Hungarian Justice and Life Party

The Hungarian Justice and Life Party (Hungarian: Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja, MIÉP) was a nationalist[2] political party in Hungary that was founded by István Csurka in 1993.

Hungarian Justice and Life Party
Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja
First leaderIstván Csurka
Last leaderTibor Nagy
Founded15 July 1993
Dissolved27 July 2021
Split fromHungarian Democratic Forum[1]
Merged intoOur Homeland Movement
HeadquartersHercegprímás utca 4, 1051 Budapest
NewspaperMagyar Fórum
Youth wingMIÉP Young Section
IdeologyHungarian nationalism[2]
National conservatism[3]
Social conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Hungarian irredentism[4]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[4]
National affiliationMIÉP–Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties (formerly)
European affiliationEuronat (formerly)
Colours  Gold
Most MPs (1998)
14 / 386
Party flag
Flag of the Hungarian Justice and Life Party.svg
Website
www.miep.hu

In the 1998 legislative elections, the party won 5.5% of the votes and gained parliamentary representation, with 14 seats.

In the 2002 elections, the party won 4.4% of the popular vote and no seats.

In 2005, MIÉP joined forces with a newer, radical Hungarian nationalist political party, Jobbik. The new political formation was registered under the name the MIÉP–Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties. It purported to speak for Christians whilst standing up for the rights of Hungarian minorities in the neighbouring countries. The programme was based on a "law and order" agenda, in order to crack down on crime. Following an acrimonious failure in the 2006 elections the alliance broke up. In the aftermath, MIÉP lost its leadership of the far-right forces in Hungary, with Jobbik going on to achieve success in the 2010 elections.

Csurka died on 4 February 2012, aged 77, after a long illness.[5] He was replaced by former MP Zoltán Fenyvessy. In 2017, Zoltán Fenyvessy was replaced by Tibor Nagy.[6]

In early 2019, Our Homeland Movement (Mi Hazánk Mozgalom) made an alliance with Hungarian Justice and Life Party and the agrarian Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party.[7]

On 27 July 2021, the MIÉP was dissolved, and merged into the Our Homeland Movement.[8]

Party leadersEdit

Image Name Entered office Left office Length of Leadership
1   István Csurka 15 July 1993 4 February 2012 † 18 years, 6 months and 20 days
2   Fenyvessy Zoltán [hu] 28 October 2012 6 March 2017 4 years, 4 months and 6 days
3   Tibor Nagy 6 March 2017 27 July 2021 4 years, 4 months and 21 days

Parliamentary representationEdit

National AssemblyEdit

Election Votes Seats Rank Government Prime Minister
candidate
# % ±pp # +/−
1994
85,431
1.58%
0 / 386
  12 10th extra-parliamentary István Csurka
1998
248,901
5.47%
 3.89
14 / 386
  14 5th in opposition István Csurka
2002
245,326
4.37%
 1.1
0 / 386
  14 4th extra-parliamentary István Csurka
20061
119,007
2.2%
 2.17
0 / 386
  0 5th extra-parliamentary István Csurka
2010
1,286
0.03%
 2.17
0 / 386
  0 10th extra-parliamentary István Csurka
20142
2,054
0.04%
 0.01
0 / 199
  0 33rd extra-parliamentary Zoltán Fenyvessy
2018
8,713
0.15%
 0.11
0 / 199
  0 10th extra-parliamentary Tibor Nagy

1In an electoral alliance with Jobbik, under the name of the "MIÉP–Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties", joined by Independent Smallholders’ Party (FKgP) organisations from 15 counties.

2In an electoral alliance with Smallholders' Party.

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
2004 72,203 2.35% (5th)
0 / 24

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ulrich Widmaier, Andrea Gawrich, Ute Becker (2013). Regierungssysteme Zentral- und Osteuropas: Ein einführendes Lehrbuch. Springer-Verlag. p. 102. ISBN 9783663112761.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2002). "Hungary". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  3. ^ Karin Priester (2012). Rechter und linker Populismus: Annäherung an ein Chamäleon. Campus-Verlag. p. 231. ISBN 9783593397931.
  4. ^ a b "Aufbau eines neuen Mitteleuropas". Budapester Zeitung. 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Meghalt Csurka István" (in Hungarian). Index.hu. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja MIÉP". hu-hu.facebook.com (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  7. ^ "A Független Kisgazdapárt is csatlakozna a MIÉP és a Mi Hazánk Mozgalom együttműködéséhez".
  8. ^ "Kuruc.info - Megszűnt a MIÉP, felszámolási eljárásban az FKGP - vezetőik a Mi Hazánk jelöltjei lettek". Kuruc.info hírportál (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2021-08-03.

External linksEdit