List of irregularly spelt places in England

This is a sublist of List of irregularly spelled English names.

London places as though Cony Hatch, De Beaver Town, Marlybən, Grenidge, Plahstow, Aye-zəlworth
Colney COney Hatch
Colney COney Hatch
De Beauvoir BEAver Town (usu.)
De Beauvoir BEAver Town (usu.)
Marylebone MARlyb'n (alt.)
Marylebone MARlyb'n (alt.)
Plaistow PLAHsto
Plaistow PLAHsto
Ruislip RYslip
Ruislip RYslip
Greenwich GRENidge
Greenwich GRENidge
Southwark SU-ðərK
Southwark SU-ðərK
Vauxhall VOK-sawl
Vauxhall VOK-sawl
Dulwich DULLidge
Dulwich DULLidge
Chiswick CHIZick
Chiswick CHIZick
Isleworth Ayezəlworth
Isleworth Ayezəlworth
A map of irregularly spelled places in London

Pronunciations for the following common suffixes are regular pronunciations, despite being counterintuitive at first glance:

Pronunciation of the following common prefix is variable depending on dialect:

ListEdit

Place IPA Note
Acomb, North Yorkshire /ˈjækəm/[1]
Acomb, Northumberland /ˈjɛkəm/[1]
Aigburth /ˈɛɡbərθ/ ( listen)
Aike /ˈjæk/ ( listen)[1]
Aldeburgh /ˈɔːlbərə/
Allerton /ˈɒlərtən/
Almeley /ˈæml/, /ˈælml/
Alnmouth /ˈæl(ə)nmθ/
Alnwick /ˈænɪk/ ( listen)
Althorp /ˈɔːltrəp/[2]
Altrincham /ˈɒltrɪŋəm/ ( listen)[2]
Alresford, Essex /ˈɒlsfərd/ ( listen)
/ˈlsfərd/
Alresford, Hampshire /ˈɒlzfərd/
Alsager /ˈɒlsər/
Alverdiscott /ˈɒlskɒt/
Ashtead /ˈæʃstɛd/
Ardingly /ˈɑːrdɪŋl/
Ashby-de-la-Zouch /dələˈzʃ/
Aslackby /ˈzəlbi/
Averham /ˈɛərəm/
Aveton Gifford /ˈɔːtən ˈɪfərd/ ( listen) This is doubly counter-intuitive not adopting the hard G that features in Gifford (the forename, surname and part of a more populous place name).
Ayscoughfee Hall /ˈæskəf/ ( listen)
Balliol College /ˈbeɪliəl[2]
Barham /ˈbærəm/[2]
Barholm /ˈbærəm/
Barnoldswick /ˈbɑːrlɪk/
Barugh, North Yorkshire /bɑːrf/[2]
Barugh, South Yorkshire /ˈbɑːrk/
Basford /ˈbsfərd/
Beaconsfield /ˈbɛkənzfld/ ( listen)
Beaminster /ˈbɛmɪnstər/
Beauchamp Roding /ˈbəm/ Also a surname.
Beauchief /ˈbɪf/
Beaudesert /ˈbɛlzər/[3][4] Reflecting original "Beldesert"
Beaulieu /ˈbjli/[2]
Bellingham /ˈbɛlɪnəm/[2] cf. Bellingham, Washington, U.S.A., which is intuitive (/ˈbɛlɪŋhæm/
Belvoir Castle /ˈbvər/
Berkeley /ˈbɑːrkli/[2] All towns in England. Mirrors British "clerk", which is also irregular.
Berwick-upon-Tweed /ˈbɛrɪk/[2]
Bicester /ˈbɪstər/[2]
Bideford /ˈbɪdɪfərd/
Billericay /ˌbɪləˈrɪki/[2]
Blackley /ˈblkli/ ( listen)[2]
Blidworth /ˈblɪdərθ/
Bosham /ˈbɒzəm/ ( listen)
Bozeat /ˈbʒət/
Bradley /ˈbrdli/[2]
Brant Broughton /ˈbrænt ˈbrtən/
Breaston /ˈbrstən/
Brewood /brd/ ( listen)
Bridestowe /ˈbrɪdɪst/
Brough /ˈbrʌf/
Brougham /brm/
Browshome /ˈbrzəm/
Bungay /ˈbʌŋɡi/
Burgh le Marsh /ˈbʌrə/
Burgh by Sands /brʌf/[2]
Bylaugh /ˈblə/
Caius College /ˈkiːz/[2]
Caldmore /ˈkɑːmər/
Cambois /ˈkæməs/
Cambridge /ˈkmbrɪ/[2] The River Cam and sometimes Cambridge, Gloucestershire are pronounced with /kæm/; however, locals now pronounce the latter like the city.
Caterham /ˈktərəm/
Cheshunt /ˈɛzənt/
Cheviot Hills /ˈivɪət/ Also includes The Cheviot.
Cheylesmore /ˈɑːlzmɔːr/
Chideock /ˈɪdək/[5]
Chiswick /ˈɪzɪk/ ( listen)[6]
Cholmondeley /ˈʌmli/[2]
Cholmondeston /ˈʌmstən/
Chop Gate /ˈɒp ˈjæt/[7]
Cirencester /ˈsɪsɪtər/[2]
Claughton /ˈklæftən/[2]
Cleobury Mortimer /ˈklɪbəri/[2]
Cley-next-the-Sea /ˈkl/
Cogenhoe /ˈkʊkn/
Colerne /ˈkʌlərn/
Coleshill /ˈkzɪl/
Colney Hatch /ˈkni/
Congresbury /ˈkɒŋzbəri/
Cononley /ˈkʊnlə/
Costessey /ˈkɒsi/[2]
Cowbit /ˈkʌbɪt/[8]
Cowden /kˈdɛn/
Cowpen /ˈkpɛn/
Cradley /ˈkrdli/
Croxton Kerrial /ˈkrsən ˈkɛrɪl/
Cruwys Morchard /ˈkrz/
Cuckfield /ˈkʊkfld/[2] cf. nearby intuitive Uckfield
Cudworth /ˈkʊdərθ/
Darwen /ˈdɑːrwɪn/[9]
Daventry /ˈdntri/
De Beauvoir Town /də ˈbvər/ Intuitive also heard, like Holborn, especially in relatively new residents.
Derby /ˈdɑːrbi/ ( listen)
Devon /ˈdɛvən/
Devon (river) /ˈdvən/[10]
Didcot /ˈdɪdkət/ ( listen)[9]
Dodworth /ˈdɒdərθ/
Dunchideock /ˈdʌntʃɪdək/
Durham /ˈdɜːrəm/ Also pronounced regularly
Edensor /ˈɛnzər/
Edenham /ˈɛdnəm/
Elham /ˈləm/
Elsecar /ɛlsɪˈkɑːr/
/ɛlsɪˈkər/
Ely /ˈli/
Esher /ˈʃər/[9]
Eton College /ˈtən/ ( listen)
Euxton /ˈɛkstən/[2]
Eyam /m/[2]
Eynsham /ˈɛnʃəm/
Farcet /ˈfæsət/
Flitwick /ˈflɪtɪk/ ( listen)
Foleshill /ˈfzɪl/
Folkingham /ˈfɒkɪŋəm/
Fowey /ˈfɔɪ/[2][9]
Frithsden /ˈfrɪzdən/
Frome /ˈfrm/[2]
Gateacre /ˈɡætəkər/[2]
Gillingham /ˈɪlɪŋəm/ ( listen)[11]
Gloucester /ˈɡlɒstər/
Godmanchester /ˈɡʌmstər/[12] Usually pronounced regularly
Gotham /ˈɡtəm/[2]
Greenwich /ˈɡrɛnɪ/[2] or the more old-fashioned /ɡrɪnɪ/ As in Greenwich Mean Time and as in the U.S. namesakes
Greysouthen /ˈɡrsn/
Groby /ˈɡrbi/
Guildford /ˈɡɪlfərd/ ( listen)[2]
Guisborough /ˈɡɪzbərə/
Happisburgh /ˈhzbərə/[2]
Hardes, Kent /ˈhɑːrdz/
Harewood House /ˈhɑːrwʊd/ The adjacent village, Harewood, is pronounced intuitively. The other main stately home of broad architectural and historical note with an unusual pronunciation is: Cliveden
Hatch Beauchamp /ˈbəm/[13]
Haverholme /ˈhævrəm/
Haverhill /ˈhævrɪl/
Heather /ˈhðər/[2]
Hereford /ˈharfərd/
Herstmonceux /ˌhɜːrsmənˈz/, /-ˈs/[14]
Hessle /ˈhɛzəl/[2]
Holborn /ˈhbən/ ( listen)[2]
Holnicote Estate /ˈhʌnɪkɒt/
Holywell /ˈhɒliwɛl/
Hough-on-the-Hill /hɒf/
Hougham /ˈhɒfəm/
Houghton-le-Spring /ˈhtən lə ˈsprɪŋ/
Hunstanton /ˈhʌnstən/[2]
Ide /d/
Isleworth /ˈzəlwɜːrθ/ ( listen)
Islip /ˈzlɪp/ cf. Islip, Oxfordshire identical but for the r with: Ruislip
Iwerne Minster /ˈjuːɜːrn/
Jervaulx Abbey /ˈʒɜːrv/
Keadby /ˈkɪdbi/
Keighley /ˈkθli/[2]
Keynsham /ˈknʃəm/[9]
Kinder Scout /ˈkɪndər/ Also includes River Kinder, Kinder Downfall and Kinder Reservoir.
Kirkby /ˈkɜːrbi/[2] Pronounced intuitively in Kirkby-in-Ashfield.
Laughton /ˈltən/
Launceston, Cornwall /ˈlɔːnstən/[2] cf. Launceston, Tasmania, pronounced /ˈlɒnsəstən/)
Leamington Spa /ˈlɛmɪŋtən/ ( listen)
Leasingham /ˈlɛzɪŋəm/
Leicester /ˈlɛstər/[2]
Leigh /l/[2] Leigh, Manchester is regular
Leominster /ˈlɛmstər/ ( listen)[2] cf. Leominster, Massachusetts
Lilleshall /ˈlɪləʃɛl/
Lincoln /ˈlɪŋkən/
Liskeard, Cornwall /lɪˈskɑːrd/[2]
Little Hautbois /ˈhɒbɪs/
Loose /lz/
Lostwithiel /lɒsˈwɪθiəl/[2]
Loughborough /ˈlʌfbrə/ ( listen)
Lover /ˈlvər/
Ludgershall /ˈlʌɡərʃɔːl/
Ludgvan, Cornwall /ˈlʌən/
Luxulyan, Cornwall /lʌkˈsɪljən/
Lympne /ˈlɪm/[2]
Magdalen Hall /mɔːn/
Magdalene College /ˈmɔːdlɪn/
Manea /ˈmeɪni/
Marholm /ˈmærəm/
Marlborough /ˈmɔːrlbərə/
Marske-by-the-Sea /ˈmæsk/
Marylebone /ˈmɑːrlɪbən/
Masham /ˈmæsəm/
Meaux /mjuːs/
Meols /mɛlz/
Meols Cop /miːlz/
Meopham /ˈmɛpəm/ ( listen)
Mildenhall /ˈmʌldənhɔːl/
Mossley /ˈmɒzli/
Mousehole /ˈmaʊzəl/
Mow Cop /ˈmaʊkɒp/
Muswell Hill /ˈmʌzəl/
Mytholmroyd /ˌmaɪðəmˈrɔɪd/
Norwich /ˈnɒrɪdʒ/
Olney /ˈɔːni/
/ˈoʊlni/
Osbournby /ˈɒzənbi/
Oswaldtwistle /ˈɒzəltwɪzəl/
Ovingham /ˈɒvɪndʒəm/
Pall Mall /ˈpælˈmæl/ ( listen)
Peascod Street, Windsor /ˈpɛskəd/
Plaistow /ˈplɑːstʊ/ ( listen)
Plymouth /ˈplɪməθ/
Pontefract /ˈpʌmfrɪt/ Also pronounced regularly.
Ponteland /pɒntˈiːlənd/
Portesham /ˈpɒsəm/
Postwick with Witton /ˈpɔːzɪk/
Poxwell /ˈpoʊkswɛl/
Prideaux /ˈprɪdəks/
Prinknash Abbey /ˈprɪnəʃ/
Prudhoe /ˈprʌdə/
Puncknowle /ˈpʌnəl/
Quadring /ˈkweɪdrɪŋ/
Quernmore /ˈkwɔːrmər/
Rainworth /ˈrɛnəθ/
Rampisham /ˈrænsəm/
Ratlinghope /ˈrætʃʌp/
Reading /ˈrɛdɪŋ/ (listen)
Rievaulx /riːvoʊ/
River Cherwell /ˈtʃɑːrwɛl/
River Dove, Central England[15] /ˈdv/ Usually pronounced regularly.
River Nene /nɛn/
River Thame /ˈteɪm/
River Thames /ˈtɛmz/ ( listen)
Rocester /ˈroʊstər/
Roughton /ˈruːtən/
Ruislip /ˈraɪslɪp/ (listen)
St. Albans /sənt ˈɔːlbənz/
St. Briavels /sənt ˈbrɛvəlz/
St. Ives, Cornwall /sənt ˈiːv/
St. Teath, Cornwall /tɛθ/
Salisbury /ˈsɒlzbəri, ˈsɔːlz-/
Salle /ˈsɔːl/
Sandwich /sændwɪdʒ/ Also pronounced regularly
Seighford /ˈsaɪfərd/
Shrewsbury /ˈʃroʊzbəri, ˈʃruːz-/
Shaftesbury /ˈʃɑːftsbəri, ˈʃæfts-/
Slaithwaite /ˈslæθwɪt/, /ˈslæwɪt/
Slaugham /ˈslæfəm/
Snowshill /ˈsnɒzəl/
/ˈsnoʊzəl/
South Elmsall /saʊθ ˈɛmsəl/
Southwark /ˈsʌðərk/ ( listen)
Southwell /ˈsʌðəl/ Also pronounced regularly
Sowerby, West Yorkshire /ˈsɔːrbi/ Also includes Sowerby Bridge, West Yorkshire.
Sproxton /ˈsproʊsən/
Staithes /stɪərz/
Stawell /stɒl/
Steyning /ˈstɛnɪŋ/
Stiffkey /ˈstjuːkiː/ Also pronounced regularly
Stivichall /ˈstaɪtʃəl/
Stockingford /ˌstɒkɪŋˈfɔːrd/
Streatham /ˈstrɛtəm/
Stroxton /ˈstrɔːsən/
Sydenham /ˈsɪdənəm/
Tacolneston /ˈtækəlstən/
Teignmouth /ˈtɪnməθ/
Teston /ˈtiːsən/
Thame /ˈteɪm/
Theobald's Road /ˈtɪbəldz/
Threekingham /ˈθrɛkɪŋɡəm/
Tideswell /ˈtɪdsəl/
Tintwistle /ˈtɪnsəl/
Todmorden /ˈtɒdmərdən/
Torpenhow /trəˈpɛnə/ Also pronounced regularly
Towcester /ˈtoʊstər/
Tow Law /taʊˈlɔː/
Trewoon, Cornwall /ˈtruːən/
Trottiscliffe /ˈtrɒzli/
Ulgham /ˈʌfəm/
Uttoxeter /juːˈtɒksɪtər/
/ˈʌtʃɪtər/
Vauxhall /ˈvɒks.ɔːl/
Warwick /ˈwɒrɪk/
Wavertree /ˈwɔːrtri/ Mostly obsolete
Weighton /ˈwiːtən/
Welwyn /ˈwɛlɪn/ ( listen)
Wesham /ˈwɛsəm/
Whittingham /ˈwɪtɪndʒəm/
Widecombe in the Moor /ˈwɪdɪkəm/
Wisbech /ˈwɪzbiːtʃ/
Witham /ˈwɪtəm/
Wombwell /ˈwʊmwɛl/
Woodhay /ˈwʊdi/
Woolfardisworthy /ˈwʊlzi/
/ˈwʊlzəri/
Worcester /ˈwʊstər/
Worstead /ˈwʊstəd/
Woughton /ˈwʊftən/
Wressle /ˈrɛzəl/
Wrotham /ˈruːtəm/
Wroughton /ˈrɔːtən/
Wybunbury /ˈwɪmbri/
/ˈwɪnbəri/
Wycombe /ˈwɪkəm/
Wymondham /ˈwɪndəm/
Yeaton /ˈjɛtən/
Yeavering /ˈjɛvərɪŋ/
Zouch /zɒtʃ/

NotesEdit

  1. ^ e.g. City of Leicester, which follows e.g. Towcester, Rocester and Alcester – /ˈɒlstər/ or /ˈɔːlstər/
  2. ^ Well-known, large examples are Woolwich and West Bromwich cf. Nantwich and Droitwich Spa
  3. ^ e.g. Smethwick, Chiswick and Flitwick
  4. ^ Accordingly: Southwick, Hampshire - /ˈsʌðɪk/
    Anomalies: Southwick, West Sussex is pronounced /ˈsθwɪk/, like Painswick, Gloucestershire, Prestwick and Hardwick as well as Pickwick a former village in Wiltshire through which the novel The Pickwick Papers got its title, but these by population represent a very small minority.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. pp. 44–5. ISBN 0-7100-2010-4.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 2nd ed. Longman. ISBN 0-582-36468-X.
  3. ^ Reflecting original "Beldesert" "Beaudesert and Henley-in-Arden Website | Warwickshire | Our Town|History|". Henley-in-Arden. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  4. ^ Bill Bryson (1991-09-01). The Mother Tongue. HarperCollins. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-380-71543-5.
  5. ^ Wells, John (6 May 2010). "Chideock". John Wells's phoetic blog. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  6. ^ "How Do You Pronounce Theydon Bois?". Londonist. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Chop Gate". yorkshiremoors.co.uk. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  8. ^ "History of Cowbit - Cowbit Village". cowbitvillage.co.uk. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e Pronouncing British Placenames at BBC's Edited Guide Entry h2g2 site
  10. ^ Lycett Green, Candida. Unwrecked England. Oldie. p. 30.
  11. ^ Pointon, G.E. (1983). BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-212976-7.
  12. ^ "Oliver Cromwell's home; fields amid which his boyhood was passed. Villages in the neighborhood- where other great men were born-the boy Oliver saved". nY Times. 1888-12-30. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
  13. ^ http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/Bristol_and_Somerset/2000-01/0949053929
  14. ^ Roach & Hartman, eds (1997) English Pronouncing Dictionary, 15th edition. (Cambridge University Press). p. 234
  15. ^ Staffordshire. Charles Masefield. 1918. p. 122. Retrieved 23 May 2020.

Further readingEdit