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Broxbourne is a commuter town in Hertfordshire, England, 17.1 miles (27.5 km) north-east of London, with a population of 15,303 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Broxbourne
Broxbourne is located in Hertfordshire
Broxbourne
Broxbourne
Location within Hertfordshire
Population15,303 
15,303 (2011. 2 Broxbourne Wards)[1]
OS grid referenceTL365075
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBROXBOURNE
Postcode districtEN10
Dialling code01992
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°44′58″N 0°01′18″W / 51.7495°N 0.0216°W / 51.7495; -0.0216Coordinates: 51°44′58″N 0°01′18″W / 51.7495°N 0.0216°W / 51.7495; -0.0216

About a mile (1.6 km) north of Wormley and south of Hoddesdon, the town is near the River Lea, which forms the boundary with Essex, and 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north of the M25 motorway. To the west of the town are Broxbourne Woods, a National Nature Reserve.[2]

The Prime Meridian runs just east of Broxbourne.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The name is believed to derive from the Old English words brocc and burna meaning Badger stream.[3]

Broxbourne grew up on the Great Cambridge Road, now known as the A10. A number of old houses and inns dating from the 16th to the 19th century still line the High Street (now the A1170).[4] The Hertfordshire Golf and Country Club is a 16th Century house with later alterations and additions.

The Manor of Broxbourne is described in the Domesday Book, which mentions Broxbourne Mill. The manor was held in the time of Edward the Confessor by Stigand, the Archbishop of Canterbury, but had passed into Norman hands following the Conquest. King John granted the manor to the Knights Hospitallers until the Dissolution, when it passed to John Cock, after whose family Cock Lane is named.[5]

The parish church of St Augustine was entirely rebuilt in the 15th century, although a 12th-century Purbeck marble font survives. The interior has a number of monuments and brasses dating from the 15th to the 19th century. The three stage tower has a belfry with a peal of eight bells, three of which are dated 1615.[6]

The New River which passes through the centre of the town, was constructed in the early 17th century. Broxbourne railway station was built in 1840. A terra cotta works was opened soon afterwards[7] by James Pulham and Son, who specialised in creating artificial rock garden features; some of their work survives in the gardens at Sandringham House and Buckingham Palace.[8]

Pulham House was demolished in 1957. All that remained was one of the six brick kilns and the horse-drawn puddling wheel that ground the terracotta, which are now Grade II listed. The local council originally conserved these in 1986, and in 2016 full conservation was undertaken as part of a joint project between B3Living, Lowewood Museum and Broxbourne Borough Council, with support from the Heritage Lottery Fund.[9]

The area was exploited for its gravel and sand extraction in the twentieth century leaving numerous water-filled lakes. Several of the lakes form part of the Lee Valley Regional Park.[7]

Local governmentEdit

 
St Augustine, Broxbourne with the New River in foreground

Broxbourne was a civil parish in the Ware Rural District from 1894 to 1935. In the latter year the more heavily populated eastern end of the parish was added to the Hoddesdon Urban District, while the rural western portion remained in Ware Rural District, forming part of the civil parish of Brickendon Liberty.

The former area of Hoddesdon Urban District merged with that of Cheshunt Urban District to form the Borough of Broxbourne in 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972.

The local Member of Parliament is Charles Walker MP, who is from the Conservative party.

Broxbourne now forms one of thirteen wards of the borough, returning three councillors.[10]

Sport and leisureEdit

Broxbourne has two Non-League football clubs Broxbourne Borough V. & E. F.C. and London Lions F.C., who both play at Goffs lane.

2012 Summer OlympicsEdit

As part of the London 2012 Summer Olympics, Spitalbrook was chosen as the venue for whitewater canoe and kayak slalom events. On 8 October 2007 the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) announced that due to contamination risks at the planned Spitalbrook site, an alternative site six miles (10 km) south was being investigated.[11] Subsequently, on 16 April 2008 it was announced that the venue would be built at nearby Waltham Cross and situated on what was (at the time of the relevant press release) the overflow car park for the showground at the River Lee Country Park.[12] The venue was initially known as Broxbourne White Water Canoe Centre and later officially named Lee Valley White Water Centre.[13]

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Broxbourne Town population 2011
  2. ^ "Hertfordshire's National Nature Reserve – GOV.UK".
  3. ^ History of Broxbourne Archived January 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Parishes: Broxbourne with Hoddesdon – British History Online".
  5. ^ "Parishes: Broxbourne with Hoddesdon – British History Online".
  6. ^ "Parishes: Broxbourne with Hoddesdon – British History Online".
  7. ^ a b "The Industrial History of Broxbourne".
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2010-08-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Rowe, Anne (2007). Hertfordshire Garden History: A Miscellany. University of Hertfordshire Press.
  10. ^ Councillors (Borough of Broxbourne Online), accessed September 24, 2007 Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "London 2012 News". 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007.
  12. ^ New Canoeing venue in Broxbourne confirmed for the London 2012 Olympic Games Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine London2012.com Press Release, 16 April 2008
  13. ^ "London 2012 Summer Olympics – results & video highlights". 20 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011.