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Matrika Prasad Koirala (Nepali: मातृका प्रसाद कोइराला About this soundListen ; 1 January 1912 – 11 September 1997)[1] was the Prime Minister of Nepal for two terms (16 November 1951 – 14 August 1952 and 15 June 1953 – 14 April 1955).[2]

Matrika Prasad Koirala
मातृका प्रसाद कोइराला
Matrika Prasad Koirala2.jpg
Royal Nepalese Ambassador to the United States of America
In office
18th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
16 November 1951 – 14 August 1952
Preceded byMohan Shumsher Rana
Succeeded byDirect Rule by King Tribhuvan
In office
15 June 1953 – 14 April 1955
Monarch Tribhuvan, Mahendra
Preceded byDirect Rule by King Tribhuvan
Succeeded byDirect Rule by King Mahendra
1st President of the Nepali Congress
In office
12 April 1950 – 26 May 1952
Succeeded byBishweshwar Prasad Koirala
Personal details
Born(1912-01-01)1 January 1912
Varanasi, British Raj
Died11 September 1997(1997-09-11) (aged 85)
Biratnagar, Nepal
ParentsKrishna Prasad Koirala
Mohan Kumari Koirala
RelativesSee Koirala family

Personal lifeEdit

Koirala was born to Krishna Prasad Koirala and his first wife Mohan Kumari Koirala in 1912 in Varanasi, British Raj. His brothers were Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and Girija Prasad Koirala, who also served as the Prime Minister of Nepal, and politician and journalist Tarini Prasad Koirala.[citation needed]

Political careerEdit

Matrika Prasad Koirala was politically active in India where his father Krishna Prasad Koirala was living in exile. He stayed in the house of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of free India and was influenced by the Indian Independence Struggle. He participated in the Indian independence movement with his brother BP Koirala. Both brothers were arrested and imprisoned by the British Raj for three months in 1930.[3] He was made President of the Congress Party in Bihar by Dr Rajendra Prasad for a while as all the other senior Indian leaders were jailed during the Quit India Movement.

He later joined the Nepali National Congress led by Tanka Prasad Acharya and fought against the Rana regime. Koirala became the first President of Nepali Congress, when it was formed as a result of the merger of Nepali National Congress and Nepal Democratic Congress in April 1950.[4] Koirala became the first commoner Prime Minister of Nepal after Rana rule ended.[citation needed]

In 1952, he was expelled from the Nepali Congress for "violating the party principles and acting against the Constitution of 1951".[5]

Koirala also served as Nepal's permanent representative to the UN and ambassador to the United States from 1961 to 1964.[6]

His father's name is Krishna Prasad Koirala. Krishna Prasad died in prison of Rana regime on the suspicion of keeping the great leader of India, Jaya Prakash Narayan In his home in Biratnagar, Nepal when he was wanted by British Government of India

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohan Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Prime Minister of Nepal
Succeeded by
Direct rule by Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Preceded by
Direct rule by Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Prime Minister of Nepal
Succeeded by
Direct rule by Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev


  1. ^ Nepal: Former prime minister dies
  2. ^
  3. ^ Uhash, Rupesh. "Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala". Spiny Babbler. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  4. ^ Nepali Congress:An introduction Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Nepali Congress". Important Landmarks. Nepali Congress. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Frist Lions Club in Nepal". Lions Clubs International District 325 A1 Nepal. Lions Club. Retrieved 27 December 2013. "He was nominated as a permanent representative of United Nations Organization and was appointed as Nepal’s Ambassador to United States of America from 1961-64"