Enfield Lock is an area in the London Borough of Enfield, north London. It is approximately located east of the Hertford Road between Turkey Street and the Holmesdale Tunnel overpass, and extends to the River Lee Navigation, including the Enfield Island Village. The locality gains its name from the lock on the River Lee Navigation. Today's Enfield Lock was rebuilt in 1922. The area forms part of the Lee Valley Park and the Enfield Lock Conservation Area. On its eastern boundary Enfield Lock has marshland formerly used as a testing site between the Royal Small Arms Factory and the Gunpowder Mills, beyond this is the village of Sewardstone and the Epping forest boundary. To the south is Brimsdown, the north Waltham Cross and to the west Bullsmoor and Freezywater. Enfield Lock forms part of the London boundary.
|Population||16,469 (2011 Census. Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01992 / 020|
The area was first developed from about 1812 when a government-owned rifle factory, which was later known as the Royal Small Arms Factory (RSAF), Enfield, was built. The factory was built towards the end of the Napoleonic War on the instructions of the Board of Ordnance on marshland at Enfield Lock on the banks of both the River Lea and the River Lee Navigation. The RSAF was closed in the late 1980s, shortly after privatisation, and the majority of the former site has now been redeveloped into a large housing development: Enfield Island Village. The original machine shop frontage and the older part of the rear structure has been retained and was converted into workshops and retail units by the Enfield Enterprise Agency. Until the construction of the M25 in the 1980s, the Enfield island Village which began to house many families from local councils such as Harringey and Hackney, and the later building of the A1055, the area was much like a village with only a small population and consisting of only a few roads in the locality. Roads such as Ordnance Road, Salisbury Road and Medcalf Road are still populated by families who have lived in the Enfield Lock area for several generations.
After rioting had spread from neighbouring Tottenham on 8 August 2011, the Sony DADC/PIAS distribution centre on the Innova Business Park was looted and destroyed by fire. The Home Secretary, Theresa May, was shown the destroyed distribution centre by chief police officers and firefighters on 12 August 2011. In September 2012, the Prime Minister, David Cameron, opened the rebuilt warehouse.
The Enfield Lock ward, which also covers Enfield Island Village, is 54% white (38% British, 15% Other, 1% Irish) as of the 2011 census. 23% of the population is black (15% African, 8% Caribbean, 4% Other).
- Enfield Lock railway station - Greater Anglia services northbound towards Harlow and Bishop's Stortford, and southbound towards Tottenham Hale and Stratford in the East End. Some services terminate at Liverpool Street in the City of London.
- Turkey Street railway station - London Overground services from Cheshunt (northbound) to Liverpool Street via Seven Sisters and Hackney Downs (southbound).
- Brimsdown railway station
Enfield Lock and Turkey Street are in London Travelcard Zone 6. Brimsdown is in Travelcard Zone 5. Oyster Cards are valid at all three stations for travel southbound, and northbound as far as Broxbourne, or on some services, Hertford East. Enfield Lock is not on the London Underground network.
The A1010 (Hertford Road) passes north–south to the west of Enfield Lock, linking the area to Edmonton and Tottenham to the south, and Waltham Cross, Waltham Abbey and Cheshunt to the north. The A1055 (Mollison Avenue) links Enfield Lock to the A10 (Great Cambridge Road) towards Hertford. Southbound, the road passes through Brimsdown, Ponder's End and Tottenham Hale.
The M25 London Orbital Motorway forms the northern border of Enfield Lock. From Enfield Lock, the road can be accessed via the A10 at junction 25, to the north of Bulls Cross. The M25 carries traffic around London, giving Enfield Lock a direct link to Heathrow Airport, the M11 (for Stansted Airport) and the M1 (for Luton Airport), along with several other arterial routes across both East Anglia and South East England. The M25 passes through the Holmesdale Tunnel, just to the north of Enfield Lock.
Southbound, the River Lee passes through Ponders End, Tottenham Hale and Stratford in the East End. From Stratford, the Hertford Union Canal carries canal traffic westbound towards the Regent's Canal, which eventually leads to Camden Lock and Paddington.
- National Cycle Route 1 (NCR 1) - runs north–south through Enfield Lock on the River Lee towpath. NCR 1 is an unbroken, signed cycle route between Dover, Kent and the Shetland Islands, Scotland. The route links Enfield Lock directly with Tottenham, Stratford, Victoria Park and Canary Wharf to the south. To the north, the route passes through Waltham Abbey, Roydon and Harlow.
- NCR 12 - runs on bridleways and residential streets through Enfield Lock. The route joins NCR 1 at the lock. Leaving Enfield Lock westbound, the signposted route continues to Potter's Bar and Hatfield. The route is incomplete to the east of Botany Bay.
- Great Cambridge Road - a shared-use path runs parallel to the A10 Great Cambridge Road. To the north, the path carries cyclists towards Waltham Cross. To the south, the route passes through Enfield Town and Tottenham, via the Great Cambridge Junction.
- River Lee Towpath - a shared-use path carrying NCR 1, maintained by the Canal and River Trust. When NCR 1 leaves the towpath, the route continues towards Hertford.
- EuroVelo 2 "The Capitals Route" - an international cycle route from Moscow, Russia to Galway, Ireland. In the UK, the route runs between Harwich and Holyhead. The route follows that of NCR 1 through Enfield Lock.
National Cycle Route 1 follows the River Lea towpath to Gunpowder Park.
Gunpowder Park, which lies to the east of Enfield Lock, is a large open space consisting mostly of marshland and lakes. The land is owned and managed by the Lee Valley Regional Park and is open to the public.
- "Enfield Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- http://www.enfield.gov.uk/362/Enfield%20Lock.pdf[permanent dead link] Local Government Boundaries map
- Enfield Lock - a history Retrieved 26 August 2010
- Enfield Lock Conservation Area Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 20 November 2013
- Mills. A. D. Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2001) p76 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 21 October 2008
- News report
- News report Retrieved 14 August 2011
- Sony Innova Way Retrieved 25 September 2012
- "London's Rail and Tube services" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2019.
- "Canal Map UK". Canal & River Trust. Archived from the original on 6 April 2019.
- "Route 1". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019.
- "Route 12". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 23 April 2019.
- "Cycling". Canal & River Trust. Archived from the original on 7 April 2019.
- "EuroVelo 2". EuroVelo.
- River Lea Anglers Club Retrieved 2 December 2014
- Lee Valley Park-Gunpowder Park Retrieved 3 August 2015
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