November 1945

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The following events occurred in November 1945:

November 1, 1945 (Thursday)Edit

November 2, 1945 (Friday)Edit

November 3, 1945 (Saturday)Edit

November 4, 1945 (Sunday)Edit

November 5, 1945 (Monday)Edit

November 6, 1945 (Tuesday)Edit

November 7, 1945 (Wednesday)Edit

November 8, 1945 (Thursday)Edit

  • British commander E.C. Mansergh ordered all Indonesians to surrender their arms by 6 a.m. Saturday or face "all the naval, army and air forces under my command."[7] That night President Sukarno of the unrecognized Indonesian Republic appealed to President Truman and Prime Minister Attlee to intervene in the conflict to prevent bloodshed.[8]
  • In Budapest, former Hungarian Prime Minister László Bárdossy was sentenced to death.[9]
  • Regular civic air traffic began between London and New York.[9]
  • Died: August von Mackensen, 95, German field marshal

November 9, 1945 (Friday)Edit

  • Martial law ended in Bulgaria and demobilization began.[2]
  • Canada ratified the United Nations Charter.[3]
  • The martial art organization Moo Duk Kwan was founded by Hwang Kee in Korea.

November 10, 1945 (Saturday)Edit

November 11, 1945 (Sunday)Edit

  • The Indochinese Communist Party voluntarily dissolved itself "in order to destroy all musunderstanding, domestic and foreign, which can hinder the liberation of our country."[11]
  • Died: Jerome Kern, 60, American composer of musical theatre and popular music

November 12, 1945 (Monday)Edit

November 13, 1945 (Tuesday)Edit

  • The United States and Britain agreed to create a joint commission of inquiry to examine the question of European Jews and Palestine.[13]
  • Ethiopia and Panama ratified the United Nations Charter.[3]
  • The French Constituent Assembly unanimously elected Charles de Gaulle president of the Provisional Government.[14]

November 14, 1945 (Wednesday)Edit

November 15, 1945 (Thursday)Edit

November 16, 1945 (Friday)Edit

November 17, 1945 (Saturday)Edit

  • Charles de Gaulle made a broadcast to the people of France announcing that he was handing back his mandate as president to the French Assembly because of "excessive demands regarding ministerial posts."[15] De Gaulle said he was willing to continue serving as president but would refuse to entrust a Communist with "any post related to foreign affairs."[16]
  • Sentencing was handed down in the Belsen Trial. Josef Kramer, Irma Grese and nine others were sentenced to death on the gallows as Nazi war criminals.[17]
  • "It's Been a Long, Long Time" by Harry James hit #1 on the Billboard singles charts.

November 18, 1945 (Sunday)Edit

November 19, 1945 (Monday)Edit

  • The French Assembly voted 400 to 163 to reject Charles de Gaulle's resignation as President of France. De Gaulle then accepted the new mandate.[18]
  • General MacArthur ordered the arrest of 11 Japanese wartime leaders, including ex-Foreign Minister Yōsuke Matsuoka and General Sadao Araki.[19]

November 20, 1945 (Tuesday)Edit

November 21, 1945 (Wednesday)Edit

November 22, 1945 (Thursday)Edit

  • British Conservative Deputy Leader Anthony Eden told the House of Commons that the first duty of the United Nations should be to "take the sting out of nationalism." Eden also said that "the United Nations ought to review their Charter in the light of the discoveries about atomic energy which were not before us when the Charter was drawn up. Nothing showed more clearly the hold that nationalism has upon us all than the decision of that Conference to retain the power of veto. Surely in the light of what has passed since San Francisco the United Nations ought to look at that again, and, having looked at it, I hope they will unanimously decide that the retention of such a provision in the Charter is an anachronism in the modern world."[20]
  • The famous Hollywood Canteen, which catered to Allied servicemen and women during the war, shut its doors.

November 23, 1945 (Friday)Edit

  • British police fired on anti-British rioters in Calcutta, killing 37.[2]
  • U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton P. Anderson announced the end of all food rationing, with the exception of sugar, effective at midnight.[21]
  • Born: Jerry Harris, sculptor, collagist and writer, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Died: Charles Armijo Woodruff, 61, U.S. Navy officer and 11th Governor of American Samoa
  • Born: Dennis Nilsen

November 24, 1945 (Saturday)Edit

November 25, 1945 (Sunday)Edit

November 26, 1945 (Monday)Edit

November 27, 1945 (Tuesday)Edit

November 28, 1945 (Wednesday)Edit

  • The Balochistan earthquake shook British India. Casualties have been estimated from 300 to as many as 4,000.
  • British fascist John Amery surprised the nation when he pleaded guilty to high treason for making broadcasts for the Nazis, even though British law did not allow any sentence for the crime other than death. His entire hearing lasted eight minutes.[27][28]
  • Dynamo Moscow played the final game of its UK goodwill tour, earning a 2–2 draw against Rangers before 90,000 fans at Ibrox to finish the tour with two wins, no losses and two draws. Dynamo returned to Moscow as heroes, having proven that Britain was no longer the dominant football power.[29][30]
  • Died: Dwight F. Davis, 66, American tennis player and politician

November 29, 1945 (Thursday)Edit

November 30, 1945 (Friday)Edit

  • Rudolf Hess dramatically told the tribunal at Nuremberg that he had faked amnesia, fooling Allied medical experts and his own attorney, but that he was now prepared to stand trial and "bear full responsibility for everything I have done."[31]
  • Born: Roger Glover, bassist, songwriter and record producer (Deep Purple), in Brecon, Wales; Mary Millington, model and pornographic actress, in Kenton, Middlesex, England (d. 1979)
  • Died: Heinz-Wilhelm Eck, 29, German U-boat commander (executed as a war criminal for ordering his crew to shoot the survivors of the Greek merchant ship Peleus in March 1944)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Yust, Walter, ed. (1946). 1946 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "1945". MusicAndHistory.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice". United Nations Treaty Collection. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Leonard, Thomas M. (1977). Day By Day: The Forties. New York: Facts On File, Inc. p. 541. ISBN 0-87196-375-2.
  5. ^ "70th anniversary of Dynamo's British Tour". FCDynamo.ru. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  6. ^ Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 636. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
  7. ^ "British Ultimatum to Indonesians Demands Surrender of Arms". Schenectady Gazette. Schenectady: 1. November 9, 1945.
  8. ^ "Truman Aid Asked by Java". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh: 1. November 9, 1945.
  9. ^ a b "Was war am 09. November 1945". chroniknet. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  10. ^ "Mercy Pleas Fail; 5 Nazis Die on Gallows". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: 1. November 11, 1945.
  11. ^ Jamieson, Neil L. (1993). Understanding Vietnam. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-520-91658-6.
  12. ^ "Soviet Aid Asked by Java Rebels". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: 1. November 12, 1945.
  13. ^ a b Leonard, p. 542.
  14. ^ "Timeline of Charles de Gaulle's life". Charles-De-Gaulle.com. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  15. ^ "Gen. De Gaulle Resigns As French President". Townsville Daily Bulletin. Townsville, Queensland, Australia: 1. November 19, 1945.
  16. ^ "De Gaulle Says He'll Keep Post If He's Wanted". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: 1. November 18, 1945.
  17. ^ "11 Get Death in Belsen Trial". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: 1. November 18, 1945.
  18. ^ "De Gaulle's Resignation Rejected". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh: 2. November 20, 1945.
  19. ^ Leonard, p. 544.
  20. ^ "Foreign Affairs". Hansard. November 22, 1945. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  21. ^ "Meat, Butter Rationing Called Off". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh: 1. November 24, 1945.
  22. ^ "Indians Renew Bombay Rioting; 26 More Hurt". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 25, 1945. p. 1.
  23. ^ "Tax Away War Profits of All, Japan is Told". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 25, 1945. p. 1.
  24. ^ a b "British Troops Hunt Terrorists in Palestine". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: 1. November 26, 1945.
  25. ^ Leonard, p. 545.
  26. ^ 1946 Britannica Book of the Year, p. 15.
  27. ^ Callan, Paul (February 16, 2008). "A very English Nazi". Daily Express. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  28. ^ Lucas, Richard (2010). Axis Sally: The American Voice of Nazi Germany. Casemate. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-935149-80-4.
  29. ^ Rainbow, Jamie (February 15, 2014). "Dynamo Moscow gave post-war Britain a footballing masterclass but the lessons were never learned". World Soccer. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  30. ^ Shields, Graham (November 21, 2015). "Ilbrox 1945: When Rangers tackled the might of Moscow Dynamo". The Herald. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  31. ^ "Hess Admits His Amnesia Was Faked". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh: 1. December 1, 1945.