List of tallest domes

This is a list of the tallest domes in the world. The dome can be measured by various criteria. There are different types of domes. Many of the tallest domes have a lantern. Strictly speaking, the lantern is not part of the dome, but often the overall height of the domes includes the height of the lantern.

Saint peter basilica 2.jpg
Under the dome of Saint Peter's Basilica - the highest maximum internal height (118 m) of any domed structure in the world.

Priority is given to the internal height of the dome. The internal height is measured from the floor of the building to the highest point of the ceiling of the dome (for domes that have a lantern, this is the level of the oculus).

This is a dynamic list. Any dome that has a verified height can be added to this list.

ListEdit

Name Image Dome height inner (without lantern) Max inner height Dome height outer (without lantern) Outer height (without cross/mast/statue) Max outer height (to the tip) Dome Diameter (inner) Dome Diameter (outer) Location Country Notes
1 Basilica of Our Lady of Peace   ~111 m ~111 m ~119 m 149 m [1] 157.89 m [1] 90 m Yamoussoukro   Ivory Coast
2 People's Salvation Cathedral   104 m [2] 104 m 121.1 m 127.1 m 135 m [2] 16.8 m 29.4 m Bucharest   Romania The tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) dome in the world. The tallest and largest (by volume) Orthodox church building in the world.
3 St Peter's Basilica   101.8 m [3] 117.57 m [4] ~110 m ~129 m 136.57 m [5][6] 41.5 m 42 m Rome    Vatican City The largest church building in the world.
Highest maximum internal height of any church (from the floor to the ceiling of the lantern).
4 AT&T Stadium   91 m 91 m Arlington   United States
5 Florence Cathedral   ~87 m ~103 m ~90 m [7][8][9] ~110 m 114.5 m [9] 42 m Florence   Italy
6 Palace of Justice of Brussels   ~82 m ~82 m ~100 m ~106 m 108 m [10] Brussels   Belgium
7 Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen   85 m 90.5 m [11] 103.5 m
141.5 m [11]
(observation tower)
Lichen Stary   Poland
8 National Stadium, Singapore   80 m [12] 80 m 82.5 m [12] 82.5 m 82.5 m [12] Kallang   Singapore The largest dome by diameter (310 m) in the world.
9 Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque   106.7 m 51.2 m Shah Alam   Malaysia Diameter (outer) of 51.2 m.
10 Caesars Superdome   77.1 m 77.1 m New Orleans   United States Diameter of 207.3 m
11 National Basilica of the Sacred Heart   ~80 m ~89 m 92.90 m [13] 33 m Brussels   Belgium Largest Art Deco church in the world.
12 Berlin Cathedral   ~74 m [14][15] ~74 m ~77 m ~84 m 98 m [16] Berlin   Germany
13 Mole Antonelliana   ~72 m ~72 m ~82 m ~164 m 167.5 m [17] Turin   Italy World's third tallest structure at the time of completion (April 10, 1889).
The maximum inner height does not take into account the space inside the lantern ("Tempietto") because it was transformed into an elevator shaft in 1964.
14 Basilica of Notre-Dame de Boulogne   101 m [18] Boulogne-Sur-Mer   France
15 Esztergom Basilica   71.5 m 71.5 m 100 m 33.5 m Esztergom   Hungary Second tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) church dome in the world. The tallest building (of any kind) in Hungary. The largest church building in Hungary.
16 Cathedral of Christ the Saviour   69.5 m [19] 69.5 m 91.5 m [19] 91.5 m 103.4 m [19] 29.8 m Moscow   Russia Third tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) church dome in the world. Second tallest Orthodox dome in the world.
17 Saint Isaac's Cathedral   69 m [α][20]

~82 m [β][21]

92.73 m [21] ~84 m [21] ~96 m [21] 101.5 m [20] 25.8 Saint Petersburg   Russia Third tallest Orthodox dome in the world.
18 Illinois State Capitol   ~67 m ~67 m ~96 m 110.03 m [22] 123.45 m [22] Springfield, Illinois   United States
19 Camlica Mosque   72 m [23] 72 m 79.77 m [23] 34 m Istanbul   Turkey
20 Smolny Convent   ~65 m ~74 m ~67 m ~82 m 93.70 m [24] Saint Petersburg   Russia
21 St Paul's Cathedral   64.95 m [α][25]

81.53 m [β][25]

81.53 m 84 m [25] 102 m [25] 111 m 30.7 m London   United Kingdom First triple-shell structure with an intermediate cone supporting lantern and outer dome.[26]
22 Church of Saint Sava   64.85 m 64.85 m 68.5 m [27] 68.5 m 79 m [27] Belgrade   Serbia Second largest (by diameter) dome of the Orthodox Christianity (first by size among the active Orthodox church buildings). Fifth tallest Orthodox dome in the world. Fourth tallest unpenetrated (without oculus) church dome in the world.
23 New Cathedral   64.2 m ~66 m ~75 m 80 m [28] Brescia   Italy The third tallest dome in Italy.
24 Milan Cathedral   ~64 m ~73 m (no outer dome) 104.34 [29] 108.50 [30] Milan   Italy
25 Great Mosque of Algiers   ~64 m ~64 m 72 m [31] 72 m 78.5 m [32]
265 m (minaret) [31]
Algiers   Algeria
26 Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces   95 m [33] Odintsovski District   Russia The fourth tallest church building in Russia.
27 Basilica of Our Lady of Itatí [es]   ~67 m 75.5 m [34] 83 m [34] Itatí   Argentina
28 Texas State Capitol   ~63 m [α]
66.45 m [β][35]
66.45 m ~73 m 87.37 m [36] 92.24 m [37] Austin   United States
29 Astrodome   63 m 63 m Houston   United States
30 Pavia Cathedral   ~63 m 80 m [38] ~70 m ~92 m 97 m [39] Pavia   Italy
31 New Cathedral of Salamanca   ~63 m ~63 m ~67 m ~74 m 80 m [40]
~93 m (tower)
Salamanca   Spain
32 Kazan Cathedral   62 m 62 m 71.6 m [41] Saint Petersburg   Russia
33 Basilica of Sant'Andrea   ~61 m ~71 m ~63 m ~75 m 80 m [42] Mantua   Italy
34 São Paulo Cathedral   ~67 m ~75 m ~79 m
92 m (towers) [43]
São Paulo   Brazil
35 Cathedral of La Plata   (no outer dome) ~93 m 97 m [44]
111.70 m (towers) [44][45]
La Plata   Argentina
36 Saint Joseph's Oratory   60 m [46] 60 m ~83 m ~95 m ~102 m Montreal   Canada
37 Panthéon (Paris)   ~60 m [α]
69.5 m [β]
69.5 m ~75 m ~88 m 94 m [47] 44 m Paris   France
38 Pennsylvania State Capitol   ~60 m ~68 m ~67 m 77.38 m 83 m Harrisburg   United States
39 Istiqlal Mosque   60 m 60 m 45 m Jakarta   Indonesia Diameter (outer) of 45 m.
40 Basilica of El Escorial   ~59 m ~70 m ~66 m ~85 m 92 m [48] San Lorenzo de El Escorial   Spain
41 Sant'Andrea della Valle   80 m Rome   Italy Third tallest church building in Rome.
42 Sanctuary of Vicoforte   60 m [49] 75 m [49] 36 m Vicoforte   Italy The largest elliptical church dome in the world. 36 m X 25 m
43 Wisconsin State Capitol   56.16 m [α][50]
~60 m [β]
~60 m ~71 m 81.99 m [51] 86.69 m [51] Madison   United States
44 Saint-Augustin   61 m 80 m Paris   France
45 Sanctuary of Oropa - Upper Basilica   60 m [52] ~74 m 80 m [53] Biella   Italy
46 Salzburg Cathedral   ~56 m ~66 m ~59 m ~72 m 75 m [54]
79 m (towers)[54][55]
Salzburg   Austria
47 Como Cathedral   ~56 m ~66 m ~57 m ~68 m 75 m [56] Como   Italy
48 Hagia Sophia   55.6 m [57] 55.6 m ~57 m ~57 m ~63 m 31.87 m Istanbul   Turkey Not a true circle dome, but more like elliptic. 30.37 m X 31.87 m
49 Theatine Church   70.20 m Munich   Germany
50 Dôme des Invalides   ~55 m [α][58]
63.09 m [β][58]
63.09 m ~73 m ~87 m 107 m [59] Paris   France First Western dome to include three concentric shells.[60]
51 Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris   55 m [61] 55 m ~65 m ~79 m 83 m [61]
84 m (bell tower) [62]
Paris   France
52 Basilica of Santi Pietro e Paolo   ~61 m ~74 m ~80 m Rome   Italy
53 West Virginia State Capitol   54.86 m [63] 54.86 m ~71 m ~82 m 89.00 m [63] Charleston   United States
54 Colorado State Capitol   54.86 m [α][64]
~56 m [β]
~56 m ~67 m ~74 m 76.20 m [65] Denver   United States
55 Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral   76.8 m Montreal   Canada
56 Cathedral of Saint Paul (Minnesota)   53.34 m [66] 53.34 m ~67 m ~82 m 93.42 m [66] Saint Paul   United States
57 Church of Santa Engracia   80 m [67] Lisbon   Portugal
58 Cerignola Cathedral [it]
(Duomo Tonti)
  ~61 m 75.75 m
(from the floor; from the ground is more)
78.75 m
(from the floor; from the ground is more)
Cerignola   Italy
59 French Cathedral   ~59 m ~59 m 70 m [68] Berlin   Germany
60 Neue Kirche   ~59 m ~59 m 70 m [68] Berlin   Germany
61 Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar   ~57 m ~70 m 80 m [69]
92 m (towers) [69]
Zaragoza   Spain
62 Cathedral-Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady Aparecida   52.86 m [70] 52.86 m 70 m

109 m (clock tower)

Aparecida   Brazil The largest cathedral (church with seat of a bishop) and second largest church building in the world.
63 Timisoara Orthodox Cathedral   52 m [71] 52 m 83 m [71] 83 m 90.5 m [71] Timisoara   Romania The second tallest church building in Romania.
64 Kronstadt Naval Cathedral   52 m 52 m 70.5 m Kronstadt   Russia
65 Cappella dei Principi   ~52 m ~56 m ~59 m 61.80 m [72] ~67 m Florence   Italy
66 Novocherkassk Cathedral   51.2 m 51.2 m 74.7 m Novocherkassk   Russia
67 St. Stephen's Basilica   ~51 m ~51 m ~75 m ~89 m 96 m [73] Budapest   Hungary
68 Kansas State Capitol   ~51 m ~51 m ~73 m 86.51 m [74] 93.27 m [75] Topeka   United States
69 Trinity Cathedral   ~51 m ~51 m ~64 m ~74 m 80 m Saint Petersburg   Russia
70 Basilica of Superga   ~51 m ~63 m ~59 m ~70 m 75 m [76] Turin   Italy
71 Santissima Annunziata Maggiore   ~58 m 67 m [77] ~71 m Naples   Italy
72 Süleymaniye Mosque   ~51 m ~51 m 53 m 53 m ~59 m
76 m (minarets)
26 m 27 m Istanbul   Turkey
73 Pisa Baptistery   54.86 m Pisa   Italy
74 Washington State Capitol   50.29 m [78] 50.29 m ~72 m ~86 m 87.48 m [78] 29 m Olympia   United States Tallest free-standing masonry dome in North America.
75 Utah State Capitol   50.29 m [79] 50.29 m ~66 m ~74.5 m 76.20 m Salt Lake City   United States
76 Basilica of San Gaudenzio   ~50 m [α]
~84 m [β]
~84 m ~85 m 121 m [80] 126 m [80] Novara   Italy
77 San Francisco City Hall   ~50 m [α]
55.93 m [β][81]
55.93 m ~70 m ~83 m 93.73 m [82] San Francisco   United States
78 El Capitolio   91.73 m Havana   Cuba
79 Basilica of Sainte-Thérèse (Lisieux)   50 m 50 m 88.3 m 90 m [83] Lisieux   France
80 St. Nicholas Church   ~50 m ~63 m ~72 m 77 m [84] Potsdam   Germany
81 Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception   48.46 m [85] 48.46 m ~63 m [85] ~70 m [85] ~76 m [85] Washington, DC   United States
82 Sabancı Central Mosque   54 m [86] 54 m 32 m Adana   Turkey
83 St. Nicholas Church (Malá Strana)   57 m [87] ~62 m ~72 m 79 m [87] Prague   Czech Republic
84 Iowa State Capitol   46.69 m [α][88]
53.47 m [β][88]
53.47 m ~65 m 75.90 m[88] 83.82 m[88] Des Moines   United States
85 Speyer Cathedral   46.40 m [89] 46.40 m 58 m [89] 58 m Speyer   Germany World's largest Romanesque church.
86 Almudena Cathedral   ~54 m ~67 m 73 m [90] Madrid   Spain
87 Royal Chapel of the Treasure of St. Januarius   ~46 m ~46 m ~51 m ~57 m ~60 m [91] Naples   Italy
88 Peterskirche (Vienna)   ~46 m 56.8 m [92] ~48 m ~57.5 m ~59 m Vienna   Austria
89 San Francesco di Paola   ~46 m 53 m [93] Naples   Italy
90 United States Capitol dome   ~45.4 m [α][94]
54.94 m [β][94]
54.94 m [94] 65.11 m [95] 81.72 m [95] 87.62 m [95] Washington, D.C.   United States
91 Annunciation Cathedral   59 m [96] 80 m (bell tower) [96] Kharkiv   Ukraine
92 Pisa Cathedral   ~44.7 m ~44.7 m ~46 m ~46 m 51.3 m Pisa   Italy
93 Palau Nacional   ~44 m [97] ~44 m ~60 m ~69 m ~76 m Barcelona   Spain
94 Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis   44 m 69 m St. Louis   United States
95 Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul   47.75 m [98] 58.32 m [98] 63.7 m [98] Philadelphia   United States
96 Madonna dell'Umiltà   59 m [99] Pistoia   Italy
97 Pantheon   43.44 m [100] 43.44 m 45.60 m [101] 45.60 m [101] 45.60 m [101] Rome   Italy
98 Oudenbosch Basilica   51 m 63 m [102] Oudenbosch   Netherlands
99 Holy Trinity Cathedral (Arad)   50.7 m 50.7 m 58 m Arad   Romania
100 Centennial Hall   42 m 42 m 69 m Wroclaw   Poland Concrete dome with diameter of 69 m.
101 Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque)   43 m 43 m 23.5 m 24.5 m Istanbul   Turkey
102 Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral   41 m Buenos Aires   Argentina
103 Royal Albert Hall   ~41 m [103] ~41 m [103] ~45 m [103] ~48 m [103] ~48 m [103] 66.7 m 82.9 m London   United Kingdom
104 Basilica of San Francisco el Grande   58 m [104] ~72 m 33 m Madrid   Spain The largest church dome in Spain and one of the largest by diameter (33 m) in Christendom.
105 Karlskirche   40 m [105] 70 m Vienna   Austria
106 Alexander Nevsky Cathedral   40 m [106] 40 m 45 m 45 m 46.3 m
50.52 m [107]
(bell tower)
18 m Sofia   Bulgaria The largest cathedral in the Balkans.[108]
107 Worms Cathedral   40 m [109] 40 m Worms   Germany
108 Hazrat Sultan Mosque   51 m Nur-Sultan   Kazakhstan The largest domed mosque in Kazakhstan.
109 Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall   ~40 m 49.5 m Bangkok   Thailand
110 West Baden Springs Hotel   39.62 m [110] 39.62 m 59.4 m West Baden Springs   United States Steel and glass dome with diameter of 59.44 m.[110]
111 St. Charles Borromeo Cemetery Church   39 m [111] 39 m 58.5 m [111] Vienna   Austria
112 Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica   38 m 78.64 m Trois-Rivieres   Canada
113 State Farm Center   38 m 38 m 120 m Champaign   United States Concrete dome with diameter of 120 m
114 Duomo of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto   ~38 m Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto   Italy
115 Transfiguration Cathedral (Odessa)   43.59 m [112] 43.59 m 50.90 m [112]
77.11 m (belfry)
Odessa   Ukraine
116 Palace of the Argentine National Congress   ~74 m 80 m
(up to the chimerical figures on the crown)
~95 m Buenos Aires   Argentina
117 Dresden Frauenkirche   36.65 m [α][113]

~60 m [β]

~67 m ~62 m ~87 m 91.23 m [113] Dresden   Germany
118 Our Lady of Victory Basilica   36.5 m [114] 36.5 m 50.3 m [115] Lackawanna   United States
119 Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune Catholic Church   ~36 m ~36 m 18.5 Strasbourg   France Dome diameter (inner) of 18.5 m.
120 Saint Blaise Abbey   36 m [116] 36 m [116] 50 m [116] 63 m [117] 36 m St. Blasien   Germany The largest dome by diameter (36 m) north of the Alps.
121 Basilica of St. Josaphat   61 m [118] Milwaukee   United States
122 Victoria Memorial (Kolkata)   56 m Kolkata   India
123 Gol Gumbaz   51 m Vijayapura   India
124 San Lorenzo   50 m [99] Turin   Italy
125 New Mosque   36 m 36 m 17.5 m Istanbul   Turkey
126 Shehzade Mosque   37 m 37 m 38 m 19 m Istanbul   Turkey
127 St. Gereon's Basilica   34.55 m 34.55 m (no outer dome) ~46 m ~49 m Cologne   Germany
128 Bojangles' Coliseum   34.14 m 34.14 m 101 m Charlotte   United States Tin dome with diameter of 101 m.
129 Siena Cathedral   48 m
77 m (bell tower)
Siena   Italy
130 Federal Palace of Switzerland   33 m [119] 33 m ~55 m ~61 m 64 m [120] Bern    Switzerland
131 The First Church of Christ, Scientist   ~33 m [121] ~54 m 68 m [121] Boston   United States
132 St Demetrius Cathedral [de; it]   33 m [122] 33 m ~39 m ~39 m ~45 m Vidin   Bulgaria The third tallest church dome in the Balkans. The second largest church building in Bulgaria.[122]
133 Florence Baptistery   40 m [123] Florence   Italy
134 Szeged Synagogue   32 m 32 m 48.6 m Szeged   Hungary The second largest synagogue in Hungary and the fourth largest in the world.
135 Liverpool Town Hall   32 m Liverpool   United Kingdom
136 Belgrade Fair - Hall 1   30.78 m 30.78 m 109 m Belgrade   Serbia The largest by diameter (109 m) dome in Europe. World's largest prestressed concrete dome.
137 New Town Hall (Hanover)   ~30 m ~30 m ~71 m ~88 m 97.73 m [124] Hanover   Germany
138 Nusretiye Mosque   29 m 29 m Istanbul   Turkey
139 Tempio Canoviano   27.82 m Possagno   Italy
140 Church of San Manuel y San Benito   ~27.5 m ~32 m ~29 m ~36 m ~39 m
43 m (tower)
Madrid   Spain
141 Hungarian Parliament Building   27 m [125]
~31 m (space below the outer dome)
27 m ~73 m ~89 m 96 m [125] Budapest   Hungary
142 Golghar   29 m [126] ~32 m Patna   India
143 Taj Mahal   ~25 m
~27 m (space below the outer dome)
~25 m ~64 m ~64 m 73 m [127] 17.6 m Agra   India
144 Christuskirche   ~62 m ~74 m 80 m [128] Mainz   Germany
145 Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sibiu)   24.7 m [129] 24.7 m 34.7 m [129] 34.7 m 36.7 m [129]
45 m (towers)
Sibiu   Romania
146 Basilica of St. Adalbert   46 m Grand Rapids   United States
147 Natural History Museum   65 m 69 m Vienna   Austria
148 Kocatepe Mosque 44.85 m 44.85 m 44.85 m 88 m Ankara   Turkey
149 Selimiye Mosque 43 m 43 m 43 m 83 m 31.2 m Edirne   Turkey
150 Fatih Mosque 53 m 53 m 53 m 26 m 27.5 m Istanbul   Turkey
α Height up to eye of the lower inner dome
β Height up to the upper dome ceiling (excl. lantern)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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