Organization of Turkic States

The Organization of Turkic States (OTS), formerly called the Turkic Council or the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States, is an international organization comprising prominent independent Turkic countries: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey and Uzbekistan. It is an intergovernmental organization whose overarching aim is promoting comprehensive cooperation among Turkic-speaking states. First proposed by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev in 2006, it was founded on 3 October 2009, in Nakhchivan. The General Secretariat is in Istanbul.

Organization of Turkic States
  • Azerbaijani:Türk Dövlətləri Təşkilatı
    Hungarian:Türk Államok Szervezete
    Kazakh:Türkı memleketterınıñ ūiymy
    Kyrgyz:Түрк мамлекеттер уюму
    Turkish:Türk Devletleri Teşkilatı
    Turkmen:Türki döwletleriň guramasy
    Uzbek:Turkiy davlatlar tashkiloti
Emblem of the Organization of Turkic States.svg
Emblem
Motto: 
Together We Are Stronger!
  • Biz birlikdə daha güclüyük! (Azerbaijani)
  • Erősebbek vagyunk együtt! (Hungarian)
  • Bız bırge myqtymyz! (Kazakh)
  • Биз бирге дагы күчтүүбүз! (Kyrgyz)
  • Biz birlikte daha güçlüyüz! (Turkish)
  • Biz bilelikde has güýçli! (Turkmen)
  • Biz birgalikda kuchliroqmiz! (Uzbek)
Organization of Turkic States (orthographic projection).svg
  Member states
  Observer states
Political centres
Largest cityIstanbul
Official languages
Working languagesEnglish
Other languages
Demonym(s)Turkic
TypeRegional organization
Membership[1]
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Kyrgyzstan Kubanychbek Omuraliev
• Chairman
Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev
• Honorary Chairman
Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
Establishment
• Nakhchivan Agreement
3 October 2009
• Last polity admitted
12 November 2021
Area
• Total
4,242,362 km2 (1,637,985 sq mi) (unranked)
Population
• 2022 estimate
156,616,392
  1. Parliamentary Assembly
  2. Europe Office
  3. General Secretariat
  4. Regional Diaspora Center
  5. Turkic Academy
  6. Spiritual capital

Hungary, Northern Cyprus and Turkmenistan are the observer states.[2]

During the 8th summit in Istanbul in 2021, the council reformed into an organization, with the name Turkic Council being changed to Organization of Turkic States.[3][4][5][6]

HistoryEdit

The organization was established on 3 October 2009 as the Cooperation Council of the Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council), by the Nakhchivan Agreement signed among Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey. According to Halil Akıncı, the founding Secretary-General of the organization, the Turkic Council became the first voluntary alliance of Turkic states in history.[7]

In 2012, the flag of the Turkic Council was adopted at its 2nd Summit, which took place in Bishkek on 23 August 2012 and officially raised on 12 October 2012. The flag combines the symbols of the four founding member states: the light blue color of the flag of Kazakhstan which also evokes the traditional Turkic color of turquoise, the sun of the flag of Kyrgyzstan, the star of the flag of Azerbaijan and the crescent of the Turkish flag.

On 30 April 2018, it was announced that Uzbekistan would join the Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States[8] and attend the upcoming summit of the organisation in Bishkek.[9] It formally applied for membership on 12 September 2019.[10]

Since late 2018, Hungary has been an observer and may request full membership.[11] Turkmenistan received the observer status in 2021.[12]

In November 2021, the organization was renamed the Organization of Turkic States.[13]

Of great importance is the comprehensive structure of the Union of Municipalities of the Turkic World, in which local governments from 30 countries and regions are represented. June 10, 2022 6th Congress of the Union of Municipalities of the Turkic World.[14]

In 2022, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was admitted to the organisation as observer member.[15]

PurposeEdit

 
Headquarters of The Organization of Turkic States.

Nominally, the Preamble of the Nakhchivan Agreement reaffirms the will of Member States to adhere to the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, and defines the main objective of the Organization of Turkic States as further deepening comprehensive cooperation among Turkic Speaking States, as well as making joint contributions to peace and stability in the region and in the world. Member States have nominally confirmed their commitment to democratic values, human rights, the rule of law, and principles of good governance.

The Nakhchivan Agreement sets out the main purposes and tasks of the Organization as follows:

  • Strengthening mutual confidence and friendship among the Parties;
  • Developing common positions on foreign policy issues;
  • Coordinating actions to combat international terrorism, separatism, extremism and cross-border crimes;
  • Promoting effective regional and bilateral cooperation in all areas of common interest;
  • Creating favorable conditions for trade and investment;
  • Aiming for comprehensive and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development;
  • Expanding interaction in the fields of science, technology, education, health, culture, sports and tourism;
  • Encouraging interaction of mass media and other means of communication;
  • Strengthening cooperation and integration between member states;
  • Promoting exchange of relevant legal information and enhancing legal cooperation.[16]

Structure and operationEdit

Main organs of the Organization of Turkic States include:[17]

  • Council of Heads of State
  • Council of Foreign Ministers
  • Senior Officials Committee
  • Council of Elders (Aksakals)
  • The Secretariat

The main decision-making and governing body of the Organization of Turkic States is the Council of Heads of State, which is presided over by the President whose country holds the chairmanship. The chairmanship rotates on an annual basis. All activities of the Organization of Turkic States are coordinated and monitored by its Secretariat, which is located in Istanbul in accordance with the Nakhchivan Agreement. Presidents meet once a year in a previously determined Turkic city. Senior officials, Aksakals, as well as other Ministers and government officials, all meet on a regular basis.

Affiliated bodies and organizationsEdit

 
The Turkic-speaking areas

OTS functions as an umbrella for organization like:

International cooperationEdit

OTS is an observer at the Economic Cooperation Organization and has also applied for an observer status at the UN and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Besides, OTS maintains close cooperative relations with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia.[citation needed]

ProjectsEdit

Since its founding agreement defines comprehensive cooperation among Turkic states as the organization's main objective and raison d'être, the Organization of Turkic States is working on a variety of projects. The projects are grouped under six cooperation processes, which are: economy, culture, education, transport, customs, and diaspora. Examples of the projects include establishing the Turkic University Union[18] and writing a common history textbook. The Organization of Turkic States also works on ways to boost economic development in underdeveloped regions of Member States. The Secretariat brings together Economy Ministers, Education Ministers, Transport Ministers, Heads of Customs Administrations, and other senior officials from different ministries and agencies in order to work on ways to promote cooperation in relevant spheres. Prior to being brought before ministers and heads of administrations, projects and issues of cooperation are elaborated by working groups. One recently launched project is the establishment of a mechanism for closer cooperation among Turkic diasporas all over the world.

Joint investment fundEdit

In November 2020, Kyrgyz Minister of Foreign Affairs Ruslan Kazakbaev pointed that Organization of Turkic States members have to strengthen their economic relations, they have to establish a joint investment fund and build its center on Kyrgyzstan on his meeting with Turkish Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu.[19] Baghdad Amreyev visited Minister of Treasury and Finance of Turkey Lütfi Elvan and sides talked about establishment of Joint Investment Fund.[20] In September 2021, on meeting of Turkic ministers responsible for the economy, sides negotiated about a Turkic Joint Investment Fund feasibility work and agreement to establish the fund.[21]

Common AlphabetEdit

In September 2022, on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the Language Festival, the Organization of Turkic States decided to establish a "Common Alphabet Commission" within the body of OTS for a unified alphabet of the Turkic world. During the event, scientists from the Turkic states gave information about the alphabets and historical processes used in their own countries, and thus it was emphasized that the transition processes to the common alphabet should be accelerated, and the application should be widespread. The commission, which will hold its first meeting in Kyrgyzstan, will observe the work of the common alphabet and report to the Council of Elders.[22]

SummitsEdit

 
7th Summit of Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States in Baku

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the newly independent Turkic States of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as well as Turkey organized Summits of the Heads of Turkic Speaking States, the first of which took place in 1992 in Ankara. With the establishment of Turkic Council, at the 10th Summit it was decided to rename the top-level meetings to Turkic Council Summits.

Turkic Council Summit is the highlight of the year whereby Heads of State evaluate outcomes of the past period and set goals for the next year. The First Summit took place in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on 20–21 October 2011 and focused primarily on economic cooperation. The Second Summit was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, on 22–23 August 2012 and concentrated on educational, scientific, and cultural cooperation. The Third Summit took place on 15–16 August 2013 in Qabala, Azerbaijan with a theme of transport and connectivity.[23]

On 15 October 2019, the Seventh Turkic Council Summit was organized in Baku with the participation of Presidents of member states Ilham Aliyev, Sooronbai Jeenbekov, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, as well as Purli Agamyradov as a guest, Viktor Orban as an observer and heads of Turkic cooperation institutions. The participants celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Nakhchivan Agreement on the establishment of the Turkic Council in addition to Uzbekistan’s joining the organization as a full-fledged member. The title of Honorary Chairman of the Turkic Council was given to the former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev. In the conclusion of the Summit, the Heads of States signed Baku Declaration. Besides, the presidency in the Council officially passed to Azerbaijan.[24][25]

Extraordinary SummitEdit

The Extraordinary Summit of the Turkic Council focused on the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted through videoconferencing by the initiative of the chairman of the organization Ilham Aliyev on 10 April 2020. The conference titled "Cooperation and solidarity in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic" was held with the participation of the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus along with the head of states of the member countries. Participants discussed the measures taken at the national level to fight against the coronavirus epidemic, to improve multilateral cooperation in the field of healthcare, and to undertake the common challenges caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Exchanging views on the ways of overcoming negative effects of coronavirus on the national and global economies, they touched upon trade relations and continuous transportation and they entrusted the Ministries of Commerce and Transport of the member States with reviewing the process via videoconferencing and with presenting practical solutions for the free flow of goods among Turkic Council states across the Trans-Caspian Corridor.[26][27] An 18-point list of mutual priorities of all member nations was outlined in the Baku Declaration.[28]

MembersEdit

CurrentEdit

Country Accession Population
(2021)[29][30]
Area (km2) Nom. GDP
(2022)[31]
PPP GDP
(2022)[31]
Nom. GDP
per capita
(2022)[31]
PPP GDP
per capita
(2022)[31]
  Azerbaijan Founder 10,312,992 86,600 $73.369 billion $175.658 billion $7,164 $17,153
  Kazakhstan 19,196,465 2,724,900 $193.611 billion $590.370 billion $10,003 $30,502
  Kyrgyzstan 6,527,743 199,900 $9.017 billion $37.792 billion $1,327 $5,561
  Turkey 84,775,404 783,562 $853.487 billion $3,320.994 billion $9,961 $38,759
  Uzbekistan 2019 34,081,449 447,400 $73.060 billion $326.015 billion $2,071 $9,243
  Organization of Turkic States 154,894,053 4,242,362 $1.041,437 billion $4.341,907 billion $6,723 $28,031

Observer statesEdit

Country Accession Population
(2021)[29][30]
Area (km2) Nom. GDP
(2022)[31]
Nom. GDP
per capita
(2022)[31]
  Hungary[32] 2018 9,709,786 93,030 $197.813 billion $20,335
  Turkmenistan[33] 2021 6,341,855 491,210 $76.591 billion $12,273
  Northern Cyprus[34] 2022 382,836 3,355 $4.234 billion $14,942

Possible future members and observersEdit

In 2020, Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Emine Ceppar stated Ukraine wanted to be an observer.[35]

Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu announced that Turkmenistan, currently an observer state, could become a full member during the 2022 Organization of Turkic States summit.[36]

Former applicantsEdit

On 3 May 2021, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan officially applied for observer status.[37][38] Note that this was just before the Taliban replaced the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan with its Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, leaving the status of the application for observer status uncertain.

EventsEdit

# Date Location Notes Participation
Turkic Speaking States Summits              
I 30 October 1992 Turkey Ankara First Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
12 July 1993 Kazakhstan Almaty the Almaty Agreement for founding TURKSOY O O O O O O  
II 18 October 1994 Turkey Istanbul Second Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
III 28 August 1995 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Third Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
IV 21 October 1996 Uzbekistan Tashkent Fourth Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
V 9 June 1998 Kazakhstan Astana Fifth Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
VI 8 April 2000 Azerbaijan Baku Sixth Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H H  
VII 26 April 2001 Turkey Istanbul Seventh Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H H O  
VIII 17 November 2006 Turkey Antalya Eighth Turkic Speaking States Summit H H H H O    
21 November 2008 Turkey Istanbul the Istanbul Agreement for founding TURKPA O O O O      
IX 3 October 2009 Azerbaijan Nakhchivan Ninth Turkic Speaking States Summit, the Nakhchivan Agreement for founding the Turkic Council H H H H O    
X 15 September 2010 Turkey Istanbul Tenth Turkic Speaking States Summit (The end of Non-Corporate Summits of Turkic-Speaking Countries State) H H H H H    
Turkic Council Summits
I 21 October 2011 Kazakhstan Almaty First Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Economic Area and Trade Area H H H O      
II 23 August 2012 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Second Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Education, Science and Culture[39] H H H H      
III 16 August 2013 Azerbaijan Qabala Third Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Transportation[40] H H H H      
IV 5 June 2014 Turkey Bodrum Fourth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Tourism[41] H H H H H    
24 December 2014 Ukraine Kyiv Opening of the first Turkic Council Regional Diaspora Center[42] O O O O      
V 11 September 2015 Kazakhstan Astana Fifth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Media and Information H H H O O    
VI 2 September 2018 Kyrgyzstan Cholpon Ata Sixth Turkic Council Summit H H H H   H H
VII 15 October 2019 Azerbaijan Baku Seventh Turkic Council Summit H H H H O H H
10 April 2020 Teleconference Extraordinary Video Summit[43] H H H H H H H
31 March 2021 Teleconference Informal Video Summit[44] H H H H H H H
VIII 12 November 2021 Turkey Istanbul Eighth Turkic Council Summit, organization status granted.[44][45] H H H H H H H
Organization of Turkic States Summits
IX 11 November 2022 Uzbekistan Samarkand[46] First Organization of Turkic States Summit[47][48] H H H H O H H
H Head of state or government attended.
O Other officials attended.
  No attendees.

List of Secretaries-GeneralEdit

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office
1 Halil Akıncı Turkey 15 September 2010 16 September 2014
2 Ramil Hasan Azerbaijan 16 September 2014 3 September 2018
3 Baghdad Amreyev Kazakhstan 3 September 2018 11 November 2022
4 Kubanychbek Omuraliev Kyrgyzstan 11 November 2022 incumbent

List of chairmenEdit

According to article 8 of the Nakhchivan Agreement, the state that hosts the regular summit, will assume the chairmanship until next meeting.[49]

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan 21 October 2011 23 August 2012
2 Almazbek Atambayev Kyrgyzstan 23 August 2012 16 August 2013[50]
3 Ilham Aliyev Azerbaijan 16 August 2013[50] 5 June 2014
4 Abdullah Gül Turkey 5 June 2014 28 August 2014
5 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 28 August 2014 11 September 2015
(1) Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan 11 September 2015 3 September 2018
6 Sooronbay Jeenbekov Kyrgyzstan 3 September 2018[51] 15 October 2019
(3) Ilham Aliyev Azerbaijan 15 October 2019[52] 12 November 2021[53]
(5) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Turkey 12 November 2021[53] 11 November 2022
7 Shavkat Mirziyoyev Uzbekistan 11 November 2022[54] incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TURKSOY Official Web Site". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Turk Dili Konusan Ulkeler Isbirligi Konseyi'nin Kurulmasina Dair Nahcivan Anlasmasi" (PDF). Turkkon.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Turkic Council reforms into Organization of Turkic States". TRTWorld. 12 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Turkic grouping to change its name to Organization of Turkic States: Turkish FM". Hürriyet Daily News. 12 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Turkic Council's name changed to Organization of Turkic States". Anadolu Agency. 13 November 2021.
  6. ^ ""We are changing the name of the Turkic Council to the Organization of Turkic States"". Directorate of Communications. 12 November 2021.
  7. ^ Akıncı, Halil (1 November 2021). "Türk Dünyasının Jeopolitiği ve Türk Dış Politikasındaki Yeri". Kriter Dergi (in Turkish). Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Uzbekistan decides to join 'Turkic alliance' during Erdogan's visit". hurriyetdailynews.com. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Uzbekistan decides to join 'Turkic alliance' during Erdogan's visit". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Uzbekistan Officially Applies for Membership in Turkic Council".
  11. ^ "Hungary is now part of the assembly of "Turkic Speaking Countries"". Hungarian Free Press. 25 November 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  12. ^ "The Turkic world is on the edge of a historic revival". TRT world. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Revamped Turkic group 'adds to extreme uncertainty' at China's door". South China Morning Post. 26 December 2021. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  14. ^ "T.C.CUMHURBAŞKANLIĞI : "30 ülke ve bölgeden yerel yönetimin temsil edildiği Türk Dünyası Belediyeler Birliği'nin kuşatıcı yapısı önemlidir"".
  15. ^ "TRNC admitted to Organisation of Turkic States as observer member". 11 November 2022. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  16. ^ "Nakhchivan Agreement" (PDF). 3 October 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  17. ^ "Organization Chart Principal organs of Organization of Turkic States". Turkkon.
  18. ^ "Turkic University Union". Turkic Council. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Kyrgz and Turkish Ministers of Foreign Affairs meeting". Youtube - Turkic Council channel. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021.
  20. ^ "Turkic Council official account's tweet". Twitter.
  21. ^ "Turkic Council Ministers in charge of economy got together". TRT Avaz.
  22. ^ Şafak, Yeni (22 October 2022). "Türk devletlerinden tarihi adım: Ortak Alfabe Komisyonu kuruldu". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  23. ^ "Third Summit of the Turkic Council Press Release". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  24. ^ "Seventh Summit of Turkic Council held in Baku". Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic Speaking Countries. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  25. ^ "Baku hosted 7th Summit of Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States VIDEO". azertag.az. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Leaders of the Turkic Council held an Extraordinary Summit on 10 April 2020 on Corona Virus Epidemy". Website of the Turkic Council. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Extraordinary Summit of Turkic Council held through videoconferencing on the initiative of President Ilham Aliyev". Official website of President of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  28. ^ "BAKU DECLARATION OF THE EXTRAORDINARY SUMMIT OF THE COOPERATION COUNCIL OF TURKIC SPEAKING STATES" (PDF). Turkic Council.
  29. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  30. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  31. ^ a b c d e f "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". IMF. 5 April 2022. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  32. ^ "Press Release of the Sixth Summit of the Turkic Council". Turkic Council. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  33. ^ "The Turkic world is on the edge of a historic revival". TRT world. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  34. ^ "Organization of Turkic States pledges observer status for Turkish Cyprus - Türkiye News". Hürriyet Daily News. 11 November 2022. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  35. ^ "Dışişleri Bakan Yardımcısı açıkladı". 22 August 2020.
  36. ^ "Bakan Çavuşoğlu: Ekonominin güç merkezi Asya olmaya başladı". www.hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  37. ^ Hamdullah Mohib [@hmohib] (4 May 2021). "Yesterday, Afghanistan proudly applied for observer status in the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (CCTS)..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  38. ^ "Secretary General of the Turkic Council received Afghan Ambassador". Turkic Council.
  39. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  40. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  41. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  42. ^ "Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  43. ^ "Presidents of the Turkic Council will hold an Extraordinary Video Summit on 10 April 2020 on Corona Virus | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  44. ^ a b "Turkistan Declaration of the Informal Summit of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States". Turkic Council. 31 March 2020.
  45. ^ "The 8th Turkic Council Summit will take place on November 12, 2021 in Istanbul". TWESCO (in Turkish). 27 July 2021. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  46. ^ Məmmədov, Sadiq (2 August 2022). "Samarkand to host summit of Organization of Turkic States". News.az. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  47. ^ "Uzbekistan to hold 1st Summit of Organization of Turkic States in 2022". UzReport.news (in Russian). Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  48. ^ "Organization of Turkic States discloses date and venue of next summit". Trend.Az. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  49. ^ "Nakhchivan Agreement on the Establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  50. ^ a b "21. asır Türk dünyasının asrı olmalı". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  51. ^ "Press Release of the Sixth Summit of the Turkic Council | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 13 November 2021. The Presidents wished success to the Kyrgyz President for the assumption of the Chairmanship of the Turkic Council.
  52. ^ "Chairman". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 13 November 2021. During the Baku Summit held in October 2019, the Republic of Azerbaijan took over the Chairmanship from the Kyrgyz Republic until the next Summit to be held in the second half of 2020 in Turkey.
  53. ^ a b "Eighth Summit of the Organization of Turkic States was held in Istanbul | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 13 November 2021. At the Summit, the Chairmanship of the Organization was handed over from Azerbaijan to Turkey...
  54. ^ "Mirziyoyev awards Erdogan and Berdimuhamedov with Highest Order of Turkic World | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 11 November 2022.

External linksEdit