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Ivanovo Oblast (Russian: Ива́новская о́бласть, Ivanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It had a population of 1,061,651 as of the 2010 Russian Census.[9]

Ivanovo Oblast
Ивановская область
Flag of Ivanovo Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Ivanovo Oblast
Coat of arms
Anthem: [3]
Map of Russia - Ivanovo Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 57°01′N 41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517Coordinates: 57°01′N 41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
EstablishedMarch 11, 1936[4]
Administrative centerIvanovo[5]
Government
 • BodyOblast Duma[6]
 • Governor[6]Stanislav Voskresensky[7]
Area
 • Total21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)
Area rank73rd
Population
 (2010 Census)[9]
 • Total1,061,651
 • Estimate 
(2018)[10]
1,014,646 (-4.4%)
 • Rank49th
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Urban
80.9%
 • Rural
19.1%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[11])
ISO 3166 codeRU-IVA
License plates37
Official languagesRussian[12]
OKTMO ID24000000
Websitehttp://www.ivanovoobl.ru

Its three largest cities are Ivanovo (the administrative center), Kineshma, and Shuya. The principal center of tourism is Plyos. The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
St. Barbara Church, Plyos

Ivanovo Industrial Oblast (Ива́новская промы́шленная о́бласть) was established on October 1, 1929.[13] On March 11, 1936, a part of it became the modern Ivanovo Oblast while the remainder was split off to create Yaroslavl Oblast.[4] On 21 May 1998 Ivanovo Oblast alongside Amur, Kostroma, Voronezh Oblasts, and the Mari El Republic signed a power-sharing agreement with the federal government, granting it autonomy.[14] This agreement would be abolished on 26 February 2002.[15]

GeographyEdit

Ivanovo Oblast shares borders with Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). Climate of Ivanovo Oblast is continental, with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers. The coldest month is January with average temperature of −12 °C (10 °F) in the west and −13 °C (9 °F) in the east. Warmest month is July with average temperature of about +18 °C (64 °F).

PoliticsEdit

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: the first secretary of the Ivanovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU has lost all power, when the head of the oblast administration, and eventually the governor, was appointed/elected alongside an elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Ivanovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

DemographicsEdit

Population: 1,061,651 (2010 Census);[9] 1,148,329 (2002 Census);[16] 1,317,117 (1989 Census).[17]

SettlementsEdit

2012

  • Births: 11 581 (11.0 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 17 679 (16.8 per 1000) [18]
  • Total fertility rate:[19] 2009 - 1.44 | 2010 - 1.40 | 2011 - 1.41 | 2012 - 1.51 | 2013 - 1.55 | 2014 - 1.57 | 2015 - 1.63 | 2016 - 1.59(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[9]

  • Russians: 95.6%
  • Ukrainians: 0.8%
  • Tatars: 0.7%
  • Armenians: 0.4%
  • Azeris: 0.3%
  • Others: 2.2%
  • 54,882 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[20]

ReligionEdit

Religion in Ivanovo Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[21][22]
Russian Orthodoxy
46.5%
Other Orthodox
8.4%
Other Christians
1.9%
Islam
0.5%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.5%
Spiritual but not religious
28.1%
Atheism and irreligion
12.9%
Other and undeclared
1.7%

According to a 2012 survey[21] 46.5% of the population of Ivanovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8.4% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 0.5% of the population are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement, and 0.5% are Muslims. In addition, 28.1% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12.9% is atheist, and 1.3% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[21]

Administrative divisionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Article 5 of the Charter of Ivanovo Oblast states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  4. ^ a b Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 26
  5. ^ Charter of Ivanovo Oblast, Article 7
  6. ^ a b Charter, Article 9
  7. ^ Official website of Ivanovo Oblast. Pavel Alexeyevich Konkov, Governor of Ivanovo Oblast ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  8. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 22
  14. ^ "Newsline - May 22, 1998 Yeltsin Signs More Power-Sharing Agreements with Regions". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  15. ^ Chuman, Mizuki. "The Rise and Fall of Power-Sharing Treaties Between Center and Regions in Post-Soviet Russia" (PDF). Demokratizatsiya: 146.
  16. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  17. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  18. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  19. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  20. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  21. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  22. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

SourcesEdit

  • Ивановская областная Дума. Закон №20-ОЗ от 18 февраля 2009 г. «Устав Ивановской области», в ред. Закона №146-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении поправок в Устав Ивановской области». Вступил в силу 1 марта 2009 г. Опубликован: "Ивановская газета", №28(4395), 19 февраля 2009 г. (Ivanovo Oblast Duma. Law #20-OZ of February 18, 2009 Charter of Ivanovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #146-OZ of December 29, 2015 On Amending the Charter of Ivanovo Oblast. Effective as of March 1, 2009.).
  • Администрация Ивановской области (Administration of Ivanovo Oblast). "Ивановская область. Административно-территориальное деление по состоянию на 1 января 2001 г." (Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure as of January 1, 2001). Иваново, 2001.

External linksEdit