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Heather (/hðər/) is a village west of Ibstock in North West Leicestershire, England. The population of the civil parish was 949 at the 2001 census reducing to 920 at the 2011 census.[2] In the Domesday Book of 1086, its name is recorded as Hadre, meaning "the heathland".[3]

Heather
The Crown Inn - geograph.org.uk - 1499661.jpg
The Crown Inn, in the centre of Heather
Heather is located in Leicestershire
Heather
Heather
Location within Leicestershire
Population949 [1]
OS grid referenceSK391107
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCOALVILLE
Postcode districtLE67
Dialling code01530
PoliceLeicestershire
FireLeicestershire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire
52°41′35″N 1°25′26″W / 52.693°N 1.424°W / 52.693; -1.424Coordinates: 52°41′35″N 1°25′26″W / 52.693°N 1.424°W / 52.693; -1.424
St John the Baptist Church, Heather

There was an Iron Age settlement immediately north west of the village. As part of an open cast coal mining application, this was excavated in 1990. It identified a settlement from the late 2nd century BC through to early second century A.D.[4]

HistoryEdit

The parish church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, was "established" in the 12th century as a chapel for the Knights Hospitallers of the adjacent Heather Preceptory which was founded before 1199.[5][6] The current church dates from the early 14th-century, and is a Grade II* Listed Building.[7]

Coal mining and brickmakingEdit

The coal mine at Heather opened in 1874 though some coal had been worked there even earlier. Brick making followed during the 20th century. In the 1970s and 1980s two huge open cast coal mines were opened up. The Coalville Farm opencast coal mine, between 1982 and 1996, extracted around eight million tons of coal. This area was subsequently restored to become the Sence Valley Country Park.[8]

Following the refusal of a 1990 British Coal application for massive further open cast works, its successor, UK Coal applied for consent for a much smaller scheme.[8] To the north of the village, it was the called the Long Moor open cast coal mine. Over a three-year period from 2007 to 2010 they extracted 725,000 tons of coal.[9] Following restoration, the 76 hectares (190 acres) mine site was acquired by the Woodland Trust. With adjoining agricultural land this was promoted as the Flagship Diamond Wood of their campaign to create 60 new woods of 60 acres or more. It is a 186 hectares (460 acres) new woodland called Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Wood, and celebrated the 2012 Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.[10]

Village lifeEdit

Heather Parish Church is dedicated to St John Baptist. The Anglican parishes of Heather and Ibstock are now the responsibility of the same clergyman (Rector of Ibstock). The village is famous for its Scarecrow and Music Festivals, usually held around July/August.

Heather was for 63 years the home of David Taylor,[8] Labour MP for North West Leicestershire from 1997 until his death in 2009.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics: 2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Heather CP". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  3. ^ Watts, Victor et. al., (2004) The Cambridge Dictionary of Place Names, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  4. ^ The Iron Age settlement at Heather Thorpe, R, Sharman, J & Clay, P (1994). Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society, LXVIII, p.30
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-436000-309000/page/12
  6. ^ HEATHER HOSPITALLERS PRECEPTORY, English Heritage: PastScape
  7. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-187785-church-of-st-john-the-baptist-heather-le
  8. ^ a b c Parliamentary committee debate, 12 July 2006
  9. ^ UK Coal case study by Hepworth Acoustics accessed 12 April 2012
  10. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Wood". Woodland Trust. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  11. ^ The Guardian, David Taylor Personfile accessed 14 April 2012
  • Walker, Roy S. (1983) Heather Over the Years: based on the reminiscences of Ethel Gilliat, 1892-1983. Leicester: Leicestershire Museums, Art Galleries and Records Service

External linksEdit

  Media related to Heather, Leicestershire at Wikimedia Commons