Hambantota District

Hambantota District (Sinhala: හම්බන්තොට දිස්ත්‍රික්කය hambantoṭa distrikkaya; Tamil: அம்பாந்தோட்டை மாவட்டம் Ampāntōṭṭai māvaṭṭam) is a district in Southern Province, Sri Lanka. It is one of 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka.

Hambantota District
Map of Sri Lanka with Hambantota District highlighted
Map of Sri Lanka with Hambantota District highlighted
Coordinates: 6°15′N 81°10′E / 6.250°N 81.167°E / 6.250; 81.167Coordinates: 6°15′N 81°10′E / 6.250°N 81.167°E / 6.250; 81.167
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceSouthern Province
Largest TownHambantota
Divisions
List
Government
 • District SecretaryW. H. Karunarathne
 • Local
List
  • Municipal Councils: 1
  • Urban Councils: 1
  • Pradeishiya Sabhas: 10
Area
 • Total2,609 km2 (1,007 sq mi)
 • Land2,496 km2 (964 sq mi)
 • Water113 km2 (44 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total596,617
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 codeLK-33
Websitehambantota.dist.gov.lk/

Hambantota District is located on the southeastern coast of Sri Lanka. It has an area of 2,593 km² and a very dry climate. The district capital is Hambantota town; the administrative headquarters are there as well as the center of salt production. Other prominent towns include Tangalle, Ambalantota, Tissamaharama, and Beliatta.

Before modern development took place after the country gained independence in 1948, the agriculture in the district was characterised by swidden cultivation (chena or slash-and-burn) and, to some extent, paddy cultivation on non-irrigated land. In the highlands, kurakkan — a grain used to make an eatable paste — was cultivated with other grains such as corn. Leonard Woolf's Village in the Jungle provides a highly interesting and insightful account of the people, the land and issues of concern during the British Colonial period as he worked as an assistant government agent for Hambantota.

The area has traditionally been home to Sinhalese and Sri Lankan Malay people, who collectively make up 98% of the district's population. The long history of Malay settlement in the district has impacted the local culture of Hambantota, with Sri Lankan Malay being a shared language between the Sri Lankan Malays and some members of the Sinhalese community.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Ethnic groups
Sinhalese 579,032 (97.04%)
Sri Lankan Malay 8,310 (1.39%)
Sri Lankan Moor 6,556 (1.1%)
Indian Tamil 136 (0.02%)
Burgher 138 (0.02%)
Sri Lankan Tamil 2,111 (0.35%)
Other 434 (0.07%)
Religions
Buddhism 577,284 (96.76%)
Hinduism 1,243 (0.21%)
Islam 15,163 (2.54%)
Roman Catholic 1,098 (0.18%)
Other Christian 1,511 (0.25%)
Other 318 (0.05%)

Religion in Hambantota District (2011)[2]

  Buddhism (96.8%)
  Islam (2.5%)
  Christianity (0.5%)
  Hinduism (0.2%)

Ethnicity in Hambantota District (2011)[2]

  Sinhalese (97.05%)
  Sri Lankan Malays (1.39%)
  Sri Lankan Moors (1.1%)
  Sri Lankan Tamils (0.35%)
  Burgher (0.02%)
  Indian Tamils (0.02%)
  Others (0.07%)

Hambantota District has a population of 596,617 (2011) of whom 96% are considered rural residents. Some 13.4% of the labor force of 244,847 is unemployed — in comparison to the national average of 8.3%. Of those employed, 42.2% are in the agricultural sector, 23.3% in industry with the remaining 34.5% working in the services sector.[3][full citation needed]

Politics and governmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Hambantota District has 12 local authorities of which one is a Municipal Council, one is an Urban Council and the remaining 10 are Divisional Councils (Pradeshiya Sabha).

Local Authority Registered
Electors
(2018)
Elected Members (2018)
SLPP UNP JVP UPFA Other Total
Ambalantota Pradeshiya Sabha 57,291 17 7 5 3 0 32
Angunakolapellessa Pradeshiya Sabha 40,491 11 3 3 3 0 20
Beliatte Pradeshiya Sabha 45,849 16 5 3 3 2 29
Hambantota Municipal Council 17,098 7 9 1 4 0 21
Hambantota Pradeshiya Sabha 27,182 7 4 2 1 0 14
Katuwana Pradeshiya Sabha 55,864 17 6 3 3 1 30
Lunugamvehera Pradeshiya Sabha 26,212 8 6 1 1 0 16
Suriyawewa Pradeshiya Sabha 34,041 6 3 1 1 0 11
Tangalle Pradeshiya Sabha 51,361 15 6 4 4 0 29
Tangalle Urban Council 6,808 7 7 2 2 0 18
Tissamaharama Pradeshiya Sabha 55,479 12 7 3 1 0 23
Weeraketiya Pradeshiya Sabha 66,827 21 8 4 3 0 36
Total 484,503 144 71 32 29 3 279

TownsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://sealang.net/archives/nusa/pdf/nusa-v50-p43-57.pdf
  2. ^ a b Department of Census and Statistics,The Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka-2011
  3. ^ Source: Department of Census & Statistics - Sri Lanka

External linksEdit