDA". Manila Bulletin. 2014-12-31. Archived from the original on 2014-12-31. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  22. ^ "Press Release - Koko seeks the creation of San Pedro City as a separate congressional district". www.senate.gov.ph. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  23. ^ "MUNICIPALITY/CITY:City of San Pedro". Philippine Statistics Authority (National Statistical Coordination Board).
  24. ^ "PLEBISCITE TO RATIFY THE CREATION OF SEVEN (7) NEW BARANGAYS SEPARATE AND DISTINCT FROM ITS MOTHER BARANGAY OF SAN VICENTE, SAN PEDRO CITY, LAGUNA". Philippines: Commission of Elections. June 11, 2015. Archived from the original on July 20, 2015.
  25. ^ "San Pedro: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  26. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  27. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  28. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  29. ^ "This new mall in Laguna has art in every corner". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  30. ^ "Salvador H Laurel museum and library". Salvador H. Laurel.

External linksEdit