Hispasat is the operating company for a number of Spanish communications satellites that cover the Americas, Europe and North Africa from orbital positions 30° west and 61° west. It was formed in 1989 and its activities include provision of communication services in the commercial and government sectors (corporate networks, advanced telecommunications services, telephony, videoconferencing, etc.). Hispasat's fleet of satellites broadcast more than 1,250 television channels and radio stations to more than 30 million homes, as well as providing services such as broadband to mobile telephones and landlines.
|Public limited company|
|Elena Pisonero Ruiz, Chairperson of the board (since 20 March 2012)|
|Products||Internet, television, radio and mobile communications via satellite|
|Revenue||€200.3 million (2012)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Hispasat Brasil, Hispamar Satélites, Hispasat Canarias and Hisdesat|
The first Hispasat satellite sent into orbit was Hispasat 1A, which was launched on 11 September 1992 on board an Ariane 4 rocket from the Guiana Space Centre near Kourou in French Guiana. It was put into geostationary orbit at 30° west at a height of 36,000 km, which is the location of all their subsequent satellites serving Spain and Europe.
The Amazonas satellites (61° west) were inaugurated in 2004 with the launch of Amazonas 1, which serves the American market (mainly Latin America). Amazonas 2 was launched on 1 October 2009 and Amazonas 3 7 February 2013 replacing Amazonas 1, which was moved to a new position at 36° west in September 2013. Amazonas 4A was launched on 22 March 2014. A fifth generation of this satellite series, Amazonas 5, was launched on 11 September 2017.
The Hispasat Group is formed of Hispasat SA, its subsidiaries Hispasat Canarias, Hispamar Satellites (a joint venture with the Brazilian telephone operator Oi), Hispasat Brazil and associated companies Hisdesat Strategic Services and Galileo Systems and Services.
The range of Hispasat shareholders demonstrates the company's strategic nature both for the government and the Spanish telecommunications market. In 2012 Hispasat's shareholders included representatives from the Spanish public sector, State Industrial Holding Company (Sepi) with 7.41%, and the Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI) with 1.85%, and Abertis, a group that specializes in the management of telecommunication's infrastructure and services, with 90.74%.
Abertis bought 16.42% of Hispasat from the Spanish Ministry of Defence on 25 July 2013, taking its stake in the company to 57.05% - with France's Eutelsat holding 33.69%, Spain's Sepi 7.41% and the country's Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology 1.85%. Abertis sold its stake in Hispasat to Red Eléctrica de España, in February 2019. 
|Red Eléctrica de España||90.74%|
Hisdesat Strategic ServicesEdit
Hisdesat is a Spanish company created in 2001 by Hispasat (43%), Ingeniería y Servicios Aeroespaciales (30%), EADS CASA (15%, now Airbus), Indra Sistemas (7%) and SENER (5%) with initial investment of 415 million euros.
|Name||Launch date||Use / Constructor / Launched by||Orbital position / Transponders / Coverage|
|Hispasat 1A||11 September 1992||Digital television and government-military communications / Matra Marconi Space / Ariane 4.||End of lifetime reached in 2003.|
|Hispasat 1B||22 July 1993||Digital television and government-military communications / Matra Marconi Space / Ariane 4||End of lifetime reached in 2003, although some transponders are still active.|
|Hispasat 1C||3 February 2000||Digital television and radio services as well as VSAT networks / Alcatel Space / Atlas 2AS based on a Spacebus 3000B2 platform||30° west / 24 Ku band transponders / Europe, North Africa, America|
|Hispasat 1D||18 September 2002||Replacing Hispasat 1A and 1B for non-military uses / Alcatel Space / Atlas 2AS Centaur||30° west / 28 Ku band transponders / Europe, North Africa, America|
|Amazonas 1||5 August 2004||Civil-communications / Astrium / Proton M||61° west (Re-positioned to 36° west) / 32 Ku band transponders and 27 C band transponders / Europe, North Africa, America|
|Xtar-Eur||12 February 2005||Military use / Space Systems/Loral / Ariane 5||29° east / 12 X band transponders / Europe, Middle East, south west Asia, eastern Brazil, Horn of Africa|
|Spainsat||11 March 2006||Military use / Space Systems/Loral / Ariane 5||30° west / 13 X band transponders and 1 Ku band transponder / Europe, North Africa, America|
|Amazonas 2||1 October 2009||Civil-communications / EADS Astrium / Ariane 5||61° west / 54 Ku band transponders and 10 C band transponders and an advanced payload composed by an on Board processor capable of providing broadband multimedia services / North, central and South America|
|Hispasat 1E||29 December 2010||Civil-communications / Space Systems/Loral / Ariane 5||30° west / 53 Ku band transponders / Europe, North Africa, America|
|Amazonas 3||7 February 2013||Civil-communications / Space Systems/Loral / Ariane 5||61° west / 33 Ku band transponders, 9 Ka band and 19 C band transponders / North, central and South America|
|Amazonas 4A||22 March 2014||Civil-Communications / Orbital Sciences Corporation / Ariane 5||61° west / 24 Ku band transponders / North, central and South America - transponder capacity limited by power subsystem anomaly|
|Hispasat AG1||28 January 2017||Civil-communications / OHB-System / Soyuz ST-B||36° west / 24 Ku band transponders and 3 Ka band transponders / Europe North Africa and America|
|Amazonas 5||11 September 2017||Civil-communications / Space Systems/Loral / Proton-M||61° West / 24 Ku band transponders, and 34 Ka band spot beams / Latin America|
|Paz (Hisdesat)||22 February 2018||Military use / Astrium Spain / SpaceX||SSO / X band radar / Worldwide|
|6 March 2018. This satellite replaced Hispasat 1D||Civil-communications / Space Systems/Loral / SpaceX||30° west / 30 Ku, 10 C, and 7 Ka beams / Europe, North Africa, America|
Satellites under constructionEdit
|Name||Predicted launch year||Use / Constructor / Launched by||Orbital position / Transponders / Coverage|
|Ingenio||2019 or later||Military use / Astrium Spain / ?||SSO / Optical instruments (Observation) / Worldwide|
|Name||Comment||Use||Orbital position / Transponders / Coverage|
|Amazonas 4B||The project was cancelled in the wake of the power problems of Amazonas 4A. It was replaced by Amazonas 5||Civil-communications / Orbital Sciences Corporation / ?||61° west / ? / America|
|HisNorSat||Initially scheduled for launch in 2014, the project was suspended in September 2012||Military use, resulting from a collaboration agreement between Spain and Norway||– / 40 Ka and X band transponders / From Australia to America|
Ignis: The IGNIS project (integral communications system for the control of forest fires) is part of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation's Innpacto project. It was launched in September 2011 with the main objective of developing short-term solutions to improve the telecommunications used while fighting forest fires.
Saturno: Hispasat is coordinating the SATURNO Project (SATellite Universal Redistribution NetwOrk). SATURNO is a tractor project, included within the Spanish government's 2010 Plan Avanza for R+D Competitiveness, the plan's main objective is to investigate innovative solutions for content distribution via satellites in the digital home in order to maximise use of existing infrastructure and develop necessary equipment and systems. Solutions developed as part of SATURNO are based on the use of high-speed IP technologies and the reuse of domestic cabling.
Jedi: The JEDI project (Just Exploring DImensions) started in 2010 with the objective of improving knowledge regarding the different formats and technologies related to 3D TV and how it will evolve and develop for consumers. JEDI is part of a European research project, ITEA 2, which forms part of the European EUREKA initiatives. Hispasat participates in the European JEDI consortium and is also a partner in the Spanish JEDI consortium collaborating on research and development projects under the aegis of Plan Avanza.
Phidias: PHIDIAS (Hybrid Platform for the Intelligent Diffusion of Applications and Services for Television) is an Avanza Plan project. Its objective is the development of an integrated platform for hybrid broadcast broadband television (HbbTV) that combines the broadcast and broadband delivery of television through the Internet. The aim is to investigate different alternatives for technological solutions for HbbTV by developing specific applications (social networks, personalized advertising, interactive applications etc.). The ultimate objective is to produce a working model for both terrestrial and satellite television.
Intogener: Hispasat participates in the INTOGENER Project to design a system to more precisely measure the flow of water in mountain watersheds with the objective of making the generation of hydroelectric power more efficient and sustainable. The project started in May 2012 and will be carried out in the Chilean Andes for a period of two years with a budget of over a million euros, with 50% of the budget coming from the European Space Agency. Other collaborators include Starlab, as the project's coordinator, Endesa Chile, the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and the consultancy Future Water, which will provide the remaining 50% of the project's budget.
- SES satellite operator
- Informes anuales de Hispasat.
- Hispasat lanza su décimo satélite, Amazonas 3
- Spacenews: Amazonas 1 Repositioned To Inaugurate New Slot
- Amazonas 5 on Gunter's Space Page
- Hispasat. "Accionistas de hispasat" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Telefónica vende a Abertis su participación del 13,23% en Hispasat por 124 millones". La Razón. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Abertis compra el 16,42% de Hispasat a Defensa y toma el control de la compañía". El Mundo. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "hisdeSAT". Hisdesat Servicios Estratégicos, SA. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- List of Hispasat satellites on their corporate website
- Maps showing coverage of Hispasat satellites on their corporate website
- Hispasat 1A on n2yo.com
- NASA: Hispasat 1A
- Hispasat 1B on n2yo.com
- NASA: Hispasat 1B
- Hispasat 1C on Hispasat
- Hispasat 1C on n2yo.com
- NASA: Hispasat 1C
- Hispasat 1D on Hispasat
- Hispasat 1D on n2yo.com
- NASA: Hispasat 1 D
- Amazonas 1 on Hispasat
- Amazonas 1 on n2yo.com
- Xtar-Eur on Hispasat
- Xtar-Eur on n2yo.com
- Spainsat on Hispasat
- Spainsat on n2yo.com
- Amazonas 2 on Hispasat
- Amazonas 2 on n2yo.com
- "Astrium Wins Hispasat Contract To Build Amazonas-2 Satellite". SpaceDaily. 8 June 2007.
- "Another Arianespace launch success and a new commercial record for Ariane 5". Arianespace. 1 October 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2009.
- Hispasat 1E on Hispasat
- Hispasat 1E on n2yo.com
- NASA: Hispasat 1E
- Amazonas 3 on Hispasat
- Amazonas 3 on n2yo.com
- Amazonas-3 will be built by Space Systems/Loral – Space Daily
- Stephen Clark (17 April 2014). "Power system failure detected on Amazonas 4A". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "Proton-M Launches from Baikonur with Amazonas 5 Telecom Satellite". 11 September 2017.
- Hispasat: Amazonas 5
- Paz on Gunter's Space Page
- Europa Press: El satélite PAZ, en órbita el 30 de enero de 2018
- "Launch Schedule - Spaceflight Now". Spaceflight now. 23 December 2017. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Hispasat 30W-6 on Gunter's Space Page
- SpaceX and customers defend Falcon 9 performance after Zuma mission. Jett Foust, Space.com. 17 January 2017.
- Ingenio en Gunter's Space Page
- Amazonas 4B on Gunter's Space Page