AgustaWestland was a helicopter design and manufacturing company. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Leonardo S.p.A. (previously Finmeccanica). It was formed in July 2000 as an Anglo-Italian multinational company, when Finmeccanica and GKN merged their respective helicopter subsidiaries (Agusta and Westland Helicopters) to form AgustaWestland, with each holding a 50% share. Finmeccanica acquired GKN's stake in AgustaWestland in 2004.
|Defunct||2015 (merged in Leonardo)|
|Daniele Romiti (chief executive officer)|
|Revenue||€4,243 million (2012)|
|€473 million (2012)|
Number of employees
|12,500 (at 31 December 2015)|
|Parent||Leonardo S.p.A. (known as Finmeccanica before 31 December 2015)|
The collaboration between Agusta and Westland dates back to 1981, when the two companies established the European Helicopter Industries joint venture with the aim of developing a new medium-size utility helicopter, the EH101.
In March 1999, Finmeccanica and GKN announced their intention to merge their respective helicopter subsidiaries. The two parties announced finalised terms for the merger in July 2000, which included a 50:50 ownership structure, and the payment of top-up fees to GKN to compensate for a disparity in profit levels between Agusta and Westland.
In January 2002, AgustaWestland announced that it would be cutting a total of 950 jobs in the United Kingdom and closing its factory in Weston-super-Mare, which carried out customer support work, as activity was concentrated at its main site in Yeovil.
AgustaWestland opened offices in Philadelphia in 2005, and won a contract to build the new presidential helicopter Marine One over the U.S. manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft, but this program was canceled in 2009. In November 2005 it was announced that AgustaWestland had agreed to acquire Bell Helicopter's 25 per cent interest in the AB139 medium twin helicopter program, and to increase its interest in the BA609 civil tiltrotor aircraft from 25 per cent to 40 per cent.
In June 2008, AgustaWestland and the Russia-based helicopter manufacturer Russian Helicopters agreed to form a new joint venture company to assemble AW139 helicopters in Russia. Construction of a $50 million helicopter assembly facility in the town of Tomilino near Moscow began in June 2010.
In September 2012, AgustaWestland and Northrop Grumman announced the signing of a comprehensive teaming agreement under which the companies would jointly bid for contracts to build the U.S. Air Force Combat Rescue helicopter and U.S. Navy's new "Marine One" presidential helicopter.
In March 2013, AgustaWestland announced its Project Zero hybrid tiltrotor/fan-in-wing technology demonstrator. The unmanned demonstrator made its first tethered flight in June 2011 at AgustaWestland's Cascina Costa, Italy facility. According to the company, the aircraft "employs no hydraulics, doesn't burn fossil fuel and generates zero emissions."
AgustaWestland AW101 order controversyEdit
This section may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. (February 2019)
India signed a contract to purchase 12 AgustaWestland AW101 helicopters in February 2010 for the Communication Squadron of Indian Air Force to carry the president, PM and other VVIPs. Controversy over the contract came to light on 12 February 2013 with the arrest of Giuseppe Orsi, the CEO of Finmeccanica, AgustaWestland's parent company by Italian authorities; the following day Indian Defence Minister A.K. Antony ordered a probe into the contract.
In January 2014, India cancelled the US$630 million deal with AgustaWestland for purchasing 12 AW101s meant for use by VIPs. Following this event, in June 2014 India recovered the entire sum of Rs 18.18 billion which it had paid to the company. The decision to annul the 2010 deal, being probed by the CBI for irregularities, came after a meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Defence Minister A.K. Antony in New Delhi. According to the Defence Ministry, the government cancelled the contract "on grounds of breach of the Pre-contract Integrity pact and the agreement by AWIL (AgustaWestland International Ltd)". The contract was frozen in February 2013 after allegations surfaced that US$60 million had been paid as a bribe.
Merger into LeonardoEdit
In 2016, following a corporate reorganization, AgustaWestland merged into Leonardo, Finmecannica's new name. With this reorganization AgustaWestland ceased to exist as a company, and become Leonardo's helicopter division.
|Agusta A129 Mangusta||1983-09-11||4.6t||attack helicopter|
|TAI/AgustaWestland T-129||2009-09-28||5t||A129 development with TAI|
|AgustaWestland AW101/EH101 (Merlin)||1987-10-09||14.6t||three-engine|
|AgustaWestland CH-149 Cormorant||2000-05-31||14.6t||AW101 Canadian air-sea rescue designation|
|Lockheed Martin VH-71 Kestrel||2007-07-03||14.6t||cancelled USMC Marine One AW101 VIP variant with Lockheed Martin and Bell Helicopter)|
|AgustaWestland AW109||1971-08-04||2.85t||eight seats twin-engine|
|AgustaWestland AW109S Grand||1988||3.175t||AW109 stretch|
|AgustaWestland AW119 Koala||1995-02||2.72t||eight seats single-engine AW109|
|AgustaWestland AW139||2001-02-03||7t||15-seat twin-engine (former Bell/Agusta AB139)|
|AgustaWestland AW149||2009-11-13||8.6t||medium-lift military helicopter|
|Westland Lynx||1971-03-21||5.33t||military helicopter|
|AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat||2009-11-12||6t||Lynx development|
|AgustaWestland AW169||2012-05-10||4.8t||10-seat twin-engine|
|AgustaWestland AW249||2025||7t||attack helicopter, A129 replacement|
|AgustaWestland AW609||2003-03-06||7.62t||tiltrotor (former Bell/Agusta BA609)|
|AgustaWestland Project Zero||2011-06||hybrid tiltrotor/fan-in-wing demonstrator|
|NHI NH90||1995-12-18||10.6t||twin-engine military helicopter (NHIndustries is 62.5% Eurocopter, 32% AgustaWestland and 5.5% Fokker)|
|PZL W-3 Sokół||1979-11-16||6.4t||twin-engine|
|Agusta-Bell 412||1979-08||5.4t||licensed twin-engine|
|AgustaWestland Apache||1975-09-30||9.5t||GKN-Westland license of the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter, 67 built for the British Army|
Comparable major helicopter manufacturers:
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