Almudena Cathedral (Santa María la Real de La Almudena) is a Catholic church in Madrid, Spain. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid. The cathedral was consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1993.
|Cathedral of Saint Mary the Royal of La Almudena|
Catedral de Santa María La Real de La Almudena
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic Church|
|Province||Archdiocese of Madrid|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Active|
|Patron||Virgin of Almudena|
|Year consecrated||15 June 1993|
|Architect(s)||Marquis of Cubas|
|Style||Neoclassical, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Romanesque|
|Groundbreaking||April 4, 1883|
|Completed||June 15, 1993|
|Width (nave)||12.5 m|
|Materials||Granite of Colmenar Viejo and marble from Novelda|
|Website of the Cathedral|
When the capital of Spain was transferred from Toledo to Madrid in 1561, the seat of the Church in Spain remained in Toledo and the new capital had no cathedral. Plans for a cathedral in Madrid dedicated to the Virgin of Almudena were discussed as early as the 16th century but even though Spain built more than 40 cities overseas during that century, plenty of cathedrals and fortresses, the cost of expanding and keeping the Empire came first and the construction of Madrid's cathedral was postponed.
The building was designed by Francisco de Cubas. The original plan had been to create a parochial church. The foundation stone was laid in 1883, but when Pope Leo XIII granted a bull in 1885 for the creation of the Madrid-Alcalá bishopric, the plans for the church were changed to that of a Gothic revival cathedral.
Construction was interrupted by the Spanish Civil War, and the site lay abandoned until 1950, when Fernando Chueca Goitia adapted the plans of de Cubas to a baroque exterior to match the grey and white façade of the Palacio Real that stands directly opposite.
The Neo-Gothic interior is uniquely modern, with chapels and statues of contemporary artists, in heterogeneous styles, from historical revivals to "pop-art" decor. The Blessed Sacrament Chapel features mosaics by Fr. Marko Ivan Rupnik. The icons in the apse were painted by Kiko Argüello, artist and founder of the Neocatechumenal Way.
Notable burials Edit
People buried at Almudena Cathedral include:
- Her Majesty Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain (1860–1878)
- His Highness Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria (1884–1958)
- His Highness Jose Eugenio, Prince of Bavaria (1909–1966)
- His Highness Luis Alfonso, Prince of Bavaria (1906–1983)
- Her Highness Doña María de la Asunción Solange de Mesía y de Lesseps, Princess of Bavaria and Countess of Odiel (1911–2005)
- Carmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco (1926–2017)
- Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú, 10th Marquess of Villaverde (1922–1998)
- Francisco de Cubas, I Marquess of Cubas (1826–1899)
- Francisco de Cubas y Erice, II Marquess of Cubas, II Marquess of Fontalba and Grandee of Spain (1868–1937)
- Estanislao de Urquijo y Landaluce, I Marquess of Urquijo (1817-1889)
- Estanislao de Urquijo y Ussía, III Marquess of Urquijo (1872-1948)
- Isabel de Maltrana y de Novales, I Marquise de Maltrana (d. 1919)
- Luis de Pedroso y Madan, V Count of San Esteban de Cañongo (1876-1952)
- María Dolores de Pedroso y Sturdza, VI Countess of San Esteban de Cañongo
- Margarita de Pedroso y Sturdza, VII Countess of San Esteban de Cañongo (1911-1989)
- Cardinal Ángel Suquía Goicoechea (1916–2006)
- Fernando Rielo Pardal (1923–2004)
- Alfonso Peña Boeuf (1888–1966)
- Enrique María Repullés (1845–1922)
Cathedral as seen from Royal Palace of Madrid
Nave looking toward the sanctuary
Interior of the square cupola
Rear view of the main altar
Bell towers with Royal Palace in the background
Tomb of Queen María de las Mercedes of Orleans
Altar to the Virgin of Almudena
Sarcophagi of Saint Isidore the Laborer
See also Edit
- "La Almudena Cathedral". Turismo Madrid. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- "El Madrid islámico". Ite.educacion.es. Retrieved 2013-10-14.
- Linnee, Susan (15 June 1993). "Pope warns revelers to 'purify' fervor". The Desert News. p. A8. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- [https://museo.catedraldelaalmudena.es/english/ Messeu of the Almundena Cathedral[
- "Los reyes del siglo XXI". El País (in Spanish). 23 May 2004. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
Media related to Almudena Cathedral at Wikimedia Commons