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List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territory such as Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto who is the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

ListEdit

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 93 years, 132 days 6 February 1952 67 years, 206 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2. Jamaica 6 August 1962 57 years, 25 days
3. Barbados 30 November 1966 52 years, 274 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 73 years, 47 days 5 October 1967 51 years, 330 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 78 years, 286 days 23 July 1970 49 years, 39 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 79 years, 137 days 14 January 1972 47 years, 229 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 80 years, 56 days 25 January 1972 47 years, 218 days
8. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 93 years, 132 days 10 July 1973 46 years, 52 days
9. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 73 years, 123 days 15 September 1973 45 years, 350 days
10. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 93 years, 132 days 7 February 1974 45 years, 205 days
11. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 70 years, 340 days 18 September 1974 44 years, 347 days
12. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 93 years, 132 days 16 September 1975 43 years, 349 days
13. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 41 years, 55 days
14. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 40 years, 334 days
15. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 40 years, 190 days
16. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 39 years, 308 days
17. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 88 years, 242 days 6 September 1981 37 years, 359 days
18. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 93 years, 132 days 21 September 1981 37 years, 344 days
19. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 37 years, 303 days
20. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 35 years, 346 days
21. Mswati III Eswatini[1] 19 April 1968 51 years, 134 days 25 April 1986 33 years, 128 days
22. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 74 years, 198 days 13 November 1989 29 years, 291 days
23. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 82 years, 191 days 17 January 1991 28 years, 226 days
24. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 56 years, 45 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
27 years, 276 days[2]
25. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 57 years, 221 days 15 May 1998 21 years, 108 days
26. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 57 years, 213 days 7 February 1999 20 years, 205 days
27. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 69 years, 215 days 6 March 1999 20 years, 178 days
28. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 56 years, 10 days 23 July 1999 20 years, 39 days
29. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 76 years, 106 days 17 April 2000 19 years, 136 days
30. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 64 years, 137 days 7 October 2000 18 years, 328 days
31. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 73 years, 263 days 22 November 2001 17 years, 282 days
32. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 66 years, 109 days 14 October 2004 14 years, 321 days
33. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 70 years, 358 days 2 November 2004 14 years, 302 days
34. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 61 years, 170 days 6 April 2005 14 years, 147 days
35. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 70 years, 47 days 4 January 2006 13 years, 239 days
36. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 90 years, 76 days 29 January 2006 13 years, 214 days
37. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 39 years, 191 days 9 December 2006 12 years, 265 days
38. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 71 years, 229 days 29 December 2008 10 years, 245 days
39. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 66 years, 334 days 2 January 2009 10 years, 241 days
40. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 60 years, 282 days 23 January 2010 9 years, 220 days
41. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 49 years, 329 days 13 September 2010 8 years, 352 days
42. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 63 years, 202 days 27 October 2010 8 years, 308 days
43. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 60 years, 50 days 18 March 2012 7 years, 166 days
44. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 82 years, 257 days 13 March 2013 6 years, 171 days
45. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 52 years, 126 days 30 April 2013 6 years, 123 days
46. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 39 years, 89 days 25 June 2013 6 years, 67 days
47. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 59 years, 138 days 21 July 2013 6 years, 41 days
48. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 62 years, 277 days 29 May 2014 5 years, 94 days
49. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 51 years, 213 days 19 June 2014 5 years, 73 days
50. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 83 years, 243 days 23 January 2015 4 years, 220 days
51. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 67 years, 34 days 13 October 2016 2 years, 322 days
52. Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 77 years, 123 days 11 September 2017 1 year, 354 days
53. Abdullah Pahang (Malaysia)[3] 30 July 1959 60 years, 32 days 15 January 2019 228 days
54. Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 59 years, 189 days 1 May 2019 122 days

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  3. ^ Abdullah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 212 days (31 January 2019).