Árpád Szakasits

Árpád Szakasits (Hungarian: [ˈaːrpaːd ˈsɒkɒʃit͡ʃ]; 6 December 1888 – 3 May 1965) was a Hungarian Social Democrat, then Communist politician. He served as the country's head of state from 1948 to 1950, the first Communist to hold the post.

Árpád Szakasits
Szakasits Árpád 1949.jpg
President of Hungary
In office
3 August 1948 – 23 August 1949
Preceded byZoltán Tildy
Succeeded byHimself
as Chairman of the Presidential Council
1st Chairman of the Presidential Council of the People's Republic of Hungary
In office
23 August 1949 – 8 May 1950
Preceded byHimself
as President of the Republic
Succeeded bySándor Rónai
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
4 February 1946 – 3 August 1948
Serving with Mátyás Rákosi
Prime MinisterFerenc Nagy
Lajos Dinnyés
Preceded byJenő Szöllősi
Personal details
Born(1888-12-06)6 December 1888
Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died3 May 1965(1965-05-03) (aged 76)
Budapest, Hungary
Political partySocial Democratic Party,
Hungarian Working People's Party,
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Spouse(s)Emma Grosz
Maria Theresia Schneider

A longtime leader of the Hungarian Social Democratic Party, he supported its merger with the Hungarian Communist Party to form the Hungarian Working People's Party. When President Zoltán Tildy was forced to resign, Szakasits was named his successor on 3 August 1948 as part of the final stage of the Communists' complete takeover of the country.

After the adoption of a new Soviet-style Constitution in 1949, the presidency was replaced with a Presidential Council, and Szakasits became its chairman on 23 August 1949, serving until 26 April 1950.

Szakasits was an Esperantist for over 40 years, attended Esperanto congresses, and was a member of the International Patron Committee for the World Esperanto Congress in 1959.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

Szakasits was married to Emma Grosz (1888–1954). They had together a son, György (1916–1985) and a daughter, Klára (1918–2001). After the death of his first wife, he remarried. His second wife was Maria Theresia Schneider. This marriage was childless.[2]

His daughter Klára was the grandmother of Hungarian politician, András Schiffer, the founder and onetime leader of the Politics Can Be Different political party.[3]


  1. ^ Esperanto No. 716 (1965), p. 131
  2. ^ geni.com
  3. ^ Heti Világgazdaság - Történelmi családregény a Schiffer-Szakasits családról

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Zoltán Tildy
President of Hungary
Succeeded by
Preceded by
(first office holder)
Chairman of the Hungarian Presidential Council
Succeeded by
Sándor Rónai