1994 Hungarian parliamentary election
Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 8 May 1994, with a second round of voting in 174 of the 176 single member constituencies on 29 May. They resulted in the return to power of the Hungarian Socialist Party, the former Communist party, under the leadership of Gyula Horn, who became Prime Minister. The Socialists achieved a remarkable revival, winning an overall majority of 209 seats out of 386, up from 33 in 1990.
All 386 seats to the Országgyűlés
194 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||68.92% (first round)|
55.12% (second round)
Results of the election. A darker shade indicates a higher vote share. Proportional list results are displayed in the top left.
The governing Hungarian Democratic Forum was severely defeated, falling from 165 seats to 38 for third place. It was also a disappointment for the principal opposition party of the previous parliament, the Alliance of Free Democrats, which failed to capitalize on the government's unpopularity and lost seats. Poor economic performance, apparent government incompetence and a certain nostalgia for the social security of the communist era appear to be the main reasons for the result, together with significant reform of the Socialists' policies, with commitment to the expansion for the market economy and continued compensation for the victims of communism.
While the Socialists had enough seats to govern alone, Horn decided to form a coalition with the Free Democrats, giving him a two-thirds majority. This was partly to assuage public concerns inside and outside Hungary over an ex-Communist party with an absolute majority, and partly to get his reform package past his own party's left wing.
|Hungarian Socialist Party||1,689,081||31.3||149||1,781,867||33.0||53||7||209||+176|
|Alliance of Free Democrats||1,005,766||18.6||16||1,066,074||19.7||28||25||69||–25|
|Hungarian Democratic Forum||649,966||12.0||5||633,957||11.7||18||15||38||–126|
|Independent Smallholders' Party||425,482||7.9||1||476,416||8.8||14||11||26||–18|
|Christian Democratic People's Party||397,887||7.4||3||379,573||7.0||5||14||22||+1|
|Hungarian Justice and Life Party||67,162||1.2||0||85,623||1.6||0||0||0||New|
|Liberal Civic Alliance – Entrepreneurs' Party||42,951||0.8||1||33,367||0.6||0||0||1||New|
|United Smallholders' Party||43,234||0.8||0||44,315||0.8||0||0||0||New|
|Hungarian Social Democratic Party||32,913||0.6||0||51,122||0.9||0||0||0||0|
|National Democratic Alliance||32,258||0.6||0||28,075||0.5||0||0||0||New|
|Hungarian Market Party||5,459||0.1||0||635||0.0||0||0||0||New|
|Conservative Party – Alliance of Farmers and Civilians||5,241||0.1||0||2,046||0.0||0||0||0||New|
|Green Party of Hungary||4,766||0.1||0||8,813||0.2||0||0||0||0|
|Compromise Independent Smallholders' Party||4,386||0.1||0||5,918||0.1||0||0||0||New|
|Gypsy Solidarity Party||3,282||0.1||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Independent Hungarian Democratic Party||2,366||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||0|
|Democratic Coalition Party||2,117||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|National Alliance of Hungarian Families||2,005||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Historic Independent Smallholders' Party||1,792||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Social Democratic Party||1,197||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party||704||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Party of the Hungarian Interest||416||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Union of Hungarian Biomedicists||334||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Hungarian Mothers' National Party||265||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Electoral Coalition for the Hungarians||211||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Party for Historic Hungary||203||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Hungarian Party of the Unemployed||190||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|National Forces' Movement||188||0.0||0||–||–||–||0||0||New|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
- Boross had been Prime Minister since 12 December 1993, but was not party leader.
- Kuncze was lead candiate for SZDSZ, but was not part leader