Azerbaijani Democratic Party

The Azerbaijan Democratic Party (Azerbaijani: آذربایجان دموکرات فرقه‌سی, romanizedAzərbaycan Demokrat Firqəsi; Persian: فرقه دموکرات آذربایجان, romanizedFerqa-ye demokrāt-e Āzarbāyjān) was a pro-Soviet, separatist, and pan-Turkist party founded by Jafar Pishevari in Tabriz, Iran, in September 1945.[6][7] It depended on the Soviet Union and was supported by it.[6] The ADP was founded as an opposition party against the Pahlavi dynasty.[citation needed] The Soviet-supported Tudeh Party dissolved its Azerbaijan chapter and ordered its members to join the ADP. The ADP ruled the Soviet-backed Azerbaijan People's Government from 1945 until 1946 with Pishevari as premier.

Azerbaijani Democratic Party
آذربایجان دموکرات فرقه‌سی
LeaderJafar Pishevari
ChairmanGhulam Yahya Daneshian[1]
FounderMir Jafar Baghirov[2]
Founded3 September 1945[2]
Dissolved1960[1]
Split fromTudeh Party of Iran
Merged intoTudeh Party of Iran[1]
HeadquartersBaku, Azerbaijan SSR, USSR (1946–60)[2]
Tabriz, Iran (1945–46)[2]
IdeologyAzerbaijani nationalism[3]
Left-wing nationalism
Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Pan-Turkism[4]
Separatism[5]
Political positionFar-left

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982), Iran Between Two Revolutions, Princeton University Press, p. 455, ISBN 0-691-10134-5
  2. ^ a b c d Ahmadoghlu, Ramin (2019), "Azerbaijani National Identity in Iran, 1921–1946: Roots, Development, and Limits", The Journal of the Middle East and Africa, 10 (3): 253–278, doi:10.1080/21520844.2019.1656455
  3. ^ Yolaçan, Serkan (2019), "Azeri networks through thick and thin: West Asian politics from a diasporic eye", Journal of Eurasian Studies, 10 (1): 36–47, doi:10.1177/1879366518814936
  4. ^ Ahmadi, Hamid (2017). "The Clash of Nationalisms: Iranian response to Baku's irredentism". In Kamrava, Mehran (ed.). The Great Game in West Asia: Iran, Turkey and the South Caucasus. Oxford University Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-0190869663.
  5. ^ Bonakdarian, Mansour (2022). "ḴIĀBĀNI, SHAIKH MOḤAMMAD". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition. Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation.
  6. ^ a b Ahmadi, Hamid (2017). "The Clash of Nationalisms: Iranian response to Baku's irredentism". In Kamrava, Mehran (ed.). The Great Game in West Asia: Iran, Turkey and the South Caucasus. Oxford University Press. p. 109, 121. ISBN 978-0190869663.
  7. ^ Bonakdarian, Mansour (2022). "ḴIĀBĀNI, SHAIKH MOḤAMMAD". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition. Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation.