RCD Espanyol

  (Redirected from RCD Español)

Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol (Catalan: [rəˈjal ˈklub dəpuɾˈtiw əspəˈɲɔl də βəɾsəˈlonə]; "Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona"), commonly known as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Spain.

Espanyol
Rcd espanyol logo.svg
Full nameReial Club Deportiu
Espanyol de Barcelona, S.A.D.
Nickname(s)Periquitos (Budgerigars) Blanquiazules (White and Blue) Mágico (Magical)
Short nameRCDE, ESP, Espanyol
Founded13 October 1900; 120 years ago (1900-10-13)
as Sociedad Española de Football
StadiumRCDE Stadium
Capacity40,000[1]
OwnerRastar Group
PresidentChen Yansheng
Head coachVicente Moreno
LeagueSegunda División
2019–20La Liga, 20th of 20 (relegated)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded in 1900, the club plays in the Segunda División for the 2020–21 season, the second division of Spanish football, having been relegated from La Liga in the 2019–20 season. They play their home games at the RCDE Stadium, which holds up to 40,000 spectators. Espanyol has won the Copa del Rey four times, most recently in 2006, and reached the UEFA Cup final in 1988 and 2007. The team competes in the Barcelona Derby against FC Barcelona.

NameEdit

Initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football on its foundation, the name was changed to Club Español de Fútbol in 1901. In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club [ca]. This club won the Campionat de Catalunya three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, the club was effectively relaunched as the Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present-day colours. Espanyol is one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the Spanish crown and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the royal crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII and the club subsequently became known as the Real Club Deportivo Español.[2]

Following the abdication of the same king in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, the name was reverted.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word "Deportiu" in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word "Deportivo" (Castilian), despite the correct word being "Esportiu" in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials "RCD" in the club's name.

HistoryEdit

Foundation and club cultureEdit

 
First shield of Club Español de Fútbol
 
CD Espanyol de Barcelona, Catalan champions in 1904
 
RCD Español in 1912.
 
Ricardo Zamora with Español

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz (1879–1959), an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià; Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game, with the other early clubs having links to Britain or central Europe.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to the Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white were chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club was successful from the very beginning, winning the Campionat de Catalunya in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.

Two UEFA Cup finals (1988–2009)Edit

Javier Clemente was hired in 1986. In his first season, he took the team to a joint-best 3rd place, qualifying for the UEFA Cup. They defeated Borussia Mönchengladbach, A.C. Milan, Inter Milan, TJ Vitkovice and Club Brugge KV to reach the final, losing on penalties to Bayer 04 Leverkusen after a 3–3 aggregate draw.[3] Two relegations followed, but the club remained in La Liga from winning the 1993–94 Segunda División until relegated at the conclusion of the 2019-20 COVID pandemic impacted season.

Paco Flores' Espanyol won the 2000 Copa del Rey Final 2–1 against Atlético Madrid at Mestalla, a first cup win since 1940.[4] Six years later, under Miguel Ángel Lotina, the club won again, this time 4–1 against Real Zaragoza in Madrid, with goals by Raúl Tamudo, Luis García (two) and Coro.[5]

With this cup win, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. They won all their group games, before dispatching Livorno, Maccabi Haifa, Benfica, and Werder Bremen to reach the final. In the final, held on 16 May at Hampden Park in Glasgow, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla, losing 3–1 in a shootout following a 2–2 draw.[6] They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet not take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the UEFA Cup's top goalscorer that season. On 9 June 2007, Tamudo became Espanyol's highest-ever goalscorer after surpassing the 111 goals scored by Rafael Marañón, and ended the night with 113.

On 31 May 2009, Espanyol played its last match at the Estadio Olímpico de Montjuic, a 3–0 defeat of Málaga. Espanyol had played in the Estadi Olímpic after moving from their previous ground in Sarria. With the move, club talisman Raúl Tamudo had the unique distinction of having played in three different home stadiums with his club: Sarrià, Montjuïc and, beginning in the 2009–10 season, the Cornellà-El Prat.

Recent years (2009-present)Edit

In January 2009, former Espanyol defender Mauricio Pochettino was hired as manager with the club in the relegation zone – his first senior job.[7] He won 2–1 against rivals Barcelona at the Camp Nou in February to help keep the club up; Barcelona, under Pep Guardiola, won the treble that season.[8]

After 12 seasons playing at the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc, Espanyol moved to the Estadi de Cornellá-El Prat. The new stadium was officially inaugurated on 2 August 2009 with a match between Espanyol and Liverpool; Espanyol won 3–0, with Luis García scoring the first goal at the ground, followed by a Ben Sahar double.[9] Six days later, Espanyol captain Daniel Jarque died from a cardiac arrest aged 26 in the Florence neighbourhood of Coverciano, where the club was at the time after playing several fixtures in Italy.[10] Since then, in the 21st minute – his former shirt number – of every Espanyol match, an ovation is made in his honour for a full minute.

After Pochettino left in 2012, the club maintained themselves in the top flight under a series of other managers. In January 2016, Chinese businessman Chen Yansheng took over the club by acquiring a 54% stake.[11] In the 2018–19 season, Espanyol finished 7th, thus returning to the Europa League for the first time since their final run in 2006–07.[12] However, the club suffered relegation for the first time since 1994 the following season, after a 1–0 loss at Barcelona.[13] On 3 August 2020 the club published an official statement urging La Liga to suspend relegation for the 2020-21 season.[14]

RivalriesEdit

El derbi BarceloníEdit

In the first half of the 20th century during the Miguel Primo de Rivera dictatorship (1923–1930), FC Barcelona was seen as a symbol of Catalan identity. This contrasted with RCD Espanyol which cultivated a kind of compliance with the central authority.[15]

In 1918, the municipalities of Catalonia promoted a campaign to ask the Spanish Government for a Statute of Autonomy. FC Barcelona joined that request and the Catalan press recognized FC Barcelona as a major cultural arm of the Catalan independence movement. The city's other team, RCD Espanyol, dissociated itself from the claim due to the former's success on the European stage.[16][17]

Today FC Barcelona is the club that is closer to the political powers in Catalonia. Its last presidents have linked the club with the Catalan independence movement and the holding of a referendum, even though this causes discomfort among some Catalonian fans and those in the rest of Spain who feel neglected and think the team is biased against them.[18] Although some of RCD Espanyol's directors have expressed their independentist ideology the club stays out of politics. It is believed that most of the team's fans are against the independence of Catalonia.[19]

On numerous occasions RCD Espanyol has complained of unfavourable and sometimes directly offensive treatment towards the club in favour of FC Barcelona by some Catalonian public media like TV3.[20][21][22]

Despite these differences in ideology, the derbi (derby) has always been more relevant to Espanyol supporters than those of Barcelona due to the difference in objectives.

Though it is the most played local derby in the history of La Liga, it is also the most unbalanced, with Barcelona overwhelmingly dominant. In the league table, Espanyol has only managed to finish above Barça on three occasions in almost 70 years and the only all-Catalan Copa del Rey final was won by Barça in 1957. Espanyol has the consolation of achieving the largest margin win with a 6–0 victory in 1951.

Espanyol achieved a 2–1 win against FC Barcelona during the 2008–09 season, becoming the first team to defeat Barcelona at Camp Nou in their treble-winning season.[23]

Espanyol lost 0–1 to FC Barcelona on 8 July 2020, to be relegated to the Segunda División.[13]

StadiumEdit

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009–10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed RCDE Stadium (also known as Estadi Cornellà-El Prat) between Cornellà de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat.

Competition summaryEdit

AchievementsEdit

HonoursEdit

Men's footballEdit

Domestic competitionsEdit

LeagueEdit

Winners (4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Runners-up (5): 1911, 1915, 1941, 1947, 1957
Runners-up (2): 2000, 2006
Winner (1): 1993–94

International competitionsEdit

Runners-up (2): 1987–88, 2006–07

Regional competitionsEdit

Winners (11): 1903–04, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1911–12, 1914–15, 1917–18, 1928–29, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1939–40
Winners: 2016[33]

Women's footballEdit

Winners (1): 2005–06
Runners-up (3): 2006–07, 2009–10, 2010–11
Winners (6): 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012
Runners-up (4): 1990, 2002, 2007, 2011

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 12 October 2020[34]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   ESP Oier
2 DF   ESP Miguelón (on loan from Villarreal)
3 DF   ESP Adrià Pedrosa
4 DF   URU Leandro Cabrera
5 DF   ESP Fernando Calero
6 DF   ESP Lluís López
7 FW   CHN Wu Lei
8 MF   ESP Fran Mérida
9 FW   ESP Javi Puado
10 MF   ESP Sergi Darder
11 FW   ESP Raúl de Tomás
13 GK   ESP Diego López
No. Pos. Nation Player
14 MF   ESP Óscar Melendo
15 MF   ESP David López (Captain)
17 DF   ESP Dídac Vilà (Vice-captain)
18 MF   ESP Álex López
19 MF   ESP Álvaro Vadillo (on loan from Celta)
20 MF   ALB Keidi Bare
22 FW   ARG Matías Vargas
23 MF   ESP Adri Embarba
24 FW   ESP Víctor Campuzano
26 MF   ESP Pol Lozano
27 DF   ESP Óscar Gil
33 MF   ESP Nico Melamed

Reserve teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
29 FW   ESP Jofre Carreras
30 GK   ESP Ángel Fortuño
No. Pos. Nation Player
31 DF   ESP Ricard Pujol

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK   ESP Adrián López (at Hércules until 30 June 2021)
DF   ESP Víctor Gómez (at Mirandés until 30 June 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   MAR Moha (at Mirandés until 30 June 2021)

Retired numbersEdit

21   Daniel Jarque (posthumous honour) (2002–09)

Players with most appearancesEdit

Competitive, professional matches only.

As of 12 September 2020

Name Years La Liga Segunda División Copa del Rey Copa de la Liga UEFA Cup Other Total
1   Raúl Tamudo 1996–2010 340 26 14 9[a] 389
2   Antonio Argilés 1950–1964 301 14[b] 38 4[c] 357
3   José María 1965–1976 269 31 33 –– 2 11[d] 347
4   Thomas N'Kono 1982–1990 241 33[e] 30 19 10 333
5   Mauricio Pochettino 1994–2006 275 30 13 2[f] 320
6   Fernando Molinos 1974–1984 264 43 6 6 319
7   Manuel Zúñiga 1979–1988 259 29 18 9 315
8   Marañón 1974–1983 261 43 4 6 314
9   Arteaga 1993–2003 238 28 32 10 2[g] 310
10   Diego Orejuela 1982–1991 216 33[h] 27 15 12 303

Notes

  1. ^ 6 appearances in UEFA Intertoto Cup and 3 appearances in Supercopa de España
  2. ^ All appearances in La Liga relegation play-offs
  3. ^ All appearances in Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
  4. ^ 8 appearances in Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and 3 appearances in Intertoto Cup
  5. ^ Including 2 appearances in La Liga relegation play-offs
  6. ^ All appearances in Supercopa de España
  7. ^ All appearances in Supercopa de España
  8. ^ Including 2 appearances in La Liga relegation play-offs and 1 appearance in La Liga promotion play-offs

CoachesEdit

Club officialsEdit

Current Technical staffEdit

Role Name
Head Coach   Vicente Moreno
Assistant Coaches   Dani Pendín
  Thomas N'Kono
Goalkeeping Coach   Jesús Salvador
Fitness Coach   Dani Pastor
Analyst   Ramón Alturo
Club Doctors   Misael Rivas
  Narciso Amigó
Physiotherapists   Albert Torner
  Adrià García
  Albert Moreno
  Noel Orenes
Nutritionist   Robert Bausells
Kit man   Ángel Inac Martínez
Delegate   Guillem Calzón

Board of DirectorsEdit

Role Name
Owner   Rastar Group
President   Chen Yansheng
Vice president   Wang Hongyuan
Board Secretary   Jorge Sarró Riu
Board Vice Secretary   Iñaki Frías Inchausti
Board of Directors   Liu Shenghua
  Mao Ye Wu
  Zheng Zefeng
  Lu Zuilan
  Rafael Marañón
Business and Coordination Director   Mao Ye Wu
Sport General Area Manager   Óscar Perarnau Figueras
CEO   José María Durán
Professional Football Director   Francisco Rufete
Professional Football Management   Raúl Tamudo
Academy Director   Luis Vicente Mateo
Femenino Football Director   Raquel Cabezón
Femenino Sporting Director   Francisca Camúñez Moreno
Head of Medical Services   Manolo González Postigo
Marketing and Commercial Director   Antoni Alegre Puzo
Financial Director   Joan Fitó Pardo
Chief Communications Officer   Agustín Rodríguez Mas
Social area Director   Alberto Ariza Navarro
Head of Ciutat Esportiva Dani Jarque's Schools
and Academies
  Eloy Pérez García
Stadium Director   Josep Toldrà Alegret
Office manager   Olga Moscatel Vivet
Administration and human resources manager   Laura Carranza
Security Director   Antoni Guerra Rojas
Telecommunications Director   Ángel Rojas Gómez
Business Coordination and Expansion in Asia   Senon Chen

PresidentsEdit

Dates Name
1900–02   Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1902–06   Josep María Miró Trepat
1906–09 no activities
1909   Julià Clapera Roca
1909–10   Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1910–11   Evelio Doncos
1911–12   Josep García Hardoy
1912–13   Santiago de la Riva
1913–14   Alfonso Ardura
1914–15   Josep García Hardoy
Dates Name
1915–18   José María Bernadas
1918–19   Manuel Allende
1919–20   Victorià de la Riva
1920–22   Genaro de la Riva
1922–24   Victorià de la Riva
1924–25   Santiago de la Riva
1925–30   Genaro de la Riva
1930–31   Santiago de la Riva
1931–33   Javier de Salas
1933–42   Genaro de la Riva
Dates Name
1942–47   Francisco Román Cenarro
1947–48   José Salas Painello
1948–58   Francisco Javier Sáenz
1958–60   Frederic Marimón Grifell
1960–62   Victorià Oliveras de la Riva
1962–63   Cesáreo Castilla Delgado
1963–67   Josep Fusté Noguera
1967–69   Juan Vilá
1969–70   Josep Fusté Noguera
1970–82   Manuel Meler
Dates Name
1982–89   Antonio Baró
1989   Ferran Martorell
1989–93   Julio Pardo
1993–97   Francisco Perelló
1997–11   Daniel Sánchez Llibre
2011–12   Ramon Condal
2012–16   Juan Collet
2016–   Chen Yansheng

Historical departments of RCD EspanyolEdit

Until the 1990s, Espanyol had several sporting sections. In March 2017, the Association of Supporters and Shareholders of RCD Espanyol boosted a project for recovering the sporting sections of the club, but this time without any economic link with the football team. The new multi-sports club was created with the name of Seccions Deportives Espanyol (Sporting sections Espanyol).[36]

Two months later, the Association confirmed that Espanyol would start competing in the 2017–18 season, with a roller hockey team and women's volleyball teams.[37] In the next season, the basketball section was refounded and a new section of handball would be created.

Men's basketballEdit

Winners (1): 1941
Winners (2): 1931, 1932
Runners-up (3): 1941, 1943, 1954

Women's basketballEdit

Winners (1): 1943
Runners-up (1): 1944

Men's rink hockeyEdit

Winners (11): 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962
Runners-up (4): 1946, 1952, 1953, 1958

Women's volleyballEdit

Winners (3): 1985, 1988, 1991
Winners (5): 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992

Men's baseballEdit

Winners (2): 1946, 1953

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ RCDE Stadium – RCD Espanyol Official Page
  2. ^ "History". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  3. ^ "El Espanyol tocó la gloria ante el Bayer Leverkusen" [Espanyol touched glory against Bayer Leverkusen]. Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 4 May 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  4. ^ Segurola, Santiago (28 May 2000). "El Espanyol se corona en Mestalla" [Espanyol crowned in Mestalla]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  5. ^ "El Espanyol conquista su cuarta Copa del Rey" [Espanyol win their fourth Copa del Rey]. El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 April 2006. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Palop ensures cup joy for Sevilla". uefa.com. 17 May 2007.
  7. ^ "Pochettino replaces luckless Mané at Espanyol". UEFA. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  8. ^ Bate, Adam (1 October 2016). "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". Sky Sports. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  9. ^ Collins, Ben (2 August 2009). "Reds suffer pain in Spain". Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Espanyol stunned by Jarque death". BBC. 8 August 2009.
  11. ^ "New Espanyol owner aiming for Champions League within three years". The Guardian. 22 January 2016.
  12. ^ Gillingham, Geoff (30 August 2019). "Friendly Europa League draw for Sevilla, Getafe and Espanyol". Marca. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  13. ^ a b Roche, Calum (9 July 2020). "Barcelona keep title race alive as they relegate rivals Espanyol". Diario AS.
  14. ^ RCD Espanyol de Barcelona Comunicado Oficial, 3 August 2020
  15. ^ Missiroli, Antonio (March 2002). "European football cultures and their integration: the 'short' Twentieth Century". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  16. ^ Burns, Jimmy (November 6, 2017). "In troubled times, FC Barcelona defines modern Catalonia". POLITICO.
  17. ^ "FC Barcelona, more than a club". www.barcelona.de.
  18. ^ Temprano, Alejandra (2016-01-11). "El Barça cae en su trampa con el tuit de la vergüenza de Bartomeu". esdiario.es. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  19. ^ MARCA.com (2015-09-10). "Joan Collet: "Vamos a dar guerra al Madrid"". MARCA.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  20. ^ "El Espanyol "exige" la retirada de la campaña 'Si sientes el Barça, sientes Cataluña'". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  21. ^ BARCELONA, SERGI LÓPEZ-EGEA / (2016-03-03). "Ensenyament retira un texto ofensivo con el Espanyol". El Periódico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  22. ^ "El Espanyol y el Joventut denuncian pensamiento único en Cataluña". Economiadigital (ed. general). Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  23. ^ "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". skysports.com. 1 October 2016.
  24. ^ Licia Granello (October 22, 1987). "Il Milan è già disperato". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 25.
  25. ^ Licia Granello (November 5, 1987). "Un Milan senza attacco Una partita senza storia". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 33.
  26. ^ Gianni Mura (November 26, 1987). "Ma l' Inter soffre ancora". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  27. ^ Gianni Mura (December 10, 1987). "L' Inter perde l' ultima chance". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  28. ^ "Finale UEFA Tre gol dell' Espanyol". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 5, 1988. p. 33.
  29. ^ "Coppa UEFA Il Bayer vince ai rigori". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 19, 1988. p. 23.
  30. ^ "Spain – List of Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Spain – List of Second Division Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  32. ^ "Spain – List of Champions of Catalonia". RSSSF. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  33. ^ "El Espanyol gana la Supercopa" [Espanyol win the Supercup]. Mundo Deportivo. Roger Torelló. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  34. ^ www.rcdespanyol.com, RCD Espanyol -. "First Team - RCD Espanyol". www.rcdespanyol.com.
  35. ^ "First Team RCD Espanyol Marc Roca Junqué #21". rcdespanyol.com. RCD Espanyol de Barcelona S.A.D. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  36. ^ "Pericos sobre ruedas" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  37. ^ "Reneix el gegant adormit" (in Catalan). L'Esportiu de Catalunya. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.

External linksEdit