Uva Province (Sinhalese: ඌව පළාත Uva Palata, Tamil: ஊவா மாகாணம் Uva Maakaanam) is Sri Lanka's second least populated province, with 1,259,880 people, created in 1896. It consists of two districts: Badulla and Moneragala. The provincial capital is Badulla. Uva is bordered by Eastern, Southern and Central provinces. Its major tourist attractions are Dunhinda falls, Diyaluma Falls, Rawana Falls, the Yala National Park (lying partly in the Southern and Eastern Provinces) and Gal Oya National Park (lying partly in the Eastern Province). The Gal Oya hills and the Central mountains are the main uplands, while the Mahaweli (Sinhalese: great-sandy) and Menik (Sinhalese: gemstone) rivers and the huge Senanayake Samudraya and Maduru Oya Reservoirs are the major waterways.
View from Haputale-Beragala gap
Location within Sri Lanka
|Admitted||14 November 1987|
|• Governor||Ariya Rekawa|
|• Chief Minister||Chamara Sampath Dassanayake|
|• Total||8,500 km2 (3,300 sq mi)|
|Area rank||4th (12.92% of total area)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Rank||7th (6.3% of total pop.)|
|• Density||150/km2 (380/sq mi)|
|Gross Regional Product (2010)|
|• Total||Rs 220 billion|
|• Rank||8th (4.6% of total)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)|
|ISO 3166 code||LK-8|
|Official Languages||Sinhalese, Tamil|
|Symbols||Gurulu raaja (Rhynchostylis retusa)|
The provincial history records an 1818 uprising (the Third Kandyan War) against the British colonial government which had been controlling the formally independent Udarata (Sinhalese: Up-Country), of which Uva was a province. The uprising was led by Keppetipola Disawe - a rebel leader that the Sinhalese celebrate even today - who was sent initially by the British Government to stop the uprising.The rebels captured Matale and Kandy before Keppetipola fell ill and was captured - and beheaded by the British. His skull was abnormal - as it was wider than usual - and was sent to Britain for analysis. It was returned to Sri Lanka after independence, and now rests in the Kandyan Museum.
The British successfully suppressed the rebellion and as retribution the entire able bodied male population of Uva region above the age of 18 years was killed while homes in the entire region were also destroyed. They also destroyed the irrigation systems, poisoned the wells, killed all cattle and other domesticated animals, and burnt all cultivated fields in the area of uprising. The Wellassa area, the name known to have derived from "wel lakshaya" literally meaning a hundred thousand paddy fields in Sinhalese, was composed of thousands of cultivated paddy fields yielding a substantial harvest. However, this area has not yet recovered from the scorched earth policy of the British.
Uva is divided into 2 districts:
The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.
Uva's symbolic mountain is Namunukula which stands tallest among the mountain range surrounding the Badulla town. There are views of the Welimada basin, Katharagama and Hambantota beach from Namunukula peak on a clear day.
- ":.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Sri Lanka is to revoke British Governor’s infamous Gazette Notification Archived 2 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Asian Tribune, Sat, 2011-03-12. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Sumanawathie’s success brings lustre back to Uva Wellassa, Ceylon Daily News, 21 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.