The name Aigburth comes from Old Norse eik and berg, meaning oak-tree hill. The name can be interpreted as "hill where oak trees grow" and is a hybrid place-name: the first part of the name is from Old Norse eik meaning "oak tree" (which is found in Eikton in Cumbria and Eakring in Nottinghamshire) and Old English beorg or berg meaning hill but as there is no real hill in Aigburth the sense here is more likely to be rising ground. Beorg or berg is more usually rendered -borough (as in Barlborough in Derbyshire) or more rarely as -barrow (as in Backbarrow in Cumbria). The name was also recorded as Eikberei in an undated record.
A possible other meaning of Aigburth is Aiges' Berth, meaning the place where the Viking Aiges berthed his long boat. This is plausible because Aigburth is right on the Merseyside river mouth and not on a hill. The nearby hill has a Viking name Toxteth, which means the camp of Toces.
The spelling Aigburgh (or, more rarely, Aighburgh) is sometimes found in old publications and historical documents (for example, S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848)), as well as in modern references to former residents and is occasionally seen as an alternative (if incorrect) spelling today.
Historically a part of Lancashire, the area was previously part of the Mossley Hill parliamentary constituency and, as such, returned David Alton (now Lord Alton of Liverpool) for many years. It is now part of the Liverpool Riverside constituency and returned Louise Ellman as MP in the 2005 and 2010 general elections.
Aigburth is mainly residential and covers an area following Aigburth Road (A561) and the areas either side of it until it reaches Garston. The suburb is to the south of Sefton Park and adjoins Otterspool Park, which leads to Otterspool Promenade on the Mersey. Housing in the district is mostly a mixture of terraced and semi detached homes, with large detached houses (mostly converted into flats or hotels) in Aigburth Drive overlooking Sefton Park and modern estates containing detached and semi detached houses in the Riverside Drive area. Lark Lane (between Aigburth Road and Sefton Park) is a lively place with many independent shops, restaurants and bars. The Guardian published an article about Aigburth in 2007 in its 'Let's move to ...' series.
The Aigburth Park halls of residence of Liverpool Hope University are located close to the railway line on St Michael's Road. Up towards Mossley Hill are the University of Liverpool Carnatic Halls of Residence built in between Elmswood and Carnatic Roads. On the piece of land between Mossley Hill Road and Barkhill Road is the IM Marsh Campus of Liverpool John Moores University, where the Faculty of Education, Health and Community is based. Secondary schools in Aigburth include St Margaret's Church of England Academy and Auckland College, a private school for ages 5–18. State primary schools in Aigburth are Sudley Infants and Sudley Juniors as well as St Michael-in-the-Hamlet Primary.
Prior to the reorganisation of secondary education in Liverpool in the 1980s, Aigburth was also home to Aigburth Vale Comprehensive School for Girls, formerly Aigburth Vale High School for Girls, which merged with Quarry Bank School to form Calderstones School.
The area is served by Aigburth railway station on the Northern Line of the Merseyrail network, located some distance from larger residential areas. St Michaels railway station is also situated in the area, at the bottom of Southwood Road.
- Gary Ablett, professional footballer at both Liverpool and Everton football clubs.
- Benjamin Howard Baker Everton player and Olympian.
- Peter Beckett, musician and composer.
- Cyril Bibby, sexologist and educationalist.
- Ronald Brittain, Sergeant Major of the Guards.
- Peter Calvocoressi, wartime codebreaker, historian, author, publisher.
- Hollie Cavanagh, British-born American singer
- John Leslie Chadwick, original bassist, Gerry & the Pacemakers
- Kenneth Cranston, dentist and England cricketer.
- Gloria Grahame, Hollywood actress.
- Mikey Dalton, Big Brother housemate in 2006.
- Dixie Dean, professional footballer for Everton Football Club.
- Harold Garnett, first class English cricketer.
- Gillian Gibbons, teacher and Sudanese prisoner
- Augustus Radcliffe Grote, born in Aigburth, noted entomologist and author
- George Holt, shipowner and merchant
- Gérard Houllier, manager of Liverpool Football Club from 1998 to 2004
- Alfred Lewis Jones, shipowner, philanthropist
- Gillian Kearney, actor
- Billy Liddell, professional footballer for Liverpool Football Club
- Dave Lister, fictional television character in BBC Television's Red Dwarf
- Danielle Lloyd, former Miss England and Miss Great Britain
- Florence Maybrick, convicted murderer, wife of James Maybrick, cotton broker, murder victim and Jack the Ripper suspect
- George Melly, jazz/blues singer, Surrealist art collector and writer
- Elliot Morley, former MP
- Steven Norris, former MP and businessman
- John E. Owens, Liverpool born American comedian.
- Brian Reade, Daily Mirror journalist
- Nicholas Robinson, Lord Mayor of Liverpool 1828-1829
- Geoff Rowley, professional skateboarder
- Sonia, singer
- Stuart Sutcliffe, artist, Beatle
- Richard Synge, 1952 Nobel Prize winner, (Physics)
- Banastre Tarleton, MP and cavalry commander in American War of Independence
- Gabriel Starkey, singer/songwriter for Red Moon
- Ricky Tomlinson, actor
- Alfred Waterhouse, architect of the Natural History Museum and other noted public buildings
- Chelcee Grimes, British singer and songwriter and also a footballer currently playing for Fulham Ladies
- Pete Wylie, English singer/songwriter and guitarist, best known as the leader of the band variously known as Wah!
- Guillem Balagué, Spanish football journalist, pundit on Sky Sports and has also written for British and Spanish newspapers
- Timo Tierney, singer/songwriter and guitarist for The Tea Street Band and formerly the Maybes
- Your Dictionary, retrieved 5 July 2017
- Aigburth, or Aigburgh, British History Online, retrieved 15 February 2008
- The Waterhouse collection, University of Reading, retrieved 5 July 2017
- Venezuelan Orchids, retrieved 15 February 2008
- Dyckhoff, Tom (21 July 2007), Let's move to ... Aigburth, Liverpool, London: The Guardian, retrieved 4 April 2008
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896, Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1963