No. 28 Squadron RAF

No. 28 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operates the Puma and Chinook helicopters from RAF Benson.

No. 28 Squadron RAF
Squadron badge
Active7 November 1915 (1915-11-07) – present
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchAir Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Air Force
TypeOperational Conversion Unit
RoleSupport helicopter training
Part ofJoint Helicopter Command
Home stationRAF Benson
Motto(s)Quicquid agas age
(Latin for 'Whatsoever you may do, do')[1]
AircraftBoeing Chinook HC4
Westland Puma HC2
Battle honours * Honours marked with an asterisk may be emblazoned on the Squadron Standard
Insignia
Squadron badge heraldryIn front of a demi-Pegasus, a fasces. The demi-Pegasus represents the white horse on the downs near Yatesbury, the squadron's first operational base, while the fasces commemorates service in Italy during the First World War. Approved by King Edward VIII in October 1936.
Post-1950 squadron roundelRAF 28 Sqn.svg

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

No. 28 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps was formed on 7 November 1915 at RAF Gosport. Initially a training squadron it became a fighter squadron equipped with the Sopwith Camel.[2] After the end of the First World War it had claimed 136 victories. It numbered eleven flying aces among its ranks, including: future Air Vice-Marshal Clifford MacKay McEwen, William George Barker, Harold B. Hudson, James Hart Mitchell, Stanley Stanger, Arthur Cooper, Percy Wilson, Thomas Frederic Williams, and Joseph E. Hallonquist.[3]

Inter war yearsEdit

The squadron was disbanded on 20 January 1920 at RAF Eastleigh however on 1 April 1920 it was reformed at RAF Ambala as an Army Cooperation Squadron with the Bristol F2b Fighter. During the 1920s and 30s it was moved to various bases within India and operated different aircraft including changing to the Westland Wapiti during September 1931 and the Hawker Audax during June 1936.[2]

Second World WarEdit

 
A 28 Squadron Hurricane IIC being armed, 1943.

Remaining in Asia, during the Second World War it flew the Westland Lysander from September 1941 and from December 1942 the Hawker Hurricane fighter-bomber. By 1943 the squadron was operating in Burma until July 1945 when it started to re-equip with the Supermarine Spitfire.[2]

Post WarEdit

After the Second World War the squadron operated as a fighter-reconnaissance unit as part of the Far East Air Force, moving to RAF Kai Tak, Hong Kong in 1949 still with Spitfires. From then on the squadron was regularly moved between Kai Tak and Sek Kong, and from January 1951 was re-equipped with the de Havilland Vampire, then the de Havilland Venom from February 1956. While at Kai Tak from May 1962 the squadron changed to flying Hawker Hunter FGA.9s, until 2 January 1967 when it was disbanded.[2]

 
A 28 Squadron Wessex HC2 takes off at Hong Kong in 1983.

The squadron was reformed on 1 March 1968 at Kai Tak from a detachment of No. 103 Squadron RAF operating Westland Whirlwind HC 10s. The Westland Wessex HC.2 was introduced to the squadron from January 1972 and the Whirlwinds operated until August 1972. On 17 May 1978 the squadron moved to RAF Sek Kong[2] and stayed until 1 November 1996. The squadron returned to Kai Tak from then until disbanded on 3 June 1997 prior to the British withdrawal on 1 July, with the squadron's Wessexes being sold to Uruguay. It was the last RAF squadron to leave the territory.[4]

The RAF ordered 22 Westland Merlin HC3 helicopters in March 1995, the first of which was received from GKNWestland, now AgustaWestland, on 7 March 2001. The squadron officially reformed on 17 July 2001 at RAF Benson, the first time in its recent history that the squadron had been stationed in the UK.[5]

The squadron's first operational role with the Merlin was in support of SFOR at Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aircraft and personnel deployed on 1 April 2003, the same day that an initial operational capability was declared for the Merlin. The detachment ceased on 31 March 2004 and the squadron then began to prepare for operations in Iraq.[5]

The squadron's commitment to Operation Telic began on 1 March 2005.[6] Several aircraft and a mix of aircrew, engineers and support personnel from 28 (AC) Squadron and RAF Benson, deployed using the historic No. 1419 Flight RAF to replace the Chinooks of No. 1310 Flight RAF at Basrah Air Station, Iraq.[7]

In 2009 the squadron returned from Operation Telic and later on in the year deployed on Operation Herrick keeping the designation of 1419 Flight. The squadron returned during May 2013. In July 2015, the squadron handed over its Merlin helicopters to 845 Naval Air Squadron and re-roled as 28 (R) Squadron OCU whose role is to train Chinook Mk4 and Puma Mk2 helicopters crews.[8]

In March 2020, the squadron was awarded the right to emblazon a battle honour on its squadron standard, recognising its role in the War in Afghanistan between 2001 and 2014.[9]

Commanding officersEdit

No 28 (A/C) Squadron commanding officers have included:[10]

  • Major A. C. E. Marsh (12 November 1915)
  • Captain K. P. Atkinson (22 January 1916)
  • Captain L. A. Tilney (15 February 1916)
  • Major A. Shekleton (29 February 1916)
  • Captain R. D. Oxland (7 June 1917)
  • Captain P. C. Campbell (30 June 1917)
  • Major H. F. Glanville (12 July 1917)
  • Major C. A. Ridley MC DFC (19 March 1918)
  • Captain N. S. Paynter (8 October 1918)
  • Major W. J. Guilfoyle (1 November 1918)
  • Captain J. I. Gilmour (24 February 1918)
  • Wing Commander R. J. F. Barton OBE (1 February 1920)
  • Squadron Leader J. T. Whittaker MC (7 March 1922)
  • Squadron Leader A. W. F. Glenny MC DFC (1 August 1922)
  • Squadron Leader H. S. Powell MC (14 September 1923)
  • Wing Commander A. A. Walser MC DFC (23 September 1924)
  • Squadron Leader C. S. Wynne-Eyton DSO (23 September 1924)
  • Squadron Leader A. W. Mylne (15 February 1926)
  • Squadron Leader J. T. Whittaker MC (16 September 1927)
  • Squadron Leader A. F. Brooke (23 February 1928)
  • Squadron Leader F. W. Trott OBE MC (22 November 1931)
  • Squadron Leader F. Fernihough MC (20 March 1932)
  • Squadron Leader C. J. S. Dearlove (22 September 1934)
  • Flight Lieutenant A. F. Hutton DFC (26 June 1936) (squadron leader from 1 October 1936[11])
  • Squadron Leader E. L. S. Ward DFC (22 February 1938)
  • Squadron Leader G. E. Jackson DFC (7 December 1939)
  • Squadron Leader R. M. Coad AFC (14 January 1941)
  • Squadron Leader P. M. Jennings (25 September 1941)
  • Squadron Leader O. R. W. Hammerbeck (6 March 1942)
  • Squadron Leader A. S. Mann (30 October 1942)
  • Squadron Leader T. R. Pierce (5 March 1943)
  • Squadron Leader H. G. F. Larsen DFC (8 August 1943)
  • Squadron Leader E. G. Pannell (20 February 1945)
  • Squadron Leader A. E. Guymer (1 May 1945)
  • Squadron Leader J. Rhind (8 May 1945)
  • Squadron Leader G. T. A. Douglas DFC (1 October 1945)
  • Squadron Leader P. R. W. Wickham DSO DFC (25 May 1946)
  • Squadron Leader I. G. Broom DSO DFC (12 December 1946)
  • Squadron Leader R. D. Yule DSO DFC (15 March 1948)
  • Squadron Leader P. L. Arnott DFC (4 September 1950)
  • Squadron Leader J. Welch DFC (7 March 1953)
  • Squadron Leader A. Phillips (11 August 1955)
  • Squadron Leader D. W. Swart (22 November 1957)
  • Squadron Leader M. C. N. Smart AFC (2 October 1959)
  • Squadron Leader M. I. Stanway (2 November 1961)
  • Squadron Leader R. A. Edwards (4 June 1964)
  • Squadron Leader J. W. Canning (1 April 1968)
  • Squadron Leader K. R. Cawdron (25 March 1970)
  • Squadron Leader J. N. Puckering (7 April 1972)
  • Squadron Leader P. D. Raeburn (26 April 1974)
  • Squadron Leader R. Kingston (May 1976)
  • Squadron Leader M. D. Pledger (August 1978)
  • Squadron Leader R. J. Sharp (September 1980)
  • Squadron Leader D. J. Baldwin (February 1983)
  • Squadron Leader M. C. Hulyer MBIM (August 1985)
  • Squadron Leader B. P. Simmonds BSc MInstP (April 1986)
  • Squadron Leader G. R. Evans (November 1988)
  • Squadron Leader S. D. Murkin (July 1991)
  • Squadron Leader P. R. Barton (January 1994)
No. 28 (AC) Squadron disbanded June 1997
Reformed at RAF Benson as a Merlin Squadron July 2001
  • Wing Commander D. J. Stubbs (July 2001)
  • Wing Commander A. M. Turner OBE MSc BA MRAeS (January 2004)
  • Wing Commander R. K. Luck MA MCGI MRAeS (March 2006)
  • Wing Commander S. A. Paterson BSc MA (November 2008)
  • Wing Commander J. L. Appleton MA (November 2010)
  • Wing Commander I. J. Diggle BEng (May 2013)
Stood down at RAF Benson as a Merlin Squadron on 9 July 2015 and immediately reformed as SH OCU
  • Wing Commander M. D. Lock MA (9 July 2015)
  • Wing Commander M. Pickford (2 March 2018)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 191. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jefford 1988, p. 34.
  3. ^ "No. 28 Squadron". The Aerodrome. 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  4. ^ Dunnell Aeroplane July 2017, pp. 64–67.
  5. ^ a b Eden 2016, p. 65.
  6. ^ "No 26 - 30 Squadron Histories". No 26 - 30 Squadron Histories. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  7. ^ "1419 Flight". Helis. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  8. ^ Dart, Fiona (9 July 2015). "Royal Air Force Merlin squadron handed over to the Royal Navy marking end of an era". Blackmore Vale Magazine. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  9. ^ "RAF Squadrons Receive Battle Honours from Her Majesty The Queen". Royal Air Force. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  10. ^ "No. 28 Squadron RAF". Wings-Aviation. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  11. ^ Barrass, M. B. (2015). "Air Vice-Marshal A. F. Hutton". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 23 April 2016.

BibliographyEdit

  • Dunnell, Ben (July 2017). "Farewell to Hong Kong". Aeroplane. Vol. 45 no. 7. pp. 64–67. ISSN 0143-7240.
  • Eden, Paul (2016). "RAF Squadrons; the story behind today's units". London: Key Publishing. ISBN 9781910415733. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Jefford, C G (1988). RAF Squadrons. A comprehensive record of the movement and equipment of all RAF squadrons and their antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.

External linksEdit