Southern Province, Sri Lanka
The Southern Province (Sinhalese: දකුණු පළාත Dakunu Palata, Tamil: தென் மாகாணம் Thaen Maakaanam) of Sri Lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. It is the 7th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people, the 3rd most populated province. The province is bordered by Sabaragamuwa Province and Uva Province to the North, Eastern Province to the Northeast, Western Province to the Northwest and the Indian Ocean to the South, West and East. The Province's capital is Galle.
Location within Sri Lanka
|Admitted||14 November 1987|
|• Governor||Marshal Perera|
|• Chief Minister||Shan Wijayalal De Silva|
|• Total||5,444 km2 (2,102 sq mi)|
|Area rank||7th (8.46% of total area)|
|• Rank||3rd (12.18% of total pop.)|
|Gross Regional Product|
|• Total||Rs 492 billion|
|• Rank||3rd (10.2% of total)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)|
|ISO 3166 code||LK-3|
|Official Languages||Sinhalese, Tamil|
The Southern Province is a small geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, Matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the main source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region. Government School education is primarily handled by the Southern Provincial Education Department.
|Galle District||Galle||1,652 km2 (638 sq mi)||1,075,000|
|Hambantota District||Hambantota||2,609 km2 (1,007 sq mi)||596,617|
|Matara District||Matara||1,283 km2 (495 sq mi)||831,000|
The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.
Major Cities and TownsEdit
|Ambalangoda||Ambalangoda Urban Council||Galle||56,783|
|Galle||Galle Municipal Council||Galle||101,159|
|Hambantota||Hambantota Municipal Council||Hambantota||57,053|
|Hikkaduwa||Hikkaduwa Urban Council||Galle||101,382|
|Matara||Matara Municipal Council||Matara||114,970|
|Tangalle||Tangalle Urban Council||Hambantota||71,920|
|Weligama||Weligama Urban Council||Matara||72,511|
Important landmarks of the Southern Province include the wildlife sanctuaries of the Yala and Udawalawe National Parks. Ussangoda in Ambalantota is a panoramic view of the beach and the sea, and the holy city of Kataragama, and the ancient cities of Tissamaharama, Kirinda and Galle. (Although Galle is an ancient city, almost nothing survives from before the Portuguese invasion.) During the Portuguese period there were two famous Sinhalese poets called Andare who was from Dickwella and Gajaman Nona who was from Denipitiya in Matara District, composing poems on common man.
The Southern Province was seriously affected by the tsunami in 2004. The province is going through a rebuilding process.
- "Population by Province, 2012" (PDF). Department of Census & Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate Archived 20 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
- "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
- "Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division" (pdf). Department of Census & Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2014.