List of tallest domes

This is a list of the tallest domes in the world. The dome can be measured by various criteria. There are different types of domes. Many of the tallest domes have a lantern. Strictly speaking, the lantern is not part of the dome, but often the overall height of the domes includes the height of the lantern.

Priority is given to the internal height of the dome. The internal height is measured from the floor of the building to the highest point of the ceiling of the dome (for domes that have a lantern, this is the level of the oculus).

This is a dynamic list. Any dome that has a verified height can be added to this list.

Tallest domes in the worldEdit

Name Image Dome height inner (without lantern) Max inner height Dome height outer (without lantern) Outer height (without cross/mast/statue) Max outer height (to the tip) Location Country Notes
1 Basilica of Our Lady of Peace   ~111 m ~111 m ~119 m 149 m [1] 157.89 m [1] Yamoussoukro   Ivory Coast
2 People's Salvation Cathedral   104 m [2] 104 m 121.1 m 127.1 m 135 m [2] Bucharest   Romania The tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) dome in the world. The tallest and largest (by volume) Orthodox church building in the world.
3 St Peter's Basilica   101.8 m [3] 117.57 m [4] ~110 m ~129 m 136.57 m [5][6] Rome    Vatican City The largest church building in the world.
Highest maximum internal height of any church (from the floor to the ceiling of the lantern).
4 AT&T Stadium   91 m 91 m Arlington   United States
5 Florence Cathedral   ~87 m ~103 m ~90 m [7][8][9] ~110 m 114.5 m [9] Florence   Italy
6 Palace of Justice of Brussels   ~82 m ~82 m ~100 m ~106 m 108 m [10] Brussels   Belgium
7 Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen   85 m 90.5 m [11] 103.5 m
141.5 m [11]
(observation tower)
Lichen Stary   Poland
8 National Stadium, Singapore   80 m [12] 80 m 82.5 m [12] 82.5 m 82.5 m [12] Kallang   Singapore The largest dome by diameter (310 m) in the world.
9 Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque   106.7 m Shah Alam   Malaysia Diameter (outer) of 51.2 m.
10 Mercedes-Benz Superdome   77.1 m 77.1 m New Orleans   United States Diameter of 207.3 m
11 National Basilica of the Sacred Heart   ~80 m ~89 m 92.90 m [13] Brussels   Belgium Largest Art Deco church in the world.
12 Berlin Cathedral   ~74 m [14][15] ~74 m ~77 m ~84 m 98 m [16] Berlin   Germany
13 Mole Antonelliana   ~72 m ~72 m ~82 m ~164 m 167.5 m [17] Turin   Italy Third world's tallest structure at the time of completion (April 10, 1889).
The maximum inner height does not take into account the space inside the lantern ("Tempietto") because it was transformed into an elevator shaft in 1964.
14 Basilica of Notre-Dame de Boulogne   101 m [18] Boulogne-Sur-Mer   France
15 Esztergom Basilica   71.5 m 71.5 m 100 m Esztergom   Hungary Second tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) church dome in the world. The tallest building (of any kind) in Hungary. The largest church building in Hungary.
16 Cathedral of Christ the Saviour   69.5 m [19] 69.5 m 91.5 m [19] 91.5 m 103.4 m [19] Moscow   Russia The third tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) dome in the world. Second tallest Orthodox dome in the world.
17 Saint Isaac's Cathedral   69 m [α][20]

~82 m [β][21]

92.73 m [21] ~84 m [21] ~96 m [21] 101.5 m [20] Saint Petersburg   Russia The third tallest Orthodox dome in the world.
18 Illinois State Capitol   ~67 m ~67 m ~96 m 110.03 m [22] 123.45 m [22] Springfield, Illinois   United States
19 Camlica Mosque   72 m [23] 72 m 79.77 m [23] Istanbul   Turkey
20 Smolny Convent   ~65 m ~74 m ~67 m ~82 m 93.70 m [24] Saint Petersburg   Russia
21 St Paul's Cathedral   64.95 m [α][25]

81.53 m [β][25]

81.53 m 84 m [25] 102 m [25] 111 m London   United Kingdom First triple-shell structure with an intermediate cone supporting lantern and outer dome.[26]
22 Church of Saint Sava   64.85 m 64.85 m 68.5 m [27] 68.5 m 79 m [27] Belgrade   Serbia Second largest (by diameter) dome of the Orthodox Christianity (first by size among the active Orthodox church buildings). Fifth tallest Orthodox dome in the world. Fourth tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) church dome in the world.
23 New Cathedral   64.2 m ~66 m ~75 m 80 m [28] Brescia   Italy The third tallest dome in Italy.
24 Milan Cathedral   ~64 m ~73 m (no outer dome) 104.34 [29] 108.50 [30] Milan   Italy
25 Great Mosque of Algiers   ~64 m ~64 m 72 m [31] 72 m 78.5 m [32]
265 m (minaret) [31]
Algiers   Algeria
26 Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces   95 m [33] Odintsovski District   Russia The fourth tallest church building in Russia.
27 Basilica of Our Lady of Itatí   ~67 m 75.5 m [34] 83 m [34] Itatí   Argentina
28 Texas State Capitol   ~63 m [α]
66.45 m [β][35]
66.45 m ~73 m 87.37 m [36] 92.24 m [37] Austin   United States
29 Astrodome   63 m 63 m Houston   United States
30 Pavia Cathedral   ~63 m 80 m [38] ~70 m ~92 m 97 m [39] Pavia   Italy
31 New Cathedral of Salamanca   ~63 m ~63 m ~67 m ~74 m 80 m [40]
~93 m (tower)
Salamanca   Spain
32 Kazan Cathedral   62 m 62 m 71.6 m [41] Saint Petersburg   Russia
33 Basilica of Sant'Andrea   ~61 m ~71 m ~63 m ~75 m 80 m [42] Mantua   Italy
34 São Paulo Cathedral   ~67 m ~75 m ~79 m
92 m (towers) [43]
São Paulo   Brazil
35 Cathedral of La Plata   (no outer dome) ~93 m 97 m [44]
111.70 m (towers) [44][45]
La Plata   Argentina
36 Saint Joseph's Oratory   60 m [46] 60 m ~83 m ~95 m ~102 m Montreal   Canada
37 Panthéon (Paris)   ~60 m [α]
69.5 m [β]
69.5 m ~75 m ~88 m 94 m [47] Paris   France
38 Pennsylvania State Capitol   ~60 m ~68 m ~67 m 77.38 m 83 m Harrisburg   United States
39 Istiqlal Mosque   60 m 60 m Jakarta   Indonesia Diameter (outer) of 45 m.
40 Basilica of El Escorial   ~59 m ~70 m ~66 m ~85 m 92 m [48] San Lorenzo de El Escorial   Spain
41 Sant'Andrea della Valle   80 m Rome   Italy Third tallest church building in Rome.
42 Sanctuary of Vicoforte   60 m [49] 75 m [49] Vicoforte   Italy The largest elliptical church dome in the world.
43 Wisconsin State Capitol   56.16 m [α][50]
~60 m [β]
~60 m ~71 m 81.99 m [51] 86.69 m [51] Madison   United States
44 Saint-Augustin   61 m 80 m Paris   France
45 Sanctuary of Oropa - Upper Basilica   60 m [52] ~74 m 80 m [53] Biella   Italy
46 Salzburg Cathedral   ~56 m ~66 m ~59 m ~72 m 75 m [54]
79 m (towers)[54][55]
Salzburg   Austria
47 Como Cathedral   ~56 m ~66 m ~57 m ~68 m 75 m [56] Como   Italy
48 Hagia Sophia   55.6 m [57] 55.6 m ~57 m ~57 m ~63 m Istanbul   Turkey
49 Theatine Church   70.20 m Munich   Germany
50 Dôme des Invalides   ~55 m [α][58]
63.09 m [β][58]
63.09 m ~73 m ~87 m 107 m [59] Paris   France First Western dome to include three concentric shells.[60]
51 Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris   55 m [61] 55 m ~65 m ~79 m 83 m [61]
84 m (bell tower) [62]
Paris   France
52 Basilica of Santi Pietro e Paolo   ~61 m ~74 m ~80 m Rome   Italy
53 West Virginia State Capitol   54.86 m [63] 54.86 m ~71 m ~82 m 89.00 m [63] Charleston   United States
54 Colorado State Capitol   54.86 m [α][64]
~56 m [β]
~56 m ~67 m ~74 m 76.20 m [65] Denver   United States
55 Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral   76.8 m Montreal   Canada
56 Cathedral of Saint Paul (Minnesota)   53.34 m [66] 53.34 m ~67 m ~82 m 93.42 m [66] Saint Paul   United States
57 Church of Santa Engracia   80 m [67] Lisbon   Portugal
58 Cerignola Cathedral   ~61 m 75.75 m
(from the floor; from the ground is more)
78.75 m
(from the floor; from the ground is more)
Cerignola   Italy
59 French Cathedral   ~59 m ~59 m 70 m [68] Berlin   Germany
60 Neue Kirche   ~59 m ~59 m 70 m [68] Berlin   Germany
61 Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar   ~57 m ~70 m 80 m [69]
92 m (towers) [69]
Zaragoza   Spain
62 Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida   52.86 m [70] 52.86 m 70 m

109 m (bell tower)

Aparecida   Brazil The largest cathedral (church with seat of bishop) and second largest church building in the world.
63 Timisoara Orthodox Cathedral   52 m [71] 52 m 83 m [71] 83 m 90.5 m [71] Timisoara   Romania The second tallest church building in Romania.
64 Kronstadt Naval Cathedral   52 m 52 m 70.5 m Kronstadt   Russia
65 Cappella dei Principi   ~52 m ~56 m ~59 m 61.80 m [72] ~67 m Florence   Italy
66 Novocherkassk Cathedral   51.2 m 51.2 m 74.7 m Novocherkassk   Russia
67 St. Stephen's Basilica   ~51 m ~51 m ~75 m ~89 m 96 m [73] Budapest   Hungary
68 Kansas State Capitol   ~51 m ~51 m ~73 m 86.51 m [74] 93.27 m [75] Topeka   United States
69 Trinity Cathedral   ~51 m ~51 m ~64 m ~74 m 80 m Saint Petersburg   Russia
70 Basilica of Superga   ~51 m ~63 m ~59 m ~70 m 75 m [76] Turin   Italy
71 Santissima Annunziata Maggiore   ~58 m 67 m [77] ~71 m Naples   Italy
72 Süleymaniye Mosque   ~51 m ~51 m 53 m 53 m ~59 m
76 m (minarets)
Istanbul   Turkey
73 Pisa Baptistery   54.86 m Pisa   Italy
74 Washington State Capitol   50.29 m [78] 50.29 m ~72 m ~86 m 87.48 m [78] Olympia   United States Tallest free-standing masonry dome in North America.
75 Utah State Capitol   50.29 m [79] 50.29 m ~66 m ~74.5 m 76.20 m Salt Lake City   United States
76 Basilica of San Gaudenzio   ~50 m [α]
~84 m [β]
~84 m ~85 m 121 m [80] 126 m [80] Novara   Italy
77 San Francisco City Hall   ~50 m [α]
55.93 m [β][81]
55.93 m ~70 m ~83 m 93.73 m [82] San Francisco   United States
78 El Capitolio   91.73 m Havana   Cuba
79 Basilica of Sainte-Thérèse (Lisieux)   50 m 50 m 88.3 m 90 m [83] Lisieux   France
80 St. Nicholas Church   ~50 m ~63 m ~72 m 77 m [84] Potsdam   Germany
81 Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception   48.46 m [85] 48.46 m ~63 m [85] ~70 m [85] ~76 m [85] Washington, DC   United States
82 Sabancı Central Mosque   54 m [86] 54 m Adana   Turkey
83 Iowa State Capitol   46.69 m [α][87]
53.47 m [β][87]
53.47 m ~65 m 75.90 m[87] 83.82 m[87] Des Moines   United States
84 Speyer Cathedral   46.40 m [88] 46.40 m 58 m [88] 58 m Speyer   Germany World's largest Romanesque church.
85 Almudena Cathedral   ~54 m ~67 m 73 m [89] Madrid   Spain
86 Royal Chapel of the Treasure of St. Januarius   ~46 m ~46 m ~51 m ~57 m ~60 m [90] Naples   Italy
87 Peterskirche (Vienna)   ~46 m 56.8 m [91] ~48 m ~57.5 m ~59 m Vienna   Austria
88 San Francesco di Paola   ~46 m 53 m [92] Naples   Italy
89 United States Capitol dome   ~45.4 m [α][93]
54.94 m [β][93]
54.94 m [93] 65.11 m [94] 81.72 m [94] 87.62 m [94] Washington, D.C.   United States
90 Pisa Cathedral   ~44.7 m ~44.7 m ~46 m ~46 m 51.3 m Pisa   Italy
91 Palau Nacional   ~44 m [95] ~44 m ~60 m ~69 m ~76 m Barcelona   Spain
92 Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis   44 m 69 m St. Louis   United States
93 Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul   47.75 m [96] 58.32 m [96] 63.7 m [96] Philadelphia   United States
94 Madonna dell'Umiltà   59 m [97] Pistoia   Italy
95 Pantheon   43.44 m [98] 43.44 m 45.60 m [99] 45.60 m [99] 45.60 m [99] Rome   Italy
96 Oudenbosch Basilica   51 m 63 m [100] Oudenbosch   Netherlands
97 Holy Trinity Cathedral (Arad)   50.7 m 50.7 m 58 m Arad   Romania
98 Centennial Hall   42 m 42 m Wroclaw   Poland Concrete dome with diameter of 69 m.
99 Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque)   43 m 43 m Istanbul   Turkey
100 Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral   41 m Buenos Aires   Argentina
101 Royal Albert Hall   ~41 m [101] ~41 m [101] ~45 m [101] ~48 m [101] ~48 m [101] London   United Kingdom
102 Basilica of San Francisco el Grande   58 m [102] ~72 m Madrid   Spain The largest church dome in Spain and one of the largest by diameter (33 m) in Christendom.
103 Karlskirche   40 m [103] 70 m Vienna   Austria
104 Alexander Nevsky Cathedral   40 m [104] 40 m 45 m 45 m 46.3 m
50.52 m [105]
(bell tower)
Sofia   Bulgaria The largest cathedral in the Balkans.[106]
105 Worms Cathedral   40 m [107] 40 m Worms   Germany
106 Hazrat Sultan Mosque   51 m Nur-Sultan   Kazakhstan The largest domed mosque in Kazakhstan.
107 West Baden Springs Hotel   39.62 m [108] 39.62 m West Baden Springs   United States Steel and glass dome with diameter of 59.44 m.[108]
108 St. Charles Borromeo Cemetery Church   39 m [109] 39 m 58.5 m [109] Vienna   Austria
109 Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica   38 m 78.64 m Trois-Rivieres   Canada
110 State Farm Center   38 m 38 m Champaign   United States Concrete dome with diameter of 120 m
111 Duomo of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto   ~38 m Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto   Italy
112 Transfiguration Cathedral (Odessa)   43.59 m [110] 43.59 m 50.90 m [110]
77.11 m (belfry)
Odessa   Ukraine
113 Palace of the Argentine National Congress   ~74 m 80 m
(up to the chimerical figures on the crown)
~95 m Buenos Aires   Argentina
114 Dresden Frauenkirche   36.65 m [α][111]

~60 m [β]

~67 m ~62 m ~87 m 91.23 m [111] Dresden   Germany
115 Our Lady of Victory Basilica   36.5 m [112] 36.5 m 50.3 m [113] Lackawanna   United States
116 Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune Catholic Church   ~36 m ~36 m Strasbourg   France Dome diameter (inner) of 18.5 m.
117 Saint Blaise Abbey   36 m [114] 36 m [114] 50 m [114] 63 m [115] St. Blasien   Germany The largest dome by diameter (36 m) north of the Alps.
118 Basilica of St. Josaphat   61 m [116] Milwaukee   United States
119 Victoria Memorial (Kolkata)   56 m Kolkata   India
120 Gol Gumbaz   51 m Vijayapura   India
121 San Lorenzo   50 m [97] Turin   Italy
122 New Mosque   36 m 36 m Istanbul   Turkey
123 Shehzade Mosque   37 m 37 m Istanbul   Turkey
124 St. Gereon's Basilica   34.55 m 34.55 m (no outer dome) ~46 m ~49 m Cologne   Germany
125 Bojangles' Coliseum   34.14 m 34.14 m Charlotte   United States Tin dome with diameter of 101 m.
126 Siena Cathedral   48 m
77 m (bell tower)
Siena   Italy
127 Federal Palace of Switzerland   33 m [117] 33 m ~55 m ~61 m 64 m [118] Bern    Switzerland
128 The First Church of Christ, Scientist   ~33 m [119] ~54 m 68 m [119] Boston   United States
129 St Demetrius Cathedral (Vidin)   33 m [120] 33 m ~39 m ~39 m ~45 m Vidin   Bulgaria The third tallest church dome in the Balkans. The second largest church building in Bulgaria.[120]
130 Florence Baptistery   40 m [121] Florence   Italy
131 Szeged Synagogue   32 m 32 m 48.6 m Szeged   Hungary The second largest synagogue in Hungary and the fourth largest in the world.
132 Liverpool Town Hall   32 m Liverpool   United Kingdom
133 Belgrade Fair - Hall 1   30.78 m 30.78 m Belgrade   Serbia The largest by diameter (109 m) dome in Europe. World's largest prestressed concrete dome.
134 New Town Hall (Hanover)   ~30 m ~30 m ~71 m ~88 m 97.73 m [122] Hanover   Germany
135 Nusretiye Mosque   29 m 29 m Istanbul   Turkey
136 Tempio Canoviano   27.82 m Possagno   Italy
137 Church of San Manuel y San Benito   ~27.5 m ~32 m ~29 m ~36 m ~39 m
43 m (tower)
Madrid   Spain
138 Hungarian Parliament Building   27 m [123]
~31 m (space below the outer dome)
27 m ~73 m ~89 m 96 m [123] Budapest   Hungary
139 Golghar   29 m [124] Patna   India
140 Taj Mahal   ~25 m
~27 m (space below the outer dome)
~25 m ~64 m ~64 m 73 m [125] Agra   India
141 Christuskirche   ~62 m ~74 m 80 m [126] Mainz   Germany
142 Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sibiu)   24.7 m [127] 24.7 m 34.7 m [127] 34.7 m 36.7 m [127]
45 m (towers)
Sibiu   Romania
143 Basilica of St. Adalbert   46 m Grand Rapids   United States
144 Natural History Museum   65 m 69 m Vienna   Austria
α Height up to eye of the lower inner dome
β Height up to the upper dome ceiling (excl. lantern)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Basilica of Our Lady of Peace Yamoussoukro". EMPORIS GMBH. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "INTERVIU: "Se vor face multe teze de doctorat" despre construcția Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului". digi24.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  3. ^ Sir Banister Fletcher; A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method; Capitol: Plans of Saint Peter's Basilica, History of Architecture, pg.722 with the title: Italian Renaissance; New York:Charles Scribner's Sons, 1946; ISBN 0750622679.
  4. ^ "St. Peter's - The Central Nave". stpetersbasilica.info. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  5. ^ "St. Peter's - Guide to Basilica & Square". stpetersbasilica.info. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  6. ^ "St. Peter's Basilica - Dome" (in Italian). Vatican City State. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  7. ^ "The Cathedral – Inside – Il Duomo di Firenze". Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  8. ^ "DISCOVER CATHEDRAL". duomo.firenze.it. OPERA DI SANTA MARIA DEL FIORE. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Duomo Santa Maria del Fiore". Emporis.com. Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  10. ^ Vandenbreeden, Jos; Loits, André (2012). Het Justitiepaleis - Volume 31 of Brussel, stad van kunst en geschiedenis (in Dutch) (2 ed.). Belgium: Ministerie van het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, directie Monumenten en Landschappen. pp. 21, 34. ISBN 9782930457772.
  11. ^ a b "Wielkości i symbole bazyliki". lichen.pl. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  12. ^ a b c "Singapore Sports Hub | Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 2020-07-20.
  13. ^ "Basilique Nationale du Sacre Coeur / Basiliek van Koekelberg". EMPORIS GMBH. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  14. ^ Lincke, Dietrich. "Berliner Dom" (in German). Berlin-Lese.de. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  15. ^ Pickhardt, Stephen; Pickhardt, Stephen. "Berliner Dom | Berlin's Cathedral | Free Tours by Foot". freetoursbyfoot.com. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  16. ^ "ARCHITECTURE". berlinerdom.de. Berliner Dom Cathedral Council. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  17. ^ Manzo, Luciana. "Esplorando tra le carte - La Mole Antonelliana" (PDF) (in Italian). MuseoTorino. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Notre Dame Cathedral – The Boulogne Guide". web.archive.org. 2015-10-25. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  19. ^ a b c "Основные размеры Храма Христа Спасителя". vidania.ru. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  20. ^ a b "Архитектура". cathedral.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  21. ^ a b c d Rostislav Gennadevich Arzhanikov - Ph.D., technical Director of Unix LLC. "Reconstruction of the heating system of St. Isaac's Cathedral" (PDF). zvt.abok.ru (in Russian). "Sustainable Building Technologies" SBT. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Illinois State Capitol". Emporis.com. Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  23. ^ a b sabah, daily (2019-10-08). "Çamlıca Mosque: The most modern complex of its kind in Turkey". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  24. ^ "The Smolny Cathedral of Resurrection". Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  25. ^ a b c d Poley, Arthur F. E (1927). "CROSS SECTION OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN LONDON". St Paul’s Cathedral, London. Measured, drawn and described. Printed for the Author. Willowbank, Hampton Hill, Middlesex. Whittingham & Griggs. Chiswick Press.
  26. ^ Robinson, Andrew (16 Sep 2010). Sudden Genius? The Gradual Path to Creative Breakthroughs. Oxford University Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-0199569953.
  27. ^ a b "Храм у простору и бројевима". hramsvetogsave.rs. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  28. ^ "Duomo Nuovo". turismobrescia.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  29. ^ "The Madonnina". duomomilano.it. Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  30. ^ Milano (10a ed.). Touring club italiano. p. 150. ISBN 88-365-1249-6.
  31. ^ a b Jan Akkermann; Dan Constantinescu; Eric Fischer; Alexander Hewener; Dietlinde Köber. "Djamaâ El Djazair Die große Moschee von Algier" (pdf). kuk.de (in German). KREBS+KIEFER. International GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  32. ^ Marie-Charlotte Dutheil. "Ozoir : entre Franklin France et la mosquée d'Alger, le coup de foudre est durable". leparisien.fr (in French). Le Parisien. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  33. ^ "Главный Храм ВС РФ". hram.mil.ru. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  34. ^ a b "EL SANTUARIO". basilicadeitati.org.ar (in Spanish). Basílica de Itatí. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  35. ^ "Capitol Rotunda". tspb.texas.gov. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  36. ^ "History of the Goddess of Liberty". tspb.texas.gov. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  37. ^ "Capitol Myths and Legends". tspb.texas.gov. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  38. ^ "Cathedral of St. Stephen in Pavia: works for static improvement and scientific restoration" (PDF). studiocalvi.eu (in Italian). Studio Calvi S.r.l. Engineering & Architecture. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  39. ^ "Duomo di Pavia". Lombardia Beni Culturali (in Italian). Regione Lombardia. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  40. ^ Lumbreras, Sonsoles (2013). "Catedral de Salamanca". El Mundo (in Spanish).
  41. ^ "Архитектура, скульптура и живопись | Казанский Кафедральный Собор". kazansky-spb.ru. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  42. ^ "St Andrea Basilica, Mantua – Co-cathedral". turismo.mantova.it. Province of Mantua Tourism Portal. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  43. ^ "Catedral Metropolitana de São Paulo". Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  44. ^ a b "LA CATEDRAL". turismo.laplata.gov.ar (in Spanish). El Ente Municipal para la Actividad Turística (EMATUR), La Plata. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  45. ^ "Catedral de la Plata". emporis.com. Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  46. ^ "THE SHRINE". saint-joseph.org. Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  47. ^ Gairaud, Marie-Anne (9 Jun 2017). "Le Panthéon se dépoussière pour séduire les Parisiens". leparisien.fr (in French). Le Parisien Libéré. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  48. ^ "Basílica". monasteriodelescorial.com (in Spanish). Comunidad Agustiniana del Real Monasterio de El Escorial. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  49. ^ a b "Il Tempio". .santuariodivicoforte.it (in Italian). Santuario della Natività di Maria, VICOFORTE (CN). Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  50. ^ "Wisconsin State Capitol Lantern Balcony". tours.wisconsin.gov. State of Wisconsin. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  51. ^ a b "Wisconsin State Capitol Exterior". tours.wisconsin.gov. State of Wisconsin. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  52. ^ "Oropa 2020: lavori in corso alla Basilica Superiore". santuariodioropa.it (in Italian). Santuario di Oropa. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  53. ^ "UPPER BASILICA". santuariodioropa.it. Santuario di Oropa. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  54. ^ a b Renate Möller (10 January 2017). Salzburg (in German). ADAC Reiseführer. p. 20. ISBN 3956892860.
  55. ^ "Dom zu Salzburg". Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  56. ^ "Duomo di Como". Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  57. ^ "Haghia Sophia, Istanbul | 107563 | EMPORIS". emporis.com. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  58. ^ a b "Dome of the Invalides : Paris; Longitudinal section". quod.lib.umich.edu. University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  59. ^ "10 interesting Paris facts. Paris facts for kids. Fun facts". Paris Digest. 2019-12-26. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  60. ^ Escrig, F. P. (5 May 2006). The Great Structures in Architecture : From Antiquity to Baroque. WIT Press / Computational Mechanics. p. 205. ISBN 978-1845640392.
  61. ^ a b "History and architecture - ARCHITECTURE". sacre-coeur-montmartre.com. BASILIQUE DU SACRÉ-CŒUR. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  62. ^ "LA SAVOYARDE". sacre-coeur-montmartre.com (in French). BASILIQUE DU SACRÉ-CŒUR. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  63. ^ a b "Building the Capitol: Part 3". wvlegislature.gov. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  64. ^ "History of the Capitol". colorado.gov. State of Colorado. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  65. ^ "A Visitor's Guide to Exploring Downtown Denver, CO". planetware.com. PlanetWare Inc. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  66. ^ a b "Art & Architecture | Cathedral of St. Paul". cathedralsaintpaul.org. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  67. ^ "Discovering the National Pantheon - National Pantheon". Google Arts & Culture. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  68. ^ a b Brunhouse, Jay (2006). "Gendarmenmarkt". Maverick guide to Berlin (3rd ed.). Gretna, La.: Pelican. pp. 173–177. ISBN 978-1589803015.
  69. ^ a b "El Templo del Pilar". basilicadelpilar.es (in Spanish). Cabildo Metropolitano de Zaragoza. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  70. ^ "Infográfico | Cúpula do Santuário Nacional de Aparecida - A12.com". a12.com. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  71. ^ a b c "The Metropolitan Cathedral of Banat". web.archive.org. 2008-01-20. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  72. ^ Structural analysis of historic construction : preserving safety and significance : proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Construction, 2–4 July, Bath, United Kingdom. CRC Press. p. 901. ISBN 978-0-415-46872-5.
  73. ^ "Budapest/St. Stephen's Basilica". Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  74. ^ "Kansas State Capitol - Online tour - Dome video". kshs.org. The Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  75. ^ "Kansas State Capitol - Building Dimensions". kshs.org. The Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  76. ^ "The Basilica". basilicadisuperga.com. Basilica di Superga - Segreteria Servizi Turistici e Museali. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  77. ^ "NAPOLI - LA BASILICA DELL'ANNUNZIATA". touringclub.it (in Italian). Touring Club Italiano. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  78. ^ a b "Capitol Facts & History". des.wa.gov. Washington State Department of Enterprise Services. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  79. ^ "FREMONT FIRST SEES GREAT SALT LAKE - 1843". utahdcc.force.com. Utah Department of Heritage & Arts. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  80. ^ a b "Cupola di San Gaudenzio - ATL Novara - Arte e Storia Scheda". turismonovara.it. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  81. ^ "Arthur Brown, Jr. Architect Class of 1892 - World's Six Largest Domes". ohsmemorial.com. OHS Memorial Pages. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  82. ^ "San Francisco City Hall Tour" (PDF). sfgov.org. City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  83. ^ "La Basilique Sainte Thérèse de Lisieux". Sanctuaire de Lisieux (in French). Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  84. ^ "St. Nikolai-Kirchengemeinde Potsdam". evkirchepotsdam.de (in German). Evangelischer Kirchenkreis Potsdam. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  85. ^ a b c d "ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS OF THE BASILICA" (PDF). nationalshrine.org. Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  86. ^ "Sabancı Central Mosque". sabancivakfi.org. Sabancı Foundation. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  87. ^ a b c d W. A. Duckworth. "CAPITOL OF IOWA" (PDF). publications.iowa.gov. Iowa State Law Library - State House, Des Moines, Iowa. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  88. ^ a b Walter, Friederike. "Maße". dom-zu-speyer.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-07-28.
  89. ^ Casas, Narciso (2016). Historia y arte en las catedrales de España. Madrid: Bubok Publishing S.L. p. 418. ISBN 9788468632018.
  90. ^ Valentina Russo; Edoardo Cosenza; Grazia Tucci; Gian Piero Lignola (November 2006). "Static history and structural assessment of masonry domes. The Treasure of St. Gennaro's Chapel in Naples". Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions : proceedings of the International Conference Of Structural Analysis Of Historical Constructions, 5, New Delhi, India, 2006. Macmillan India Ltd. p. 2. ISBN 972-8692-27-7.
  91. ^ "Peterskirche Wien: Kirche". web.archive.org. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  92. ^ "Basilica di San Francesco di Paola - Architettura - Napoli - - InCampania". web.archive.org. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  93. ^ a b c Ustick Walter, Thomas. "Section Through Dome of U.S. Capitol". Library of Congress.
  94. ^ a b c Ustick Walter, Thomas. "Section Elevation of Dome of U.S. Capitol". Library of Congress.
  95. ^ "National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC)". ginabarcelona.com. GINA Barcelona Architects. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  96. ^ a b c "About The Cathedral – The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul". cathedralphila.org. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  97. ^ a b "Classifica delle Cupole più Grandi d'Italia". travel365.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  98. ^ "History, curiosities and legends of the Basilica Sancta Maria ad Martyres". PANTHEON Basilica of Santa Maria ad Martyres in Rome. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  99. ^ a b c "Pantheon". Emporis.com. Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  100. ^ "Geschiedenis | Basiliek van Oudenbosch". basiliekoudenbosch (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  101. ^ a b c d e "CHAPTER XI - Royal Albert Hall". Survey of London: Volume 38, South Kensington Museums Area (F H W Sheppard ed.). London: London County Council. 1975. pp. 177–195. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  102. ^ "Basilica of San Francisco El Grande". esmadrid.com. OFFICIAL TOURISM WEBSITE - Madrid. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  103. ^ "St. Charles' Church Vienna". ArcTron. 2016-06-30. Retrieved 2020-07-28.
  104. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web.archive.org. 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  105. ^ "ПКСХП "Св. Александър Невски"". Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  106. ^ Since the Church of Saint Sava in Belgrade has not the rank of a cathedral and People's Salvation Cathedral is not situated in the Balkans.
  107. ^ "History of Art: Architecture and Sculpture". all-art.org. Retrieved 2020-07-28.
  108. ^ a b "West Baden Springs Hotel, West Baden Indiana". Historic Structures. Retrieved 2020-07-20.
  109. ^ a b "Church of St. Charles Borromeo | Cemetery Church of St. Charles Borromeo | Vienna Central Cemetery | Vienna Central Cemetery | Friedhöfe Wien" Check |url= value (help). friedhoefewien.at. Retrieved 2020-07-28.
  110. ^ a b "Transfiguration Cathedral, Odessa - SkyscraperPage.com". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2020-08-01.
  111. ^ a b "Daten & Fakten – Frauenkirche Dresden". frauenkirche-dresden.de. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  112. ^ "Inside the Church | Our Lady of Victory National Shrine & Basilica". olvbasilica.org. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  113. ^ "Online Tour - Exterior | Our Lady of Victory National Shrine & Basilica". olvbasilica.org. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  114. ^ a b c "Dom St. Blasien". dom-st-blasien.de. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  115. ^ "Dom St. Blasien". dom-st-blasien.de. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  116. ^ "St. Josaphat's Catholic Basilica, 1897". architectureoffaithmilwaukee.info. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  117. ^ "BESUCH IM BUNDESHAUS". parlament.ch (in German). Das Schweizer Parlament. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  118. ^ "Bauliche Verjüngung des Bundeshauses" (in German). SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  119. ^ a b "Plaza architecture and grounds / Christian Science". web.archive.org. 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  120. ^ a b "https://www.tourism.government.bg/bg/tourist-destinations/2795/5657". Министерство на туризма (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2020-07-22. External link in |title= (help)
  121. ^ "Baptistery, Florence, Italy | CHEI". Retrieved 2020-07-28.
  122. ^ "Hannover - The New Town Hall" (PDF). HANNOVER.DE - Official portal. April 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
  123. ^ a b "History". Hungarian Parliament Tours 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  124. ^ Patel, Aparna (2019-12-08). "Interesting Facts,History & Architecture of Gol Ghar,Patna". HollyMelody | Travel Guide and Tips | Amazing and Interesting Facts. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  125. ^ "Taj Mahal". Emporis.com. Emporis GmbH. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  126. ^ "Christuskirche - Italienische Renaissance am Rhein". mainz.de (in German). Landeshauptstadt Mainz. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  127. ^ a b c "Catedrala Ortodoxa". sibiul.ro. Retrieved 2020-07-31.

Architecture