Alexandra Palace railway station
Alexandra Palace railway station is on the Great Northern Route that forms part of the East Coast Main Line, and takes its name from the nearby Alexandra Palace in the London Borough of Haringey, north London. It is 4 miles 78 chains (8.0 km) down the line from London King's Cross and is situated between Hornsey and either New Southgate on the main line or Bowes Park on the Hertford Loop Line which diverges from the main line just north of Alexandra Palace.
The station buildings at street level
|Local authority||London Borough of Haringey|
|Managed by||Great Northern|
|Number of platforms||4|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|1 May 1859||Opened as Wood Green|
|1 August 1864||Renamed Wood Green (Alexandra Park)|
|18 March 1971||Renamed Wood Green|
|17 May 1982||Renamed Alexandra Palace|
|London transport portal|
It is the only surviving station of three that have served Alexandra Palace. A former station also named Alexandra Palace, sited actually at the venue, was on the Highgate-Alexandra Palace Line, while Palace Gates (Wood Green) station was on the Palace Gates Line.
Just outside the station to the north is Bounds Green train depot, used for storage and maintenance of the high-speed trains used on the main line. A line adjacent to the station platforms is used by shunters moving carriages and engines around in the depot.
The station was opened by the Great Northern Railway (GNR) on 1 May 1859 as Wood Green, being renamed to Wood Green (Alexandra Park) in 1864. The GNR became part of the London and North Eastern Railway during the grouping of 1923. The line then passed on to the Eastern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. The station reverted to its original name of Wood Green on 18 March 1971, but was again renamed, this time to Alexandra Palace, on 17 May 1982.
Under plans approved in 1897, the station was to be the northern terminus for the Great Northern and Strand Railway (GN&SR), a tube railway supported by the GNR which would have run underground beneath the GNR's tracks to Finsbury Park and then into central London. The next GN&SR station to the south would have been Hornsey. The GN&SR route and stations north of Finsbury Park were cancelled in 1902 when the GN&SR was taken over by Charles Yerkes' consortium which planned to merge it with the Brompton and Piccadilly Circus Railway to form the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway from Finsbury Park to Hammersmith (now part of the London Underground's Piccadilly line).
In Autumn 2008, a new Shere FASTticket self-service ticket machine, accepting both cash and credit cards, was installed here (and similarly at other local First Capital Connect stations). Oyster card readers were installed at the station during 2008 and activated on 2 January 2010 for use with the Oyster Pay As You Go System.
The station has old buildings on Buckingham Road, which house a refreshment kiosk and ticket machines, with a modern footbridge connection to the platforms and across the tracks to Bedford Road. On the platforms there are only rudimentary modern buildings for public use.
On 9 December 2012 the old platforms 1 and 2 were closed for reconstruction. A temporary new platform 1 was provided to the east of the up slow line. All up (London-bound) trains which stop (served from either the Welwyn or Hertford directions) did so at this platform face. On 2 April 2013 the reconstructed platform 1 opened, on the west of the up slow line as before, now numbered as platform 2. This new platform is narrower than the former and the track has been moved to the west. The old platform 2 is permanently closed and has a fence along the edge. This work is part of a scheme to provide greater segregation of stopping, semi-fast and high-speed services in the section between Alexandra Palace and Finsbury Park, to allow a greater quantum of services.
The up fast line now has no platform face at this station. The down fast is a through road, without a platform face. Platform 3 is used by northbound trains on the ECML down slow line and trains on the Hertford Loop Line use platform 4. Trains to/from Hertford must use the outer platform lines.
- 6tph to Moorgate
- 3tph to Welwyn Garden City
- 3tph to Hertford North (1tph extended to Letchworth Garden City) via Hertford Loop Line
- A limited Great Northern service to/from King's Lynn, Cambridge and Peterborough via Potters Bar calls at Alexandra Palace in the late evening and at night calling at all stations en route. A few weekday business peak trains to/from Kings Cross also stop (into London a.m, from there p.m).
- 4tph to Moorgate
- 2tph to Welwyn Garden City
- 2tph to Hertford North (1tph extended to Stevenage) via Hertford Loop Line
Other Great Northern services between Peterborough, Cambridge, King's Lynn and London often pass through the station non-stop, as do all London North Eastern Railway, Hull Trains and Grand Central services between London and the North/Scotland. Northbound trains usually use the central line, away from the platforms, while southbound trains speed non-stop past Platform 2.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Great Northern & Strand||Terminus|
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Padgett, David (October 2016) . Brailsford, Martyn (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 2: Eastern (4th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. map 14B. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1.
- Butt 1995, p. 254
- Butt 1995, pp. 15,254
- Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. pp. 77 and 138. ISBN 1-85414-293-3.
- Table 24 National Rail timetable, May 2016
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Jowett, Alan (2000). Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas (1st ed.). Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687.