Saint Joseph's Oratory
Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal (French: Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal) is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and national shrine on Mount Royal's Westmount Summit in Montreal, Quebec. It is Canada's largest church and claims to have one of the largest domes in the world.
|Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal|
Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal
|District||Archdiocese of Montreal|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Minor basilica|
|Leadership||Father Claude Grou|
|Location||3800, chemin Queen Mary|
|Architect(s)||Dalbé Viau, Alphonse Venne, Lucien Parent, Emilien Bujold and Dom Paul Bellot|
|Architectural type||Oratory, domed basilica|
|Architectural style||Italian renaissance|
|Construction cost||$2.3 Million (CAD)|
|Direction of façade||NNW|
|Capacity||10,000 / 2,400 sitting|
|Length||105 metres (344 ft)|
|Width||65 metres (213 ft)|
|Width (nave)||37 metres (121 ft)|
|Height (max)||129 metres (423 ft)|
|Dome height (outer)||97 metres (318 ft) (from nave floor)|
|Dome height (inner)||60 metres (200 ft) (from nave floor)|
|Dome dia. (outer)||39 metres (128 ft)|
|Dome dia. (inner)||26 metres (85 ft)|
|Materials||Canadian granite, copper|
|Official name: Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal National Historic Site of Canada|
The basilica enshrines a statue of Saint Joseph, which was authorised a Canonical coronation by Pope Pius X on 19 March 1910 via Cardinal Vincenzo Vannutelli (extinct) and another from an Apostolic brief dated 9 July 1955 by Pope Pius XII who crowned the new statue on 9 August 1955 via Cardinal Paul-Émile Léger now located within its crypt department. The shrine is also famous due to its association with Brother Andre Bessette who was believed to possess healing powers through his Josephian devotion with its notable oil ointment given freely to its believers.
In 1904, Saint André Bessette, C.S.C., began the construction of St. Joseph, a small chapel on the slopes of Mont Royal near Notre Dame College. Soon the growing number of the congregation made it too small. In 1917 a larger church was completed that had a seating capacity of 1,000. In 1924, the construction of the basilica of Saint Joseph's Oratory was commenced; it was finally completed in 1967.
In 1949–1951, architect Gilbert Moreau carried out alterations and improvements to the interior of Saint Joseph's Oratory, as well as to the adjacent monastery, and rearranged the sacristy in the basilica.
The basilica is dedicated to Saint Joseph, to whom Brother André credited all his reported miracles. These were mostly related to some kind of healing power, and many pilgrims (handicapped, blind, ill, etc.) poured into his Basilica, including numerous non-Catholics. On display in the basilica is a wall covered with thousands of crutches from those who came to the basilica and were purportedly healed. Pope John Paul II deemed the miracles to be authentic and beatified Brother André in 1982. In October 2010 Pope Benedict XVI canonized the saint.
A reliquary in the church museum contains Brother André's heart, which he requested as a protection for the basilica. More than 2 million visitors and pilgrims visit the Oratory every year. It is located at 3800 Queen Mary Road, at Côte-des-Neiges (between the Côte-des-Neiges metro station and the Snowdon metro station).
Composer Émilien Allard notably served as the church's carillonneur from 1955 to 1975. For RCA Victor he released the LP album Carols at the Carillon of Saint Joseph's Oratory for which he wrote the arrangements.
On October 19, 2004, the Oratory held its centennial. All the bells of all the churches on the island of Montreal were supposed to ring at 9:00 a.m., though not all churches participated. At 9:05 a.m., the basilica rang its bell in response and celebration.
On 2 April 2004 Canada Post issued 'Saint Joseph's Oratory, Quebec' in the 2004 Tourist Attractions series. The stamp was designed by Catharine Bradbury & William Stewart based on a photograph by Bernard Brault. The 49¢ stamps are perforated kiss cut and were printed by Lowe-Martin Company Inc.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Bellot, Father Paul in Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada 1800–1950". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
- "Moreau, Gilbert in Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada 1800–1950". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "La vie et la mort d'un carillonneur", Musique périodique, vol 1, Jan–Feb 1977
- "The Government of Canada Commemorates the National Historic Significance of Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal". News Release. Parks Canada. 2005-09-19. Retrieved 2009-01-08.[dead link]
- Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal National Historic Site of Canada. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Canada Post Stamp
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount-Royal.|
- Official website
- Saint Joseph's Oratory - Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops
- CBC Digital Archives - The Miracle on Mount Royal: 100 Years of St. Joseph's Oratory
- Saint Joseph's Oratory: Photo Gallery by The Catholic Photographer
-  Les Merveilles de L'Oratoire: L'Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal, 1904–2004 By Denise Robillard
- Saint Joseph's Oratory in Canadian Encyclopedia