2002 Hungarian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 7 April 2002, with a second round of voting in 131 of the 176 single member constituencies on 21 April.[1][2] Although Fidesz remained the largest party in the National Assembly despite receiving fewer votes than the Hungarian Socialist Party, the Socialist Party was able to form a coalition government with the Alliance of Free Democrats.

2002 Hungarian parliamentary election

← 1998 7 April 2002 (first round)
21 April 2002 (second round)
2006 →

All 386 seats to the Országgyűlés
194 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout70.53% (first round)
73.51% (second round)
  First party Second party Third party
  Orban Viktor Portrait.jpg Medgyessy in August 2014 (cropped).JPG GaborKuncze.jpg
Leader Viktor Orbán Péter Medgyessy Gábor Kuncze
Party Fidesz-MDF MSZP SZDSZ
Leader since 6 July 1998[a] June 2001[b] 1 July 2001
Last election 165 seats, 32.28%[c] 134 seats, 32.92% 24 seats, 7.57%
Seats won
Fidesz 179, MDF 9
[d]
Seat change Increase 23 Increase 45 Decrease 5
1R vote and % 2,217,755 (39.4%) 2,277,737 (40.5%) 380,982 (6.8%)
2R vote and % 2,196,540 (50.0%) 2,011,845 (45.8%) 126,966 (2.9%)
Party vote 2,306,763 2,361,983 313,084
% and swing 41.07% Increase8.79 pp 42.05% Increase6.13 pp 5.57% Decrease2.00 pp

2002 Hungarian parliamentary election - Vote Strength.svg
Results of the election. A darker shade indicates a higher vote share. Proportional list results are displayed in the top left.

Prime Minister before election

Viktor Orbán
Fidesz

Elected Prime Minister

Péter Medgyessy
MSZP

ResultsEdit

Party SMCs MMCs National
seats
Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
MSZP-SZDSZMSZDP Hungarian Socialist Party 2,277,732 40.5 78 2,361,983 42.1 69 31 178 +44
Alliance of Free Democrats 380,982 6.8 2 313,084 5.6 4 13 19 –5
MSZP–MSZDP 41,461 0.7 0 0 0
MSZP–SZDSZ 27,892 0.5 1 0 1
Total 2,728,067 48.5 81 2,675,067 47.6 73 44 198 +40
FideszMDF Fidesz 2,217,755 39.4 95 2,306,763 41.1 67 26 164 +16
MDF 24 +7
Hungarian Justice and Life Party 257,455 4.6 0 245,316 4.4 0 0 0 –14
Centre Party-KDNP 182,256 3.2 0 219,029 3.9 0 0 0 New
Workers' Party 108,732 1.9 0 121,503 2.2 0 0 0 0
Independent Smallholders' Party 67,401 1.2 0 42,338 0.8 0 0 0 –48
New Left Party 5,597 0.1 0 3,198 0.1 0 0 0 New
Green Party of Hungary 2,221 0.0 0 0 0 0
Reform Smallholders' Party 2,758 0.0 0 1,086 0.0 0 0 0 New
Smallholders' Party, Party of Smallholders' Alliance 2,699 0.0 0 451 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Entrepreneurs' United Party 1,288 0.0 0 318 0.0 0 0 0 New
Party of the Hungarian Interest 919 0.0 0 0 0 New
Social Democratic Party 590 0.0 0 912 0.0 0 0 0 0
Union for Solidarity 793 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Pensioners' Party 685 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 612 0.0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian Roma Party 589 0.0 0 745 0.0 0 0 0 New
Independent Hungarian Democratic Party 531 0.0 0 0 0 0
Civic Democratic Party against Corruption 261 0.0 0 0 0 New
Democratic Roma Party 171 0.0 0 0 0 New
Independents 43,215 0.8 0 0 –1
Invalid/blank votes 55,863 63,897
Total 5,680,458 100 176 5,680,623 100 140 70 386 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,061,101 70.5 8,061,101 70.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p927

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Orbán became Prime Minister on 6 July 1998. He had previously been leader of Fidesz since 18 April 1993, but resigned partway through his premiership in January 2000, and did not become leader again until 2003.
  2. ^ Medgyessy was selected as the MSZP's Prime Minister candidate in June 2001, but did not join the party, remaining an independent.
  3. ^ Combined results for Fidesz (148 seats, 29.48%) and MDF (17 seats, 2.80%).
  4. ^ Including one deputy elected as a joint MSZP–SZDSZ candidate.

External linksEdit