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Groups of countries or regions are often referred to by a single term (word, phrase, or abbreviation). The origins of such terms include political alliances, intergovernmental organizations, business market areas, and mere colloquialism.

AEdit

  • APAC: Asia-Pacific
  • America: Usage varies; it may refer to either the United States of America alone, or all of North and South America combined.
  • ANZ: Australia and New Zealand[1]
  • ANZIT: Australia-New Zealand-Italy Trilateral relations
  • ANZUK: Trilateral relations between Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.
  • APJ: Asia Pacific and Japan[2]
  • APSG: Asia Pacific and Singapore
  • African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all fifty-five countries on the African continent.
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region
  • Arab League, a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, to draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries
  • ASEAN, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, a regional organisation comprising ten Southeast Asian states
  • ASEAN+3: The ASEAN countries, plus China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea[3]

BEdit

CEdit

DEdit

  • Development Assistance Committee (DAC), to discuss issues surrounding aid, development and poverty reduction in developing countries, the world's major donor countries, Australia, European Union, Iceland, New Zealand, South Korea, Austria, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Spain, Belgium, France, Italy, Poland, Sweden, Canada, Germany, Japan, Portugal, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Greece, Luxembourg, Slovakia, United Kingdom, Denmark, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovenia, and United States.
  • DACH: Majority German-speaking states of Central Europe (excludes the Principality of Liechtenstein). Utilises the German name of Germany, English name of Austria, and the Latin name of Switzerland. Germany (Deutschland), Austria (Austria) and Switzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica)
  • DOS: Germany, Austria and Switzerland (for the countries' respective names in German: Deutschland, Österreich, and Schweiz)

EEdit

  • East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
  • Eastern Partnership, a group of former soviet republics forging closer economic and political ties with the European Union. Members include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine.
  • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, a political and economic organization, a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade and investment opportunities, the objective is to establish a single market for goods and services.
  • EAEU: Eurasian Economic Union, an economic union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and observer member Moldova.
  • EU, The European Union, a political and economic union of twenty-eight member states that are located primarily in Europe.
  • EFTA: European Free Trade Association
  • EMEA: Europe, the Middle East and Africa
  • ENWA: Europe and Northwest Asia

FEdit

GEdit

  • G4 nations, Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan, four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Global Governance Group (G3), a group of 30 small to medium member countries which collectively provides representation and input to the G20.
  • Group of Two (G2), United States and China (informal) focusing on Sino-American relations. Per considered two of the most influential and powerful countries in the world
  • Group of Seven (G7), Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, the seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary Fund.
  • G8+5, the G8 nations, plus the five leading emerging economies (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa).
  • G20, or Group of Twenty, twenty major economies, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, for studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability.
  • Group of 77 (G77), a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.
  • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova
  • Gulf Cooperation Council, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE. A regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.
  • Greater China: Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan
  • GAS: Germany, Austria, and Switzerland (uncommon, DACH is more widely used)

IEdit

LEdit

  • La Francophonie: an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language
  • LATAM: Latin America
  • LATCAR: Latin America and Caribbean[5]
  • Levant: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria (broadly includes: Egypt, Iraq, Turkey)

MEdit

  • Mercosur (Southern Common Market), Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency.
  • MIKTA, an informal partnership between Mexico, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Turkey, Australia, to support effective global governance.
  • MINT, the economies of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey.
  • MART: Middle East, Africa, Russia and Turkey
  • MEA: Middle East and Africa
  • MEATI: Middle East, Africa, Turkey & India[6]
  • MEESA: Middle East, Eastern and Southern Africa
  • MENA: Middle East and North Africa
  • MEP: Middle East and Pakistan[7]
  • META: Middle East, Turkey and Africa

NEdit

  • NAC: North America and the Caribbean
  • North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
  • Next Eleven (N11), Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Turkey, South Korea, and Vietnam – identified as having a high potential of becoming, along with the BRICS countries, among the world's largest economies in the 21st century.
  • NACE: North Atlantic and Central Europe
  • NORAM or NA or NAMER: North American Region (Canada, United States, and Mexico)
  • NWA: Northwest Asia

OEdit

  • OIC, The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.8 billion as of 2015 with 54 countries being Muslim-majority countries.
  • OAS, Organization of American States, is a continental organization of the 35 different independent nations within North and South America
  • OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, to stimulate economic progress and world trade, countries committed to democracy and the market economy, most OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries.
  • OECS, a group of island nations located in the Eastern Caribbean.
  • OIAS, Organization of Ibero-American States, an organization of Portuguese and Spanish Speaking Nations of the Americas, Africa, and Europe.
  • OPEC, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, thirteen countries accounting for an estimated 42 percent of global oil production and 73 percent of the world's proven oil reserves.

PEdit

  • P5, permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • Pacific Alliance, a trade bloc of states that border the Pacific Ocean. Permanent members include Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru.
  • Paris Club, a group of major creditor countries whose officials meet ten times a year in the city of Paris, with the intent to find coordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries.
  • PIGS, the economies of the countries of Portugal, Greece, Spain, Italy and/or Ireland.

REdit

SEdit

UEdit

VEdit

  • Visegrád Group, an alliance of four Central European States: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia.
  • VISTA (Vietnam, Indonesia, South Africa, Turkey, and Argentina) is an emerging markets grouping proposed in 2006 by BRICs Economic Research Institute of Japan.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Australia & New Zealand (ANZ)". GE. GE.com. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  2. ^ "APJ REGION". The Economic Times. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Overview of ASEAN Plus Three Cooperation" (PDF). ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Secretariat. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)". RGA. Reinsurance Group of America. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  5. ^ Perez-Escamilla, R. "Breastfeeding in Africa and the Latin American and Caribbean region: the potential role of urbanization". J Trop Pediatr. 40: 137–43. doi:10.1093/tropej/40.3.137. PMID 8078111.
  6. ^ Lioulias, Efthymios. "Director Legal - Europe and MEATI (Middle East, Africa, Turkey & India)". LinkedIn. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Middle East and Pakistan (MEP) External Relations Leader". www.smartrecruiters.com/. Retrieved 25 March 2017.