Morang District (Nepali: मोरङ जिल्ला listen (help·info)) is located in Province No. 1 in eastern Nepal. It is an Outer Terai district. It borders with Bihar (India) to the South, Jhapa to the East, Dhankuta and Panchthar to the North, and Sunsari to the west. Morang has one Sub-Metropolitian (Biratnagar), eight municipalities and eight rural municipalities. The total area of Morang is 1,855 km2 (716 sq mi). The lowest elevation point is 60 meters and the highest is 2410 meter above sea level. The headquarters of Morang is connected by Koshi National Highway to the East-West Mahendra National Highway at Itahari, Sunsari, and Morang is also connected to the Hill parts of the eastern region of Nepal. Morang is the core industrial sector for the eastern region of Nepal.
Main Entrance of Biratnagar, Morang
|Established||7th century circa|
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Morang|
|• Head||Mr. Naresh Prasad Pokhrel|
|• Deputy-Head||Mr. Prakash Kumar Shah|
|• Parliamentary constituencies||6|
|• Provincial constituencies||12|
|• Total||1,855 km2 (716 sq mi)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Nepali, Maithili, Tharu, Rajbanshi, Limbu|
Geography and climateEdit
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||80.9%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Morang lies in the Outer Terai, or plains, of Eastern Nepal. Most of the land is taken up by rice and jute cultivation, though areas of sal forest remain along the northern part of the district where the plains meet the hills.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Morang District had a population of 965,370. Of these, 37.6% spoke Nepali, 23.6% Maithili, 5.9% Tharu, 3.8% Rajbanshi, 3.7% Limbu, 3.2% Urdu, 2.0% Rai, 2.0% Santali, 1.9% Tamang, 1.9% Angika, 1.9% Magar, 1.5% Newari, 1.3% Bhujel, 1.1% Dhimal, 0.9% Bantawa, 0.8% Bhojpuri, 0.7% Tajpuriya, 0.6% Hindi, 0.6% Uranw/Urau, 0.6% Rajasthani, 0.5% Gurung and 0.5% Chamling as their first language.
Most of the district is rural, though it is also home to Biratnagar, the second largest city in Nepal after Kathmandu, capital city of the nation. It is the industrial capital of Nepal. Morang has the highest numbers of industries and factories, multinational brands too. Other emerging towns include Urlabari, Biratchowk, Belbari, Pathari and Rangeli. It also boasts the largest industrial area in the whole country, expanding from Rani Mills Area to Duhabi River. Biratnagar Jute Mills, Arihant and Dhanawat Matches are among the nation's oldest industries.
Morang district is home to the historic Morang Campus (Mahendra Morang Adarsh Multiple Campus, Biratnagar), Sukuna Multiple Campus(SunderHaraicha Municipality), Urlabari Multiple Campus, Pathari Multiple Campus, and several other institutions of higher learning. Sukuna Multiple Campus is one of the biggest in the Eastern Development Region and reputed colleges with around 5000 students situated at Sunderharaincha of Morang district. The opening of Purbanchal University in Biratnagar, which offers graduate level courses in many disciplines of Science, Arts and Liberal Sciences, is certain to make the place a college town as it attracts college graduates from most of the part of the nation. The University is committed to achieve academic excellence through research, teaching and practical studies in specific areas that contribute to the social, economic and sustainable development of the country. At present, the University has broadly identified Industry-Technology, Agriculture-Forestry, Environment- Rural-Cultural Subsistence and Sustainable Development as specific areas of “Academic Excellence”. It has affiliated private in all the parts of Nepal.
Janasewa Higher Secondary School situated at Bayarban VDC is one of the biggest schools of this district. It was established in 2025 B.S. Mr Tularam Gurung, former Principal, spent his fertile youth to bring the school in today's situation. There are many other popular and old government schools such as Jante higher secondary school, Jante, Radhika Ma Vi, Urlabari, Adarsha higher secondary school, Biratnagar, Public H. Sec. School, Rangeli, Shree Kali H. Sec. School, Kashijan. Madan Bhandari Memorial Academy (MBMAN)is another educational institute located ins Urlabari Morang. MBMAN started Bachloars in Engineering (BE) at civil and computer among jointly program of Pokhara university and MBMAN.
Morang has been a hotbed of political activity throughout Nepal's recent history producing political stalwarts such as Matrika Prasad Koirala, BP Koirala, Madan Bhandari, Girija Prasad Koirala, Man Mohan Adhikari, Sushil Koirala, Bharat Mohan Adhikari as well as the present time leaders like Shekhar Koirala, Upendra Yadav, etc.
The district currently sends nine members to the national legislature.
- Belbari Municipality
- Pathari-Sanischare Municipality
- Urlabari Municipality
- Rangeli Municipality
- Letang Bhogateni Municipality
- Ratuwamai Municipality
- Sunbarshi Municipality
- Household and population by districts, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Nepal Archived 2013-07-31 at the Wayback Machine
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
- Shaha, Rishikesh (1992). Ancient and Medieval Nepal. Manohar Publications, New Delhi. ISBN 978-81-85425-69-6.
- Shreshta, S.H (2005). Nepal in Maps. Kathmandu: Educational Publishing House. p. 129.
- Shreshta, Vinod Prasad (2007). A Concise Geography of Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandal Publications. p. 126. ISBN 978-99946-55-04-5.
- Woodhatch, Tom (1999). Nepal handbook. The Royal Palace. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-900949-44-6. Retrieved 2009-12-17.