List of irregularly spelt places in England
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This is a sublist of List of irregularly spelled English names.
Pronunciations for the following common suffixes are regular pronunciations, despite being counterintuitive at first glance:
- -b(o)rough and -burgh – //, //
- -bury – //
- -cester – //[n 1]
- -combe, -coombe, -comb and -cambe – // (often). As stand-alone words always // (including in place names such as Castle Combe and Coombe Bissett)
- -ford – //
- -gh – silent (usually, as 'f' in a considerable minority of northern English place names and in Woughton, Milton Keynes)
- -ham – //
- -holm(e) – //, //
- -mouth – //
- -on as first syllable is usually as in London, Coningsby or Tonbridge (see Middle English handwriting preventing 'un' and 'um'); excludes a few such as intuitive Lonsdale
- -shire – //, // (rhotic or semi-rhotic r in 'er' as final syllable non-existent in some English dialects such as Kentish and Cockney), //(esp. in Yorkshire and Scotland)
- -wich - //, //[n 2]
- -wick – //[n 3][n 4]
Pronunciation of the following common prefix is variable depending on dialect:
- Al- / /,
- e.g. City of Leicester, which follows e.g. Towcester, Rocester and Alcester – /ˈɒlstər/ or /ˈɔːlstər/
- Well-known, large examples are Woolwich and West Bromwich cf. Nantwich and Droitwich Spa
- e.g. Smethwick, Chiswick and Flitwick
- Accordingly: Southwick, Hampshire - //
Anomalies: Southwick, West Sussex is pronounced //, like Painswick, Gloucestershire, Prestwick and Hardwick as well as Pickwick a former village in Wiltshire through which the novel The Pickwick Papers got its title, but these by population represent a very small minority.
- P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. pp. 44–5. ISBN 0-7100-2010-4.
- Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 2nd ed. Longman. ISBN 0-582-36468-X.
- Reflecting original "Beldesert" "Beaudesert and Henley-in-Arden Website | Warwickshire | Our Town|History|". Henley-in-Arden. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
- Bill Bryson (1991-09-01). The Mother Tongue. HarperCollins. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-380-71543-5.
- Wells, John (6 May 2010). "Chideock". John Wells's phoetic blog. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
- "How Do You Pronounce Theydon Bois?". Londonist. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "Chop Gate". yorkshiremoors.co.uk. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "History of Cowbit - Cowbit Village". cowbitvillage.co.uk. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Pronouncing British Placenames at BBC's Edited Guide Entry h2g2 site
- Lycett Green, Candida. Unwrecked England. Oldie. p. 30.
- Pointon, G.E. (1983). BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-212976-7.
- "Oliver Cromwell's home; fields amid which his boyhood was passed. Villages in the neighborhood- where other great men were born-the boy Oliver saved". nY Times. 1888-12-30. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- Roach & Hartman, eds (1997) English Pronouncing Dictionary, 15th edition. (Cambridge University Press). p. 234
- Staffordshire. Charles Masefield. 1918. p. 122. Retrieved 23 May 2020.