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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Largest economies by nominal GDP in 2018[1]

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.[2] Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.[3] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, does not take into account the differences of quality of goods and services among countries, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]

The United States is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $20.513 trillion, notably due to high average incomes, a large population,[7] capital investment, moderate unemployment,[8] high consumer spending,[9] a relatively young population,[10] and technological innovation.[11] Tuvalu is the world's smallest national economy, with a GDP of about $32 million, because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible capital investment, demographic problems, and low average incomes.[12]

Although the rankings of national economies have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the Gilded Age, a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the British Empire and Qing dynasty in aggregate output.[13][14] Since China's transition to a market-based economy through privatisation and deregulation,[15][16] the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016.[14][17] India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of economic liberalisation in the early 1990s.[18] When supranational entities are included, the European Union is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, when ten countries joined the union,[19] to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.[20]

The first list includes estimates compiled by the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook, the second list shows the World Bank's data, and the third list includes data compiled by the United Nations Statistics Division. The IMF definitive data for the past year and estimates for the current year are published twice a year in April and October. Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Contents

Lists

Per the International Monetary Fund (2018)[17] Per the World Bank (2017)[21] Per the United Nations (2017)[22][23]
Rank Country/Territory GDP
(US$million)
   World[20] 84,740,322
1   United States 20,494,050
  European Union[n 1] 18,750,052
2   China[n 2] 13,407,398
3   Japan 4,971,929
4   Germany 4,000,386
5   United Kingdom 2,828,644
6   France 2,775,252
7   India 2,716,746
8   Italy 2,072,201
9   Brazil 1,868,184
10   Canada 1,711,387
11   Russia[n 3] 1,630,659
12   Korea, South 1,619,424
13   Spain 1,425,865
14   Australia 1,418,275
15   Mexico 1,223,359
16   Indonesia 1,022,454
17   Netherlands 912,899
18   Saudi Arabia 782,483
19   Turkey 766,428
20    Switzerland 703,750
  Taiwan 589,391
21   Poland 586,015
22   Sweden 551,135
23   Belgium 533,153
24   Argentina 518,092
25   Thailand 487,239
26   Austria 457,637
27   Iran 452,275
28   Norway 434,937
29   United Arab Emirates 424,635
30   Nigeria 397,270
31   Ireland 372,695
32   Israel 369,843
33   South Africa 368,135
  Hong Kong 363,031
34   Singapore 361,109
35   Malaysia 354,348
36   Denmark 350,874
37   Colombia 333,114
38   Philippines 330,846
39   Pakistan 312,570
40   Chile 298,172
41   Bangladesh 287,630
42   Finland 275,321
43   Egypt 249,559
44   Czech Republic 242,052
45   Vietnam 241,272
46   Romania 239,851
47   Portugal 238,510
48   Iraq 226,070
49   Peru 225,203
50   Greece 219,097
51   New Zealand 203,404
52   Qatar 192,450
53   Algeria 180,441
54   Kazakhstan 170,539
55   Hungary 155,703
56   Kuwait 141,050
57   Ukraine 124,603
58   Morocco 118,309
59   Ecuador 107,511
60   Angola 107,316
61   Slovakia 106,585
  Puerto Rico 104,344
62   Venezuela 98,468
63   Kenya 89,205
64   Sri Lanka 88,223
65   Oman 82,243
66   Dominican Republic 80,940
67   Ethiopia 80,279
68   Guatemala 78,979
69   Syria[n 4] 77,460/Na
70   Luxembourg 68,770
71   Myanmar 68,559
72   Panama 65,206
73   Ghana 65,191
74   Bulgaria 64,963
75   Croatia 60,688
76   Uruguay 60,180
77   Belarus 59,643
78   Costa Rica 59,006
79   Tanzania 57,862
80   Lebanon 56,409
  Macau 54,545
81   Slovenia 54,242
82   Lithuania 53,323
83   Serbia 50,651
84   Azerbaijan 45,418
85   Turkmenistan 44,114
86   Libya 43,587
87   Côte d'Ivoire 43,032
88   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 42,644
89   Jordan 42,371
90   Paraguay 41,604
91   Bolivia 41,410
92   Uzbekistan 41,241
93   Tunisia 39,911
94   Cameroon 38,521
95   Bahrain 38,291
96   Latvia 34,881
97   Sudan 33,903
98   Estonia 30,312
99     Nepal 28,812
100   Uganda 28,122
101   Yemen 26,914
102   Zimbabwe 26,127
103   El Salvador 26,057
104   Iceland 25,882
105   Zambia 25,179
106   Cambodia 24,523
107   Cyprus 24,492
108   Senegal 24,027
109   Honduras 23,778
110   Trinidad and Tobago 22,311
111   Papua New Guinea 21,319
112   Bosnia and Herzegovina 19,881
113   Afghanistan 19,585
114   Botswana 18,998
115   Laos 18,434
116   Mali 17,187
117   Gabon 17,033
118   Georgia 16,324
119   Jamaica 15,422
120   Albania 15,202
121   Malta 14,505
122   Mozambique 14,428
123   Burkina Faso 14,180
124   Mauritius 14,277
125   Brunei 14,082
126   Namibia 13,824
127   Equatorial Guinea 13,734
128   Nicaragua 13,258
129   Mongolia 13,038
130   Bahamas, The 12,803
131   North Macedonia 12,669
132   Armenia 12,411
133   Madagascar 12,093
134   Guinea 11,739
135   Moldova 11,404
136   Congo, Republic of the 11,188
137   Chad 10,919
138   Benin 10,456
139   Haiti 9,525
140   Rwanda 9,511
141   Niger 9,226
142   Kyrgyzstan 8,093
  Kosovo 7,981
143   Tajikistan 7,520
144   Malawi 6,925
145   Eritrea 6,721
146   Montenegro 5,402
147   Togo 5,358
148   Maldives 5,302
149   Mauritania 5,194
150   Barbados 5,145
151   Fiji 4,809
152   Eswatini 4,679
153   South Sudan 3,929
154   Sierra Leone 3,906
155   Guyana 3,636
156   Burundi 3,436
157   Suriname 3,427
158   Liberia 3,249
159   Timor-Leste 3,090
160   Lesotho 2,762
161   Bhutan 2,627
162   Djibouti 2,187
163   Central African Republic 2,185
164   Cape Verde 1,970
165   Belize 1,925
166   St. Lucia 1,874
167   San Marino 1,638
168   Antigua and Barbuda 1,626
169   Gambia, The 1,617
170   Seychelles 1,573
171   Guinea-Bissau 1,459
172   Solomon Islands 1,424
173   Grenada 1,196
174   St. Kitts and Nevis 1,019
175   Vanuatu 928
176   Samoa 861
177   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 826
178   Comoros 742
179   Dominica 494
180   Tonga 470
181   São Tomé and Príncipe 449
182   Micronesia, Federated States of 374
183   Palau 297
184   Marshall Islands 214
185   Kiribati 189
186   Tuvalu 45
Rank Country/Territory GDP
(US$million)
   World 80,683,787
1   United States 19,390,604
2   China[n 5] 12,237,700
3   Japan 4,872,137
4   Germany 3,677,439
5   United Kingdom 2,622,434
6   India 2,597,491
7   France 2,582,501
8   Brazil 2,055,506
9   Italy 1,934,798
10   Canada 1,653,043
11   Korea, South 1,577,524
12   Russia[n 3] 1,530,751
13   Australia 1,323,421
14   Spain 1,311,320
15   Mexico 1,149,919
16   Indonesia 1,015,539
17   Turkey 851,102
18   Netherlands 826,200
19   Saudi Arabia 683,827
20    Switzerland 678,887
21   Argentina 637,590
22   Sweden 538,040
23   Poland 524,510
24   Belgium 492,681
25   Thailand 455,221
26   Iran 439,514
27   Austria 416,596
28   Norway 398,832
29   United Arab Emirates 382,575
30   Nigeria 375,771
31   Israel 350,851
32   South Africa 349,419
  Hong Kong 341,449
33   Ireland 333,731
34   Denmark 324,872
35   Singapore 323,907
36   Malaysia 314,500
37   Philippines 313,595
38   Colombia 309,191
39   Pakistan 304,952
40   Chile 277,076
41   Finland 251,885
42   Bangladesh 249,724
43   Egypt 235,369
44   Vietnam 223,864
45   Portugal 217,571
46   Czech Republic 215,726
47   Romania 211,803
48   Peru 211,389
49   New Zealand 205,853
50   Greece 200,288
51   Iraq 197,716
52   Algeria 170,371
53   Qatar 167,605
54   Kazakhstan 159,407
55   Hungary 139,135
56   Angola 124,209
57   Kuwait 120,126
58   Sudan 117,488
59   Ukraine 112,154
60   Morocco[n 6] 109,139
61   Ecuador 103,057
62   Cuba 96,851
63   Slovak Republic 95,769
64   Sri Lanka 87,175
65   Ethiopia 80,561
66   Dominican Republic 75,932
67   Guatemala 75,620
68   Kenya 74,938
69   Oman 72,643
70   Myanmar 69,322
71   Luxembourg 62,404
72   Panama 61,838
73   Costa Rica 57,057
74   Bulgaria 56,832
75   Uruguay 56,157
76   Croatia 54,849
77   Belarus 54,442
78   Tanzania[n 7] 52,090
79   Lebanon 51,844
80   Libya 50,984
  Macau 50,361
81   Slovenia 48,770
82   Uzbekistan 48,718
83   Ghana 47,330
84   Lithuania 47,168
85   Turkmenistan 42,355
86   Serbia 41,432
87   Azerbaijan 40,748
88   Cote d'Ivoire 40,389
89   Tunisia 40,257
90   Jordan 40,068
91   Bolivia 37,509
92   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 37,241
93   Bahrain 35,307
94   Cameroon 34,799
95   Latvia 30,264
96   Paraguay 29,735
97   Estonia 25,921
98   Uganda 25,891
99   Zambia 25,809
100   El Salvador 24,805
101     Nepal 24,472
102   Iceland 23,909
103   Honduras 22,979
104   Cambodia 22,158
105   Trinidad and Tobago 22,105
106   Cyprus[n 8] 21,652
107   Papua New Guinea 21,089
108   Afghanistan 20,815
109   Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
110   Zimbabwe 17,846
111   Botswana 17,407
112   Laos 16,853
113   Senegal 16,375
114   Mali 15,288
115   Georgia[n 9] 15,159
116   Jamaica 14,768
117   Gabon 14,623
  West Bank and Gaza 14,498
118   Nicaragua 13,814
119   Mauritius 13,338
120   Namibia 13,245
121   Albania 13,039
122   Burkina Faso 12,873
123   Malta 12,538
124   Equatorial Guinea 12,487
125   Mozambique 12,334
126   Bahamas, The 12,162
127   Brunei 12,128
128   Armenia 11,537
129   Madagascar 11,500
130   Mongolia 11,488
131   North Macedonia 11,338
132   Guinea 10,491
133   Chad 9,981
134   Benin 9,274
135   Rwanda 9,137
136   Congo, Republic of the 8,723
137   Haiti 8,408
138   Moldova[n 10] 8,128
139   Niger 8,120
140   Kyrgyzstan 7,565
141   Somalia 7,369
142   Tajikistan 7,146
  Kosovo 7,129
143   Malawi 6,303
144   Fiji 5,061
145   Mauritania 5,025
146   Togo 4,813
147   Barbados 4,797
148   Montenegro 4,774
149   Maldives 4,597
150   Eswatini 4,409
151   Sierra Leone 3,774
152   Guyana 3,676
153   Burundi 3,478
154   Suriname 3,324
155   Andorra 3,013
156   Timor-Leste 2,955
157   Lesotho 2,639
158   Bhutan 2,512
159   Liberia 2,158
160   Central African Republic 1,949
161   Djibouti 1,845
162   Belize 1,838
163   Cabo Verde 1,754
164   Saint Lucia 1,712
165   San Marino 1,659
166   Antigua and Barbuda 1,532
167   Seychelles 1,486
168   Guinea-Bissau 1,347
169   Solomon Islands 1,303
170   Grenada 1,119
171   Gambia, The 1,015
172   Saint Kitts and Nevis 946
173   Vanuatu 863
174   Samoa 857
175   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 790
176   Comoros 649
177   Dominica 563
178   Tonga 426
179   Sao Tome and Principe 391
180   Micronesia, Federated States of 336
181   Palau 292
182   Marshall Islands 199
183   Kiribati 196
184   Nauru 114
185   Tuvalu 40
Rank Country/Territory GDP
(US$million)
   World[25] 80,501,413
1   United States 19,485,394
2   China[n 5] 12,234,781
3   Japan 4,872,415
4   Germany 3,693,204
5   United Kingdom 2,631,228
6   France 2,582,492
7   India 2,575,666
8   Brazil 2,055,512
9   Italy 1,943,835
10   Canada 1,647,120
11   Korea, South 1,577,524
12   Russia[n 3] 1,530,750
13   Australia 1,408,675
14   Spain 1,314,314
15   Mexico 1,158,229
16   Indonesia 1,015,539
17   Turkey 851,541
18   Netherlands 830,572
19   Saudi Arabia 683,827
20    Switzerland 678,938
21   Argentina 637,486
22   Sweden 535,607
23   Poland 526,211
24   Belgium 494,763
25   Iran 460,976
26   Thailand 455,302
27   Austria 416,835
28   Norway 399,470
29   United Arab Emirates 382,575
30   Nigeria 375,769
31   Israel 353,268
32   South Africa 348,872
  Hong Kong 341,659
33   Ireland 331,430
34   Denmark 329,865
35   Singapore 323,901
36   Malaysia 314,707
37   Philippines 313,595
38   Colombia 309,191
39   Pakistan 302,139
40   Chile 277,080
41   Venezuela 255,092
42   Finland 252,246
43   Bangladesh 245,633
44   Vietnam 223,779
45   Czech Republic 215,824
46   Romania 211,803
47   Peru 211,402
48   Greece 203,085
49   New Zealand 202,044
50   Egypt 195,135
51   Portugal 195,041
52   Iraq 182,023
53   Qatar 167,605
54   Algeria 167,555
55   Kazakhstan 159,406
56   Hungary 139,761
57   Angola 126,505
58   Sudan 120,265
59   Kuwait 119,534
60   Ukraine 112,154
61   Morocco 109,708
62   Ecuador 104,295
  Puerto Rico 104,218
63   Cuba 96,851
64   Slovakia 95,617
65   Sri Lanka 87,356
66   Dominican Republic 75,931
67   Guatemala 75,619
68   Ethiopia 75,605
69   Kenya 74,938
70   Oman 70,783
71   Myanmar 67,101
72   Luxembourg 62,316
73   Panama 61,838
74   Uruguay 59,180
75   Ghana 58,996
76   Bulgaria 58,222
77   Costa Rica 57,564
78   Croatia 55,201
79   Belarus 54,441
80   Lebanon 53,393
81   Tanzania 52,090
  Macau 50,361
82   Uzbekistan 49,677
83   Slovenia 48,455
84   Lithuania 47,544
85   Serbia 41,589
86   Azerbaijan 40,748
87   Jordan 40,708
88   Tunisia 40,068
89   Côte d'Ivoire 38,054
90   Turkmenistan 37,915
91   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 37,642
92   Bolivia 37,508
93   Bahrain 35,325
94   Cameroon 34,924
95   Latvia 30,463
96   Paraguay 29,435
97   Yemen 27,956
98   Uganda 27,698
99   Estonia 25,921
100   Zambia 25,868
101   Libya 25,127
102     Nepal 24,870
103   El Salvador 24,805
104   Iceland 24,476
105   Honduras 22,978
106   Cambodia 22,121
107   Trinidad and Tobago 22,104
108   Cyprus 22,054
109   Papua New Guinea 22,005
110   Afghanistan 21,992
111   Senegal 21,126
112   Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
113   Zimbabwe 18,036
114   Botswana 17,406
115   Korea, North 17,364
116   Laos 16,853
117   Mali 15,235
118   Georgia 15,159
  Palestine, State of 14,498
119   Gabon 14,623
120   Mozambique 12,651
121   Equatorial Guinea 12,487
122   Brunei 12,128
123   Congo, Republic of the 11,292
124   Jamaica 14,826
125   Nicaragua 13,814
126   Mauritius 13,366
127   Namibia 13,244
128   Albania 13,039
129   Malta 12,553
130   Burkina Faso 12,324
131   Bahamas, The 11,791
132   Armenia 11,536
133   North Macedonia 11,279
134   Mongolia 11,135
135   Chad 10,716
136   Madagascar 10,674
137   Guinea 10,208
  New Caledonia 9,894
138   Benin 9,236
139   Rwanda 9,136
140   Haiti 8,521
141   Moldova 8,128
142   Niger 8,119
143   Kyrgyzstan 7,564
  Kosovo 7,227
144   Tajikistan 7,145
145   Monaco 6,400
146   Malawi 6,339
147   Liechtenstein 6,295
148   South Sudan 5,693
  French Polynesia 5,623
  Bermuda 5,601
149   Suriname 5,210
150   Mauritania 5,092
151   Timor-Leste 4,970
152   Sierra Leone 4,893
153   Montenegro 4,588
154   Togo 4,576
155   Fiji 4,532
156   Eswatini 4,482
157   Barbados 4,353
158   Eritrea 3,858
  Cayman Islands 3,480
159   Andorra 3,278
  Curaçao 3,159
160   Guyana 3,086
161   Maldives 3,032
162   Burundi 2,869
  Aruba 2,664
163   Bhutan 2,562
  Greenland 2,441
164   Liberia 2,122
165   Lesotho 2,081
166   Central African Republic 1,992
167   Belize 1,902
168   Cape Verde 1,855
169   Djibouti 1,844
170   Saint Lucia 1,718
171   San Marino 1,689
172   Somalia 1,535
173   Seychelles 1,486
  Zanzibar 1,391
174   Antigua and Barbuda 1,248
175   Guinea-Bissau 1,209
176   Solomon Islands 1,103
  Sint Maarten 1,059
  British Virgin Islands 902
177   Grenada 884
178   Saint Kitts and Nevis 852
179   Gambia, The 851
180   Samoa 824
181   Vanuatu 812
  Turks and Caicos Islands 797
182   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 729
183   Comoros 648
184   Dominica 533
185   Tonga 435
186   São Tomé and Príncipe 337
187   Micronesia, Federated States of 308
  Cook Islands 311
  Anguilla 311
188   Palau 234
189   Marshall Islands 209
190   Nauru 182
191   Kiribati 180
  Montserrat 63
192   Tuvalu 38

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[24] As the EU is not a country, China is the second ranked country on these lists.
  2. ^ Figures exclude Taiwan, and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  3. ^ a b c Figures exclude Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol.
  4. ^ Data for Syria's 2014 GDP is from the September 2011 WEO Database, the latest available from the IMF.
  5. ^ a b Figures exclude special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  6. ^ Includes Western Sahara.
  7. ^ Covers mainland Tanzania only.
  8. ^ Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
  9. ^ Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  10. ^ Excludes data for Transnistria.

References

  1. ^ https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=104&pr.y=16&sy=2018&ey=2018&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=924%2C132%2C134%2C534%2C158%2C112%2C111&s=NGDPD&grp=0&a=
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory". About.com. IAC/InterActiveCorp. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. ^ Ito, Takatoshi; Isard, Peter; Symansky, Steven (January 1999). "Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rate: An Overview of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis in Asia" (PDF). Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
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