Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party
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The Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Hungarian: Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt), known mostly by its acronym FKgP or its shortened form Independent Smallholders' Party (Hungarian: Független Kisgazdapárt), is a political party in Hungary. Since the 2002 parliamentary elections, the party has won no seats.
|Founded||12 October 1930|
18 November 1988 (refoundation)
|Headquarters||1092. Budapest, Kinizsi u. 22.|
|European Parliament group||None|
|Slogan||Isten, Haza, Család|
God, Homeland, Family
Founded on 12 October 1930, the original party won a majority in the first elections after the Second World War, resulting in its leader, Zoltán Tildy, becoming prime minister. In the elections in November 1945, the Smallholders' polled 57% of votes against the Communists' 17%. The Communist response was the sponsoring of a coalition of "democratic" parties against the smallholders. The Smallholders-dominated parliament established a republic in 1946 with Tildy as president. He was succeeded as prime minister by Ferenc Nagy.
In 1947 the Communist Party carried out a coup d’état against the rule of the Smallholders’ Party. Though not all democratic institutions were abolished, the Communists firmly held power. Most of the resisting Smallholder were either arrested or forced to leave the country. Lajos Dinnyés of the Smallholders remained prime minister after the 1947 elections, but his government was controlled by the communists. Over the next two years, the Communists pressured the Smallholders into expelling their right-wing members as "fascists". Another Smallholder, the openly pro-Communist István Dobi, became premier in December 1948, and pushed out the remaining elements of the party who weren't willing to stop their obstruction. In 1949, the party was absorbed into a People’s Independent Front, led by the communist Hungarian Working People's Party. The latter prevailed in elections held that year, marking the onset of undisguised Communist rule in Hungary. The Smallholders party was dissolved later in 1949, and Dobi and several other left-wing Smallholders joined the Communist Party.
Party leaders (1930–1949; 1988–)Edit
|István Balogh (acting)||1944–1945|
|Hungary was under one-party rule||1949–1956|
|Hungary was under one-party rule||1956–1988|
|Ferenc József Nagy||1990–1991|
|Election year||National Assembly||Government|
overall seats won
10 / 245
22 / 245
14 / 260
124 / 498
245 / 409
68 / 411
62 / 402
44 / 386
26 / 386
48 / 386
0 / 386
0 / 386
0 / 386
0 / 199
0 / 199
1FKGP was a member of the Communist-led Hungarian Independence People's Front (MFN). Hungary became a one-party state after the 1949 election.
- ATV. "Visszatért a Független Kisgazdapárt".
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2002). "Hungary". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005.
- Laar, M. (2009). "The Power of Freedom. Central and Eastern Europe after 1945." Centre for European Studies, p. 38. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2012-04-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)