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List of United States Senators from Florida

Current delegation

Florida was admitted to the Union on March 3, 1845 and elects its U.S. Senators to Class 1 and Class 3. Florida's U.S. Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1861, due to its secession from the Union. They were filled again in July 1868. The state is currently represented by Republicans Marco Rubio (serving since 2011) and Rick Scott (serving since 2019).

Contents

List of SenatorsEdit

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three U.S. Congress in the first elections of 1845, and then the seat was contested again every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012 and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

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Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two United States Congresses in the first elections of 1845, and then the seat was contested again every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
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m
T
e
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1  
David Levy Yulee
Democratic July 1, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1845.

Lost re-election.
1 29th 1 Elected in 1845.

Retired.
July 1, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic James Westcott 1
30th
31st 2 Elected in 1848.

Retired.
March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
Whig  
Jackson Morton
2
2  
Stephen Mallory
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 21, 1861[1]
Elected in 1851. 2 32nd
33rd
34th 3 Elected in 1855.

Withdrew.[1]
March 4, 1855 –
January 21, 1861[1]
Democratic  
David Levy Yulee
3
Re-elected in 1857.

Withdrew.[1]
3 35th
36th
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
June 17, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction. Civil War and Reconstruction. January 21, 1861[1]
June 25, 1868
Vacant
37th 4
4 38th
39th
40th 5
3  
Adonijah Welch
Republican June 17, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
Elected to finish term.

Retired.
Elected to finish term.

Retired.
June 25, 1868 –
March 3, 1873
Republican  
Thomas W. Osborn
4
4  
Abijah Gilbert
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1868 or 1869.

Retired.
5 41st
42nd
43rd 6 Elected in 1872 or 1873.

Retired.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican  
Simon B. Conover
5
5  
Charles W. Jones
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1875. 6 44th
45th
46th 7 Elected January 21, 1879.[2] March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1891
Democratic  
Wilkinson Call
6
Re-elected in 1881.

Retired.
7 47th
48th
49th 8 Elected January 20, 1885.[3]
Vacant March 4, 1887 –
May 19, 1887
  8 50th
6  
Samuel Pasco
Democratic May 19, 1887 –
April 18, 1899
Elected late to finish term in 1887.
51st
52nd 9 Legislature failed to elect. March 4, 1891 –
May 26, 1891
Elected late May 26, 1891.[4]

Retired.
May 26, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
Democratic  
Wilkinson Call
Appointed to begin next term as legislature had failed to elect.

Elected April 20, 1893 to finish term.[5]
9 53rd
54th
55th 10 Legislature failed to elect. March 4, 1897 –
May 13, 1897
 
Elected late May 14, 1897.[6] May 14, 1897 –
December 23, 1907
Democratic  
Stephen Mallory II
7
Appointed to begin next term as legislature had failed to elect.

Lost election to finish term.
10 56th
Vacant April 18, 1899 –
April 20, 1899
 
7  
James Taliaferro
Democratic April 20, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected to finish Pasco's term.[5]
57th
58th 11 Appointed to begin the term as legislature had failed to elect.

Elected April 22, 1903 to finish term.[5]

Died.
Appointed to begin the term as legislature had failed to elect.[5]

Re-elected April 20, 1905 to finish term.[5]

Lost re-election.
11 59th
60th
  December 23, 1907 –
December 26, 1907
Vacant
Appointed to finish Mallory's term.

Died.
December 26, 1907 –
March 22, 1908
Democratic  
William James Bryan
8
  March 22, 1908 –
March 27, 1908
Vacant
Appointed to finish Mallory's term.

Retired.
March 27, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
Democratic  
William Hall Milton
9
61st 12 Appointed to begin the term.[5]

Elected April 20, 1909 to finish the term.
March 4, 1909 –
June 17, 1936
Democratic  
Duncan U. Fletcher
10
8  
Nathan P. Bryan
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Appointed to begin the term.[5]

Elected April 19, 1911 to finish the term.[5]

Lost renomination.
12 62nd
63rd
64th 13 Re-elected in 1914.
9  
Park Trammell
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
May 8, 1936
Elected in 1916. 13 65th
66th
67th 14 Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922. 14 68th
69th
70th 15 Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928. 15 71st
72nd
73rd 16 Re-elected in 1932.

Died.
Re-elected in 1934.

Died.
16 74th
Vacant May 8, 1936 –
May 26, 1936
 
10  
Scott M. Loftin
Democratic May 26, 1936 –
November 3, 1936
Appointed to continue Trammell's term.

Successor elected.
  June 17, 1936 –
July 1, 1936
Vacant
Appointed to continue Fletcher's term.

Retired when successor qualified.
July 1, 1936 –
November 3, 1936
Democratic  
William Luther Hill
11
11  
Charles O. Andrews
Democratic November 4, 1936 –
September 18, 1946
Elected to finish Trammell's term. Elected to finish Fletcher's term. November 4, 1936 –
January 3, 1951
Democratic  
Claude Pepper
12
75th
76th 17 Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.

Died.
17 77th
78th
79th 18 Re-elected in 1944.

Lost renomination.
Vacant September 18, 1946 –
September 25, 1946
 
12  
Spessard Holland
Democratic September 25, 1946 –
January 3, 1971
Appointed to finish Andrews's term.[5]
Elected in 1946. 18 80th
81st
82nd 19 Elected in 1950. January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1969
Democratic  
George Smathers
13
Re-elected in 1952. 19 83rd
84th
85th 20 Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958. 20 86th
87th
88th 21 Re-elected in 1962.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1964.

Retired.
21 89th
90th
91st 22 Elected in 1968.

Retired and resigned early.
January 3, 1969 –
December 31, 1974
Republican  
Edward J. Gurney
14
13  
Lawton Chiles
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1989
Elected in 1970. 22 92nd
93rd
Appointed to finish Gurney's term, having been elected to the next term. January 1, 1975 –
December 31, 1980
Democratic  
Richard Stone
15
94th 23 Elected in 1974.

Lost renomination and resigned early.
Re-elected in 1976. 23 95th
96th
Appointed to finish Stone's term, having been elected to the next term. January 1, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
Republican  
Paula Hawkins
16
97th 24 Elected in 1980.

Lost re-election.
Re-elected in 1982.

Retired.
24 98th
99th
100th 25 Elected in 1986. January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2005
Democratic  
Bob Graham
17
14  
Connie Mack III
Republican January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1988. 25 101st
102nd
103rd 26 Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired.
26 104th
105th
106th 27 Re-elected in 1998.

Retired.
15  
Bill Nelson
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2000. 27 107th
108th
109th 28 Elected in 2004.

Resigned.
January 3, 2005 –
September 9, 2009
Republican  
Mel Martínez
18
Re-elected in 2006. 28 110th
111th
Appointed to finish Martínez's term.

Retired.
September 9, 2009 –
January 3, 2011[7]
Republican  
George LeMieux
19
112th 29 Elected in 2010. January 3, 2011 –
Present
Republican  
Marco Rubio
20
Re-elected in 2012.

Lost re-election.
29 113th
114th
115th 30 Re-elected in 2016.
Vacant January 3, 2019 –
January 8, 2019
  30 116th
16  
Rick Scott
Republican January 8, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018, but delayed his inauguration to finish his term as Governor of Florida.
117th
118th 31 To be determined in the 2022 election.
To be determined in the 2024 election. 31 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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  T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former U.S. Senators from FloridaEdit

As of January 2019, there are six living former U.S. Senators from Florida, two from Class 1 and four from Class 3. The most recent senator to die was Paula Hawkins (served 1981–1987) on December 4, 2009. The most recently serving senator to die was Lawton Chiles (served 1971–1989) on December 12, 1998.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Richard Stone 1975–1980 3 (1928-09-22) September 22, 1928 (age 90)
Bob Graham 1987–2005 3 (1936-11-09) November 9, 1936 (age 82)
Connie Mack III 1989–2001 1 (1940-10-29) October 29, 1940 (age 78)
Bill Nelson 2001–2019 1 (1942-09-29) September 29, 1942 (age 76)
Mel Martinez 2005–2009 3 (1946-10-23) October 23, 1946 (age 72)
George LeMieux 2009–2011 3 (1969-05-21) May 21, 1969 (age 50)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Mallory and Yulee, along with several other senators, announced they were withdrawing from the Senate on January 21, 1861, due to their states' decisions to secede from the Union. Mallory's seat was declared vacant by the Senate on March 14, 1861, but Yulee's was already vacant because his term ended at noon on March 4, 1861.
  2. ^ "THE FLORIDA SENATORSHIP". The New York Times. January 22, 1879. p. 1.
  3. ^ "SELECTING NEW SENATORS". The New York Times. January 20, 1885. p. 1.
  4. ^ "CALL DECLARED ELECTED". May 26, 1891. p. 1.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Byrd, p. 93.
  6. ^ "MALLORY ELECTED SENATOR". The New York Times. May 15, 1897. p. 12.
  7. ^ "Senators of the United States 1789-present, A chronological list of senators since the First Congress in 1789" (PDF). Senate Historical Office. April 17, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2017.