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List of tallest Eastern Orthodox church buildings

  (Redirected from List of tallest Orthodox churches)

People's Salvation Cathedral in Bucharest, the tallest Orthodox church under construction (135 m).
Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, with its tallest Orthodox bell tower (122 m).

This is a list of tallest Orthodox church buildings in the world, all those higher than 70 metres.

Traditionally, an Orthodox church building is crowned by one or several domes with Orthodox crosses on the top of each. The overall height of the temple is measured by the highest point of the cross above the main temple.

The number of domes is symbolical. One dome is a symbol of Christ or God, three domes are symbolic of Trinity, five domes symbolize Christ and Four Evangelists, seven domes are often used because seven is a holy number, and thirteen domes correspond to Christ and his twelve Apostles. Other numbers are also encountered.

An Orthodox church building may also have a bell tower or zvonnitsa, either a part of the main church building, or standalone structure. Typically, bell tower is higher than the main temple.

This list is divided into two sections, one listing the highest temples and the other listing the highest bell towers or zvonnitsas.

Churches and CathedralsEdit

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
construction
City Country
1 135 [1] People's Salvation Cathedral   It is the tallest and largest Orthodox church in the world by volume and the second in the world by area. It is located in central Bucharest, facing the same courtyard as the Romanian Parliament Building. 2010–present Bucharest   Romania
2 122.5 [2] Peter and Paul Cathedral Three-level bell tower is a part of the church. It is crowned with a gilded spire. The figure of a flying angel is at the very top of the structure 1712-1733 Saint Petersburg   Russia
3 103.4 [3] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour   The original Cathedral had been built in 1839–1883, but was demolished during the Soviet period on Stalin's orders in 1931. Rebuilt once again, it is the main cathedral and second largest church building of the Russian Orthodox Church, having a capacity for some 10,000 people 1995–2000 Moscow   Russia
4 101.5 [4] Saint Isaac's Cathedral   A masterpiece of late Classicism

The largest church building in Russia (both by volume and area). Second largest Orthodox church building in the world (by volume[5] and by area[6]).

1818–1858 Saint Petersburg   Russia
5 96 [7] Khabarovsk Metropolitan Cathedral   The location of the cathedral was chosen by the patriarch Alexis II of Moscow during the helicopter flight over Khabarovsk 2001–2004 Khabarovsk   Russia
6 93.7 [8] Smolny Cathedral of the Resurrection   The original project also included the 140-metre-high standalone bell tower, that was never built 1751–1835 Saint Petersburg   Russia
7 90.5 [9] Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral   Located in the very center of the city. The tallest church in Romania 1934–1946 Timișoara   Romania
8 87.1 [10] Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi   The main cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church 1995–2002 Tbilisi   Georgia
9 87 [11] Alexander Nevsky Novoyarmarochny Cathedral   Located on the spit of Oka and Volga rivers. Built in commemoration of the visit of Nizhny Novgorod Fair by Emperor Alexander II of Russia 1867–1880 Nizhny Novgorod   Russia
10 85 [12] Saint Trinity Cathedral in Baia Mare   Tallest cathedral in Maramureș, Romania 2003– Baia Mare   Romania
11 85 [13] Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh   Built in the Russian Revival style in Pervomaysky (former City) Garden – a place where never before was the church 1998–2009 Voronezh   Russia
12 82 [14] Cathedral of the Nativity   Located in Mărășești-Zamca neighbourhood, near the city center. The tallest cathedral in the Moldavia region. 1991–2015 Suceava   Romania
13 81 [15] Church of the Savior on Blood   The name refers to the blood of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, who was assassinated on that site in 1881. Also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ 1883–1907 Saint Petersburg   Russia
14 80 [16] Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg   The dome was reconstructed after the 2006 fire 1828–1835 Saint Petersburg   Russia
15 79 [17] Cathedral of Saint Sava   Located on the place where the remains of Saint Sava are thought to have been burned in 1595 by the Ottoman Empire's Sinan Pasha 1935–2004 Belgrade   Serbia
16 78 [18] Trinity Cathedral in Pskov   Located in the Pskov Krom (or Kremlin) 1682–1699 Pskov   Russia
17 78 [19] Săpânța-Peri Monastery   Tallest wooden church in the world 1998–2003 Săpânța   Romania
18 77 [20] Transfiguration Cathedral in Nikolo-Ugresh monastery   The monastery was often visited by the young Peter I of Russia. The cathedral is the main one in the monastery and has a space for some 7000 people. 1880–1894 Dzerzhinsky   Russia
19 76 [21] Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan in Stavropol Located at the highest point of the city. Stavropol   Russia
20 75.6 [22] Trinity Cathedral in Morshansk   1836–1857 Morshansk   Russia
21 75 [23] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan   Located inside the Astrakhan kremlin 1698 Astrakhan   Russia
22 74.6 [24] Ascension Cathedral in Novocherkassk   Cathedral of the Don Cossacks Army[25] 1805–1905 Novocherkassk   Russia
23–24 74 [26] All Saints Monument Church   Monument Church dedicated to All Saints and the memory of those who unjustly perished[27] Minsk   Belarus
23–24 74 [28] Ascension Cathedral in Yelets   Inside the cathedral there is a rich iconostasis with gilded wood carvings 1845–1889 Yelets   Russia
25 73 [29] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Kaliningrad   Located on the central square of the city 2004–2006 Kaliningrad   Russia
26 72 [30] St. Michaels' Cathedral, Cherkasy   Built in the Neo-Byzantine style, 136 metres tall belfry under construction 1994–2002 Cherkasy   Ukraine
27 71.5 [31] Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg   According to the wishes of the Emperor Paul of Russia, the cathedral was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome 1801–1811 Saint Petersburg   Russia
28 70.6 [32] Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt   The cathedral was designed especially high to serve as a landmark for those in the sea 1902–1913 Kronstadt   Russia
29 ~ 70 [33] St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral in Peterhof   Modelled after St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, but has a more pyramidal form 1894–1904 Peterhof   Russia
30 70 [34] Cathedral of the Lord's Ascension, Bacău   Still in construction 1991– Bacău   Romania

Bell towersEdit

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
construction
Location
1 122,5 [2] Peter and Paul Cathedral   Three-level bell tower is a part of the church. It is crowned with a gilded spire. The figure of a flying angel is at the very top of the structure 1712–1733 Saint Petersburg
  Russia
2 116[35] Transfiguration Cathedral in Rybinsk   Five-level bell tower, crowned by a gilded spire 1797–1804 Rybinsk
  Russia
3 107[36] Monastery of Our Lady of Kazan   Tallest Christian structure in the Central Federal District of Russia. 2009–2011[37] Tambov
  Russia
4 106 [38] Resurrection Cathedral in Shuya   A standalone Orthodox bell tower. Tallest in the Ivanovo Oblast 1810–1832 Shuya
  Russia
5 97 [39] Annunciation Cathedral   Built in the Pseudo-Russian style. 1998–2009 Voronezh
  Russia
6 96,52 [40] Great Lavra Belltower   Located in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra 1731–1745 Kiev
  Ukraine
7 93,7 [41] Peter and Paul Church   The highest rural bell tower in Russia the settlement of Porechye-Rybnoye
Yaroslavl Oblast
  Russia
8 93 [42] Nikolo-Ugresha monastery   The bell tower is adjacent to the other buildings of the monastery 1758–1763, rebuilt in
в 1859 г.
Dzerzhinsky
  Russia
9 90,3 [43] Nikolo-Berlyukovsky Monastery   In old Russian measures, the height of the bell tower is equal to 127 arshin 4 vershoks 1895–1899 the village of Avdotyino
Moscow Oblast
  Russia
10 89,5 [44] Assumption Cathedral in Kharkiv   About 3,5 million bricks and 65,5 tons of iron were used for construction 1821–1841 Kharkiv
  Ukraine
11 88 [45] Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius   Five-level bell tower 1740–1770 Sergiyev Posad
  Russia
12 83,2 [46] Assumption Cathedral in Ryazan   Built by several different architects. Located in Ryazan Kremlin 1789–1840 Ryazan
  Russia
13 82 [47] All Saints Cathedral in Tula   At the corners of the first level there are sculptures of angels with trumpets 1776–1825 Tula
  Russia
14 81,6 [48] Saint Trinity Monastery in Alatyr   The bell tower is included in the Russian Book of Records the monastery is founded in 1584 Alatyr
  Russia
15–16 81 [49] Ivan the Great Bell Tower   Located on the Cathedral Square in the Moscow Kremlin 1532–1543 Moscow
  Russia
15–16 81 [50] Saint Assumption Sarov Monastery In the good weather the buildings of the Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery are seen from the bell tower 1789–1799 Sarov
  Russia
17–18 80 [51] John the Evangelist Monastery in Poschupovo The monastery is situated on the right bank of Oka River 1901 the settlement of Poschupovo, Ryazan Oblast
  Russia
17–18 80 [52] Annunciation Cathedral in Kharkiv   In 1997 a fire damaged the dome and the cross of the bell tower 1888–1901 Kharkiv
  Ukraine
19 79.9 [53] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan Kremlin   The height of the bell tower is 37 sazhen.
The cross is 7 metres high
Astrakhan
  Russia
20 79.5 [54] John the Baptist Church The bell tower was built in the Neo-Byzantine style after the project of engineer Kulchitsky. Sponsored by the merchant Diomid Mitrofanovich Khutaryov 1891–1895 Serpukhov District of Moscow Oblast
  Russia
21 78.5 [55] St. Sophia Cathedral in Vologda   The bells of the tower were made by Dutch, Russian and German bellmakers in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries 1869–1870 Vologda
  Russia
22 78 [56] Novospassky Monastery   The monastery played a crucial role in repelling the attack of Crimean Tatars in 1591 1759–1795 Moscow
  Russia
23 77 [57] Transfiguration Cathedral in Odessa   The bells are controlled by an electric device, capable of playing some 99 melodies 2000–2001 Odessa
  Ukraine
24–25 76 [58] Resurrection Cathedral in Kashin   The church is under restoration 1816–1886 Kashin
  Russia
24–25 76 [59] Saint Sophia's Cathedral in Kiev   UNESCO World Heritage Site Kiev
  Ukraine
26 75,6 [60] Tobolsk Kremlin bell tower   The only stone kremlin in Siberia 1794–1809 Tobolsk
  Russia
27–29 75 [61] Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos   The bell ringing is heard in the radius of 42 verst around the tower Rostov-on-Don
  Russia
27–29 75 [62] St. Nicholas Church in Venyov   The church was demolished in 1950s but the bell tower still stands 1801–1843 Venyov
  Russia
27–29 ~75 [63] The Church of Saint Myrrhbearers in Kaluga The construction cost was 64500 rubles 1818–1820 Kaluga
  Russia
30 74,5 [64] The Flooded Belfry   Now the bell tower stands amid the waters of Uglich Reservoir, which covered the old city center of Kalyazin in 1939 1796–1800 Kalyazin
  Russia
31 74 [65] Epiphany Cathedral in Kazan   There is a temple on the second level of the bell tower 1895–1897 Kazan
  Russia
32–35 72 [66] Novodevichy Convent   The bell tower consist of six octagonal levels 1690 Moscow
  Russia
32–35 72 [67] Monastery of the Deposition in Suzdal   The bell tower was built to commemorate the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812 1813–1819 Suzdal
  Russia
32–35 72 [68] Cathedral of Saint George the Martyr The total weight of the bells is 18.5 tons 1848–1872 Odintsovo
  Russia
32–35 72 [69] Valaam Monastery   The monastery is situated on the Valaam Archipelago in Karelia 1896 Valaam
  Russia
36 70,3 [70] Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery   In Soviet times the bell tower was used for TV transmissions 1848–1872 Diveyevo, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  Russia
37–39 70 [71] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral   Built in the style of classicism 1818–1823 Izhevsk
  Russia
37–39 70[72] Ascension Monastery in Tambov   2007–2012 Tambov
  Russia
37–39 70 Trinity Cathedral in Gus-Zhelezny   Built in the, rare for Russia, Gothic Revival style. 1802–1868 Gus-Zhelezny
  Russia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cosmin, Prelipceanu (7 October 2016). "Despre construcția Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului (interviu cu Nicolae Crângaşu consilier patriarhal și Vasile Bănescu purtător de cuvânt al Patriarhiei Române)". Digi24.ro (in Romanian).
  2. ^ a b Петропавловский собор (in Russian)
  3. ^ Основные размеры Храма Христа Спасителя (in Russian)
  4. ^ Исаакиевский собор (in Russian)
  5. ^ "FOTO Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului, faţă în faţă cu cele mai mari şi mai frumoase biserici din lume". adevarul.ro. 25 November 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Biggest Cathedral in the Middle East to be Inaugurated in New Administrative Capital". Egyptian Streets. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  7. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор в Хабаровске (in Russian)
  8. ^ Музей четырёх соборов (in Russian)
  9. ^ Catedrala Mitropolitană Timișoara (in Romanian)
  10. ^ Nave+Cross= 87.1 m. The height of bottom floor (underground chapel) is 13.1 m. There is some dispute over the height of the top cross. The look of relief will be calculated as a whole, not just a small part. The eastern side is raised and lowered in the west (River Kura). We have 80% of the side "level ground", and 20% "slope". These 20% are leveled with the rest of the territory. This case is similar to the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow (the height of bottom floor is 17 from River Moscow). In this case the height bottom floor, not be taken into account.
  11. ^ Собор Александра Невского Archived 12 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  12. ^ [1] Catedrala_Sfânta_Treime_din_Baia_Mare (in Romanian)
  13. ^ Названа дата официального открытия Благовещенского собора в Воронеже ИА «Regnum» 9 November 2009 г. (in Russian)
  14. ^ Catedrala din Suceava a fost sfinţită (in Romanian)
  15. ^ Храм Воскресения Христова на Крови (in Russian)
  16. ^ Троице-Измайловский собор Archived 6 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  17. ^ Храм светог Саве (in Serbian)
  18. ^ Троицкий собор в Псковском Кремле. (in Russian)
  19. ^ [2] (in Romanian)
  20. ^ Собор Спаса Преображения (in Russian)
  21. ^ Собор Казанской иконы Божией Матери (Ставрополь) Archived 17 July 2012 at Archive.today (in Russian)
  22. ^ Свято-Троицкий собор (in Russian)
  23. ^ Успенский собор в Астрахани (in Russian)
  24. ^ Вознесенский кафедральный собор Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  25. ^ Чудеса России. Вознесенский Войсковой Кафедральный собор Archived 4 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  26. ^ Храм – Памятник в честь Всех Святых в память безвинно убиенных во Отечестве нашем[permanent dead link] (in Russian)
  27. ^ Всехсвятский храм-памятник Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine(in Russian)
  28. ^ Елец. Вознесенский собор. (in Russian)
  29. ^ Собор Христа Спасителя в Калининграде (in Russian)
  30. ^ Свято-Михайловский Собор Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  31. ^ Казанский собор в Санкт-Петербурге (in Russian)
  32. ^ Морской Никольский собор (in Russian)
  33. ^ Собор Петра и Павла (in Russian)
  34. ^ [3] (in Romanian)
  35. ^ Спасо-Преображенский собор
  36. ^ В Тамбове патриарх освятил самую высокую колокольню
  37. ^ На колокольню Казанского монастыря в Тамбове установлен позолоченный крест | Тамбовская митрополия Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ Колокольня Воскресенского собора Archived 26 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  39. ^ [4]
  40. ^ Великая лаврская колокольня Archived 15 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  41. ^ Историческая справка о селе Поречье-Рыбное (in Russian)
  42. ^ Николо-Угрешский монастырь. Дзержинский – История (in Russian)
  43. ^ Николаевская Берлюковская пустынь (in Russian)
  44. ^ Успенский собор (in Russian)
  45. ^ Троице-Сергиева лавра Archived 17 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  46. ^ Рязанский Кремль (in Russian)
  47. ^ Всехсвятский Кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  48. ^ Свято-Троицкий монастырь Archived 14 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  49. ^ Кремлевская колокольня и ее история (in Russian)
  50. ^ Свято-Успенская Саровская пустынь[permanent dead link] (in Russian)
  51. ^ Иоанно-Богословский Пощуповский монастырь Archived 4 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  52. ^ Харьков. Кафедральный собор Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  53. ^ Успенский кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  54. ^ "Archived copy" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  55. ^ Архитектура города Вологды Archived 16 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  56. ^ Новоспасский монастырь (in Russian)
  57. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  58. ^ Воскресенский собор (in Russian)
  59. ^ Колокольня Киево-Софийского собора (in Russian)
  60. ^ Тобольский кремль/Архитектура (in Russian)
  61. ^ Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы собор Archived 9 September 2012 at Archive.today (in Russian)
  62. ^ Николаевская церковь (колокольня) (Тульская обл., г. Венёв) Archived 27 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  63. ^ Церковь св. Жен-Мироносиц Archived 4 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  64. ^ Колокольня (Свято-Никольский собор) (in Russian)
  65. ^ Богоявленский собор Archived 25 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  66. ^ Новодевичий монастырь Archived 23 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  67. ^ Ризоположенский монастырь (in Russian)
  68. ^ Собор Святого Великомученика Георгия Победоносца (in Russian)
  69. ^ Валаамский монастырь (in Russian)
  70. ^ Свято – Троицкий Серафимо – Дивеевский женский монастырь Archived 19 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  71. ^ Ижевск. Кафедральный собор Александра Невского Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  72. ^ На колокольню Вознесенского храма Вознесенского монастыря установлен золотой купол с крестом | Тамбовская епархия Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine