Hertford (/ˈhɑːrtfərd/ HART-fərd) is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county. The parish had a population of 26,783 at the 2011 census.[1][a]

Parliament Square, Hertford Town Centre
Hertford is located in Hertfordshire
Location within Hertfordshire
Population26,783  (2011 Census, parish)[1]
OS grid referenceTL325125
• London19.2 mi (30.9 km) S
Civil parish
  • Hertford
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSG13, SG14
Dialling code01992
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°47′48″N 0°04′38″W / 51.79662°N 0.07735°W / 51.79662; -0.07735

The town grew around a ford on the River Lea, near its confluences with the rivers Mimram, Beane, and Rib. The Lea is navigable from the Thames up to Hertford. Fortified settlements were established on each side of the ford at Hertford in 913 AD. The county of Hertfordshire was established at a similar time, being named after and administered from Hertford. Hertford Castle was built shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066 and remained a royal residence until the early seventeenth century.

Hertfordshire County Council and East Hertfordshire District Council both have their main offices in the town and are major local employers, as is McMullen's Brewery, which has been based in the town since 1827. The town is also popular with commuters, being only 20 miles (32 km) north of central London and connected to it by two railway lines.



The earliest reference to the town appears in the Ecclesiastical History of the English People, written by Bede in 731 AD, which refers to Herutford. Herut is the Old English spelling of hart, meaning a fully mature stag; thus the meaning of the name is a ford where harts are found.[3] The Domesday Book of 1086 gives a spelling of Hertforde.[4]


Hertford Castle

One possible earlier mention of the town was in 672 AD: the first synod of a number of the bishops in England was held either in Hertford or at Hartford, Cambridgeshire.[5] The synod was called by Theodore of Tarsus; decisions included the calculation of the date of Easter.[6]

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in 913 AD, Edward the Elder ordered the construction of two burhs (earthwork fortifications) either side of the ford over the River Lea at Hertford as part of his campaign against the Danes.[7][b]

By the time of the Domesday Book, Hertford had two churches, two markets and three mills. The Normans began work on Hertford Castle, and Hertford Priory was founded by Ralph de Limesy.[19] King Henry II rebuilt the castle in stone, but in 1216, during the First Barons' War, it was besieged and captured after 25 days by Prince Louis of France.[20] The castle was regularly visited by English royalty and in 1358, Queen Isabella, wife of Edward II, died there. The priory was dissolved in 1536 and subsequently demolished[19] and in 1563, the Parliament of England met at the castle because of an outbreak of plague in London. Hertford grew and prospered as a market and county town; communication was improved by the construction of the Lea Navigation Canal in 1767 and the arrival of the railway in 1843.[21] The Port Hill drill hall was completed in 1898 and Yeomanry House was brought into military use in 1910.[22]

Hartford, Connecticut is named after Hertford.



Hertford has three tiers of local government at parish (town), district, and county level: Hertford Town Council, East Hertfordshire District Council, and Hertfordshire County Council, all three of which are based in the town.

Ancient borough (c. 913–1835)
Municipal borough (1836–1974)
Coat of arms
 • 19019,322
 • 197119,540[23]
 • Createdc. 913 (Ancient borough)
1 January 1836 (Municipal borough)
 • Abolished31 March 1974
 • Succeeded byEast Hertfordshire
 • HQHertford
Contained within
 • County CouncilHertfordshire

Hertford has been the county town of Hertfordshire since the county was founded in Saxon times. The town also gave its name to the hundred of Hertford.[24] The town was initially governed by the king's reeves. By the thirteenth century, the reeves had been replaced by a bailiff, elected by the burgesses. Charters of 1554 and 1589 established a common council of eleven chief burgesses and a bailiff. Another charter of 1605 changed the bailiff's title to mayor. Under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, Hertford became a Municipal borough; the ratepayers elected twelve councillors, who chose four aldermen, with the aldermen and councillors together composing the council (also known as the corporation), which elected the mayor.[12]

The Hertford poor law union was established in 1835, covering the town and surrounding rural parishes.[25]

Hertford Corporation used part of the Shire Hall as a Town Hall until 1911, when it moved into the surviving gatehouse of Hertford Castle.[26][27]

Under the Local Government Act 1972, Hertford Municipal Borough was abolished, merging with other districts to become part of the district of East Hertfordshire with effect from 1 April 1974. A successor parish was created covering the former borough of Hertford, with its parish council taking the name Hertford Town Council.[28] The town council is based at the former offices of the borough corporation at Hertford Castle.[29]

The headquarters of Hertfordshire County Council is at County Hall, built in 1939 to replace the Shire Hall. East Hertfordshire District Council's offices almost adjoin County Hall, being at Wallfields, which prior to 1974 had been the offices of Hertford Rural District Council.



From at least 1634, Hertford Corporation used an escutcheon (shield) depicting a hart above water to indicate a ford. The borough council was granted the right to complement its arms with a badge in 1925, and supporters were added in 1937. The coat of arms is now used by Hertford Town Council.[30]

Coat of arms of Hertford Town Council[31]
Argent on water barry wavy a hart lodged Proper (recorded at the 1634 visitation).
On either side a lion Ermine gorged with a collar pendent therefrom by a chain Gules an escutcheon Or charged with three chevrons also Gules (granted 20th October 1937).
Pride In Our Past Faith In Our Future
Within a chaplet of roses Gules a hart's head caboshed Proper between the attires an escutcheon Or charged with three chevronels Gules (granted 23rd September 1925).



Hertford is at the confluence of four river valleys: the Rib, Beane and Mimram join the River Lea at Hertford to flow east and then south toward the Thames as the Lee Navigation, after Hertford Castle Weir. The shared valley of the Lea and the Beane is called Hartham Common and this provides a large park to one side of the town centre running towards Ware and lying below the ridge upon which Bengeo is situated.

The town centre still has its medieval layout with many timber-framed buildings hidden under later frontages, particularly in St Andrew Street. Hertford suffers from traffic problems despite the existence of the 1960s A414 bypass called Gascoyne Way which passes close to the town centre. Plans have long existed to connect the A10 with the A414, by-passing the town completely. Nevertheless, the town retains very much a country-town feel, despite lying only 19.2 miles (30.9 km) north of Central London. This is aided by its proximity to larger towns such as Harlow, Bishop's Stortford and Stevenage where modern development has been focused.

Hartham Common


Hertfordshire County Hall in Hertford

A fair amount of employment in the town is centred on County Hall (Hertfordshire County Council), Wallfields (East Hertfordshire District Council) and McMullens Brewery, one of a dwindling number of independent pre-1970 family brewers in the United Kingdom. Many residents commute to work in London.

Hertford differs from neighbouring towns as it lacks a modern shopping development (mall). However, it has most of the usual supermarkets. A Tesco store occupies part of the former Christ's Hospital Bluecoat Girls School, which closed down in 1985. Sainsbury's opened a new store on part of the McMullens Brewery site in June 2012.[32] A Waitrose occupied a reasonably large store in the Bircherley Green Shopping area that closed on 12 September 2017. The local branch of Woolworths closed for good on 27 December 2008, after the collapse of that store chain. There are fewer of the usual chain shops found in most high streets and this makes Hertford stand out from other "clone towns". There are a high number of independent shops in the town, with a variety of boutiques and salons.

Sport and leisure


Hertford has a leisure centre and swimming pool, skatepark, bowling green and tennis courts on Hartham Common.



The town has a Non-League football club, Hertford Town F.C., which plays at Hertingfordbury Park. Hertford Town Youth FC, a FA Charter Standard Football Club, plays at County Hall Playing Fields, situated next to the headquarters of Hertfordshire County Council at County Hall in Hertford.[33] Other clubs in the surrounding area include Bury Rangers, Hertford Heath Youth FC and Bengeo Tigers Football Club (an award-winning[34] FA Charter Standard Community Football Club.[35])



Hertford Cricket Club is based in the town. Records for a Hertford club go back a far as 1825,. However, the club in its present form has been in existence since 1860. The club plays its matches at Balls park, Hertford. Currently the club runs five teams and all the teams play in the local league.


The statue of Samuel Stone


Church of Saint Leonard, Bengeo
  • In the town are the remains of the original Hertford Castle, principally a motte. The castle's gatehouse, the central part of which dates to a rebuild by Edward IV in 1463, is the home to Hertford Town Council. The Motte, from the original Motte and Bailey castle in Hertford, can be found just behind Castle Hall, a short distance from the modern castle.
  • There are several churches in the town. All Saints' and St Andrew's are late and mid 19th century respectively, although both stand on the sites of medieval places of worship.[38] In the northern suburb of Bengeo lies St Leonard's, a two-celled Norman church of considerable architectural interest.
  • In Railway Street can be found the oldest purpose-built Quaker Meeting House in the world, in use since 1670.
Hertford Quaker Meeting House
  • The Parliament of England temporarily moved to Hertford during a plague outbreak in London in 1563.[39] This is why the main square in the town, Parliament Square, is so named, although it is a twentieth-century creation.
  • The home of Alfred Russel Wallace (see above), now named Wallace House, can be found at 11 St. Andrew St. and is marked with a plaque.[40]
  • Built in 1779, the Shire Hall was designed by Robert Adam.[41] The ground floor houses Court Rooms.
  • The Corn Exchange was built on the site of a former gaol. After years in the doldrums it is now a live entertainment venue.[42]
The Prince Albert Cottage




Hertford East railway station

Two railway stations serve Hertford - Hertford East and Hertford North. Transport for London Oyster cards are valid for payment and travel at both stations.[46]

Hertford East


Hertford East is the north-western terminus of the Hertford East Branch Line. Greater Anglia manages the station and operates trains between Hertford East and London Liverpool Street in the City of London.

The Hertford East Branch Line along with the West Anglia Main Line provide the town with direct connections to Ware, Broxbourne, Cheshunt, Waltham Cross, Tottenham Hale and Hackney Downs. At Broxbourne - the south-eastern terminus of the branch line - the West Anglia Main Line runs northbound towards Bishop's Stortford, Audley End and Cambridge.[47][48]

Hertford North


Hertford North is on the Hertford Loop Line, a branch of the East Coast Main Line.

Great Northern operates trains northbound towards Watton-at-Stone and Stevenage. Southbound, Great Northern trains run towards London Moorgate in the City through Enfield Chase, Alexandra Palace, Finsbury Park and Highbury and Islington. Some timetabled services run southbound into London King's Cross instead of Moorgate.

A Class 717 operated by Great Northern on the Northaw Viaduct, between Hertford North and London Moorgate

North of Stevenage, trains run towards Hitchin, Peterborough, the North and Scotland, and towards Letchworth, Royston and Cambridge. South of Finsbury Park, services run towards King's Cross, London St Pancras, Farringdon, Gatwick Airport and Brighton.[49][48]



The A10 runs north-south through the east of Hertford. Kingsmead Viaduct carries the A10 across the River Lea between Hertford and Ware. Southbound, the route runs towards the M25 London Orbital motorway and the City of London, through Cheshunt, Enfield and Tottenham. Northbound, the route runs towards King's Lynn in Norfolk via Buntingford, Royston, Cambridge and Ely.[50]

The A414 runs east-west through Hertford, along Hertingfordbury Road, Gascoyne Way and London Road. The primary route runs eastbound towards the A10, Harlow, the M11 motorway, Chelmsford and Maldon. Westbound, the route carries traffic towards Hatfield, the A1(M) motorway, St Albans and Hemel Hempstead.

The A119 runs eastbound from Hertford into Ware. The route runs northbound from Hertford towards Watton-at-Stone and the A602 for Stevenage.

Bus and coach


Hertford Bus Station lies to the east of Bircherley Street in Hertford town centre.

Long-distance routes through Hertford include:

A 724-branded bus operated by Arriva Shires & Essex

Hertfordshire County Council manages the Intalink enhanced partnership which choreographs the local bus network.[53] In January 2024, the local town network was connected into an integrated group of routes numbered H1-H6, operated by Vectare under the Central Connect brand.[54]

Bus routes in Hertford include:



National Cycle Route 61 runs east-west through Hertford. Between Welwyn Garden City and Ware, through Hertford, the route is also known as Cole Green Way. The route's western terminus is near Taplow in Berkshire, near Slough and Maidenhead. To the east, NCR61 meets NCR1 near Hoddesdon.[55][56][57]

Hertford is the northern terminus of the Lee Navigation and the associated towpath, which carries NCR61 for part of its route. The towpath's southern terminus is in Limehouse, East London. The cycle route passes through Ware, Hoddesdon, Broxbourne, Enfield Lock, Tottenham, Leyton and Hackney Wick.[58][59]



Hertford is the northern terminus of the navigable River Lea, which is managed by the Canal and River Trust. Southbound, the river runs towards Bromley-by-Bow in East London, through Ware, Hoddesdon, Broxbourne, Enfield Lock, Tottenham, Leyton and Hackney Wick. The river meets the navigable River Stort at Hoddesdon, which runs northbound through Harlow, Sawbridgeworth and Bishop's Stortford.[58][59]

The Hertford Union Canal and the Limehouse Cut connect the Lee Navigation with the Regent's Canal in London.[58][59]

Lee and Stort Boat Company runs a waterbus at various points throughout the year, with a route between Hertford and Ware.[60]



Secondary schools in Hertford include the Sele School, Richard Hale School and Simon Balle All-through School (which also includes primary provision; other primary schools include Hollybush JMI, Millmead Community School,[61] Bengeo Primary School,[62] Morgans Primary School and Nursery,[63] Abel Smith School (named after banker and MP Abel Smith (1788–1859)),[64] St Andrew's School, St. Josephs RC School[65] and Wheatcroft School.

Private schools include St. Joseph's in the Park[66] in Hertingfordbury, Duncombe School,[67] (a preparatory school in Bengeo) and Haileybury College in Hertford Heath.

Pinewood and Middleton Schools are special needs schools that are available in neighbouring Ware.

Former schools include The Pines JMI School, which was built on the Pinehurst estate in 1977 and closed in 2003.



Hertford is within the BBC London and ITV London region. Television signals are received from the Crystal Palace TV transmitter [68] and the local relay transmitter. [69] Local radio stations are BBC Three Counties Radio on 90.4 FM and Heart Hertfordshire on 106.9 FM. Hertford's local newspaper is the Hertfordshire Mercury.



Hertford Theatre, previously known as Castle Hall, is a modern theatre, cinema and art gallery complex at The Wash in the town centre.[70] The Hertford Corn Exchange is a building where entertainment such as comedy and art exhibitions take place. Hertford has many food, drink and entertainment establishments which have grown in number considerably since the eighties and nineties. It attracts people from nearby towns, and often the North London suburbs. There are approximately 25 pubs and clubs in the area,[71] and around 35 restaurants, takeaways and snack bars.[72] Hertford also benefits from public swimming pool and gym facilities and a small skatepark, all situated on Hartham Common.

Town twinning



  1. ^ The Hertford built-up area sub division defined by the Office for National Statistics covers a similar, but not identical, area to the parish, and had a population in the 2011 census of 26,658.[2]
  2. ^ Some sources differ on the date of the founding of the burhs. Stenton (1943) gives the date as 911[8] whilst Williamson (2000) gives it as 912.[9] Ingram (1823), Giles (1847),[10] Thorpe (1861)[7] and Rook (1997)[11] agree on 913. Page (1912) uses "about 913".[12] All derive their view from different interpretations and translations of the various surviving versions (A to F) of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:
    • Text A (Winchester)[13] gives the year (in Roman numerals) as 913, but several dates around this section seem to have been adjusted later, and it appears that the year was originally written as 912. The numerals for 914 to 916 also appear in the margin alongside the entry concerning Hertford.
    • Text B (Abingdon I)[14] does not date the years around this time, but the text clearly marks the start of the entry for each year. A later hand has added dates in the margin, assigning 913 to the entry concerning Hertford.
    • Texts C (Abingdon II)[15] and D (Worcester)[16] both unambiguously assign the year 913 to the Hertford entry.
    • Texts E (Peterborough)[17] and F (Canterbury)[18] both have gaps for the years around this time.
    The four texts which mention the fortification of Hertford agree that the northern burh was founded around St. Martin's Day (or Martinmas), and the southern burh built between the following rogationtide and midsummer. All four texts present these events within a single paragraph, without indicating that a new year has started. Some sources take this to mean that the northern burh was built around the feast of St Martin of Tours on 11 November and the southern burh in the spring of the following year. Thorpe (1861) proposed that the St Martin's Day in question was more likely to be 14 April, which was formerly marked as the anniversary of St Martin the Confessor, which would place the construction of the northern burh around April and the southern burh in May and June of the same year.[7]


  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Hertford Parish (E04004734)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Hertford Built-up area sub division (E35000899)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  3. ^ Skeat, Reverend Professor Walter William (1904), The Place-names of Hertfordshire, East Herts Archaeological Society (p. 27)
  4. ^ "The Domesday Book – Contents – Hertfordshire". www.domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  5. ^ Munby, Lionel M. (1977) The Hertfordshire Landscape, p. 91. Hodder and Stoughton, London. ISBN 0-340-04459-4
  6. ^ "Church Society - Issues - History - Synod of Hertford". www.churchsociety.org.
  7. ^ a b c Thorpe, Benjamin (1861). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle according to the several original authorities: Volume 2, Translation. London: Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts. p. 78. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  8. ^ Stenton, Frank Merry (1943). Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 324. ISBN 0192801392. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  9. ^ Williamson, Tom (2010). The Origins of Hertfordshire. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-905313-95-2.
  10. ^ The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Translation by Rev. James Ingram (1823) with additional readings from the translation of Dr. J.A. Giles (1847). London: Everyman Press. 1912. p. 69. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  11. ^ Rook, Tony (1997). A History of Hertfordshire. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 32. ISBN 1-86077-015-0.
  12. ^ a b Page, William (1912). A History of the County of Hertford, Volume 3. London: Victoria County History. pp. 490–501. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  13. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text A (Winchester / Parker). p. f.20v. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  14. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text B (Abingdon I). p. f.29r. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  15. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text C (Abingdon II). p. f.139r. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  16. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text D (Worcester). p. f.46r. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  17. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text E (Peterborough / Laud). p. f.35r. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  18. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Text F (Canterbury). p. f.57r. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Hertford.net". Archived from the original on 10 February 2009.
  20. ^ "Hertford Castle". www.johnbarber.com.
  21. ^ "Hertford.net". Archived from the original on 13 May 2008.
  22. ^ "Hertford". The drill hall project. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  23. ^ "Hertford Municipal Borough, A Vision of Britain through Time". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  24. ^ "Hertford Hundred". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  25. ^ Higginbotham, Peter. "Hertford Workhouse". The Workhouse. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  26. ^ Post Office Directory of Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: Kelly and Co. 1855. p. 209. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  27. ^ Cooper, Jacqueline (2007). Hertford: A History. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-86077-469-0.
  28. ^ The Local Government (Successor Parishes) Order. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1974. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  29. ^ "Hertford Town Council". Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  30. ^ "History of Hertford". Hertford Town Council. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  31. ^ "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  32. ^ "Hertfordshire Mercury". Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  33. ^ "Hertford Town Youth Football Club". www.hertfordtownyouth.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  34. ^ "Sorry. Something's wrong with the pitch. - Hertfordshire FA". www.hertfordshirefa.com.
  35. ^ "Bengeo Tigers Awarded Community Charter Status | Bengeo Tigers FC". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  36. ^ [1] Hertford's Victoria Cross winner', Retrieved: 20 September 2012
  37. ^ "Hertford.net". Archived from the original on 13 December 2009.
  38. ^ "The borough of Hertford: Castle, honour, manors, church and charities | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk.
  39. ^ "Hertford Timeline". Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  40. ^ "11 St. Andrew's St., Hertford. Copyright Tom Gladwin | The Alfred Russel Wallace Website". wallacefund.info. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  41. ^ "Geograph:: The Shire Hall, Hertford (C) Melvyn Cousins". www.geograph.org.uk.
  42. ^ "The Corn Exchange". Archived from the original on 12 February 2009.
  43. ^ "The Egyptian building".
  44. ^ "Victoria and Albert Museum information on Prince Albert Cottages". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
  45. ^ Burkeman, Oliver (4 January 2005). "Oliver Burkeman: Hertford, home of the Holy Grail" – via www.theguardian.com.
  46. ^ "London's Rail and Tube services" (PDF). Transport for London. November 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 February 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  47. ^ "Greater Anglia Network Map". Greater Anglia. Archived from the original on 18 February 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  48. ^ a b "National Rail Train Operators" (PDF). National Rail. December 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 February 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  49. ^ "Great Northern Routes Diagram" (PDF). Govia Thameslink Railway. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  50. ^ "A10 Road (Great Britain)". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  51. ^ "Green Line Route 724". Arriva Shires & Essex. Archived from the original on 13 October 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  52. ^ "National Express route 737". National Express. Archived from the original on 1 December 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  53. ^ "Hertford Bus Routes" (PDF). Intalink/Hertfordshire County Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 May 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  54. ^ "H is for Hertford - Vectare". localbus.vectare.co.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2024.
  55. ^ "Route 61". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 7 February 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  56. ^ "Route 61". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  57. ^ "Cole Green Way - 10-mile quiet route between Welwyn Garden City, Hertford and Ware" (PDF). Hertfordshire County Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 January 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  58. ^ a b c "Canal & River Trust Explorers Map". Canal & River Trust. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  59. ^ a b c "Canal Map UK". Canal & River Trust. Archived from the original on 21 September 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  60. ^ "Waterbus Cruise - Lee & Stort Boat Co Ltd". Lee & Stort Boat Company Ltd. Archived from the original on 18 February 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2023.
  61. ^ "Home | Mill Mead Primary School". www.millmead.herts.sch.uk.
  62. ^ "Bengeo Primary School - Home". www.bengeo.herts.sch.uk.
  63. ^ "Home | www.morgans.herts.sch.uk". www.morgans.herts.
  64. ^ "Abel Smith School – An Ofsted 'Outstanding' School in Hertford, Hertfordshire". www.abelsmith.herts.sch.uk.
  65. ^ "Home | St Joseph's Catholic Primary School". www.stjosephs255.herts.sch.uk.
  66. ^ "Home - St Josephs's In The Park". stjosephsinthepark.com.
  67. ^ "Private Prep & Pre-Prep School in Hertfordshire - Duncombe School". Duncombe School.
  68. ^ "Full Freeview on the Crystal Palace (Greater London, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  69. ^ "Freeview Light on the Hertford (Hertford, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  70. ^ "About Hertford Theatre". www.hertfordtheatre.com/. Hertford Theatre. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  71. ^ Hertford.net Archived 16 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine, pub list
  72. ^ Hertford.net Archived 2 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine, restaurant list
  73. ^ a b "Hertford.gov.uk". Archived from the original on 26 May 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  74. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  75. ^ "Twinning North Herts". Baldock Twinning. Retrieved 29 March 2022.