Ferenc Nagy (Hungarian: [ˈfɛrɛnt͡s ˈnɒɟ]; 8 October 1903 – 12 June 1979) was a Hungarian politician of the Smallholders Party. He was a Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from 29 November 1945 to 5 February 1946 and a member of the High National Council from 7 December 1945 to 2 February 1946.

Ferenc Nagy
Nagy Ferenc-MTI 1946.jpg
40th Prime Minister of Hungary
1st Prime Minister of the Second Hungarian Republic
In office
4 February 1946 – 31 May 1947
Preceded byZoltán Tildy
Succeeded byLajos Dinnyés
Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary
In office
29 November 1945 – 5 February 1946
Preceded byBéla Zsedényi
Succeeded byBéla Varga
Member of the High National Council
In office
7 December 1945 – 1 February 1946
Serving with Zoltán Tildy, László Rajk, and Béla Varga (to 8 January 1946)
Preceded byBéla Miklós
Béla Zsedényi
Mátyás Rákosi
Succeeded byZoltán Tildy (as President of the Republic)
Personal details
Born(1903-10-08)8 October 1903
Bisse, Austria-Hungary
Died12 June 1979(1979-06-12) (aged 75)
Herndon, Virginia, US
Political partySmallholders Party

Nagy was reported to be of peasant origins.[1]

Later he served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 4 February 1946 to 31 May 1947. He was elected in 1946, in Hungary's first democratic election. As prime minister, he resisted attempts by the Hungarian Communist Party to gain complete control of the government. He refused attempts by the Communists to become a puppet of a Soviet backed police state, but resigned under duress (they had kidnapped his son). He gave up the premiership in return for his son and 300,000 Swiss francs. Subsequently he was granted asylum in the United States.

Nagy documented his life and political career in The Struggle behind the Iron Curtain, published by MacMillan in 1948. In 1959, he was reported to have been the president of Permindex, a trade organization headquartered in Basel, Switzerland [2][3]

Royalties from his memoirs helped him buy a house with a substantial garden plot in Herndon, Virginia (then an exurb of Washington, D.C.), there to live out his days.[4]


  1. ^ Heino Nyyssönen (2001). "Nagy, Ferenc (1903-79)". In Bernard A. Cook (ed.). Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Volume II, K – Z. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. pp. 335–336. ISBN 9780815313366. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  2. ^ "A Market Place for All the World". The Age. Melbourne. Australian Associated Press / Reuters. 12 March 1959. p. 2. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  3. ^ Ryan, Nigel (16 April 1959). "Phantom City of Mussolini To Become Shopping Centre". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, Ontario. Reuters. p. 51. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Nagy Purchases Farm In Fairfax County". The Washington Post. 4 September 1947.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Béla Zsedényi
Provisional National Assembly
Speaker of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Béla Varga
Preceded by
Zoltán Tildy
Prime Minister of Hungary
Succeeded by
Lajos Dinnyés
Preceded by
Jenő Tombor
Minister of Defence

Succeeded by
Albert Bartha