Meo (telecommunication company)
MEO is a mobile and fixed telecommunications service and brand from Altice Portugal (formerly Portugal Telecom), managed by MEO - Serviços de Comunicações e Multimédia. The service was piloted in Lisbon in 2006 and was later extended to Porto and Castelo Branco.
|Service of Altice Portugal|
1993 (TV Cabo)
2007 (current company)
|Owner||Altice Portugal (Altice Europe)|
|Subsidiaries||Sport TV (25%)|
MEO in its current form was founded in 2007 after the separation of PT Comunicações and PT Multimédia (later ZON Multimédia). While PT Multimédia employed coaxial cables, after separation, MEO started making use of copper cables. The television service supplied by MEO within the copper cable network is served on the ADSL line. Telecomunicações Móveis Nacionais (TMN), Portugal's first and largest mobile network operator, was later integrated into the MEO brand in 2014 after two of TMN's shareholders, Telefones de Lisboa e Porto (TLP) and Marconi Comunicações Internacionais (the Portuguese operations of the UK-based Marconi Company) were acquired by Portugal Telecom in 1994 and 2002 respectively.
The commercial launch of the ADSL2+ service took place in June 2007. The satellite service began in April 2008, using the Hispasat satellite, soon followed by the FTTH service. The ADSL2+ and FTTH offers reached across Portugal and included broadband Internet services (at up to 400Mbit/s) as well as a telephone service.
In May 2009, PT Comunicações announced, after Terrestrial Digital Television (TDT) transmissions had started, that the triple play service was also available with fiber optic speeds can achieve 400 Mbit/s.
Another service relies on TDT, MEO TDT, which is included in the 3G plates service that is captured through the mobile internet signals from TDT. This service included one High Definition (HD) channel and the five main Portuguese channels: RTP1, RTP2, SIC, TVI e ARTV. MEO TDT service also allows some of the advantages found on the ADSL and Fiber Optic service (pause, record...).
In 2013, MEO launched a quadruple play service called M4O that in addition to the functionalities already referred has added the mobile phone, in a converged strategic logic. In July 2014, MEO launched a bundle which also includes the offering of mobile internet, called M5O.
- Created on 22 March to take on the only existing mobile service in Portugal, based on an analogue network launched in 1989 by TLP (Lisbon and Oporto's phone service) and CTT (Portuguese Postal Service/national phone service), both State companies. The network prefix was 0676.
- In December, Marconi (Portuguese international phone service, also a State company) bought into the company; ownership became equally split among the three partners.
- In March, regulatory agency ICP-Instituto das Comunicações de Portugal (Communications Institute of Portugal) announced the winners of the public bids for two licenses for mobile services through GSM. One winner was TMN; the second winner was a private consortium formed for the bid, called Telecel (later bought by Vodafone).
- In May, the first GSM call was placed. Prefix was 0936.
- On 8 October the GSM service was commercially launched.
- In May, the first roaming call was made.
- In October, TMN launched the voice mail service for free to all customers.
- TMN was incorporated into Portugal Telecom, the State-run telecom born from the merger of TLP, Marconi and Telecom Portugal (spin-off from CTT).
- Inauguration, in February, of the digital network in the Madeira island.
- In September, launch of MIMO, the world's first prepaid mobile service.
- In April, a new logo was presented.
- In June, launch of SPOT, a prepaid tariff for younger customers.
- In July, inauguration of the digital network in the Azores.
- In April, TMN was the first Portuguese operator to adopt billing by the second as imposed by law.
- TMN reached one million customers.
- In September, third GSM competitor was launched: Optimus (now NOS).
- TMN reached two million customers. It got its second million customers in just one year, as opposed to nine years for the first million.
- ICP granted to TMN a license for Fixed phone services, with prefix 1096. TMN would only offer this service to its corporate customers, backed on its parent company's landline network.
- Prefix of TMN was changed to 96 as part of an overall restructuring of the national numbering system.
- In June, TMN launched a mobile portal, i9 (pronounced innov), on the trail of Vodafone live!, launched in November 2005.
- On 28 September TMN introduced a new logo, shown above.
- In January it was reported that Portugal Telecom will discontinue TMN brand and merge it with Meo.
- From 31 October the carrier name on the iPhone changed to altice MEO
The communication campaign invested in a strong advertising effort, protagonized by Portuguese humoristic characters, the Gato Fedorento.
MEO's technology transmits over fiber optic and ADSL—either television (IPTV), telephone (VOIP) and internet. MEO ADSL integrates a router with a switch, connected to the telephone plug to decode and distribute the signal, and another for the television called MEOBox. The two MEOBox models are built by Motorola and Scientific Atlanta, with a processor, optional hard drive, HDMI slot, two SCART slots, a digital sound slot and an Ethernet slot.
The MEO Fiber Optic service uses an Optical Network Terminal, that decodes the fiber optic signal and passes it to the router.
MEO offers television content transmission through four platforms: the ADSL network (IPTV), fiber optic (IPTV), satellite (DTH) and the 3G/4G network inherited from mobile communications carrier TMN, added to MEO in January 2014.
MEO ADSL television service includes a basic slate of 120 TV channels. Subscribers can access more than 170 channels if purchasing the “MEO Total” bundle, which included HD channels. FTTH MEO offers bundles distinguished by the speed of data transmission. Just like MEO ADSL, the basic package includes 120 channels.
With IPTV channels can be purchased through the MEObox remote control, unlike the satellite and coax services. Another advantage is its speed of 200 milliseconds.
The IPTV network also enables the customer to play games in the MEOBox and to explore content from the internet and dozens of interactive apps. The programming schedule is available along with a “PIP” (Picture In Picture) showing other channels onscreen alongside the current selection. It is also possible to record and pause the show being live transmitted or even watching what was transmitted on the last 7 days (automatic recordings. In geographies where fiber-optic or ADSL networks are not available, MEO offers a television service by satellite. The anywhere MEO's TV solution is called MEO Go.
MEO VideoClube is a video-on-demand service that offers a catalog of thousands of Portuguese and international programs (including movies, documentaries and concerts). Additional features available include trailers, synopses, cast and IMDb rating; a favorites list; 48-hour viewing window; renting HD/3D movies with dolby surround sound; total control and privacy through a security PIN for “rentals and purchases” and a security PIN to access adult content. MEO VideoClube can be used inside or outside home on televisions, tablets; smartphones or personal computers through MEO Go service; and connected TV's and game consoles.
It is possible to watch movies without an internet connection, using Download & Play, available on a PC through MEO Go. In 2014, the services was refreshed with an improved image, faster navigation and new features with additional content and information, and a more accessible user experience. MEO VideoClube offers multiple payment options including a monthly invoice and the prepaid MEO VideoClube card.
MEO Go allows viewers to watch live TV and video on demand content on Windows, Mac and mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones via any 3G/4G broadband or WiFi internet connection. MEO Go offers over 70 TV live channels; automatic recording,; thousands of movies; and access to a programming guide (Guia TV) that contains detailed program information and allows scheduling alerts and remote recordings. The MEO Go free app is available for the Android, iOS, Windows Phone and Windows 8 operating systems. The service is available at no extra cost to MEO TV customers, via MEO's home WiFi; or via any 3G/4G and WiFi internet access.
Since MEO Go's launch, in November 2011, the service added:
- Download movies to watch later without internet access (August 2012)
- MEO Go app for Windows 8 (October 2012)
- Automatic recording (January 2013)
- Tablet (February 2013) and iPhone and iPod Touch (February 2014) apps with a remote control, social network integration and a share-to-TV feature, to send contents form the mobile device to the TV
In 2013 MEO Go had more than 100.000 monthly active users, and more than 500.000 app downloads. Worldwide, it was recognized as one of the most complete and innovative platforms of its kind, winning international awards, including the CSI Awards 2014  and the Stevie Awards 2014.
The ADSL Internet service offers 24 Mbit/s downstream and 1 Mbit/s for upstream without traffic limitation, nationally or internationally. The fiber optic network allows downstream speeds up to 400 Mbit/s and 100Mbit/s downstream for a higher data allocation. In 2015 mobile internet was added, named M5O.
The telephone service offers charge free calls without limit to all national fixed networks. Initial costs are integrated in the MEO service subscription.
Mobile phone service is supplied through the TMN networks. Following the demise of the TMN brand, tariffs remained unchanged and the telephonic support line (1696) remained the same as well. In 2015 telephone service was included in a quadruple play pack, named M4O.
The television channel line-up includes the Portuguese versions of international channels such as:
European football club television channels include:
MEO sponsored all the "Big Three" from the Primeira Liga (Benfica, Porto and Sporting) from 2005 to 2015. However it started sponsoring Porto again, as well as Rio Ave and Desportivo das Aves. It is also a sponsor of the Portuguese Football Federation.
Net neutrality disputeEdit
MEO posted their advertisement for Internet services on their own website. On 26 October 2017, Democratic Party U.S. Representative Ro Khanna posted a screenshot of MEO's website to his Twitter feed while stating that their sales model was a violation of net neutrality and bad.
Following Khanna's message, the technology community at Reddit discussed it on 27 October. Net neutrality advocate Cory Doctorow featured the ad as an illustration of a net neutrality violation on Boing Boing on 28 October. Quartz reported that the ad showed a net neutrality violation on 30 October. Tim Wu, the legal scholar who defined the term "net neutrality", commented on 30 October after reading the Quartz article that the ad did show a violation of net neutrality. From this point the discussion was far ranging. By 22 November, MEO published a response to the attention.
Many media sources reported that the sales model which the image described was a bad thing for being a violation of net neutrality.
Some other media sources reported that many people are misunderstanding the image. To clarify, these sources reported that MEO's sales model is aligned with Portuguese and European law, and that law defines net neutrality in a way that permits MEO's sales model. In another clarification point, sources noted that the MEO ad is for services to mobile phones and not an additional fee to broadband service (cf. EU Regulation 2015/2120).
- "Contactos Institucionais Portugal Telecom". Archived from the original on 2014-09-16. Retrieved 2014-09-25.
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- "MEO alcançou 1 milhão de subscritores".
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- "Meo arranca com pacotão M5O para novos clientes". Dinheiro Vivo.
- "Portugal Telecom anuncia fim da TMN na segunda-feira". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- Pacotes MEO ADSL Archived 2010-08-27 at the Wayback Machine
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2014-09-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- Khanna, Ro (26 October 2017). "In Portugal, with no net neutrality, internet providers are starting to split the net into packages". @rokhanna. Twitter.
- /r/technology commentators (27 October 2017). "In Portugal, with no net neutrality, internet providers are starting to split the net into packages. This is the future of the Internet if the FCC gets its way. It's not theory. It's happening already". Reddit.
- Doctorow, Cory (28 October 2017). "Portuguese non-neutral ISP shows us what our Trumpian internet will look like". Boing Boing.
- Coren, Michael J. (30 October 2017). "Without net neutrality in Portugal, mobile internet is bundled like a cable package". Quartz.
- Wu, Tim (30 October 2017). "Web has been disappointing lately, I'll admit, but look what it looks like without Net Neutrality (in Portugal)". @superwuster. Twitter.
- Machado, Manuel Pestana (22 November 2017). "O que é a Internet neutra? Portugal apontado como mau exemplo nos Estados Unidos". Observador (in Portuguese).
- Bode, Karl (31 October 2017). "Portugal Shows The Internet Why Net Neutrality Is Important". Techdirt.
- Lilly, Paul (31 October 2017). "This is what your internet service could look like without Net Neutrality". PC Gamer.
- The Logical Indian Crew (1 November 2017). "What Would The Internet Be Like Without Net Neutrality? Portugal Is An Example". The Logical Indian.
- Pelaez, Marina Watson (18 November 2017). "Portugal: Glimpse Into the World Without Net Neutrality". The Globe Post.
- Fantoni, Lorenzo (20 November 2017). "Spagna e Portogallo mostrano com'è internet senza la Net Neutrality". La Stampa (in Italian).
- Scribner, Herb (21 November 2017). "What could the net neutrality decision mean for you? Look to Portugal for an example". Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company.
- Price, Rob (21 November 2017). "If you want to see what America would be like if it ditched net neutrality, just look at Portugal". Business Insider.
- Feldman, Brian (21 November 2017). "Without Net Neutrality, What Happens to My Netflix?". NY Mag.
- Kuhn, Johannes (22 November 2017). "Den USA droht ein Zwei-Klassen-Internet". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German).
- Friedmann, Sarah (22 November 2017). "Will Net Neutrality End In America? Here's What You Should Expect If It's Scrapped". Bustle.
- Rittiman, Brandon (22 November 2017). "Verify: What does Portugal have to do with U.S. dumping net neutrality?". KUSA. NBC.
- Rousselle, Christine (24 November 2017). "This Viral Tweet About Net Neutrality is Fake News". Townhall.
- Millard, Taylor (26 November 2017). "Why the Portuguese argument for Net Neutrality doesn't work". Hot Air. Salem Media Group.
- Emery, David (4 December 2017). "FACT CHECK: Is Portugal an Example of What Happens Without Net Neutrality?". Snopes.com.