Oudenbosch Basilica

The Oudenbosch Basilica[1][2] is a Roman Catholic basilica in the Dutch village of Oudenbosch. The basilica is named after Agatha of Sicily and Barbara of Nicomedia, two Christian martyrs from the third century. It was built at the initiative of Willem Hellemons who was parish priest between 1842 and 1884. Its nave and interior were modeled after St. Peter's Basilica, while the facade is a replica of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, both located in Rome. The basilica was designed by architect Pierre Cuypers. Construction began in 1865 but was not fully completed until 1892. The basilica is unique in the region in that it is relatively large with a classical Italian appearance that is atypical for most of northern Europe, let alone a small town in North Brabant.

The Oudenbosch Basilica
Basilica of H.H. Agatha and Barbara
Basilica of H.H. Agatha and Barbara
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceNorth Brabant
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusBasilica
Location
LocationOudenbosch, Netherlands
Geographic coordinates51°35′22″N 4°31′43″E / 51.58944°N 4.52861°E / 51.58944; 4.52861Coordinates: 51°35′22″N 4°31′43″E / 51.58944°N 4.52861°E / 51.58944; 4.52861
Architecture
Architect(s)Dr. P. Cuypers, G.J. van Swaay
StyleNeoclassicism
Groundbreaking1865
Completed1892
Specifications
Length81 meters (265 ft 9.0 in)
Width55 meters (180 ft 5.4 in)
Height (max)63 meters (206 ft 8.3 in)
Dome height (outer)51 meters (167 ft 3.9 in)
Dome dia. (inner)20 meters (65 ft 7.4 in)
Website
http://www.basiliekoudenbosch.com/

Dutch Papal Zouaves and local Catholics gathered in Oudenbosch and left for Rome in 1868 to defend the Papal State against Giuseppe Garibaldi's Italian nationalist army. Therefore Pope Pius IX agreed to build a relatively big basilica in a small place.[citation needed] Originally a church, it was designated a minor basilica in 1912.[3] A piece of the cloak Pope John Paul II wore during the 1981 assassination attempt is kept there as a relic.[4]

Elements inspired by their counterparts in Rome include Michelangelo's Pietà, Bernini's baldachin, the Chair of Saint Peter, and Bernini's Gloria.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official site Basilica
  2. ^ Info Basilica Archived 2010-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Geschiedenis". Basiliek Oudenbosch (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  4. ^ Doorn, Bert van (11 May 2014). "Nieuw relikwie Johannes Paulus II voor basiliek Oudenbosch" (in Dutch). Omroep Brabant. Retrieved 29 December 2018.

External linksEdit